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Effective Storytelling with Final Cut Pro X

Adding freeze frames to end or start sections


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Effective Storytelling with Final Cut Pro X

with Diana Weynand

Video: Adding freeze frames to end or start sections

When we point a still camera and say hold it, we typically get what we want and need or something close. But when we shoot video, there are no hold its, you just keep recording, maybe 24, 25 or 30 frames a second depending on your camera settings. But somewhere in all that footage in those frames, there's very likely one very special frame, you could use to emphasize something in your story. Is it a meaningful handshake, a shy smile or a hard-working coffee grower? In the Event Library, in the Graphics keyword collection, let's take a look at the bumper called Delicious.
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  1. 5m 54s
    1. Welcome
      1m 20s
    2. Using the exercise files
      4m 34s
  2. 16m 21s
    1. Exploring different types of storytellers
      7m 9s
    2. Identifying story elements
      5m 9s
    3. Finding the essence of the story
      4m 3s
  3. 15m 6s
    1. Organizing footage into folders
      5m 29s
    2. Creating a disk image as a contained workspace
      4m 51s
    3. Importing folders and stills as keyword collections
      4m 46s
  4. 22m 52s
    1. Adding keywords to make clips accessible
      3m 33s
    2. Using favorite tags to call clips into action
      7m 16s
    3. Making notes to capture observations
      4m 1s
    4. Performing a complex search
      2m 28s
    5. Prepping clips for editing
      5m 34s
  5. 28m 47s
    1. Finding the meat of the clips
      5m 11s
    2. Don't be puzzled over your first edit
      4m 27s
    3. Creating project versions and developing story diversity
      5m 16s
    4. Putting story threads in order
      7m 25s
    5. Sculpting the story within the timeline
      6m 28s
  6. 46m 5s
    1. Trimming distractions from a story
      6m 48s
    2. Compounding thoughts into one primary story project
      9m 52s
    3. Evaluating the project for story content and pacing
      7m 1s
    4. Fine-tuning the edits in a project
      7m 36s
    5. Refining the primary sound bed
      7m 55s
    6. Organizing separate story segments into independent storylines
      6m 53s
  7. 24m 11s
    1. Storyboarding a narrative script using placeholders
      7m 22s
    2. Recording a narration track to explore script ideas
      4m 40s
    3. Changing pitch in a temporary narration track to identify different characters
      5m 27s
    4. Adding sound effects to create depth
      6m 42s
  8. 41m 2s
    1. Embellishing the story with cutaways to B-roll footage
      9m 3s
    2. Finessing cutaways to enhance the story
      5m 3s
    3. Editing and arranging a still-image storyline
      6m 22s
    4. Applying the Ken Burns effect to still images
      6m 33s
    5. Altering your story's "look" using the Color Board
      8m 4s
    6. Applying effects to enhance story elements
      5m 57s
  9. 28m 57s
    1. Retiming to lengthen or shorten music and clips
      6m 48s
    2. Adding freeze frames to end or start sections
      6m 40s
    3. Video finishing touches
      8m 6s
    4. Audio finishing touches
      7m 23s
  10. 1m 7s
    1. Goodbye
      1m 7s

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Effective Storytelling with Final Cut Pro X
3h 50m Intermediate Feb 01, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Dive into narrative with Diana Weynand, as she shares a comprehensive method for finding, crafting, and developing a compelling story in Apple Final Cut Pro X. The course also covers key concepts such as building a primary storyline, evaluating content and pacing, trimming distracting clips, creating different story versions, and storyboarding. The course also explores how to capture and organize media, incorporate B-roll cutaways, apply the Ken Burns effect to still images, re-time music and clips, and add finishing touches.

Topics include:
  • Identifying story elements
  • Finding the essence of a story
  • Importing folders and stills as keyword collections
  • Using keywords to make clips accessible
  • Prepping clips for editing
  • Developing story diversity
  • Sculpting the story within the timeline
  • Fine-tuning edits
  • Organizing separate story segments into independent storylines
  • Recording a narration track
  • Adding sound effects
  • Applying effects to enhance story elements
  • Adding freeze frames
Subjects:
Video Video Editing
Software:
Final Cut Pro
Author:
Diana Weynand

Adding freeze frames to end or start sections

When we point a still camera and say hold it, we typically get what we want and need or something close. But when we shoot video, there are no hold its, you just keep recording, maybe 24, 25 or 30 frames a second depending on your camera settings. But somewhere in all that footage in those frames, there's very likely one very special frame, you could use to emphasize something in your story. Is it a meaningful handshake, a shy smile or a hard-working coffee grower? In the Event Library, in the Graphics keyword collection, let's take a look at the bumper called Delicious.

