Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

Using doughnut, bubble, and radar charts

From: Excel 2007: Charts in Depth

Video: Using doughnut, bubble, and radar charts

Three other types of unusual charts are Doughnut charts, Bubble charts, and Radar charts, all of which have specialized uses. A Doughnut chart, which we're about to create on this sheet, is sometimes used as an alternative to overcome the limitations of a pie chart. A lot of you may know that if you were interested in showing this data as a pie chart and you hadn't used pie charts very much, you'll probably be surprised. I'm going to go the Insert tab and choose Pie, and either 2D or 3D pie.

Using doughnut, bubble, and radar charts

Three other types of unusual charts are Doughnut charts, Bubble charts, and Radar charts, all of which have specialized uses. A Doughnut chart, which we're about to create on this sheet, is sometimes used as an alternative to overcome the limitations of a pie chart. A lot of you may know that if you were interested in showing this data as a pie chart and you hadn't used pie charts very much, you'll probably be surprised. I'm going to go the Insert tab and choose Pie, and either 2D or 3D pie.

How about a two-dimensional pie here? And right away, you might be saying, "Yes, but I chose Europe and Asia, and I'm only seeing Domestic." Well, the limitation, and the major one for a pie chart, is that it only picks up one series-- that means either one column or one row of data--even though we highlighted more data here, and shrinking this or expanding it has no impact whatsoever on the chart. Would we want to see all this data on a single chart so we could see the proportions? You might have tried some other variations here on the Insert tab, maybe a Column chart that's stacked 100%.

How might that look? Is that going to work? Well, that has some merit potentially too. Variation on a pie does show us percentage breakouts, although they're not so clear. Let's try, simply by converting this one into a so-called Doughnut chart. On the Design tab, Change Chart Type, and under Doughnut chart at the bottom of our list here, this one right here. And I think you can see, that's going to be difficult to read. We'll have to apply some data labels. The first thought might be let's go to Chart Styles on the Design tab, make it be more three-dimensional looking, and it still doesn't help a whole lot.

If we start to add labels here, it's going to get really crowded. Now possibly you could say, well, maybe we could try this for only a six-month period. So I'm going to shrink the data amount here to be just the first six months, January through June. Perhaps that has more merit. Even there, if we start putting labels on here, it might be crowded. Maybe three months. So you might have to make some kind of an executive decision that says okay, we're willing to try this. The other aspect of this you wouldn't exactly guess is that we can change the size of the doughnut hole by right-clicking on the series here, go to Format Data Series > Doughnut Hole Size.

Now it looks like it might be set at the smallest value, so drag this around a little bit, right and left, and it does that. We're still not dealing with the issue of how readable is this going to be if we start to add data labels. Now there are so many variations here. I just want to show you the impact of what adding a few of these might mean. And so if we do go to the Layout tab and choose Data Labels and then go right into More Data Label Options, first you can see what's happened here. We've got values on every single one of these.

As I slide this to the right, recognize the colors represent the different months. Checking one of the boxes here, Category Name. Now we've only chose the inner ring, so what have we added now? The months, that doesn't buy us much because we see them in the legend anyway, so that's not a good choice at all, but how about Series Name? Now we're seeing that those are Domestic. And that word takes up some space, and it's there six times. We might want to change the wording in the chart. I think you're getting the idea here. These have some limitations, these kinds of charts.

If once again, we reconsider the timeframe here and show only three months, obviously, we're getting less data, but maybe that's going to be a little bit more readable. But you'll have to decide here and there how many different series you want to cover within these. They do allow us to show more series on a pie chart, and here and there they do have their uses, although I think it's limited. Another kind of chart is a Bubble chart, and a Bubble chart is very similar to a Scatter chart, but it does give us the advantage of showing a third dimension as well.

We don't mean 3D in that sense, but a third measure. So clicking on the data here where we're showing different ages of people and their salaries and their job rating, we can show all three of those by way of a Bubble chart. Choose Insert > Other Charts > Bubble. I'm going to pick the second one, Bubble with a 3D effect. At first glance here, it doesn't look so good, but let's make some changes to it. First of all, the ages here go from about, we can see across the bottom, 20 to 60.

So I'm going to simply right-click on the bottom here and activate the Format Axis dialog box, and under the Minimum amount here, change that to be 20, and then jump into the Maximum amount, make that be-- well, it's currently 60-- let's make it be 55. I think the biggest Age here is around that. And then we can see what happens. That's going to help a bit. The size of the bubbles is a bit large too. We'll deal with that. Let's first deal with the salaries. It looks like the lowest salary is above 20,000, but if we were to click on the left vertical axis, the value axis there, change the Minimum value to be 20,000 and the Maximum value to be about 70,000.

Now the size of the bubbles relates to the Job Rating that we're seeing in column C. So the bigger the bubble size, the higher the rating. But they're all sort of clustered and here we can't see around them very easily. That's a bit difficult to read, so why don't we scale the bubble size to be 50? And perhaps that's a bit better. Maybe even 25, see how that's going to look. That might look even better. Maybe that's too small, so you might kick that around a little bit. I'll make it be 40. That was just to change the size of the bubbles.

