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Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.
NOTE: This course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v. 10.1 or later. If you are running v. 10.1 or later, please watch Final Cut Pro X 10.1.1 Essential Training instead.
Once you have laid in the foundation for your sequence, you'll often want to change a few things about it. In this movie will explore the Overwrite and Replace tools, which are two tools that let you change the material that you have edited in your sequence. All right, so I'm going to go into 3.4. And as you can see, we have the same interviews that we have edited in previous movies, and then we have similar B-roll that's going to basically play over music as the film opens.
Now I think I'd like to change out some of the B-roll. For example, the second shot, I think is a little long, and I think I'd like to break it up with another shot or so right here. All right, so I'm going to perform an Overwrite Edit, and to do this I'm going to Mark an in and an out around the area that I'd like to replace. So I'm mark an in right here, and maybe an out about right there, and let's check the duration. I have marked this section, and I'll Press Ctrl+D. And I see that it's 5 seconds and 4 frames.
So let's find some material to overwrite. So I'm going to go to Farm to Table and Farm Scenery I think. And I think what I would like to do is use this really beautiful shot of the Orange Grove with the solar flares. Okay, so let me just mark a portion that like here, and it's great! So let's check the duration of what I have marked up here in the event library. I just going to press Ctrl+D. And this is 6 seconds and 6 frames, so it's a longer than the portion that I have marked here.
Now for an Overwrite Edit, the duration that is honored is the duration that's set in the timeline. So when I perform this overwrite, what it's going to do is take the first 5 seconds-- and let me just remind myself, 4 frames-- it's going to take the first 5 seconds and the 4 frames of this shot and just overwrite it right here, okay, so let me just press D to overwrite, all right, so just to prove to you I'll just press Ctrl+D, and it's 5 seconds and 4 frames. All right, perfect! So if I kind of look at this shot, you know, I really, actually kind of liked how the portion that I marked ends right as we're looking straight at this orange tree, so let me undo that, Command+Z, and instead of the front timing the edit, so instead of taking the 5 seconds and 4 frames, this time I am going to back time it, so it's going to take the last 5 seconds and 4 frames.
So instead of pressing D, I'm going to press Shift+D to back time my edit. Now it's pretty similar, but let's go ahead and just watch it and see how it's just slightly different. (video playing) All right, so we're ending on the shot of the Orange tree just like we like it. All right, so that's overwrite. Now an Overwrite Edit is a lot like a Replace Edit, which is what I want to show you now. So a Replace Edit is for swapping out shots.
So one shot I would like swap out is this one here, the opening shot. Let's get a sense for how long this shot is. I'm just going to press Ctrl+D, and it's 3 seconds and 23 frames. And I'm thinking instead that I'd like to open up with the extreme close-up of this Orange here, so my idea is to start with an extreme close-up of the orange, then back out to the Orange Grove and then maybe to this wider shot of the Orange Grove and then we'll get footage of the fruit being harvested and taken to the market and sold and all the way through.
I think that will help illustrate the point of the program. All right, so let's go ahead and mark the portion that we like here, let's see, mark an in and mark an out right before that Zoom out. And let's just check the duration, Ctrl+D. So that's 2 seconds and 1 frame. All right, so this is shorter than this shot here. So I'm just going to click and drag and release, and when I release, I get this pop-up dialog box, and I want to take a look at a couple of these options.
The first one just outright replaces the shots, so regardless of duration, it's going to replaced a shot, which when I do this, you can see that a shot of the Orange was shorter, so it gets inserted into the sequence and all of the other shots just sort of slide down to accommodate. All right, so I have exactly what I want, I don't have that zoom out, and everything is looking good. Let me Undo, Command+Z, and this time I'm going to do the same thing except I want to talk about Replace from Start and Replace from End.
If I chose one of these options, then the shot duration will be determined by the shot in the sequence. And the replace edit will either front time if I choose Replace from Start, or it will back time if I choose Replace from End. We talked about front timing and back timing when we discussed the mechanics of Overwrite Edits and this behaves the exact same way. So here I'll choose Replace from Start. And as you can see, the duration does not change, the shot comes into the timeline, but I have that zoom out which is not desirable.
So that is the consequence of this edit here, so I'm going to Command+Z, and it looks like we did just want the outright replace in this case. Now if I add something important that I wanted to show near the out point in my orange shot, then I would perform a Replace from End. But as you can see, performing Overwrite Edits and Replace Edits is a relatively simple way to tweak your sequence during the editing process.
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