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Final Cut Pro X Essential Training

Adding and adjusting transition effects


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Final Cut Pro X Essential Training

with Ashley Kennedy

Video: Adding and adjusting transition effects

Transition Effects are effects that you place in between clips, controlling how the image on the A side exits and how the image on the B side enters. Let's take a look at how to apply and adjust transitions. I'm going to go into 9.3, and I want to show you first how to add the most common type of transition, the Dissolve. All you need to do is click on the Edit point in between two clips and press Cmd+T. As you can see, a transition has been added to the space. If I click on the Transition and press Ctrl+D, you'll notice that it is one second long.
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  1. 6m 16s
    1. Welcome
      1m 0s
    2. Using the exercise files
      5m 16s
  2. 23m 30s
    1. Understanding the world of nonlinear editing
      5m 2s
    2. Understanding how FCP X works: A new take on story creation
      1m 48s
    3. Taking a tour of the FCP X interface
      8m 59s
    4. Accessing additional tools
      6m 23s
    5. Getting to know the projects for this course
      1m 18s
  3. 24m 41s
    1. Creating and organizing events from scratch
      5m 20s
    2. Organizing footage with keywords and ratings
      8m 19s
    3. Performing searches and creating Smart Collections
      4m 59s
    4. Displaying event data
      6m 3s
  4. 42m 11s
    1. Playing and marking clips in preparation for editing
      7m 16s
    2. Understanding different types of editing tools
      6m 20s
    3. Making the first edits: Using Insert and Append edits
      7m 31s
    4. Changing shots: Using Overwrite and Replace edits
      5m 54s
    5. Performing video- and audio-only edits
      3m 45s
    6. Moving clips within the primary storyline: Swapping shots and creating gaps
      3m 28s
    7. Removing material from the primary storyline
      3m 44s
    8. Understanding timeline navigation: Snapping, skimming, zooming, and panning
      4m 13s
  5. 23m 58s
    1. Trimming clips: Using the Ripple tool
      9m 9s
    2. Manipulating transitions: Using the Roll tool
      5m 36s
    3. Changing clip content and position: Performing Slip and Slide edits
      5m 40s
    4. Using the Precision Editor for fine trimming control
      3m 33s
  6. 14m 2s
    1. Connecting clips to the primary storyline
      7m 0s
    2. Understanding the features and limitations of Connected Clips
      3m 40s
    3. Working with secondary storylines
      3m 22s
  7. 31m 23s
    1. Adjusting the audio level and channel configuration via the Inspector
      8m 47s
    2. Keyframing audio in the timeline
      4m 57s
    3. Repairing audio problems automatically
      5m 25s
    4. Adjusting audio EQ
      4m 46s
    5. Recording audio
      4m 4s
    6. Syncing audio from multiple sources
      3m 24s
  8. 25m 6s
    1. Nesting and breaking apart clips
      4m 1s
    2. Performing quick extractions using Top and Tail edits
      6m 16s
    3. Auditioning clips to try multiple editing options
      4m 9s
    4. Working with markers
      4m 57s
    5. Customizing the keyboard and workspace
      5m 43s
  9. 14m 28s
    1. Syncing your multicam group clips
      6m 47s
    2. Performing a multicam edit
      3m 53s
    3. Refining the multicam edit
      3m 48s
  10. 1h 26m
    1. Working with basic motion effects: Transform, Crop, and Distort
      10m 32s
    2. Using motion effects with still photos and graphics
      6m 25s
    3. Adding and adjusting transition effects
      7m 46s
    4. Adding and adjusting video effects
      6m 26s
    5. Adding and adjusting audio effects
      4m 30s
    6. Keyframing video and audio effects over time
      6m 18s
    7. Copying and pasting effect properties
      4m 15s
    8. Creating and adjusting titles
      7m 18s
    9. Working with generator effects
      6m 46s
    10. Adding animated themes
      4m 7s
    11. Creating freeze frames
      3m 51s
    12. Using speed effects to retime clips
      8m 2s
    13. Working with layered Photoshop files
      6m 19s
    14. Understanding rendering options and preferences
      4m 4s
  11. 36m 15s
    1. Analyzing footage for problems
      3m 49s
    2. Following a proper color correction workflow
      10m 29s
    3. Apply multiple color corrections to clips
      3m 41s
    4. Using color correction templates
      3m 11s
    5. Using automatic color correction tools
      6m 15s
    6. Performing secondary color correction with color masks
      4m 30s
    7. Performing color correction adjustments using shape masks
      4m 20s
  12. 18m 54s
    1. Taking a closer look at the import and analysis options
      5m 56s
    2. Importing from cards and file-based cameras
      4m 14s
    3. Importing iMovie projects and events
      1m 58s
    4. Capturing from tape
      3m 18s
    5. Making a tape archive
      3m 28s
  13. 16m 13s
    1. Managing events between different drives and destinations
      6m 13s
    2. Managing render files
      2m 56s
    3. Collaborating and archiving
      7m 4s
  14. 34m 38s
    1. Sharing projects using presets
      7m 41s
    2. Exporting a hi-res QuickTime movie
      3m 46s
    3. Using Compressor to export with custom settings
      7m 54s
    4. Exporting a still image
      1m 22s
    5. Exporting to DVD or Blu-ray with chapter markers
      5m 33s
    6. Exporting stems out of the timeline using roles
      8m 22s
  15. 14m 1s
    1. Solving offline media problems
      10m 29s
    2. Troubleshooting data and settings corruption problems
      3m 32s
  16. 3m 28s
    1. Next steps
      3m 28s

