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Getting Started with Photoshop Elements 10

Understanding selections


From:

Getting Started with Photoshop Elements 10

with Chad Chelius

Video: Understanding selections

Selections are paramount to editing only certain areas of your image. There are a total of seven different Selection tools in the Elements Editor which are used to create these localized selections. The reason for this is because not all selection requirements lend themselves to any one Selection tool. Let's take a look at a few of these Selection tools to see how they work. I'm starting this video in the Elements 10 Organizer, and I'm going to scroll down to an image that I'd like to create a selection from. So I'm going to use this image called _mg_1318.jpg.

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Getting Started with Photoshop Elements 10
4h 33m Beginner Sep 29, 2011

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Adobe Photoshop Elements 10 provides some powerful tools to help you do everything from managing and organizing your photos, to optimizing your images and making basic adjustments, to sharing your final results and making great prints. In this introduction to Photoshop Elements, Chad Chelius walks you through the new features introduced in Photoshop Elements 10, including tools to improve searching for photos and dealing with duplicates and new effects like Depth of Field and the Orton effect. Along the way, discover how to add special effects to your photos, tag images both by keyword and with the people recognition feature, and correct common problems like underexposure, overexposure, and color casts.

Topics include:
  • Importing photos
  • Understanding catalogs
  • Organizing photos
  • Search options
  • Using Guided Edit mode, Quick Edit mode, and Full Edit mode
  • Creating a collage
  • Printing and sharing photos
  • Backup and synchronization with Photoshop.com
Subjects:
Photography video2brain
Software:
Photoshop Elements Elements
Author:
Chad Chelius

Understanding selections

Selections are paramount to editing only certain areas of your image. There are a total of seven different Selection tools in the Elements Editor which are used to create these localized selections. The reason for this is because not all selection requirements lend themselves to any one Selection tool. Let's take a look at a few of these Selection tools to see how they work. I'm starting this video in the Elements 10 Organizer, and I'm going to scroll down to an image that I'd like to create a selection from. So I'm going to use this image called _mg_1318.jpg.

And with this image selected I'm going to come up to this Fix tab. Click on the triangle to the right and choose Full Photo Edit. Now to see more of this image I'm going to double-click on the project Bin tab to collapse it so that I can see the entire image here. And in my tool box over here you're going to notice that this section here is where my Selection tools are located. And furthermore, any of these tools that have a little triangle in the lower right corner, indicates that there's more tools found underneath that icon. So for example, if I click and hold on a tool you can see that underneath here. I have both the Rectangular, and Elliptical Marquee tools. So depending on which one I want to use, I can select it. So with the typical Rectangular Marquee tool, I just click and drag, and it's going to make a rectangular selection.

And that may work in some cases, but in my case, if I want to select the boat, that's not going to work very well. So I'm going to deselect that. And we're going to use a shortcut now. I'm going to type Cmd+D on Mac, or Ctrl+ D on Windows, to deselect that area. Next, I'm going to click and hold and choose the Elliptical Marquee tool. Once again, click and drag. I can make an oval in any direction. And you'll notice that. If I hold down the Shift key with either of these tools, I can create a perfect circle on my screen as well. Now, once again, you may want to use this if you're doing, say, a creative effect. Maybe we want to let the boat show through.

Maybe like we were looking through a portal, so that might be a great way to create the selection. So, I'm not going to do that in this case. I'm going to press Cmd+ D or Ctrl +D to deselect that, and next thing I'm going to do is come down to my Magic Wand tool. So I'm going to click on this, and, if I click on the boat, you can see that it's selecting part of it but certainly not all of it. And that's because the Magic Wand tool utilizes something called the Tolerance. And the Tolerance has a value anywhere from 0 to 255 and that correlates to the levels of color, or in this case gray.

That are going to be used to select that area. So watch what happens if I increase the tolerance to 70. I'm just going to type 70 in that field and press Return. Now I'm going to click on the boat again and that'll deselect it. And then I'm going to click again to select it. Now you can see that because my tolerance was much higher, it has now expanded to include this area. So, as you can see, my tolerance is probably just too high. So, maybe we'll back down to about 50.

