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Working with transitions in Final Cut Pro X is not that much different than working with transitions in Final Cut Pro 7 and before. However, the engineers have added a couple of new features that are pretty cool. Let's go ahead and step into our Transitions project file and take a look. Now let's zoom in to the shots directly before Pablo's interview. I simply want to put a transition between these break dancers and then the teacher talking to the students. So I select the edit point and use the same keyboard shortcut that you're used to, Command+T. By default Final Cut Pro X puts in a one second transition just like you would have expected.
Now of course keyboard shortcuts are one thing, but a lot of times we want to see our transitions and just drop them into the timeline. To do this, simply go over to the toolbar and press the Transitions button. As you can see Final Cut Pro X gives you a variety of new transitions, as well as all your classics. For instance, if I wanted to do a wipe transition, instead of searching through all the transitions to find wipe, I'd just simply type the word wipe in the dialog box below and I find the transition I want.
Just like in Final Cut Pro 7, I can drag a transition on an existing transition and replace it, or I can drag a transition onto any edit point. Now let me talk about a couple of the cool things. I'm going to step back a couple of clips. So let me go ahead and hit Shift+Z, so you can see the whole Timeline. The clip that we want to work with is at about 26 seconds 24 frames in. Now I'm going to zoom in so you can see something very important. I have these two clips here and in Final Cut Pro 7 if one of these clips did not have enough handle and I try to put a transition on it, I would really get a gotcha.
Oftentimes I might even get a one- frame dissolve or a one-frame transition. But I can determine very quickly if I have enough handles to make an edit. If I switch over to the Trim Edit tool by pressing the T key and select the same clip, you'll notice that instead of seeing two yellow brackets, the bracket on the left is actually red, and that's an indication that's the end of my media. Let's go ahead and switch back to our Selection tool or press the A key, because there is another way that I can determine if I have enough handles.
If I actually click on the edit point and open up the Precision Editor, I can see that I have plenty of handles on the outgoing clip, but absolutely nothing on the incoming clip. So at this point I can determine if I want to perhaps do a slip edit or maybe roll the edit a little bit to make sure I have enough handles. Let's go ahead and return it to where I know I'm going to have a problem. If you've followed me and opened up the Precision Editor, go ahead and click Close Precision Editor. What would happen now if I try to put a transition on this edit point? I'm going to hit the keyboard shortcut, Command+T. Instead of putting the transition on that clip, I actually get a warning, which is great, because I never got this warning before. It asks me if I want to create a Full Overlap.
Now we talked about this in an earlier movie in this course, the one about preferences and settings, but I'm going to revisit that dialog box once more. Go ahead and hit Cancel and switch over to your preferences. The keyboard shortcut for this is Command+Comma. Now underneath the editing preference, there are two things I want to point out. One is Default length. it used to be all transitions would default to one second in duration. And most of the time when I'm cutting a show, I really like half second dissolves or half second wipes.
So all I have to do is select this dialog box and type in 0.5 and hit the Enter key and now all my transitions will be a half second by default. It doesn't mean I can't stretch them out or shrink them later, but I don't have to keep reinventing the wheel. The most important thing about transitions in Final Cut Pro X is whether I'm going to apply the transition using Available Media, and this was something we changed from our preferences earlier, or if I was going to use Full Overlap. I want you to realize if you have Full Overlap selected, Final Cut Pro will always give you a transition for the duration you expect, but it will shorten your show, because it's using media from within the clip, because there is no handle.
So as a professional editor, I highly recommend you make sure that Available Media is the choice selected. Now let's go ahead and close our preferences and I just want to show you a couple more things about transitions. First of all, if I put a transition on any clip, once again we'll use the dissolve, Command+T. I can change the duration of this clip very easily within the Timeline by just grabbing its edge. If I move my mouse to the middle, my cursor changes automatically to a Roll tool and I can do a roll just like I could in Final Cut Pro 7.
What I like to point out to you is the use of the Inspector when it comes to transitions. So make sure that you have your Selection tool active, the A key, and click on the transition. First let's make this transition precisely as long as I want. With the transition selected, if you press Ctrl+D, you'll notice that the HUD in the center of your toolbar changes to show you the duration of your transition. I can go ahead and type in any length I want. I'll go ahead and type 20 frames and hit Enter.
Now let's move over and open our Inspector. The keyboard shortcut for that is Command+4 or you can press the I key to the right of your screen. In the Inspector, I see all the details about my transitions. Now with the dissolve, there are not a lot of choices, but there are a few more than you saw in Final Cut Pro 7 where I could define how the transition resolves. Let's go ahead and replace this transition with the Wipe transition. I'm going to go ahead and drag the same Wipe transition we used earlier and show you how you can modify that easily in the Inspector and in the viewer.
In the Inspector you'll notice there are choices, if you wanted to go right, up, left, or down, and you could also do a custom, and you could dial it for whichever angle you want and you see that it will update in the viewer. As a matter of fact, if I park it right in the center of my viewer, I can see exactly how the transition will work. But if you notice there is something new in the viewer that you didn't have in Final Cut Pro 7. I have the ability to control the amount of the fade by grabbing this box here and the direction by grabbing the arrow over here.
I can also go back to my Inspector, add a border instead of a feather, and control that information just like you could in previous versions of Final Cut Pro. Now I want to show you one more gotcha when it comes to putting transitions in Final Cut Pro X. Go ahead to your Timeline, but before we do that let's go ahead and close the transition's detail. Hit Shift+Z to see your entire timeline. What I want to talk about is over here. We have a lot of connected clips of Pablo dancing to his voiceover and if you try to put a transition between any of these clips, you'll discover you can't.
Because these clips are connected to the main storyline. They're not necessarily connected to each other. If I stretched out one of these clips, the other clip just gets out of the way. If you've done this, go ahead and hit undo. The trick here is to turn this row of clips into its own story and then you can put transitions on them. So select these clips, so select the clips, and then right-click on the selection and say Create Storyline.
As you noticed, the gray bar appears on top and now I can put transitions between these clips just as if they were on the main storyline. Now let's suppose I wanted to put transitions between what's on the second storyline and the primary storyline. Just like you would have in Final Cut Pro 7, you would move everything from track 2 down to track 1. So as you see, transitions in Final Cut Pro X, pretty much the same as Final Cut Pro 7, but they've added a few new features that will make your life much, much easier.
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