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Final Cut Pro X Essential Training
6h 55m Beginner Mar 14, 2013

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Learn how to build and refine your story with the redesigned editing toolset in Final Cut Pro X. In this course, author Ashley Kennedy focuses on getting you comfortable with each aspect of the editing process in Final Cut—from preparation and organization, to editing and refining, to audio and effects, to media management and exporting. Each stage of the postproduction workflow is explained thoroughly and concisely, and uses real-world examples from both narrative and documentary workflows.

This lynda.com course and its exercise files are not compatible with Final Cut Pro X v10.1 or later. If you are running Final Cut Pro X v. 10.0.8 or 10.0.9, please do not upgrade your software to v10.1 if you would like to use these exercise files. For more information, please see the FAQs tab.

Topics include:
  • Understanding nonlinear editing
  • Creating and organizing events
  • Organizing footage with keywords and ratings
  • Playing and marking clips
  • Performing Insert, Append, Overwrite, and Replace edits
  • Moving and removing clips
  • Trimming in the timeline: performing ripple, roll, slip and slide edits
  • Working with connected clips and multiple storylines
  • Adjusting audio levels, EQ, and more
  • Performing a multicam edit
  • Adding and animating video and audio effects
  • Working with motion effects, speed effects, titles, themes, and generators
  • Performing primary and secondary color correction
  • Importing and analyzing footage from multiple platforms
  • Managing media and project data
  • Sharing and exporting projects
Subjects:
Video Video Editing
Software:
Final Cut Pro
Author:
Ashley Kennedy

Adding and adjusting transition effects

Transition Effects are effects that you place in between clips, controlling how the image on the A side exits and how the image on the B side enters. Let's take a look at how to apply and adjust transitions. I'm going to go into 9.3, and I want to show you first how to add the most common type of transition, the Dissolve. All you need to do is click on the Edit point in between two clips and press Cmd+T. As you can see, a transition has been added to the space. If I click on the Transition and press Ctrl+D, you'll notice that it is one second long.

You can always change this by going up to Final Cut Pro > Preferences and then under Editing > Transitions you can either make that shorter or longer as you want. To change the duration within the sequence there are couple ways you can do that. I'm just going to zoom in, Cmd+Plus+Plus. If I want to change the duration of the transition I just grab on the edge here and drag out or drag in. Notice that when I drag out I get a red bar over here on the left-hand side, and that's simply means that I have run out of frames, and I'll drag back in.

If I want to keep a transition while I perform a ripple edit, I drag on these lines right here, and I'm performing a ripple edit as you can see on the A side clip or on the B side clip. If I want to keep a transition intact while I perform a roll edit, I just go in the middle here and then roll back and forth between the clips and the transition remains where it is. Notice that I have an orange line up here, that just means that it's rendering. It's going to do so in the background, and now it's gone. It's rendered, and I can play it in real-time.

Let's go ahead and just play our transition. (video playing) To delete a transition you just click on it and press Delete and to apply a transition to either side of a clip, you just click on the clip itself and then press Cmd+T and transitions are applied to either side. Notice that if I select the clips on either side of a transition and right-click and choose Expand Audio/Video, the transition was applied to the video and an audio cross-dissolve was applied to the audio.

So you could adjust this accordingly if you wanted to once you have expanded the components. I'm going to collapse this for now. So that's the Dissolve. Again, far and away the most common type of transition by far. Now let's head over to the Transition browser. I'm just going to click on this button right here and the Transition Browser opens up. And as you can see, the left side contains Categories and the right side contains the effects within those categories. If you want to take a look at what this is basically going to look like once you apply the transition you kind of have this image of the forest and the image of the mountains, and it sort of performs the transition as you hover your mouse from left to right.

There is definitely some interesting transitions out there so I would recommend that you not use them that often, be very judicious about it, it's a very common mistake of rookie editors to overuse them, so just be careful there. So let's go ahead and Shift+Z to fit everything in the window, and we'll apply a transition in between these two clips here. All you need to do is drag and drop, so if I wanted to bring a Lens Flare in between these two, I'll just drag and drop, and we are going to need a little bit of rendering time here but let's go ahead and play it out and see how this is looking.

