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Calculating payments on a partially amortized loan (balloon payments)

From: Excel 2007: Financial Analysis

Video: Calculating payments on a partially amortized loan (balloon payments)

Just like when you determine payments for a fully amortized loan, you can use the PMT or Payment function to determine payments for a partially amortized loan. If you want the lump sum or balloon payment to be due at the end of the loan's term, you can put the balloon payment in the PMT functions, fv or future value argument, and then build the formula normally. So in this example, we have a loan of $30,000,000 with an annual interest rate of 7%, a term of 12 years, and a Balloon Payment at the End of $10,000,000.

Calculating payments on a partially amortized loan (balloon payments)

Just like when you determine payments for a fully amortized loan, you can use the PMT or Payment function to determine payments for a partially amortized loan. If you want the lump sum or balloon payment to be due at the end of the loan's term, you can put the balloon payment in the PMT functions, fv or future value argument, and then build the formula normally. So in this example, we have a loan of $30,000,000 with an annual interest rate of 7%, a term of 12 years, and a Balloon Payment at the End of $10,000,000.

So you will be paying out $20,000,000. That's 30,000,000 minus 10,000,000 over the 12 years, and then paying the $10,000,000 in one lump sum at the end. So to create the formula, I have =PMT and our five arguments are the rate, the number of payments, the present value of the loan, which is the principal, the future value, which is the balloon payment at the end, and the type which is whether payments are due at the end of a period or at the beginning. In this case, the type is zero, so we'll be able to leave it out.

So we type in the rate, which is in cell B5 and we divide it by 12, which is the number of payments per year. The number of payments is in cell B7, and we multiply by 12, again for each month for a monthly payment. Present value is the principal that's in cell B3. Future value is in cell B9, and that is $10,000,000. Now note that because the balloon payment is a negative cash flow to you it's expressed as a negative number.

We will close the parenthesis, because we don't have to put in the type argument, hit Return, and you can see the Monthly Payment on this loan is $264,010 per month, with a $10,000,000 payment due at the end of the loan's term. Loans with large balloon payments are extremely risky for the borrower, because external factors such as economic downturns, labor actions, and natural disasters can prevent them from earning the revenue required to make the balloon payment when it comes due.

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Excel 2007: Financial Analysis

51 video lessons · 13974 viewers

Curt Frye
Author

 
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  1. 2m 6s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      32s
    3. Disclaimer
      26s
  2. 13m 20s
    1. Separating inputs and formulas
      2m 2s
    2. Avoiding common mistakes
      5m 39s
    3. Tracing formula precedents and dependents
      2m 52s
    4. Evaluating Excel formulas step by step
      2m 47s
  3. 18m 40s
    1. Tracking income and expenses using an Excel table
      3m 29s
    2. Creating a Pivot Table from table data
      3m 36s
    3. Pivoting a Pivot Table
      2m 22s
    4. Filtering a Pivot Table
      3m 11s
    5. Adding Pivot Table columns to enhance data analysis
      3m 5s
    6. Tracking cash flow using a Pivot Chart
      2m 57s
  4. 18m 48s
    1. Reading a corporate financial statement
      6m 1s
    2. Introducing common-sizing strategies for analyzing financial statements
      3m 59s
    3. Creating common-sized income statements
      3m 1s
    4. Creating common-sized balance sheets
      2m 53s
    5. Calculating percentage changes in financial statements
      2m 54s
  5. 8m 12s
    1. Calculating earnings per share
      1m 54s
    2. Calculating return on equity and return on assets
      2m 50s
    3. Calculating gross profit margin and net profit margin
      3m 28s
  6. 6m 19s
    1. Calculating the current ratio and quick ratio
      2m 47s
    2. Calculating the average collection period
      1m 56s
    3. Calculating inventory turnover
      1m 36s
  7. 6m 12s
    1. Calculating the equity ratio
      1m 26s
    2. Calculating the debt ratio
      2m 57s
    3. Calculating the times interest earned ratio
      1m 49s
  8. 10m 58s
    1. Calculating simple interest and compound interest
      3m 36s
    2. Applying nominal versus effective interest rates (APR versus APY)
      3m 21s
    3. Calculating the number of days between events
      4m 1s
  9. 13m 32s
    1. Computing the future value of an investment
      3m 30s
    2. Calculating present value
      2m 29s
    3. Calculating net present value
      2m 42s
    4. Calculating internal rate of return
      2m 24s
    5. Calculating NPV and IRR for uneven input periods (XNPV and XIRR)
      2m 27s
  10. 7m 30s
    1. Projecting future results using the Forecast function
      2m 9s
    2. Performing quick forecasts using the Fill handle
      2m 57s
    3. Adding a trendline to a chart
      2m 24s
  11. 22m 28s
    1. Introducing amortization
      2m 20s
    2. Calculating payments on a fully amortized loan
      2m 21s
    3. Calculating payments on a partially amortized loan (balloon payments)
      2m 4s
    4. Calculating interest and principal components of loan repayments
      5m 32s
    5. Introducing depreciation
      2m 1s
    6. Calculating straight line depreciation
      1m 30s
    7. Calculating declining balance depreciation
      3m 24s
    8. Calculating double declining balance depreciation
      3m 16s
  12. 9m 34s
    1. Introducing bonds and bond terminology
      1m 37s
    2. Calculating a bond's yield
      2m 15s
    3. Calculating the value of zero coupon bonds
      3m 18s
    4. Pricing bonds to be offered to investors
      2m 24s
  13. 23s
    1. Goodbye
      23s

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