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Fine-tuning with the Precision Editor and performing three-point edits

From: Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X

Video: Fine-tuning with the Precision Editor and performing three-point edits

In this next movie, we are going to take a look at the Precision Editor. We are also going to take J-cuts and L- cuts to the next level and show you how easy it is to do a three-point edit. Let's step inside the Precision Editor project. Now exactly what is the Precision Editor? Well, I have two clips in my Timeline but I want to see the handles of each of these clips. Final Cut Pro X makes this real easy. The first thing I want to do is simply double-click on the edit point.

Fine-tuning with the Precision Editor and performing three-point edits

In this next movie, we are going to take a look at the Precision Editor. We are also going to take J-cuts and L- cuts to the next level and show you how easy it is to do a three-point edit. Let's step inside the Precision Editor project. Now exactly what is the Precision Editor? Well, I have two clips in my Timeline but I want to see the handles of each of these clips. Final Cut Pro X makes this real easy. The first thing I want to do is simply double-click on the edit point.

If you notice, the edit splits apart and I can actually see the handles beyond the first clip and before the previous clip. I could never do this easily in Final Cut Pro 7 where I could scrub across and if I decided I wanted to change my in- point or my out-point, it was never so easy. In the Precision Editor, if I wanted to do a roll edit, I can just grab the first clip and stretch it out and see exactly the media that I'm adding while I am stretching the edit. I can also do the same thing with the bottom clip.

So I could just get the audio to start exactly where I want. Within the Precision Editor, I could also do a roll edit by simply clicking in the middle, moving it left and right. Once I'm done with that, I would simply double-click. It collapses back to a single line. Now another area where Final Cut Pro X takes editing to the next level is on the J cut or the L cut. Traditionally when you do a J cut or an L cut, you simply roll the video or roll the audio, and it's a hard cut dissolved between them.

Take a look at what you can do with Final Cut Pro X. The first thing we want to do is separate the video from the audio. I can simply do this by double- clicking on any clip to separate it or I can right-click and I can say Break Apart Clip Items. Undo that. Now, with the audio and the video separate, take a look what happens if, for instance, I wanted the audio of the kids cheering to continue under Pablo's interview. I make sure that I select just the audio and I drag it to the right.

Now in other edit systems, it would roll over his audio. Because Final Cut Pro refuses to allow a clip collision, I can merge the audio tracks easily. As a matter of fact, if I wanted to leave Pablo, I could even move him a little bit to the left. Now here is another cool feature of Final Cut Pro X. Even though that I have my audio overlapping, I'd like to do a very quick fade. If you look closely, at the very top corner of the audio is a little knob and I can grab that knob and simply move it to the right to do a fade into Pablo and the same thing with the kids.

There is knob at the upper right-hand corner. Grab it and slide that to the left to have them fade out. Let's take a listen to see how it sounds. I'm going to go ahead and hit Shift+Forward slash. (Kids chanting: E-D-N!) (Male speaker: I think that I decided to take classes?) Perfect! Now when I'm done, if I want to collapse these, I can simply double-click on the audio and it collapses down to my single storyline. The next thing I want to show you is how do you do a three-point edit in Final Cut Pro X. It's actually pretty easy.

We've been doing three-point edits when we have been selecting clips from our Event Library by choosing an in and out with our range, but how you do that in the timeline? Pretty much as you would expect. For instance, if I wanted to do a three-point edit and cut off the end of Pablo's interview, the trick is to switch for my Selection tool to my Range Selection tool. The keyboard shortcut is R. With the Range Selection tool picked, I simply grab the area of the clip where I want my in and out point to be.

So I am going to cut in here and out here. Now the way Final Cut Pro X thinks, if I select any clip and mark a range and I do a three-point edit, it will ignore the out point of the source clip and use the in and out points of the timeline. To do the three-point edit, I simply press Overwrite or the keyboard shortcut D. In this case, I was able to do a three- point edit from the in point of my source to the in and out point of my destination.

But what if I want a back time? Let's go ahead and hit undo. I am going to back time from later on in this clip so let me go ahead and move the range all the way to the end so I know that I have plenty of media. This time, instead of hitting the D key, I'll press Shift then the D key and it will back-time to the end of my range selection in my timeline. If we take a look at the clip in the timeline, we see that it ends exactly where I want it to. Now this three-point edit technique also works across multiple clips.

In this case, we'll go between clips 1 and 2. Remember, you need to make sure that your Range Selection tool is chosen and I select the area where I want to do my three-point edit. Let's go ahead, pick another shot, we'll skim over to where we want that shot to start, and mark an end point. Once again, simply hit the D key and you can see a perfect Replace edit. Now let's suppose I need to back time something from the end of the show, but there is no video there. Here is the trick.

The secret is the gap clip that we've learned earlier. So we'll go to the end of the timeline and we'll insert a gap clip. Remember, the keyboard shortcut for that is Option+W. So there's my gap clip. It's three seconds long and we are going to go ahead and stretch that out. I am going to press the A key to return to the Selection tool. Now if I wanted to back time from say 40 seconds, I am going to go ahead and select a range. There is my in.

There is my out. Let's go back to the Event Browser, select the next shot. Select where we want the out point to be. All we need to do is press Shift+D and the clip will back time with a perfect three-point edit. So as you can see, in Final Cut Pro X, you can do all the types of edits you use to from Final Cut Pro 7 with even more accuracy.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X
Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X

30 video lessons · 12815 viewers

Abba Shapiro
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 13s
    1. Welcome
      1m 18s
    2. Using the exercise files
      2m 55s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Touring the new interface
      7m 58s
    2. Running Final Cut Pro 7 and Final Cut Pro X on the same machine
      4m 45s
    3. Preferences and settings
      4m 4s
  3. 37m 12s
    1. Importing and analyzing media from a folder on your computer
      7m 47s
    2. Importing media from a camera storage card
      3m 54s
    3. Importing video from a tape-based camera
      3m 12s
    4. Organizing media in the Event Library
      6m 31s
    5. Organizing and keywording clips
      10m 1s
    6. Viewing clips in the Event Library
      5m 47s
  4. 59m 20s
    1. Creating and managing projects
      6m 45s
    2. Performing basic edits in the Primary Storyline
      8m 36s
    3. Editing in the timeline, including Ripple, Roll, Slip, and Slide edits
      6m 36s
    4. Adding and adjusting audio
      9m 21s
    5. Editing B-roll with connected clips
      5m 0s
    6. Creating compound clips as an alternative to nested sequences
      2m 13s
    7. Legacy editing paradigms
      3m 31s
    8. Fine-tuning with the Precision Editor and performing three-point edits
      6m 22s
    9. Using favorites to create subclips
      6m 54s
    10. Using markers
      4m 2s
  5. 38m 45s
    1. Adding and adjusting transitions
      8m 22s
    2. Creating titles
      7m 13s
    3. Applying motion effects to clips
      7m 34s
    4. Retiming clips to create speed effects and creating freeze frames
      7m 11s
    5. Making color corrections
      8m 25s
  6. 14m 17s
    1. Exporting from Final Cut Pro X
      6m 11s
    2. Advanced exporting using Compressor
      2m 10s
    3. Collaboration and archiving
      5m 56s
  7. 3m 26s
    1. Next steps
      3m 26s

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