Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Adding and adjusting audio

From: Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X

Video: Adding and adjusting audio

Now we're going to look at audio in Final Cut Pro X, seeing some of the new features that you couldn't do in previous versions of Final Cut, as well as how we work with audio in X differently than how we used to work with it in 7. Let's step in to the Audio project file. Now the first thing I wanted to mention is that all these clips that we have in the timeline, they don't any audio attached. I removed all the audio, because I knew I was going to put my own kind of music underneath, but I want to show you how easy it is to remove audio from a video track once it's in the timeline.

Adding and adjusting audio

Now we're going to look at audio in Final Cut Pro X, seeing some of the new features that you couldn't do in previous versions of Final Cut, as well as how we work with audio in X differently than how we used to work with it in 7. Let's step in to the Audio project file. Now the first thing I wanted to mention is that all these clips that we have in the timeline, they don't any audio attached. I removed all the audio, because I knew I was going to put my own kind of music underneath, but I want to show you how easy it is to remove audio from a video track once it's in the timeline.

We're going to go ahead and do that with the Pablo interview, but remember, after we're done, we're going to undo it so it's exactly the way it is now. If you right-click on the clip, there is an option to Break Apart Clip Items. I'll scroll down and here you can actually see both the left and right channel of his audio. If I want to delete it, I can simply select it, hit the Delete key, and it's gone and it looks just like all the other clips in our Timeline. If you followed along with me, go ahead and press undo to bring the clips back in and then press undo again, Command+Z, to return the audio to the way we want it.

Now the next thing we want to do is bring some additional audio into our program. The music we want to use is in the Music keyword collection and we're going to choose the cut called Envy. Now I want to attach that to the first clip as a connected clip in my timeline and I can do that one of two ways. The easiest way is just to simply bring it down to the Timeline, put it below the clips, and let it snap to the very first clip. If I wanted to, I could've used the keyboard shortcut Q as long as my playhead was parked over the first clip.

Now I'm going to go ahead and hit Shift+Z, so you can see that the music is much longer than the clips that I have in the Timeline. Now I could show it in the music by going all the way down to the end of the Timeline and doing a ripple delete, or I can simply select the clip in the Timeline and use a great new feature of Final Cut Pro X. There is something called trimming the tops or trimming the tails of a clip. So with the clip selected, if I hold down the Option key and press the right bracket, it will actually trim the clip down to where the playhead is parked.

I'm going to undo that if I hold down the Option key with the clip selected and hit the left bracket, it will actually trim the beginning of the clip. Let's go ahead and undo that. I'm going to trim the clip the old-fashioned way just so you can see both ways of doing it. Now once again I want to be able to see my whole timeline. So just like in Final Cut Pro 7, I'll hit Shift+Z, Fit to Window, and I'm good to go. Now we've got a music bed in our timeline, and let's listen to it a few seconds. I'm going to press the Home key just like you would in Final Cut Pro 7 and the Spacebar to start listening.

(Music playing) Now, it's about at this point that I want my interview to come in. So we're going to bring in Jackie Sound byte, which is located in the Interview keyword collection. I click on Interview, we select Jackie Sound byte, and once again, I can go ahead and drag that is exactly where I want it.

In this case, my playhead is paused at the exact spot where I want to hear her speak. So I'm simply going to press the Q key, and it brings in her sound byte and attaches it to that piece of video. Let's listen how that sounds. (Music playing) (Female speaker: Hi, I'm Jackie. At age 14, I created Everybody?) Well, the timing is perfect, but as you can see the audio from Jackie Sound byte and the audio from the music are competing with each other. So let's take a look at how we can actually work with audio in Final Cut X versus how we used to work with it in Final Cut 7.

The audio in Final Cut X is located in the Inspector which you see in the upper right-hand corner of your screen. And you'll notice a lot of the same controls that you're used to, including Volume and Pan, and as a matter of fact, underneath Pan Mode you see that there is Surround Sound options. And if I keep scrolling down I want you to take a look at something else that's very important. Suppose that Jackie wasn't recorded with a stereo mic, but was actually recorded with both a lavalier and a camera mic. So instead of it being stereo, it was dual mono.

Well I can go ahead and switch this to Dual Mono very easily. Another advantage of being able to easily switch to dual mono is that if for instance I wanted to turn off the camera track, but leave the lavalier track on, it is simply unchecking a checkbox. So that solves one problem, but what about the fact the she is competing with the music that I want to be able to duck the music under? Well, you could keyframe the old- fashioned way and just to show you how easy that is, once again we'll go back down to the Timeline and you can put keyframes in by holding down the Option key, clicking wherever you want the keyframe, just like you did in Final Cut 7, and I could then to simply grab that audio level and bring that music down. But I'm going to show you an even more efficient way to do it.

Let's go ahead press undo and take out all those keyframes. Since we're working with audio, I want to show you one more trick of Final Cut Pro X. If you right-click here you can change the appearance of the Timeline. There are actually six options. The far right is the last thing you would want to use when working with audio, because it just breaks it down to the individual clips. I'm going to quickly step through just so you can see the different variations, focusing mostly on clips. The way we've been working, kind of splitting it 50-50, mostly audio, or if you go all the way to the left, exclusively working with our audio meters.

