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Understanding compositing

From: Premiere Elements 9 Essential Training

Video: Understanding compositing

One of the most powerful features in Premiere Elements is the ability to layer or composite video clips one above the other in the Timeline, such that those clips can all somehow work together. Now you know that if you put a video clip on a top track in the Timeline, it covers up whatever is below it in that Timeline. But you can make that clip, and other clips below it, partially transparent or make parts of it transparent, such that they all work together. Now if you've worked with Photoshop, this is probably abundantly clear to you. But otherwise it might be a little bit mysterious, but think about it for a second. You've already worked with titles, titles have opaque areas where the text is, but around the opaque areas, it's transparent.

Understanding compositing

One of the most powerful features in Premiere Elements is the ability to layer or composite video clips one above the other in the Timeline, such that those clips can all somehow work together. Now you know that if you put a video clip on a top track in the Timeline, it covers up whatever is below it in that Timeline. But you can make that clip, and other clips below it, partially transparent or make parts of it transparent, such that they all work together. Now if you've worked with Photoshop, this is probably abundantly clear to you. But otherwise it might be a little bit mysterious, but think about it for a second. You've already worked with titles, titles have opaque areas where the text is, but around the opaque areas, it's transparent.

So you see the text, but you see the clip below, that's compositing. Now in Premiere Elements there are many ways to composite video. In fact, there's a whole effect category called Keying that has about a dozen different ways. There's also the Videomerge effect that looks for large areas of solid color and makes them transparent. And the Opacity effect that makes clips sort of partially transparent, reduces the opacity, so you can sort of see through it to the clip below it. I'm going to demonstrate a few compositing effects inside this movie, and then you do some hands-on work on the other two movies in this chapter.

I'm going to show you a few examples. we'll start with probably with the easiest one. Although it isn't necessarily the most effective one, but I do want to show this to you. I've got a clip here of Gabriella that I shot from the edge of the rink, outside the rink, as you can see there's her coach, and then later I got a tighter shot of her doing the same routine. I can sandwich those two clips together and use opacity to blend them. So I've got these two clips on track 1 now, but I'm going to lift this one up and put it on track 2, there we go, and slide it over.

And now this clip on top will cover what's below it, as you'd expect. But you can sandwich clips together, you can layer them like this, and then cause them to be seen together by making the one on top partially transparent, so you can see the one below. Not really trying to show you how to do this, but I want to show you that it can be done, so I'm taking this one on top to about 50% Opacity. Now they will work together and the routine is the same, so you can kind of see the two together. That's using Opacity here inside the Edit Effects view. We move on down the line here.

I've a photograph here that I added a little Sepia tint to. And I want to use this as a background. I've got two other photos that I want to put on top of it, in sort of a picture- in-picture effect, which I'm sure you've seen a zillion times, I just want to show you that that is possible. Again I'm not trying to explain all this. I just want to let you see how this works and we'll talk about the details later. Here's a photo that I shrunk down, used Motion on it and I applied a Bevel Edge to it. I can take that photo, now that it is all shrunk down. this area is all transparent now, because the photo no longer fills the screen.

With that photo up, I'll put it above the clip below it. Now you can see those two guys together, right there on top of the one below it. Here's another photo that I did same kind of thing to, where I used Motion to shrink it down, to scale it down, put a Bevel Edge effect on it. We'll lift that up above the two other clips, so we can sandwich these three clips together, if I put the current time indicator over it, you can see them all together. There is the one I just added, the one I added before, all sandwiched together. Here's the bottom one, you can layer two clips on top. Now we're going to go down to sort of a more complex approach, which is going to involve an affect that can make part of an image transparent.

So let me move over to this background, my daughter and our dog, and we'll use this as the background, the bottom layer, Video1. I've a clip over here, which is entitled greenscreens, because it as shot in front of the green screen here. This is producer Nick, he will be taking a sip out of this water bottle. I want to put him on top of this clip below. Now when I do that, he's going to cover up that clip below there, except for the edge over here, because I moved him out of the way a little bit, because I wanted to make him a little bit off-center. So that part shows through because I used motion to move him off to one side, but I want to get rid of that green, and there is that effect, there are several effects inside Premiere Elements that allow you to remove solid colors.

One is sort of the journeyman of all those effects, it's called Videomerge. I've already worked it out, so I've adjusted it properly, so it'll work. So I'm going to turn on Videomerge. That gets rid of all the green. Now you can see what's behind. So that's the beginning of a sandwich we're going to make here that has four layers to it. Typically when you work with graphics or logos, when you make them, you have transparency outside the of logo. So here's a little logo that I whipped up in Photoshop to go along with the theme of biking, I called it the Bike Boy Sports Drink. It's just an invented company, but there we are, and this has transparency around it.

