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This weekly course covers the most common questions videographers encounter when shooting and editing with DSLR cameras, from choosing a frame size and frame rate to understanding moiré. Authors Rich Harrington and Robbie Carman will also help you understand the impacts of compression and the difference between cropped (or micro 4/3rds) and full-sized sensors in cameras, and much more. This continual FAQ guide is a handy way to find the answers to the questions that plague you the most.
Male 1: So, Rich, just like any other device these days. Male 2: Mm-hm. Male 1: Menus drive everything. Male 2: Oh yeah. Lots and lots of choices. Let's, let's jump into some of the critical ones here. Male 1: Yeah. Male 2: Giant wrench. Often means settings or gears or changing things, right? Male 1: Yeah. Male 2: So, we'll engage that. Male 1: So, Rich, most of the changes that we're going to make on the camera, on the GoPro, are going to exist in this set up menu. Pretty much anything that we want to configure is here. There's a lot of stuff. First, is just what mode you're in. Whether you're in Video Mode, Photo Mode, Burst Mode, Time Lapse Mode. And these all should make sense, obviously these different modes.
Male 2: Yeah, what you can do is set the default mode so that the camera always starts up in a certain mode. So if you're going to use this for video a lot, just set this so the default mode will be Video. Now the other thing here, you know, easy enough as we cycle through. Male 1: Mm-hm. Male 2: You know, what is this button going to do? Well, one button is going to turn it off or on. And that's fine enough. Male 1: Sure. Male 2: You can decide how that behaves. Male 1: Yep. Male 2: Here's the big one, NTSC or PAL. Male 1: Yeah, and this is what frustrates you a lot if you're trying to use an external monitor and you don't have this set correctly. Male 2: Yeah. Male 1: You know, so if you're in the United States or other NTSC countries you want to use NTSC, obviously.
If you're in PAL land, like over in Europe, you'll want to use that as well. Male 2: And you have do the ability, how many times the LED will blink. I tend to like four, so I can really see when feedback is there. Male 1: Yep. Male 2: But what I don't like is the beeps. They get in the way for me. Male 1: Yeah, so audio beeps, I don't care for them, I mean, on this particular camera. They're really loud, even if you put it at 70%. I wish they had like, a little bit of a sliding scale here so we can get it maybe down to like, 20% so we can know that something's happening, but I tend to turn them off just because they're kind of annoying.
Male 2: You do have the ability to say how quickly does it turn off. You know, is there an auto shutdown after a certain time period? Male 1: Right, and just like a DSLR, this is going to be a huge thing if you're shooting all day and you want to conserve battery time. I typically have this set to about 120 seconds. That gives me two minutes. Male 2: Right, and if it's recording it's not going to shut down. Male 1: Correct, this is just inactivity, if it's just sitting around and you are resetting things up, it's a good thing to have on. Male 2: And of course the date and the time. Male 1: So if we go into the video resolution menu you can obviously change the resolution on this particular camera. You can choose from 1080. 960, 720.
If you have, for example, a Go Pro Black, you'd be able to choose some of the higher resolution modes. And then, you can also choose your framerate here. Now, the thing I want you to make sure that you understand about the framerate is that it's going to be dependent on the mode that you're using. So for example, we're shooting 720 here. Well, we can record at 60 frames per second. Male 2: If we're doing 1080, it'd give us a choice of 24 and 30. Male 1: Right. And if you're shooting, for example, with a Go Pro Black and you went up to say 4K mode Guess what? You're only going to be able to shoot at 15 frames a second. Male 2: And some of the framerates have different fields of view that you can change.
Some are locked with wide, but these are all settings that you can go in and actually change and see the different field of views. Male 1: Right. Male 2: Now, the next one down is going to be the still setting. Male 1: So yeah Rich you're right, we talked about mode earlier so depending what mode you're in you can choose your megapixel count, you can do things like change your burst mode, and things of that nature which are very useful. Male 2: And within these settings here, pretty straight forward stuff right? We can set the intervals, we could tell it how often, what's the resolution its capturing, the stills. Or what's the interval it's going to capture for burst, and let's just step through here real quick.
So within capture settings is where you really refine what type of video it's going to record. And this is where we can toggle between an upside down or a right side up video which is useful if you hang the camera. Male 1: Yeah, and we can also do things in this menu in terms in terms of spot metering. So if you need the camera to sort of help you decide. You know, proper exposure and that kind of stuff. You can have it do that as well. Now there's another cool thing that's, I like in here. You'll notice that it's called protune. Now protune sounds like some nifty like, you know, optimization. What protune really is is ko, a kodak.
Male 2: And that's going to give you better quality for the overall video. Now there are, of course, other settings specific for photos. And, some of these are a little tricky to show, because you gotta cycle through, and push the buttons, and. Male 1: Well, the big point here too, is that those are some of the essential ones. But like anything else, you only get to know the preferences and know the options by playing with it. So, you know, every time that I get a new piece of gear, I, I, well I would lie if I said that I don't take some photos with it or shoot video with it. Well, I do eventually start playing with the menu items. Male 2: Yeah. Male 1: Because that's really where you have a lot of control here.
Now, in our experience, I think, ya-, I speak for you in this, Rich, is that getting to the, the sort of, the one-two trick of navigating the menus. Male 2: Yeah. Male 1: With the front button, the top button, is a little difficult. That's why we do like the capacitive touch LCD back. Male 2: Yeah. Male 1: If you're using just the the buttons in the front LCD or you're piping it out HDMI. Those two navigation buttons can take a little while getting used to. You'll often, you know, sort of drive yourself crazy going, I just meant to go back or I just meant to go up. Male 2: Yeah, you gotta keep going around the horn and cycle through the menu till you get back to the one you want.
So usually what I do is, I use the capacative touch, and I engage everything, then I plug in the external monitor to have better quality for monitoring. Now I do want to hammer two important settings. Male 1: Sure. Male 2: That I showed you that are critical. You will get dramatically different results with your video as you change spot metering, as far as exposure goes. Male 1: Yep. Male 2: And is it just looking in the center, or is it evaluating more of the whole screen when it's deciding how to set things? And with that protune, make sure you have a fast memory card because it is a really robust codec and it's possible that you'll get dropped frame rates or the camera will stop recording.
Male 1: Well, and then last thing Rich, we talked about resolution, you know, in terms of frame size and stuff. Don't be surprised if you don't have some of the resolutions that you see in other people's cameras, or that are posted on the Go Pro website. Only certain models support certain resolutions. So for example, if you want 4k recording, guess what, you've got to step up to the black model. Male 2: Alright. Well, that gives you an idea with the Go Pro. On future episodes, we're going to head out into the field and put it into action. We're going to fly a Go Pro, and we're going to show you how to shoot time lapse, and of course, video.
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