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Incorporating sound effects

From: Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X

Video: Incorporating sound effects

Throughout this documentary, you edited farmers market B-roll clips with their natural sound. But some of the clips in the farmers market contain music playing in the background that you might not have permission to use. So what do you do when you want to use clips with a natural sound but not the original sound, and especially not with music? You find other sound options and marry them to the clip. In this particular project there's just one clip. This is a clip of the crowd. Let's take a listen. (music playing) So, you hear some music.

Incorporating sound effects

Throughout this documentary, you edited farmers market B-roll clips with their natural sound. But some of the clips in the farmers market contain music playing in the background that you might not have permission to use. So what do you do when you want to use clips with a natural sound but not the original sound, and especially not with music? You find other sound options and marry them to the clip. In this particular project there's just one clip. This is a clip of the crowd. Let's take a listen. (music playing) So, you hear some music.

And let's say that we don't have permission to use that music but that we might want to use this particular clip. Well, what we want to do is we want to edit sound from other clips, the length of this clip. So if we want to edit to the links, we need to mark the clip. Now notice, that selecting the clip and having a yellow outline is not the same as marking it because there are no handles. If I press X, that marks an in and out around the selected clip and notice now we have the handles.

So now it's defining the particular length for our next edit. Let's look at the Event browser, and let's take a look at this clip the Stand01. So, this is another clip of the farmers market. It seems to have sound--background sound--but I don't hear any music playing. So, it might be a good source to edit the audio from. And the way we want to edit just audio. So, we go to our Editing Options and choose Audio Only.

And now we connect to that clip to this one. So now we have the particular audio from that clip attached. Now what we're going to do is go ahead and Drag down the audio on the video clip and listen to what this sounds like. (video playing) Well, it's plausible, but let's keep looking. There might be a few other shots that could add to this. Let's look at the Shoppers_01 clip and listen to it.

(video playing) So, like the other one, this adds something to it, maybe some handling, or talking a little bit in the background. So, let's do the same thing. We go ahead and we select the clip, press X, and now we can connect that particular sound, and now what it did is it added another soundtrack beneath. Let's hear what they sound like together. (video playing) So, we keep building the sound. Well, there's one more sound that I want to take a look at.

It's called Stand_Slider_02. (video playing) So, I'm not sure if this will add enough of what we need or if it will be long enough. So, we can definitely take out that portion we don't want, and we can add it to the mix and see what we get. And what Final Cut tells us is that there's not enough media to fill the range. And we can say go ahead and put what we've got in there. (video playing) So, the nice thing is that, that added a little bit of depth, as you'll hear when we continue to adjust the two sources. (video playing) So, one thing you can do is do the old Option+Drag.

Just press Option and then Drag from the clip, and now you've duplicated it, and then you can trim it back. Now, what have you got, you've got video and three different audios. That might get a little tough to wrangle when you try to work with that if you want to edit the clip. So, what you can do is select all of those tracks. Right-click on one and choose Make New Compound Clip. And now, all of that audio is contained within this one clip. (video playing) To see that, you can Double Click on it and in the separate timeline, it opens all the individual tracks.

So, at any point you can go in and change the volume of one to increase that sound. And then of course, adjusting the volume in the Compound Clip adjusts all three clips together. Now, let's say we want to undo the Compound Clip. If you wanted to use this audio by itself with other clips in the market, you can select those three audio clips and make a Compound Clip of those audio clips.

And then you can use just the audio to play underneath other farmers market clips that might not have appropriate sound. It may take a little time. But like the game of concentration, making the best sound effect, or group of effects, to a video clip is always rewarding. When you get it right, it feels as though the clips have been married forever.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X
Documentary Editing with Final Cut Pro X

32 video lessons · 9929 viewers

Diana Weynand
Author

 
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  1. 2m 12s
    1. Welcome
      59s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 13s
  2. 11m 21s
    1. Understanding what makes a good documentary
      3m 38s
    2. Interpreting a creative brief to establish goals
      3m 32s
    3. Reviewing the project's media assets
      4m 11s
  3. 24m 5s
    1. Organizing and screening footage
      4m 12s
    2. Importing footage
      3m 37s
    3. Organizing and screening interview and B-roll footage
      6m 53s
    4. Annotating and renaming clips
      5m 1s
    5. Filtering and searching for clips
      4m 22s
  4. 25m 26s
    1. Make preliminary editing decisions
      6m 38s
    2. Creating mini-storylines to contain groups of clips
      5m 42s
    3. Syncing audio tracks from two different cameras
      5m 32s
    4. Deciding what you don't want in each segment
      7m 34s
  5. 25m 31s
    1. Combining primary story segments into a primary storyline
      6m 43s
    2. Clarifying the story
      5m 42s
    3. Identifying and marking project needs
      5m 32s
    4. Adding cutaways from B-roll footage
      7m 34s
  6. 25m 14s
    1. Evaluating the project's pace and timing
      6m 57s
    2. Tying up loose ends
      7m 49s
    3. Smoothing the project's story content
      4m 29s
    4. Retiming clips
      5m 59s
  7. 15m 17s
    1. Editing still images or creating a montage
      6m 8s
    2. Animating still images
      4m 11s
    3. Incorporating sound effects
      4m 58s
  8. 31m 29s
    1. Adding titles and lower thirds
      7m 37s
    2. Smoothing out the rough edges with transitions
      5m 23s
    3. Combining and mixing sound sources
      10m 45s
    4. Matching and correcting color in clips
      7m 44s
  9. 10m 21s
    1. Sharing the movie
      5m 13s
    2. Archiving the project
      5m 8s
  10. 51s
    1. Goodbye
      51s

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