If I look over here to the side, it will look like it's black. In fact, this whole area around here is transparent. So typical graphic, it's typically how you would create a graphic. I just put that on top of this sandwich that I'm making here. I built it so it's in the centre, but I just moved it off to one side. So now we've got a three-layer sandwich. Now I'm going to make a fourth layer with a title that I made inside Premiere Elements, I used one of the templates, had a little bike in it, put in some text here, a little grass in it seemed to go along with the theme, and that title that can go on top too. So this is how you how you can layer or composite.

We'll finish off the layer by putting this guy on top, and you get a sense for how this whole process works now I think. I've got four things layered here, and they all look like they're one scene. So that's a basic overview of a few compositing techniques.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Premiere Elements 9 Essential Training
Premiere Elements 9 Essential Training

58 video lessons · 8286 viewers

Jeff Sengstack
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 7m 31s
    1. Welcome
      1m 10s
    2. Understanding the workflow
      1m 19s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 44s
    4. Relinking missing media
      3m 18s
  2. 16m 52s
    1. What is Premiere Elements 9?
      6m 16s
    2. Touring the interface
      6m 28s
    3. Clarifying differences between the Mac and Windows versions
      4m 8s
  3. 44m 16s
    1. Creating a new project
      7m 18s
    2. Getting media
      2m 0s
    3. Capturing video from a cassette or a webcam
      7m 14s
    4. Downloading assets from external devices and storage media
      8m 53s
    5. Importing media from a hard drive
      3m 32s
    6. Managing media in the Project workspace
      7m 3s
    7. Using the Organizer
      8m 16s
  4. 30m 57s
    1. Using the Sceneline and the Timeline
      3m 45s
    2. Adding, rearranging, and deleting clips in the Sceneline
      6m 20s
    3. Adding and deleting clips in the Timeline
      9m 51s
    4. Adding and rearranging clips in the Timeline using modifier keys
      11m 1s
  5. 32m 8s
    1. Adjusting clip length in the Sceneline
      7m 56s
    2. Adjusting clip length in the Timeline
      8m 44s
    3. Adjusting clip length in the Preview window
      6m 4s
    4. Creating freeze frames and changing clip speed, duration, and direction
      9m 24s
  6. 25m 4s
    1. Understanding transitions
      4m 49s
    2. Applying transitions
      9m 37s
    3. Adjusting transitions
      10m 38s
  7. 41m 53s
    1. Understanding video effects
      9m 25s
    2. Applying and modifying video effects
      8m 46s
    3. Repositioning, scaling, and rotating clips with the Motion effect
      6m 50s
    4. Working with the Motion Tracker
      10m 1s
    5. Using the Effects Mask tool
      6m 51s
  8. 52m 31s
    1. Understanding animation
      7m 48s
    2. Animating video effects
      13m 52s
    3. Using the Motion effect with keyframes
      11m 43s
    4. Working with effects presets
      9m 55s
    5. Controlling changes between keyframes
      9m 13s
  9. 32m 44s
    1. Recording narrations
      3m 12s
    2. Making music soundtracks with SmartSound (Windows only)
      5m 38s
    3. Advanced audio editing with J-cuts and L-cuts
      6m 31s
    4. Applying audio effects
      11m 41s
    5. Mixing audio tracks manually and with the SmartMixer
      5m 42s
  10. 25m 38s
    1. Creating text and geometric shapes
      7m 1s
    2. Editing and formatting text and shapes
      5m 10s
    3. Using styles and templates with text and shapes
      6m 40s
    4. Animating titles
      6m 47s
  11. 25m 46s
    1. Understanding compositing
      5m 23s
    2. Creating picture-in-picture overlays
      8m 46s
    3. Making portions of clips transparent using Green Screen, Videomerge, and other techniques
      11m 37s
  12. 16m 54s
    1. Understanding Auto-Analyzer and Smart Tags
      4m 11s
    2. Using InstantMovie and themes
      6m 4s
    3. Trying out Smart Fix and Smart Trim
      6m 39s
  13. 13m 43s
    1. Understanding DVD authoring
      2m 12s
    2. Adding DVD markers to the Timeline
      4m 47s
    3. Creating DVD menus using templates
      6m 44s
  14. 20m 7s
    1. Understanding project exporting
      3m 15s
    2. Exporting to standard file types
      5m 54s
    3. Creating files for online and mobile phone use
      3m 39s
    4. Creating DVDs, Blu-ray discs, and web DVDs
      7m 19s
  15. 33s
    1. Goodbye
      33s

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