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Using the Clone Stamp tool

From: Photoshop Elements 9: Scanning and Restoring Photos

Video: Using the Clone Stamp tool

Removing things like dust, scratches, stains, those little specs and spots caused by dirt and dust even fingerprints is the groundwork of photo restoration, the basics. Not every photo will be faded or have a color cast or be ripped or torn but you can be sure that every photo you work on will have at least some specs and spots. Begin by duplicating your original photo by using keyboard shortcut Ctrl on a PC or Command on a Mac+J.Be sure you name your new layer, double-click on the layer name and enter the new name you like; I will name this Dad, click next to it to accept your change.

Using the Clone Stamp tool

Removing things like dust, scratches, stains, those little specs and spots caused by dirt and dust even fingerprints is the groundwork of photo restoration, the basics. Not every photo will be faded or have a color cast or be ripped or torn but you can be sure that every photo you work on will have at least some specs and spots. Begin by duplicating your original photo by using keyboard shortcut Ctrl on a PC or Command on a Mac+J.Be sure you name your new layer, double-click on the layer name and enter the new name you like; I will name this Dad, click next to it to accept your change.

Next go to the toolbar on the left side of your workspace and find and select the icon that looks like a rubber stamp, this is the Clone Stamp tool. Now let's increased the zoom on your photo using keyboard shortcut Ctrl or Command and the Plus key. Zoom in as tight as you need to, to see all the damage up close and then get to the point you want. Let's work on this area with these red spots and white spots, looks like a good place to start.

If you need to be decrease your zoom use Ctrl or Command and the Minus key. Also if you need to you can increase or decrease the size of your brush, you do this by using the left and right bracket keys on your keyboard. You want to keep your brush fairly small in relation to the size of your screen. This is at 8 pixels and I think we'll go down to lets try 6 pixels. The Clone Stamp tool clones exact pixels from one area of your photo to the other.

You have to hold down the Alt key on the PC or the Option key on a Mac, then click on the area of your photo you want clone the information from. This will be your reference point. The reference point moves with the cursor as it moves from area to area. So check your reference area often so you don't accidentally start cloning areas with other areas you don't mean to.

Let's work on his hair a little bit and try this be careful of this area you see right here, where there's an obvious repetition of reference point. Grab reference points from different areas to give a sense of randomness. Keep changing your reference point and keep in mind where the darks and lights in the photo are, there is darker area here and lighter area here and any time if you need to make your brush smaller, it you'll make it easier to work with do so by using your right and left bracket key.

One benefit of the Clone Stamp tool is that you can use it on a blank layer over your photo layer if you choose. I'm going to create a new blank layer by clicking on the Create a new layer icon at the bottom of the layers panel, be sure to name that layer also, we'll name this one clone, click Next to except. If you do choose to work on a blank layer make sure they sample all layers box at the top of the work area is checked.

Be sure to look at the big picture the photo at 100% often during your work, just to make sure you're on the right track and that everything is looking good. I'll Ctrl+Minus to zoom out on my PC and I see an area that I think could use a little work, so we'll zoom back in. The reason this might not look as good as it could, is because I was sampling everything from one side only and it made it a little darker, to fix that just go to the other side and start fixing from their.

Also get above it where the transition in colors happen and click there. You need to move your reference point often to get a good blend. Use caution when choosing areas to clones so you don't have the same small reference area over and over again.

Too much repetition in the same area can cause obvious patterns that won't look natural, if at any time you don't like what you've done, just Ctrl or Command+Z to undo the last procedure. If removing dust and scratches is the groundwork of photo restoration, the Clone Stamp tool is the workhorse. Probably one of the most used tools in the restoration workflow, it can raise areas of damage without a trace with just a bit of work.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop Elements 9: Scanning and Restoring Photos
Photoshop Elements 9: Scanning and Restoring Photos

40 video lessons · 5996 viewers

Janine Smith
Author

 
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  1. 1m 40s
    1. Welcome
      1m 1s
    2. Using the exercise files
      39s
  2. 13m 20s
    1. Identifying your media
      2m 45s
    2. Determining your equipment needs
      2m 24s
    3. Setting your scanner
      3m 26s
    4. Scanning negatives, slides, and film
      1m 11s
    5. Digitizing damaged and delicate photos
      3m 34s
  3. 10m 51s
    1. Importing photos into the Organizer
      3m 34s
    2. Adding captions and notes
      2m 47s
    3. Adding keyword and smart tags
      4m 30s
  4. 25m 11s
    1. Using Levels
      4m 7s
    2. Fixing fades with Threshold
      3m 22s
    3. Adjusting contrast using Color Curves
      4m 18s
    4. Darkening images with blend modes
      2m 12s
    5. Adjusting brightness and contrast
      2m 2s
    6. Using Quick Fix for lighting
      4m 12s
    7. Fixing automatically with Guided Edit
      4m 58s
  5. 18m 59s
    1. Using Levels to fix color
      3m 29s
    2. Correcting color automatically with Enhance
      3m 39s
    3. Correcting color with complementary colors
      5m 19s
    4. Using Color Variations
      3m 28s
    5. Using Quick Fix for color
      3m 4s
  6. 22m 37s
    1. Using the Clone Stamp tool
      5m 24s
    2. Using the Healing Brush
      5m 5s
    3. Working with newspaper and magazine images
      3m 12s
    4. Softening paper texture
      4m 40s
    5. Taming fingerprints
      4m 16s
  7. 42m 52s
    1. Repairing small rips and creases
      4m 22s
    2. Repairing large tears
      8m 22s
    3. Filling in missing pieces
      5m 36s
    4. Reassembling a photo from pieces
      10m 12s
    5. Fixing and replacing backgrounds
      5m 0s
    6. Using Photomerge with panoramas
      3m 59s
    7. Repairing documents
      5m 21s
  8. 22m 48s
    1. Creating a photo book
      6m 1s
    2. Making a calendar
      3m 52s
    3. Creating a personalized greeting card
      4m 26s
    4. Making a slideshow (Windows only)
      4m 22s
    5. Creating a flyer
      4m 7s
  9. 25s
    1. Final thoughts
      25s

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