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Contrast

From: Final Cut Pro: Lighting Effects in Post

Video: Contrast

Now in this case, I have an underlying shot of the trumpet player that I want to enhance again. And I have chosen this lighting layer to enhance it. Notice it has a diagonal orientation that again complements my trumpet. It's nice, slow, out of focus, very appropriate. But the problem is that it doesn't really have a lot of contrast to it. The white doesn't go to full white and the dark areas don't go anywhere near full dark. So what I want to do is increase the contrast of my lighting layer then apply it to the footage underneath. I'll just put in the Overlay mode. I'm just not going to see that obvious of a lighting effect. I'll go ahead and drag through here. You notice I'm really going to get a lot of light play out of it.

Contrast

Now in this case, I have an underlying shot of the trumpet player that I want to enhance again. And I have chosen this lighting layer to enhance it. Notice it has a diagonal orientation that again complements my trumpet. It's nice, slow, out of focus, very appropriate. But the problem is that it doesn't really have a lot of contrast to it. The white doesn't go to full white and the dark areas don't go anywhere near full dark. So what I want to do is increase the contrast of my lighting layer then apply it to the footage underneath. I'll just put in the Overlay mode. I'm just not going to see that obvious of a lighting effect. I'll go ahead and drag through here. You notice I'm really going to get a lot of light play out of it.

What I need to do is increase the contrast of that underlying shot. We'll go ahead and set its mode back to Normal so I can see what's going on. Select it, apply Effect > Video Filter > Color Correction. I'll just use the basic Color Corrector for now. Open up its Filters tab, open up the Visual and start playing around this White and Black point. I particularly want to increase the White point in this clip so it doesn't artificially darken the underlying footage. I'll start pulling the black point down to get more contrast and I'll do a good balancing of these two.

There is an auto white and black as well in this effect. You can use that to start with. I prefer to hand tweak. Now when I go to Overlay mode and start dragging my time marker through, I'm seeing a lot more obvious changes going on. Particularly watch the bell of his trumpet. I'll go home and play and now you can see it's more interesting lighting effects going across its head and going across the trumpet then going across the light here in the upper left corner. You see it shrinks and increases as it goes.

Let's go back and look at our earlier example of ours. We had this woman in the office, we wanted to go ahead and use this particular clip as a lighting effect, again white and dark. When I have the clip that's predominantly white I prefer to use Multiply mode. What Multiply does is it sets the white areas to go through unaffected, the black areas get darkened. The problem is that my whites are not pure white, so the whole scene gets darkened, maybe a little too much. Well, to fix that, I'll select my layer, go Effects > Color Corrector, open up Visual sort again. And I'll play on with the White point to bring the brightness back in the clip.

Now I'll just have some subtle shadow play going across the scene but I'm not darkening the clip. Let's go ahead and put it back to Normal mode so you can see what it looks like. There's my clip, blown out with just some dark areas playing across it and these will add shadows to my underlying clip. So it's another case where you want to play around with the Black and White points of your lighting layer to give you the desired amount of lighting on the clip underneath.

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Final Cut Pro: Lighting Effects in Post

10 video lessons · 7148 viewers

Chris Meyer and Trish Meyer
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