Throughout the Delicious Peace Grows in a Ugandan Coffee Bean documentary, these bumpers were used to go in or out of a story segment. Now of course they used text to communicate what this was about, and by the way, these bumpers were created in motion. But notice the image in the background. This was a still image of the coffee growers standing around a weight as they were weighing a bag of coffee. But look how much texture and depth it adds to this graphic.

So if you didn't come back from the shoot with a bunch of still images that you could use for this, you can grab those stills out of the video itself. In the Project Library, let's open the Freeze Frames project. In this project, there are a couple of clips that have some really beautiful frames. In this handshake clip, there is a nice frame of the two men in a nice handclasp. In the pouring beans, there is another nice frame at the marker of hands on the hot coffee beans. Now let's take a look at this first clip and listen to it against the narration.

(Video Playing) Narrator: In the foothills of Africa's fourth largest mountain, a group of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim coffee -- Diana Weynand: In this clip the men shake hands, and then the clip stops, and we don't really get to pause or hold onto that moment because that might be a really meaningful moment to you in your story. You might want to just stop on it as the narrator talks about the people coming together. So what you can do is just click on that frame and go to your Retime popup, and choose Hold, or press the shortcut Shift+H. What this does, I am going to zoom in so we can take a closer look.

This brings up a Retiming window and we see that what has happened is that Final Cut has created a two second Hold section of 0%. Notice the speed segment before is 100%, as is the speed segment after. Now if you like this, this is sort of a run-freeze-run, this might work very well for you, let's see how it works. (Video Playing) Narrator: In the foothills of Africa's fourth largest mountain, a group of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim coffee farmers affirmatively -- Diana Weynand: So we have some ways that we can work with this.

If we want the freeze portion to be longer, we can click the edge or the handle of the speed segment and drag it down. Notice that we are simply creating more freeze frames of the same image and we're not changing the speed on either side. (Video Playing) Narrator: In the foothills of Africa's fourth largest mountain, a group of Christian, Jewish, and Muslim coffee farmers affirmatively decided to marry peaceful inner-relationships -- Diana Weynand: So you get the idea. I am going to press Command+Z to take us back to where we started.

The other thing that you can do, if you like a speed segment, is to click on this Hold, the red Hold speed segment, and that brings up a selection around the freeze portion of this image. I am going to press Shift+Z, and now I can copy this clip, Command+C, and move my playhead down to the end of the project and press Command+V. So now I just have two seconds of the freeze here at the end of the project. Now why did I pull that freeze out? Because I might later want to use it as a graphic, I might want to build a multi-frame effect, which we'll do in a later movie.

So pulling that freeze out is a great way to just use it as though it's a still image. In the mean time, if you decide you want to revert this clip back to just a straight 100% speed, select the clip, and go back to your Retiming pop-up and choose Normal 100%. You can also press the shortcut, Shift+N. To close the Retiming window, just click the X circle next to Retiming. Now in our pouring beans clip, we have a similar situation. There is a frame we want, we can simply click here, and from the Retiming pop-up, choose Hold.

In this case, I want to click the red speed segment, and press Command+C to copy it, come down to the end, Command+V to paste it. And now I have two freeze frames. Each of these freeze frames has something to do with hands coming together or working with the coffee. Well, let's go ahead and revert this clip back to 100%, and let's close the Retiming window on it. Now there's no marker in the woman picks beans clip. So let's look at a place where she picks one of the right beans, somewhere in here.

Now one thing that's really important when you choose a freeze frame, is to choose a frame that's really as clear as it possibly can be. Now in order to determine if this frame is clear, I am going to click in the viewer and press Command+ a few times. This will allow us to zoom in to the image. Now at this stage, you can press the Left and Right arrow keys, and notice that as the video was shooting, the woman was moving her hands, so whenever the hand was in motion, it's much more blurry, but when she slowed down to actually pick a bean, it looked more clear.

Now if you want to go back a little further and see her pick something outside the window, you notice you have a little movement here, you have a little window that will allow you to change what portion of the image you're looking at, in this zoomed out way. Well, this looks like a fairly nice clear image. So I am going to press Shift+Z in the viewer, and that will pull us back to our default size and I want to freeze this frame. So I will go to my Retiming pop-up and choose Hold. Simply select the zero speed segment, Command+C to copy, Command+V to paste it.

So that gives me now three still frames that we can use to create something really special. So as you're editing, take the time to sift through individual frames of your footage. You just might find a frame that could enhance your story and give you that priceless moment.

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