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Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X gives video editors a comprehensive tour of the new tools and the interface makeover for Apple's premier video editing software. It showcases the differences from Final Cut Pro 7 and paves the way for a painless upgrade experience. Author Abba Shapiro covers the new interface and workflows in Final Cut X, the magnetic timeline, connected clips, and the deep integration of color correction and sound editing.
This course helps experienced Final Cut Pro editors understand new ways of performing traditional editing techniques. New terminology and new tools for performing editing functions are also clarified.
Up to this point we've done an excellent job importing our media and organizing it, but now it's time to start editing. And the first thing you do when you start editing is create a project. If you look in the Project Library, you'll see all the projects that we've already imported. Now if I want to actually work on any one of these projects, I simply select it in the Project Library and double- click and it opens up as its own timeline. Now what happened to that whole list of projects and how do you get it back? If you look in the lower left-hand corner you'll see a small button that says Show the Project Library, and this way you can easily switch back between the timeline you're working on or all the projects that are available to you.
Now we've already pre-populated this with a variety of projects, but how do you create a project from scratch? Well, one simple way of doing it is simply right-click in the Project Library area and select New Project or just like in Final Cut Pro 7, Command+N. When you hit Command+N you'll see a dialog box. It asks you to name the project and where is the Default Event and this is important, because you can choose when you work on this project, where initially all your footage is imported to.
So we have the Everybody Dance Now event, and we have the Additional footage event. Moving a little further down are two choices. Set automatically based on first video clip, if we leave this checked, it's exactly the way Final Cut Pro 7 worked, which is when you drop the first video clip in the timeline, the timeline automatically resets its configuration based on that first clip. You can also go into Custom and you can define exactly how you want your timeline to work. And as you can see this is much more simplified than when we studied Final Cut Pro 7 and had that list of every possible media format.
So in this case we choose 1082p or 720. NTSC. One thing to take note of is Final Cut Pro X can work with files up to 4K. Additionally, once you've chosen your format, you can choose your resolution and your frame rate. If you choose a standard definition format, you would be able to choose Non-Drop versus Drop Frame. Under Audio and Render Properties, once again you can use a default setting. We are going to use a Custom setting and I have that open for a specific reason.
The default setting in Final Cut Pro X has you creating a surround sound project. Most of the time we want to create a stereo project, especially if you're used to working in Final Cut Pro 7. Once again, you can choose your sampling rate, which we always chooses 48kHz but take note that Final Cut Pro X can actually give you pretty high-quality audio up to 192kHz. And finally, what is your render format? What Final Cut Pro is asking here is when you actually render a file which codec are you going to use.
Since it's really codec independent, when you render a file you really want to render it to one of the flavors of ProRes. Apple ProRes 4x4 is a very useful codec, but it's probably more bang for the buck than you really need, because it's going to have an alpha channel. Unless you are creating something that needs alpha channels and very high resolution, you probably don't want to use Apple ProRes 4x4. The default of Apple ProRes gives you a nice quality, 8-bit, good-sized file and we are going to leave it at the default. Simply press OK and a new project is created.
But wait a second. What happen to all my other projects? If you go back down to the lower left- hand corner and you click on the film reel all your projects are available. Now if you're used to working in Final Cut Pro 7, you're used to changing the properties of a project by simply going under Sequence Settings. That's not available anymore. Let's go ahead and click on EDN Promo final and I wanted to go over and click on the Inspector tab on the far right of the screen. You can also use the keyboard shortcut Command+4.
Now underneath Properties you can see all the details about the project including the ability to write notes here. We are going to scroll down a little further and you can see all the event libraries that those clips are referring to. But go down a little further and you see there is a small wrench. If you click on the wrench, this brings up the dialog box that we just saw and you can go back in and change any parameters about your project that you want. For instance, maybe you really wanted to do it in 5.1 Surround and you can easily change from Stereo to a Surround and then continue to edit.
Once you've made any changes, go ahead and hit OK. If you change it to Surround, make sure you switch it back to Stereo, because you probably want a stereo output and then press OK. If you needed to change the Name of a project, you can simply select it in the Project Library by clicking on it, type in the new name and hit Return. Now if you have a lot of projects in your Project Library, it can get quite cumbersome. So you can organize these projects into folders. If you look at the bottom of the screen, there is a small folder with a plus next to it.
By clicking on that you'll create a new folder in your Project Library and you can drag any projects you want into that new folder and re-label it. It's a great way to keep alternative versions of your projects close at hand, without having them clutter up your screen. Now I've saved the best for last. If you remember, when we opened up our preferences in Final Cut Pro there was no option for the auto save library. Well, in Final Cut Pro X there is no auto save library. As a matter of fact, you don't even have to hit Command+S to save.
It is constantly saving every time you make an edit. So for some reason your edit goes down, for instance, maybe you've lost power, because the cat tripped over the power cable. As soon as you restart Final Cut, it picks up from the exact location when the power was shut off. I still find myself hitting Command+S every time I make an edit that I like, but Final Cut really does need it. It just gives my fingers a little bit more exercise. As you can see, it's pretty easy creating a new project. Now let's go ahead and clean up the Project Library so it looks the same as when we started, the way it was when we imported all our projects from our exercise files.
If I open up the new folder, I simply drag it out of the folder and drag it all the way up onto Macintosh hard drive and in the case of the new project I created, if I want to delete that I can simply select it, right-click, and move the project to the Trash and I can do the same thing if I would like to my folder. Now for the rest of the course we use the projects that we already have in our Project Library as starting points.
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