So this bubble right here, it looks like it might be the largest, and as we point to it, that's a Job Rating of 9, representing someone is making 64,000 here. And so in our list over to the left here, we could scroll up and down, for example, and check out that if we wanted to. So I think you can begin to see, it's like a Scatter chart and yet the size of the bubbles represents the rating coming out of column C. One of the big problems with Bubble charts of course is almost always you have to spend a certain amount of time explaining how to read the chart.

So it's not to say that you shouldn't use them, but they certainly have some limitations there. Another kind of chart, and very unusual, is a Radar chart. And I must say I've rarely seen these, and I'll create one of the data that we're seeing here. We're simply trying to show, based on this data-- let me zoom in a little bit on this-- tracking month after month of data, we realize our orders occur differently on different days of the week, and we even have orders on Saturday as well too, and our shipments do too. Let's compare the two of these.

And certainly a variety of different chart types might work here, but a Radar chart might show us some spikes. So let's simply click in the data here, go to the Insert tab, choose Other Charts, and a Radar chart. I'm going to choose the first one here. And we see this. Let me zoom back a little bit or make this a bit smaller, and we'll see what's going on here, and close this dialog box. There we go! So based on the data and looking at the chart, I think you can begin to see what's happening. There is one day where the shipments exceeded the orders, one day of the week.

It looks as if on Wednesdays we do more shipping than we actually get orders. And you can see in the chart here how the red line which represents shipments sticks out a bit farther here. And we can see the relative comparison of the two on other days as well. So it's a different way of viewing the data. Don't try and view this as a three-dimensional object as I have done at different times. It looks like a cube. Ignore that part of it. Think of it as a web perhaps. It's called a Radar chart. Not that frequently used. You might see them from time to time, definitely specialized use, as we saw earlier with Bubble charts and Doughnut charts.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Excel 2007: Charts in Depth
Excel 2007: Charts in Depth

53 video lessons · 9305 viewers

Dennis Taylor
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 49s
    1. Welcome
      1m 3s
    2. Using the exercise files
      46s
  2. 22m 7s
    1. Identifying chart elements like plot area, chart area, gridlines, and legends
      5m 3s
    2. Selecting the right chart type
      8m 2s
    3. Understanding chart terminology
      6m 31s
    4. Understanding the Ribbon and the Design, Layout, and Format tabs
      2m 31s
  3. 16m 24s
    1. Selecting data to display as a chart
      6m 17s
    2. Creating charts instantly with shortcuts
      4m 33s
    3. Creating charts with standard menu commands
      2m 24s
    4. Creating presentation-ready charts with just a few adjustments
      3m 10s
  4. 28m 8s
    1. Switching rows and columns for a different view of the data
      3m 9s
    2. Setting a default chart type and creating a template
      3m 47s
    3. Dealing with empty and hidden cells
      4m 18s
    4. Choosing a chart layout
      4m 33s
    5. Choosing a chart style from 48 colorful variations
      3m 34s
    6. Changing the location of a chart
      3m 33s
    7. Moving and resizing a chart
      5m 14s
  5. 11m 25s
    1. Using pictures as chart elements
      3m 55s
    2. Adding shapes and arrows
      3m 37s
    3. Adding floating text and text boxes
      3m 53s
  6. 33m 45s
    1. Adding, editing, and removing chart titles
      3m 15s
    2. Adding horizontal and vertical titles
      3m 56s
    3. Linking titles to content
      2m 32s
    4. Showing numbers of different scales
      4m 38s
    5. Specifying the position of tick marks and axis labels
      2m 41s
    6. Changing the numeric format on labels
      5m 34s
    7. Adding, editing, and removing legends
      3m 19s
    8. Adding and editing data labels
      4m 40s
    9. Showing the source of a chart's data
      3m 10s
  7. 8m 13s
    1. Modifying axis scaling
      3m 50s
    2. Working with gridlines
      4m 23s
  8. 12m 53s
    1. Analyzing existing and future data with trendlines
      4m 2s
    2. Adding drop lines
      3m 14s
    3. Adding high-low lines and up-down bars
      1m 39s
    4. Adding error bars
      3m 58s
  9. 9m 13s
    1. Selecting shape fill and outline
      3m 3s
    2. Adding shape effects
      3m 19s
    3. Applying WordArt styles
      2m 51s
  10. 16m 33s
    1. Formatting lines and borders
      4m 24s
    2. Filling an area with a color gradient
      2m 7s
    3. Specifying line style, color, and weight
      2m 46s
    4. Working with chart text
      3m 40s
    5. Changing the rotation of chart text
      3m 36s
  11. 38m 39s
    1. Using column and bar charts
      7m 24s
    2. Using line charts
      5m 46s
    3. Using pie charts
      8m 37s
    4. Using area, stock, and XY charts
      9m 3s
    5. Using doughnut, bubble, and radar charts
      7m 49s
  12. 10m 55s
    1. Pasting new data into a chart
      2m 58s
    2. Creating charts from multiple data sources
      3m 39s
    3. Adding new data using a table
      4m 18s
  13. 6m 19s
    1. Printing charts
      6m 19s
  14. 19s
    1. Next steps
      19s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Excel 2007: Charts in Depth.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.