(video playing) Okay. Now a lot of times you'll just leave it alone but sometimes you do have the ability to reach into the transition and change some things about it. I'll just go ahead and click on it and then open the Inspector, Cmd+4, and you can see that our Lens Flare transition for example has a few parameters that we can change. Let me go ahead and apply a Fade To Color because this is a little bit more obvious on this one. Right now this is fading to black. Let's just click on it, go in the Inspector, and we'll change something very obvious.

We'll change the color from black to white. And if I zoom in a little bit, I'll go ahead and shorten it, so now instead of fade to black we have kind of a flash to white going on. And let's go ahead and look at it. (video playing) Okay, again, you can basically either rely on the parameters that each one of these contains or in many cases you can come into the Inspector and change something about it. So one more thing, let me go ahead and press Shift+Z to fit everything in. I'm going to grab some more clips here Farm Scenery, and I'm just going to add some connected clips to this sequence, like so.

(video playing) Okay, so I'll just add these to connected clips, and I want to show you that just like many other types of editing in Final Cut Pro adding transitions does not really respond in the same way with connected clips as it does with clips in a storyline. So if I zoom in a little bit and try to apply a transition here, notice that I just physically cannot drag and drop this on.

I can convert this to a storyline, so I'll select them, right-click and Create Storyline, and just as with many other types of editing in Final Cut Pro I have now fixed my issue. I can go in and add it, and it's treated just like any clip in the primary storyline. All right, I'm going to delete some of this stuff here and clean things up. If I wanted to delete multiple transitions I just need to Command-click them and then press Delete and they all go away.

I want to address one last thing about transitions, and that is the function of shot handle. So just to remind us of what shot handle is I'm going to open up the Precision Editor by double-clicking on the transition, and we have handle or unused portion of the clip right here for the A side clip and right here for the B side clip. So when I apply a one second transition the transition is actually going to take 15 frames from this side and 15 frames from that side and meld them together, or in the case of 24 frame per second video 12 and 12.

So if you don't have the appropriate amount of shot handle to make this happen? Well let's go ahead and simulate this. I'll go ahead and perform a ripple edit so that I don't have any frames here, and I'll close my Precision Editor for now, and I'll add a transition Cmd+T, and it says, hey! There's not enough extra media beyond the clip edges to create the transition. Basically it's saying there's not enough shot handle. And then it says, do you want to overlap or ripple trim your media to perform the transition. So it does exactly what it's saying.

It's going to basically trim so that some of this media is going to disappear from the visible timeline and go into the shot handle in order to make the transition possible. So you can either cancel and deal with it on your own, or say yeah, Create Transition. And so now I have the transition and my whole sequence shortened because of this. So you just need to be aware of this if you choose the option for it to create the transition. So, as you can see, applying and adjusting transitions is an easy process, and as long as you use them judiciously, transitions can add the necessary melding of images that can help tell your story.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Final Cut Pro X Essential Training.


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Q: Why are the exercise files not compatible with my version of Final Cut Pro X?
A: The exercise files for this course require Final Cut Pro X 10.0.07 or higher. Final Cut Pro X upgrades are free in the Apple App Store and we recommend upgrading your software if you are able.

 

Q: The exercise files aren't working for me in Final Cut Pro X 10.1.
A: This lynda.com training and these exercise files are not compatible for FCP X v. 10.1 OR 10.0.7 and earlier versions of the program. If you are running FCP X v. 10.0.8 or 10.0.9, please do not upgrade your software to v. 10.1 if you would like to use these exercise files.
 
Note: We are currently in the process of updating this training to be compatible with v. 10.1 and later, but that training won’t be available for several weeks. We appreciate your patience as we optimize this training.
 
FYI: If you’ve already upgraded to v. 10.1 and would like to use these exercise files, then it is actually possible to work with them to a limited degree. Simply follow the directions in the “Using the Exercise Files” movie of this course to place the Final Cut Events and Final Cut Projects folders in the appropriate location. Then, from within FCP X 10.1, choose File > Update Projects and Events. Choose Locate > and navigate to the appropriate location.  Your projects and events will be updated, but the file structure won’t mirror the experience within the current training.  If you are new to FCP X, it will likely be confusing to follow along through some of the training.  Again, we recommend that you check back for this training in several weeks to get the optimal experience.
 
Also, because FCP X exercise files are not backward compatible, you won’t be able to use the exercise files if you have FCP X v. 10.0.7 or earlier. You will need to upgrade to v. 10.0.9. Apple only offers 10.1 in the App Store, but if you have not yet upgraded to OS X Mavericks, you can click the Install button for 10.1 and the App Store will ask if you want to download an older version of the software (10.0.9). If you have already upgraded to Mavericks, unfortunately downloading FCP X 10.0.9 is not possible.
 
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