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Throughout this training series, we've talked a little bit about transforming objects, but I want to go a little bit more into detail here. We're going to be transforming this little arabesque ribbon here. So I'm going to select the Direct Select tool and click on the little graphic here, as we can play with it. We know that once we click on an object, we get a bounding box that allows us to do most transformations, at least most common transformations. And we can resize it horizontally by clicking one of the dots on either side here, or the anchor points we'll call them. I'm just going to undo that. We could resize this vertically by clicking on one of the center points on the top line or on the bottom line.
I'm just going to undo that again, by hitting Command+Z or Ctrl+Z a couple of times. If we click on the corner point, we can resize this, both vertically and horizontally if we choose to. Adding the Shift key will make sure that our proportions are constrained. We don't want to take this, if it's an image, we don't want to go above 100%. So whatever the original size was, we don't want to go bigger than that, because then it starts looking pixelated and fuzzy, so that's not a good idea. But we can use Shift to make this proportionately smaller or larger.
Now if I add Option to the mix, or actually I don't have to hold down Shift for this, but if I hold down the Option key on the Mac or the Alt key on the PC, then I scale from the center. If I just scale, by default, I'm scaling from typically the opposite corner. So I'm scaling from the lower left-hand corner with this particular graphic and again, Option or Alt makes it so that it scales from the center. So if I hold the Shift key and the Option key, or the Shift key and the Alt key on the PC, then I'm going to scale it from the center, and I'm going to scale proportionately.
Now, if you're playing around with your object and you get something really screwy like this, let me just stretch this really out of proportion here, in other Adobe programs, you could press the Escape key, and it will cancel the transformation, and I'm not able to do that here. So I hit Command+Z or Ctrl+Z to undo that. With an object selected, you could also go up to the Object menu, and there are several ways to transform an object here. If I want to rotate something 180 degrees or 90 degrees clockwise or counterclockwise, I could do this here without having to guess while I'm rotating. I could also arrange this.
If there are layers of objects, I can change their arrangement by bringing other objects forward or backwards. I could also flip this horizontally, and I could also flip it vertically as well from the Object menu. And so you will probably notice that most of the tutorials from this chapter have come from this great Object menu, which allows us to Align, Distribute objects as well as Arrange and Rotate them and Flip them. And there is also a special Drop Shadow option here. If you wanted to add a Drop Shadow here from the Styles panel, there's not really any control over it and because Drop Shadows are so common, it's often advisable to go to the Object menu and apply a Drop Shadow that way.
So that way you could manually control different parameters, such as the Opacity of the Drop Shadow and the Angle and also the Distance from the object, which is an important one for text. Sometimes you just want it a little bit like that, and it works perfect. But you might want something appearing to fly off the page and a lot of distance helps with that illusion. But if you wanted to add a Drop Shadow that way and have manual control over all the properties of a Drop Shadow, this is one way to do it as well. So again, if you're going to transform an object, if you have something, and you go to the Library panel, drag an image, or a shape, or something like that, oftentimes the Object menu can help you shape it and mold it to get it where you want it to be.
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