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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
As you are no doubt very clear on by now, Final Cut Pro X doesn't contain any tracks. So what happens if you want a version of your sequence without music, or with just the dialogue, or without the titles? Well, in track-based editing programs, you just disable the tracks that you don't want and then voila! You have what you need. But in this program that's not possible. You can only really work with storylines and connected clips. So let's talk about what to do in Final Cut Pro where we'll use roles to define what we want to output.
So first of all let's step into our roles project, 13.6, and as you can see, I have got an awful lot going on here. If I want to give myself the ability to export the sequence with different versions of included elements, then I'll need to set up some roles. Roles are just like categories of video and audio. By default Final Cut contains five: Video, Titles, Dialogue, Music, and Effects. Actually your clips already contain one of these main default roles because when you import or create footage, Final Cut Pro analyses the existing clip metadata to assign one of these five default roles.
So if I select any one of these clips and then open the Inspector, Cmd+4, and then under the Info tab, I just come down to Roles, and I can see what's assigned to it. So this one has both Video and Dialogue assigned to it. It's actually just a piece of b-roll. I'll go ahead and zoom in here, Cmd+Plus. Now in my opinion I think this clip should probably be categorized just as Video but not Dialogue, because it's just b-roll. So we'll keep that in mind just taking a look at a couple of other ones too. This one is both Video and Dialogue, as you can see here.
And if I click on my Music, you can see that this is just dialogue. But really it should be categorized as Music. So we're probably going to have to go in and edit some of these roles, so let's just edit a couple here. I am just going to press Shift+Z, and let's grab my Music first. I'll go ahead and select both of those. Then I just come up to Modify and Assign Roles. So instead of Dialogue we're just going to move this to Music. So now when we click on this, we have the Roles set correctly.
So now let's go ahead and fix our b-roll. Before I do that I am just going to open up my Timeline Index so that you can see that my Music role is now in here. What I want to do is actually deselect both Video and Music, because I want to see in my b-roll what's characterized as Dialogue. Aand most of it is you know, incorrectly characterized as Dialogue, but there is a couple that aren't. So I'm going to go ahead and press Shift+Z. I want to go ahead and select everything that is, so that I can correct it. I can do this all at once, I am just going to Lasso, and then I am going to hold down the Command key and Lasso and click and just sort of get everything in here that fits that bill, like so.
Okay it's going pretty quick. All right, so all of this b-roll should not be Dialogue, no one is speaking, so why have it be Dialogue? And so I'm just going to come back up to Modify and under Assign Roles we don't really have anything that matches this, we don't really want to call it Dialogue or Music or Effects. So I am actually going to come to Edit Roles, and I am going to add a b-roll category. So to do this I am just going to click on this Plus sign and call it New Audio Role, and I am just going to call this "Broll audio".
And we'll say OK, and now with all of this selected I can come up to Modify > Assign Roles and then just call this Broll audio. So now everything has a Video and a Broll audio characterization or Role. And let's go ahead and put everything else back on. And then I want to come in and give my placeholders their own role, so let's go ahead and just select each one of these placeholders, like so. And go up to Modify > Edit Roles, and we'll add a New Video Role, and I am just going to call this "Placeholder", OK, and with all of those selected I can just say Modify > Assign Roles and Placeholder.
So you can see these appear in my Timeline Index one by one. Just one more thing about editing roles, notice that I can also add Subroles. So if I click on Dialogue for example, I can click on this Plus sign here and a New Subroll appears, and I can put in Mary dialogue, John dialogue, Peter dialogue, and so on. It really lets you burrow in and get very, very specific. So in our case I'll just say "BD Dialogue", OK, and let's go ahead and just grab all of our BD Dialogue and assign it. So that is my Subrole.
Okay so let's talk about how we can use this. As you can see, we can enable and disable certain roles, so if I just want to disable all of my Dialogue at once, I can go ahead and just do that. You can see that everything turns gray and so basically all of my Dialogue is now disabled, it's not going to play. (video playing) So that's a really easy way to go about this. Sometimes it can be really nice to isolate it this way.
For now I am going to go ahead and close my Timeline Index because I want to talk about how to export stems. So I'm just going to come up to Share and then Master File, and let's go ahead over to Settings. And then we're going to come down here, and I said we'd come back to this and here we are. So if I wanted to export a sequence that included some elements but not others, I have several choices in here. So QuickTime Movie is just going to export all roles together, and then I can also export my Roles as a Multitrack QuickTime Movie, I can export my Roles As Separate Files, and then I can also export Video Roles Only As Separate Files and Audio Roles Only As Separate Files.
So let's come up to Roles As Separate Files, that's going to include both video and audio. You can see here that this is all of my roles, both the ones that came with Final Cut and the ones that I added. Okay and if I did not want to export one of these, I would just come over, and you can see this Minus sign. So let's say I wanted to export everything except for the Music. I would just click on this Minus sign and the music goes away. So I'm going to actually change this to go back to H.264, and let's just Do Nothing here, let me just look and make sure everything looks good.
So, we are going to export these as separate roles. What I am doing here is exporting stems, so I am using roles to define the stems that I'm going to export. And let's go ahead and choose Next, and I'll Save. So it looks like everything is exported according to my background tasks, so let's go ahead and take a look at our Desktop. And as you can see, I have my video, and I have another video file here, and I have two audio files exactly what I wanted to export.
So let's just take a look, and this is probably going to be my placeholders. Yup, it sure is. And here is the rest of my principle video, but when it comes to a placeholder, like right there, it's not in there. And then we have our Dialogue and our Broll Audio. So there are going to be certain circumstances where you would want to separate your elements like this, maybe not to this degree where we're separating everything out.
But you certainly might need to send your sound off to somebody, you might need to send your graphics off to somebody. So, as you can see, exporting stems based on roles is really powerful and lets you export exactly what you want or don't want without having to organize everything on special tracks.
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