As you see, changing the appearance of the Timeline is simple as a click. Now what we want to do is we want to go ahead and duck our audio under. I'm going to let it see a little bit of the clip so we know exactly what's happening in the video. So what we'd like to do is actually bring the audio level down from where she starts talking to when she stops talking. Now we're going to use a brand-new tool in Final Cut Pro X. It's called the Range Selection tool. The keyboard shortcut here is R and I can go over here and select the range of when she starts talking, and simply click- and-drag my mouse all the way from left to right where I want to duck the music under.

Now without having to use any keyframes, I can simply grab those audio levels, bring them down, and Final Cut X will smoothly go from full volume to lower volume, and back again with a simple drag. Let's take another listen. (Female speaker: Hi, I'm Jackie. At age 14 I created Everybody Dance Now. I've?) So maybe we want to our audio a little bit louder. But I want to point out something else that's really cool in Final Cut that we actually adjusted in the preferences in an earlier movie. What you'll notice if you look closely at the audio timeline, this is the current volume level. As we adjust volume in Final Cut X, our waveforms actually get larger or smaller, but sometimes it's really good to see the waveform at its original height, because if you're cutting to the beat of the music and you've made it really soft, it's hard to see those peaks.

So if you recall back when we worked with our Preferences, underneath Editing, there was an option to Show reference waveforms. If I turn this off and I close the window, you'll notice that those reference waveforms, those little ghosts are gone. I actually like using these so I'm going to go ahead and turn that back on. Going to the Preference command, Show reference waveforms, and let's go ahead and close that window. Once the window is closed the GUI will update. Now that we've successfully ducked our audio under, let's go ahead to return to our Selection tool and also change our view back to our traditional way of viewing the timeline.

There is one more trick that I want to show you in Final Cut Pro X that you'll find very useful. If I wanted to work with Pablo's interview audio separately, you saw it earlier that I could actually separate them to delete them, but another thing I could do is simply double-click and it actually separates the audio from the video. This is really useful if you want to do J cuts or L cuts, but it's nice to be able to look at your audio and your video and work with them separately. So now if I wanted to do a roll edit so that we actually hear our Pablo talking before we see him, once it separated, I can simply uncheck so I don't have the audio selected.

We have the video over here, pull it over to the right, and with the magnetic Timeline, we automatically have our J cut successfully done. I'm going to go ahead and hit Play and you can see and hear how it sounds. (Female speaker (Jackie): ?and violence?) (Male speaker: I think that I decided to take classes with (inaudible) because?) Now once you're done, if you want to clean up your Timeline, simply double-click on the audio to reattach it or press Ctrl+S. As you see, working with audio in Final Cut X isn't that much different than working with it in Final Cut 7, except it gives you a lot more flexibility and a lot more control.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X
Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X

30 video lessons · 12748 viewers

Abba Shapiro
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 13s
    1. Welcome
      1m 18s
    2. Using the exercise files
      2m 55s
  2. 16m 47s
    1. Touring the new interface
      7m 58s
    2. Running Final Cut Pro 7 and Final Cut Pro X on the same machine
      4m 45s
    3. Preferences and settings
      4m 4s
  3. 37m 12s
    1. Importing and analyzing media from a folder on your computer
      7m 47s
    2. Importing media from a camera storage card
      3m 54s
    3. Importing video from a tape-based camera
      3m 12s
    4. Organizing media in the Event Library
      6m 31s
    5. Organizing and keywording clips
      10m 1s
    6. Viewing clips in the Event Library
      5m 47s
  4. 59m 20s
    1. Creating and managing projects
      6m 45s
    2. Performing basic edits in the Primary Storyline
      8m 36s
    3. Editing in the timeline, including Ripple, Roll, Slip, and Slide edits
      6m 36s
    4. Adding and adjusting audio
      9m 21s
    5. Editing B-roll with connected clips
      5m 0s
    6. Creating compound clips as an alternative to nested sequences
      2m 13s
    7. Legacy editing paradigms
      3m 31s
    8. Fine-tuning with the Precision Editor and performing three-point edits
      6m 22s
    9. Using favorites to create subclips
      6m 54s
    10. Using markers
      4m 2s
  5. 38m 45s
    1. Adding and adjusting transitions
      8m 22s
    2. Creating titles
      7m 13s
    3. Applying motion effects to clips
      7m 34s
    4. Retiming clips to create speed effects and creating freeze frames
      7m 11s
    5. Making color corrections
      8m 25s
  6. 14m 17s
    1. Exporting from Final Cut Pro X
      6m 11s
    2. Advanced exporting using Compressor
      2m 10s
    3. Collaboration and archiving
      5m 56s
  7. 3m 26s
    1. Next steps
      3m 26s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Migrating from Final Cut Pro 7 to Final Cut Pro X.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.