Easy-to-follow video tutorials help you learn software, creative, and business skills.Become a member

DB: Calculating depreciation using the declining balance method

From: Excel 2010: Financial Functions in Depth

Video: DB: Calculating depreciation using the declining balance method

The declining balance method of calculating depreciation accelerates the rate at which an asset loses its value over time. You use the DB function to calculate depreciation with the declining balance method in Excel. The declining balance method is so named because it reduces an asset's value by the amount it depreciated in the previous years. You then calculate the new depreciation based on that lower value, hence the name declining balance method. The DB function has four arguments. Cost, salvage value, economic life and period.

DB: Calculating depreciation using the declining balance method

The declining balance method of calculating depreciation accelerates the rate at which an asset loses its value over time. You use the DB function to calculate depreciation with the declining balance method in Excel. The declining balance method is so named because it reduces an asset's value by the amount it depreciated in the previous years. You then calculate the new depreciation based on that lower value, hence the name declining balance method. The DB function has four arguments. Cost, salvage value, economic life and period.

The Cost, which is in cell B7, is what you pay for the asset. The Salvage Value, which is in cell B9, is what you can sell the asset for as scrap. And then next we have the Economic Life, which in this case is assumed to be 7 years. And then you have the Period and that is the year in the depreciation schedule and I have a series of those years set up here in cells D6 through D12. So I'll be calculating depreciation for years 1 through 7. There is one final argument and that is whether you're going monthly or yearly.

Almost every asset you deal with will depreciate over years instead of months. So I've decided to stay with years for this example. Now I'll create my first formula and to do that I'll click in cell E6 and then type an =db, to start entering formula using the Declining Balance function. Type a left parenthesis and then we have the cost that's in b7, type a comma, then the salvage value that's in b9, the economic life in years and that is in cell b11, then a comma, and the period.

Now the first period is in cell D6, so that is the first year. So type d6. Now what's going to happen when I press Enter to put this formula into this table cell is that Excel will copy it down to the rest of the cells in a table column. When it does that, the references to cells B7, B9, and B11 will change because they are currently relative references. However, there aren't other values here in the side of the worksheet. I want those references to stay the same. So I need to convert those cell references to absolute values as opposed to relative values.

And to do that in the formula, I click in the cell reference that I want to make absolute and then press F4. That changes the reference from a relative reference to an absolute reference. Then I do the same thing for B9, click inside of it in the formula and then press F4 and the same for B11. Click inside of its reference and then press F4. Now D6 which is the cell here for the year, I do want to change because as it copies down I want to look to D7, then D8, then D9 and so on.

So with those changes in place I'll click to the right of the D6 reference, then type a right parenthesis and press Enter. And when I do, Excel fills in my table. I now have depreciation for years 1 through 7. The declining balance depreciation method enables companies to capture more depreciation benefits early in an asset's economic life, decreasing tax payments and thereby freeing up capital to invest in other areas.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Excel 2010: Financial Functions in Depth
Excel 2010: Financial Functions in Depth

