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Changing shots: Using Overwrite and Replace edits

From: Final Cut Pro X Essential Training

Video: Changing shots: Using Overwrite and Replace edits

Once you have laid in the foundation for your sequence, you'll often want to change a few things about it. In this movie will explore the Overwrite and Replace tools, which are two tools that let you change the material that you have edited in your sequence. All right, so I'm going to go into 3.4. And as you can see, we have the same interviews that we have edited in previous movies, and then we have similar B-roll that's going to basically play over music as the film opens.

Changing shots: Using Overwrite and Replace edits

Once you have laid in the foundation for your sequence, you'll often want to change a few things about it. In this movie will explore the Overwrite and Replace tools, which are two tools that let you change the material that you have edited in your sequence. All right, so I'm going to go into 3.4. And as you can see, we have the same interviews that we have edited in previous movies, and then we have similar B-roll that's going to basically play over music as the film opens.

Now I think I'd like to change out some of the B-roll. For example, the second shot, I think is a little long, and I think I'd like to break it up with another shot or so right here. All right, so I'm going to perform an Overwrite Edit, and to do this I'm going to Mark an in and an out around the area that I'd like to replace. So I'm mark an in right here, and maybe an out about right there, and let's check the duration. I have marked this section, and I'll Press Ctrl+D. And I see that it's 5 seconds and 4 frames.

So let's find some material to overwrite. So I'm going to go to Farm to Table and Farm Scenery I think. And I think what I would like to do is use this really beautiful shot of the Orange Grove with the solar flares. Okay, so let me just mark a portion that like here, and it's great! So let's check the duration of what I have marked up here in the event library. I just going to press Ctrl+D. And this is 6 seconds and 6 frames, so it's a longer than the portion that I have marked here.

Now for an Overwrite Edit, the duration that is honored is the duration that's set in the timeline. So when I perform this overwrite, what it's going to do is take the first 5 seconds-- and let me just remind myself, 4 frames-- it's going to take the first 5 seconds and the 4 frames of this shot and just overwrite it right here, okay, so let me just press D to overwrite, all right, so just to prove to you I'll just press Ctrl+D, and it's 5 seconds and 4 frames. All right, perfect! So if I kind of look at this shot, you know, I really, actually kind of liked how the portion that I marked ends right as we're looking straight at this orange tree, so let me undo that, Command+Z, and instead of the front timing the edit, so instead of taking the 5 seconds and 4 frames, this time I am going to back time it, so it's going to take the last 5 seconds and 4 frames.

So instead of pressing D, I'm going to press Shift+D to back time my edit. Now it's pretty similar, but let's go ahead and just watch it and see how it's just slightly different. (video playing) All right, so we're ending on the shot of the Orange tree just like we like it. All right, so that's overwrite. Now an Overwrite Edit is a lot like a Replace Edit, which is what I want to show you now. So a Replace Edit is for swapping out shots.

So one shot I would like swap out is this one here, the opening shot. Let's get a sense for how long this shot is. I'm just going to press Ctrl+D, and it's 3 seconds and 23 frames. And I'm thinking instead that I'd like to open up with the extreme close-up of this Orange here, so my idea is to start with an extreme close-up of the orange, then back out to the Orange Grove and then maybe to this wider shot of the Orange Grove and then we'll get footage of the fruit being harvested and taken to the market and sold and all the way through.

I think that will help illustrate the point of the program. All right, so let's go ahead and mark the portion that we like here, let's see, mark an in and mark an out right before that Zoom out. And let's just check the duration, Ctrl+D. So that's 2 seconds and 1 frame. All right, so this is shorter than this shot here. So I'm just going to click and drag and release, and when I release, I get this pop-up dialog box, and I want to take a look at a couple of these options.

The first one just outright replaces the shots, so regardless of duration, it's going to replaced a shot, which when I do this, you can see that a shot of the Orange was shorter, so it gets inserted into the sequence and all of the other shots just sort of slide down to accommodate. All right, so I have exactly what I want, I don't have that zoom out, and everything is looking good. Let me Undo, Command+Z, and this time I'm going to do the same thing except I want to talk about Replace from Start and Replace from End.

If I chose one of these options, then the shot duration will be determined by the shot in the sequence. And the replace edit will either front time if I choose Replace from Start, or it will back time if I choose Replace from End. We talked about front timing and back timing when we discussed the mechanics of Overwrite Edits and this behaves the exact same way. So here I'll choose Replace from Start. And as you can see, the duration does not change, the shot comes into the timeline, but I have that zoom out which is not desirable.

