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In this movie, we are going to take a look at some of the classic editing tools that you've been using in Final Cut 7 and before: ripple, rolls, slips, and slides. Let's go ahead and step into the Timeline editing project and work with these clips. Now I have chosen just to put some video clips in here, just so we are not distracted by any other elements. We have six clips in here and normally I would start with the Roll edit, but what's really interesting about Final Cut Pro X is the primary edit tool that I find myself using is the Ripple edit tool and it's a natural evolution when working with connected clips in this new workflow.
If I take my cursor and I am in the standard tool, which is the Selection tool or the arrow, every time I go to the edge of the clip, you'll notice that the tool changes to a Ripple edit tool. Now the Ripple edit tool in Final Cut X looks a little bit like a filmstrip combined with the letter J. So which ever way that filmstrip is pointing, if I click and drag, I am going to actually do a Ripple edit, which will in this case shorten clip 2, or if I move it a little bit to the right, I can shorten clip 3.
Conversely, if I drag to the left, I can lengthen that clip. Once again, if you ever don't see something at the beginning of your Timeline, just like in Final Cut 7, hit Shift+Z key and that's a Fit to Window command. This is a very effective way to trim clips. I am going to trim the end off of this clip. As you can see, the Ripple is much more effective in Final Cut X than it was in any previous versions of Final Cut. I can also ripple numerically. So if I have the edge of a clip selected, I simply go to my numeric keypad and type in a number.
If I want to trim off say 15 frames from this clip, I press -15. Now take a look in the middle of your toolbar, at the HUD. You see it says -15 and the icon actually shows you that you're doing a ripple edit. Once I hit the Enter key or the Return key, it will execute the edit. So that's the ripple. I can do the same thing say at the beginning of a clip. I select it, I want to be able to move it forward, I type +15. Now watch what happens when I hit the Enter key.
It actually removed the in point 15 frames forward. If I want to move it backwards, if I want to add more media, I will go -30, Enter, and you see that my Timeline has actually gotten longer. So the primary edit tool you will be using is the Ripple tool, but how I do Roll edits, Slip edits and Slide edits? Well, again you can go to your toolbar dropdown, and you can see there's something called a Trim edit tool. No longer are you seeing R for Ripple, S for Slip and SS for Slide. You now just have a single tool, the Trim edit tool, keyboard shortcut T.
Now the Trim edit tool is actually position sensitive. So if I click between two clips, I can actually do a Roll edit very simply. If I click in the middle of a clip, it actually changes to the Slip tool. If I click and hold and move to the left and right, you can see in the upper right-hand window in your viewer, I am doing a Slip edit. Now if for some reason you're not seeing both a left and right screen in your viewer, you may have not changed that preference at the beginning of our edit.
Let's go ahead and show you what it would look like with that unchecked. I am going to go up to my Final Cut Pro, click on Preferences, and right here underneath Editing, I'm going to switch to not show detailed trimming feedback. So you might have this unchecked now, and I want to show you what it looks like, and then we are going to switch it back, because pretty much you want to show detailed trimming feedback at all times. Now if I do the Slip edit, I can see in my timeline what happens, but what's happening in my viewer is just showing where the playhead has parked what image is there.
Let's go back to Final Cut Pro > Preferences, go back to the Editing preference, and make sure Show detailed trimming feedback is turned on. Once again, now when I do a slip edit, I am seeing both the in point and the out point move. The next edit is the Slide, and to do a Slide edit, you need to do a modifier key just like you use modifier keys in Final Cut Pro 7 and in this case it's the Option key before you select and edit. So hold down the Option key.
You'll notice that the icon has changed when I click on a clip. Instead of showing the Slip icon, it's showing the Slide icon. With the Option key held down, I am actually moving that clip up and down the Timeline. Now if you are holding the Option key down in your viewer, you will only see the one image. If while you're dragging you let go off the Option key, you'll notice it works exactly like Final Cut Pro 7, where I see the last frame of the first clip and the first frame of the following clip.
If you ever reach a point where you don't have enough media on one end of a clip, instead of it being a yellow bracket, it will be a red bracket and that will show you you're at the end of your media. Also in your display, you will notice a small filmstrip on the left side of the outgoing clip. Now you can also do precision editing in Final Cut Pro X. For instance, if I wanted to do our precision Roll edit, I can simply select the edit point and type in a numerical value. I want to roll this edit 10 frames earlier. So I type in -10, press the Enter key and I can do a Roll edit that way.
I can also use the greater than or less than keys that I'm used to using in Final Cut Pro 7. You may also recognize them as the comma and the period key and this allows me to move my roll one frame at a time. If I hold the Shift key down before pressing either the comma or the period, it will actually move by 10 frames. Again, if I wanted to do a ripple, I can switch back to my Selection tool, click on the side that I want the ripple, type in a numerical value, this will move a one second ripple, or I can again use the bracket keys.
This works exactly the same for slipping and sliding. As you can see, you can still ripple, you can roll, you can do numerical entry, just like you could in Final Cut Pro 7, but you'll learn that rippling edits are a lot more efficient with this new version of Final Cut.
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