52 video lessons · 13293 viewers

Curt Frye
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 11s
    1. Welcome
      1m 6s
    2. Using the exercise files
      36s
    3. Disclaimer
      29s
  2. 28m 32s
    1. PMT: Calculating a loan payment
      3m 31s
    2. PPMT and IPMT: Calculating principal and interest per loan payment
      4m 18s
    3. CUMPRINC and CUMIPMT: Calculating cumulative principal and interest paid between periods
      4m 30s
    4. ISPMT: Calculating interest paid during a specific period
      2m 13s
    5. EFFECT and NOMINAL: Finding nominal and effective interest rates
      3m 31s
    6. ACCRINT and ACCRINTM: Calculating accrued interest for investments
      4m 15s
    7. RATE: Discovering the interest rate of an annuity
      2m 41s
    8. NPER: Calculating the number of periods in an investment
      3m 33s
  3. 19m 5s
    1. SLN: Calculating depreciation using the straight-line method
      1m 48s
    2. DB: Calculating depreciation using the declining balance method
      3m 10s
    3. DDB: Calculating depreciation using the double-declining balance method
      3m 20s
    4. SYD: Calculating depreciation for a specified period
      2m 13s
    5. VDB: Calculating declining balance depreciation for a partial period
      3m 24s
    6. AMORDEGRC: Calculating depreciation using a depreciation coefficient
      2m 27s
    7. AMORLINC: Calculating depreciation for each accounting period
      2m 43s
  4. 22m 33s
    1. FV: Calculating the future value of an investment
      2m 48s
    2. FVSCHEDULE: Calculating the future value of an investment with variable returns
      2m 21s
    3. PV: Calculating the present value of an investment
      2m 6s
    4. NPV: Calculating the net present value of an investment
      3m 17s
    5. IRR: Calculating internal rate of return
      2m 33s
    6. XNPV: Calculating net present value given irregular inputs
      2m 32s
    7. XIRR: Calculating internal rate of return for irregular cash flows
      1m 48s
    8. MIRR: Calculating internal rate of return for mixed cash flows
      2m 2s
    9. DISC: Calculating the discount rate of a security
      3m 6s
  5. 24m 12s
    1. COUPDAYBS: Calculating total days between coupon beginning and settlement
      3m 2s
    2. COUPDAYS: Calculating days in the settlement date's coupon period
      2m 48s
    3. COUPDAYSNC: Calculating days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
      3m 1s
    4. COUPNCD: Calculating the next coupon date after the settlement date
      2m 43s
    5. COUPNUM: Calculating the number of coupons between settlement and maturity
      2m 55s
    6. COUPPCD: Calculating the date of a coupon due immediately before settlement
      3m 4s
    7. DURATION: Calculating the annual duration of a security
      3m 20s
    8. MDURATION: Calculating the duration of a security using the modified Macauley method
      3m 19s
  6. 28m 43s
    1. DOLLARDE and DOLLARFR: Converting between fractional prices and decimal prices
      2m 36s
    2. INTRATE: Calculating the interest rate of a fully invested security
      2m 50s
    3. RECEIVED: Calculating the value at maturity of a fully invested security
      2m 46s
    4. PRICE: Calculating the price of a security that pays periodic interest
      3m 19s
    5. PRICEDISC: Calculating the price of a discounted security
      2m 48s
    6. PRICEMAT: Calculating the price of a security that pays interest at maturity
      1m 57s
    7. TBILLEQ: Calculating the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
      1m 50s
    8. TBILLPRICE: Calculating the price for a Treasury bill
      1m 31s
    9. TBILLYIELD: Calculating the yield of a Treasury bill
      1m 41s
    10. YIELD: Calculating the yield of a security that pays periodic interest
      2m 59s
    11. YIELDDISC: Calculating the annual yield for a discounted security
      2m 9s
    12. YIELDMAT: Calculating the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity
      2m 17s
  7. 12m 1s
    1. ODDFPRICE: Calculating the price of a security with an odd first period
      3m 17s
    2. ODDFYIELD: Calculating the yield of a security with an odd first period
      3m 3s
    3. ODDLPRICE: Calculating the price of a security with an odd last period
      2m 44s
    4. ODDLYIELD: Calculating the yield of a security with an odd last period
      2m 57s
  8. 1m 5s
    1. Additional resources
      1m 5s

Start learning today

Get unlimited access to all courses for just $25/month.

Become a member
Sometimes @lynda teaches me how to use a program and sometimes Lynda.com changes my life forever. @JosefShutter
@lynda lynda.com is an absolute life saver when it comes to learning todays software. Definitely recommend it! #higherlearning @Michael_Caraway
@lynda The best thing online! Your database of courses is great! To the mark and very helpful. Thanks! @ru22more
Got to create something yesterday I never thought I could do. #thanks @lynda @Ngventurella
I really do love @lynda as a learning platform. Never stop learning and developing, it’s probably our greatest gift as a species! @soundslikedavid
@lynda just subscribed to lynda.com all I can say its brilliant join now trust me @ButchSamurai
@lynda is an awesome resource. The membership is priceless if you take advantage of it. @diabetic_techie
One of the best decision I made this year. Buy a 1yr subscription to @lynda @cybercaptive
guys lynda.com (@lynda) is the best. So far I’ve learned Java, principles of OO programming, and now learning about MS project @lucasmitchell
Signed back up to @lynda dot com. I’ve missed it!! Proper geeking out right now! #timetolearn #geek @JayGodbold
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ.

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now "Already a member? Log in

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Excel 2010: Financial Functions in Depth.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member?

Become a member to like this course.

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses.

Get started

Already a member?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferencesfrom the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Are you sure you want to delete this note?

No

Your file was successfully uploaded.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.