So that is the consequence of this edit here, so I'm going to Command+Z, and it looks like we did just want the outright replace in this case. Now if I add something important that I wanted to show near the out point in my orange shot, then I would perform a Replace from End. But as you can see, performing Overwrite Edits and Replace Edits is a relatively simple way to tweak your sequence during the editing process.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Final Cut Pro X Essential Training
Final Cut Pro X Essential Training

78 video lessons · 38540 viewers

Ashley Kennedy
Author

 
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  1. 6m 16s
    1. Welcome
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 16s
  2. 23m 30s
    1. Understanding the world of nonlinear editing
      5m 2s
    2. Understanding how FCP X works: A new take on story creation
      1m 48s
    3. Taking a tour of the FCP X interface
      8m 59s
    4. Accessing additional tools
      6m 23s
    5. Getting to know the projects for this course
      1m 18s
  3. 24m 41s
    1. Creating and organizing events from scratch
      5m 20s
    2. Organizing footage with keywords and ratings
      8m 19s
    3. Performing searches and creating Smart Collections
      4m 59s
    4. Displaying event data
      6m 3s
  4. 42m 11s
    1. Playing and marking clips in preparation for editing
      7m 16s
    2. Understanding different types of editing tools
      6m 20s
    3. Making the first edits: Using Insert and Append edits
      7m 31s
    4. Changing shots: Using Overwrite and Replace edits
      5m 54s
    5. Performing video- and audio-only edits
      3m 45s
    6. Moving clips within the primary storyline: Swapping shots and creating gaps
      3m 28s
    7. Removing material from the primary storyline
      3m 44s
    8. Understanding timeline navigation: Snapping, skimming, zooming, and panning
      4m 13s
  5. 23m 58s
    1. Trimming clips: Using the Ripple tool
      9m 9s
    2. Manipulating transitions: Using the Roll tool
      5m 36s
    3. Changing clip content and position: Performing Slip and Slide edits
      5m 40s
    4. Using the Precision Editor for fine trimming control
      3m 33s
  6. 14m 2s
    1. Connecting clips to the primary storyline
      7m 0s
    2. Understanding the features and limitations of Connected Clips
      3m 40s
    3. Working with secondary storylines
      3m 22s
  7. 31m 23s
    1. Adjusting the audio level and channel configuration via the Inspector
      8m 47s
    2. Keyframing audio in the timeline
      4m 57s
    3. Repairing audio problems automatically
      5m 25s
    4. Adjusting audio EQ
      4m 46s
    5. Recording audio
      4m 4s
    6. Syncing audio from multiple sources
      3m 24s
  8. 25m 6s
    1. Nesting and breaking apart clips
      4m 1s
    2. Performing quick extractions using Top and Tail edits
      6m 16s
    3. Auditioning clips to try multiple editing options
      4m 9s
    4. Working with markers
      4m 57s
    5. Customizing the keyboard and workspace
      5m 43s
  9. 14m 28s
    1. Syncing your multicam group clips
      6m 47s
    2. Performing a multicam edit
      3m 53s
    3. Refining the multicam edit
      3m 48s
  10. 1h 26m
    1. Working with basic motion effects: Transform, Crop, and Distort
      10m 32s
    2. Using motion effects with still photos and graphics
      6m 25s
    3. Adding and adjusting transition effects
      7m 46s
    4. Adding and adjusting video effects
      6m 26s
    5. Adding and adjusting audio effects
      4m 30s
    6. Keyframing video and audio effects over time
      6m 18s
    7. Copying and pasting effect properties
      4m 15s
    8. Creating and adjusting titles
      7m 18s
    9. Working with generator effects
      6m 46s
    10. Adding animated themes
      4m 7s
    11. Creating freeze frames
      3m 51s
    12. Using speed effects to retime clips
      8m 2s
    13. Working with layered Photoshop files
      6m 19s
    14. Understanding rendering options and preferences
      4m 4s
  11. 36m 15s
    1. Analyzing footage for problems
      3m 49s
    2. Following a proper color correction workflow
      10m 29s
    3. Apply multiple color corrections to clips
      3m 41s
    4. Using color correction templates
      3m 11s
    5. Using automatic color correction tools
      6m 15s
    6. Performing secondary color correction with color masks
      4m 30s
    7. Performing color correction adjustments using shape masks
      4m 20s
  12. 18m 54s
    1. Taking a closer look at the import and analysis options
      5m 56s
    2. Importing from cards and file-based cameras
      4m 14s
    3. Importing iMovie projects and events
      1m 58s
    4. Capturing from tape
      3m 18s
    5. Making a tape archive
      3m 28s
  13. 16m 13s
    1. Managing events between different drives and destinations
      6m 13s
    2. Managing render files
      2m 56s
    3. Collaborating and archiving
      7m 4s
  14. 34m 38s
    1. Sharing projects using presets
      7m 41s
    2. Exporting a hi-res QuickTime movie
      3m 46s
    3. Using Compressor to export with custom settings
      7m 54s
    4. Exporting a still image
      1m 22s
    5. Exporting to DVD or Blu-ray with chapter markers
      5m 33s
    6. Exporting stems out of the timeline using roles
      8m 22s
  15. 14m 1s
    1. Solving offline media problems
      10m 29s
    2. Troubleshooting data and settings corruption problems
      3m 32s
  16. 3m 28s
    1. Next steps
      3m 28s

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