And you can also use a feature called the Scrubby slider. Which is, if you hover over the name of the field. I can click and drag to increase or decrease the value. So, I click on the boat again. Click one more time. See now it's a little bit less but you can see that I'm really going to struggle making a selection with this tool. So I'm going to deselect this. Let's go to a different tool. I'm going to click on the Quick Selection tool this time. And up here in my Options bar I'm going to click on the first button. And that's to create a new Quick Selection.

And what I'm going to do. This is based on a brush size. So you can make your brush bigger or smaller by using the left and right bracket keys on your keyboard. You can also adjust your brush size right up here, by clicking on the Brush Picker. And dragging the slider to the value that you want. But to create the selection, I'm just going to click and drag. And as you can see as I paint over this area it's trying to detect the edges of the boat. You can refine this selection a number of different ways, but if you go too far.

Let's go too far here, there we go you can subtract from the selection by clicking on the Minus icon up here. And that allows me to remove that area from the selected area. So those are some different ways that we could create this selection. So, I may refine this edge a little bit, now it looks pretty good. Now I will just continuing here go back to the add the selection, I am just going to fine tune this.

I want to zoom in if you really want to get a better selection. So, that's going to work in our case, now what I want to do is I would like to change the area that's being selected. So, If I go to the Select menu I can choose Inverse and that's now going to select everything but the boat. Okay? Now what I'm going to do is I'm going to show up my Layers panel again. So here's my Layers panel up here and because I have an active selection already.

I'm going to Click on the New Fill or Adjustment layer. And I'm going to choose the hue saturation option and I'm going to drag the saturation all the way to the left. And what you're going to see is that I'm essentially removing the color from this image and what I might want to do is leave a little bit of color. To give it a really interesting look. And now we can see that the boat has been retained, but the background has been modified.

And again, a better idea of what's happening here if you look in your Layers panel, here's the adjustment, and here is the mask. That is concealing certain areas, so it's basically revealing the effect of this in the white areas of the mask. And concealing the effect over the black area, or the boat. So you can see how this works. Now, let's look at another example. I'm going to go back to the Organizer, I'm going to click on the Organizer button. And I'm going to scroll down a little bit. And I'm going to select another image.

I'm going to use this image here. It's called img_3949.jpg. And I'm going to do the same thing. Go over to the Fix tab, and choose Full Photo Edit. And you can see here that, the exposure of this image we have well-exposed areas in the foreground here, and back in the sky. But these mountains here, these cliffs, are very dark. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to use my Quick Selection tool, and I'm going to paint over these cliffs. I basically want to get the cliffs selected here.

I'll kind of creep into here. Now you can see I went too far, cuz I included the leaves of the pine tree. I guess they're not really leaves, but needles. And I'm going to use the Minus icon and I'm going to try to subtract the selection where the leaves are. In this case. Especially it does not have to be an absolutely perfect selection. But I want to try to get as close as I can here.

And then in this case, I want to subtract this area. And I can go in and I can refine this if I want to but, that doesn't look too bad. Actually I don't want to include these trees here. That looks pretty good. So you can see I've basically selected this particular area. So let's make an adjustment to that area, to imporve it. So I'm going to come up here to my Layers panel, click on the New Filler Adjustment button, and choose Levels.

And what I'm going to do, this is going to basically display the properties of this Levels Adjustment, down here in the Adjustments panel. And what I'm going to do is I'm going to drag this Highlight slider. And I'm going to drag it over to the left, and you can see that as I do this I'm lightening that area of the image. Now, you don't want to go too far because then you'll really be able to see, you know, that you made a selection. But if you do it tastefully, you can restore some detail in those cliffs without really being able to tell that you had made a selection in that area.

So you can see creating the selection is half the battle. But once you have the selection made, you're well on your way to making localized edits to all of your photos.

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