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Understanding compositing

From: Premiere Elements 8 for Windows Essential Training

Video: Understanding compositing

This tutorial is about layering or compositing. You can layer clips in the Timeline in Premiere Elements such that they all can work together like a little sandwich. You can make layers partially transparent or parts of a layer transparent, so you can see through down below the tracks below, because whatever clip is on the top track would normally trump or cover up whatever is below it, but if you can make areas transparent, you can see them all work together. If you work with Photoshop, you probably get the layering concept, but if you don't get it, let me try to explain it to you using these acetates. For example, you might want to put a clip on the bottom layer.

Understanding compositing

This tutorial is about layering or compositing. You can layer clips in the Timeline in Premiere Elements such that they all can work together like a little sandwich. You can make layers partially transparent or parts of a layer transparent, so you can see through down below the tracks below, because whatever clip is on the top track would normally trump or cover up whatever is below it, but if you can make areas transparent, you can see them all work together. If you work with Photoshop, you probably get the layering concept, but if you don't get it, let me try to explain it to you using these acetates. For example, you might want to put a clip on the bottom layer.

This might be the background clip on track 1. Then above that in track 2 you can put maybe a logo. And logos almost by default have some kind of transparency built into their image files, so that this area of the logo would be transparent allowing you to see what's below it on track 1, this being on track 2. Then you might want to put one more clip above these two layers on track 3. Now many times when you shoot video, you can shoot actors or objects on solid color backgrounds, and inside Premiere Elements you can make those solid colors transparent.

It's an amazing effect. Usually, you use this kind of color called Chroma Key Green. Then you simply just make that transparent and you can see the subject above the other two clips, above the logo and above the background. Now that's compositing and I'm going to show you how to do that in this tutorial. Here we go. We will work with four clips in this tutorial. We have the background clip here of the fairway, our reporter Kali, a little logo here we'll apply over her and finally the lower 3rd title that we'll put on the top layer.

Let's start by putting down our golf shot here. We'll drag it down to Video 1, audio and video clip. We want to put our various layers above this background. Let's start by adding this green screen clip of Kali doing reporting. There is no audio on it. When you drag that has a solid color background, be it a green screen or even just a solid color blue or something like that, you are going to get this little message. It says Videomerge. Premiere Elements has this great effect called Videomerge that examines a clip, looks for solid colors and removes them, makes them some transparent, but we are not going to use Videomerge this time. We are going to use the Green Screen Key that's specifically for this color green.

So we'll say not this time. Let's just show you how to remove that green, but before I do that I want to kind of get rid of all these audio tracks so that we can see all the various layers. So I'll turn off Show Audio Tracks. Let's go to apply our green screen. We go to Edit, Effects and then go to Green Screen, and I can do search on green screen here. G-r-e-e, here it is. Green Screen Key. I'll drag it over to her and watch what happens the moment I let go. Bam! This effect looks for that specific chroma key green. Let me just go here and I'll show you how that works.

It does have a thing called a Threshold and a Cutoff. That's how you can sort of fine-tune the green screen key. But for the most part it happens automatically. What we are going to do is we are going to move Kali over. So let me just go back here to Motion. Click on Motion. Let me get her a little bit out of the way here so we can put logo over her shoulder and you notice there is no line here along the edge of her clip, because that green screen effect removed everything. It's very cool looking effect. Let's go down and add another layer here, go back to Organize > Project and now we'll add the logo on layer 3.

The logo has what looks like a black background, if you scroll up here. But in fact that background is transparent and typically when artists make logos, they make them such that everything but the logo is transparent. So we just lay this on top of the rest of these clips and automatically it's transparent. What's kind of nice though is to give a little bit of a drop shadow for your character just to give it a little bit of depth. So I'll go over to Edit, Effects, type in drop. Here we go. There is Drop Shadow. I'll just drag it over to the clip and since the logo clip is the current active clip, we'll apply that Drop Shadow to that one.

I'm not so hot about the way it's falling there. I think it should fall yo the lower right. So I'm going to use the preset. It makes it so much easier, right? Let's go to Presets, go to Shadow, here we have Drop Shadow. It looks like it's showing her, but in fact the Drop Shadow is going into the logo. So let's go Drop Shadow Lower Right. There we go, drag it over and see how that looks. And that's more like the direction I was expecting. Using a preset simplifies my life. So that's a good thing to use sometimes. Let me roll up a little bit farther, go back to Organize, Project, and get our last clip we are going to put on here, the lower 3rd.

I made this lower 3rd. You can adapt it. It's just a template that I created. Let me just put it over here. So you change the words here if you want, but this is just a title. If you double-click on it, it will open in the Title Editor. You can change the words and move these various backgrounds around. So that is the basic process for how you can layer clips. We had four clips here, a background and three clips above it. We used the green screen key to remove the green background and we had two objects that had transparency in them. So that's compositing in Premiere Elements.

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This video is part of

Image for Premiere Elements 8 for Windows Essential Training
Premiere Elements 8 for Windows Essential Training

52 video lessons · 5475 viewers

Jeff Sengstack
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 8m 39s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Understanding the workflow
      52s
    3. Using the exercise files
      44s
    4. Relinking missing media
      2m 13s
    5. Using the Organizer
      3m 42s
  2. 8m 37s
    1. Understanding Premiere Elements 8 features
      4m 23s
    2. Touring the workspace
      4m 14s
  3. 17m 4s
    1. Starting a new project
      3m 52s
    2. Getting video from a DV source
      5m 0s
    3. Getting media from other sources
      3m 54s
    4. Managing media in the Project workspace
      4m 18s
  4. 19m 25s
    1. Learning about the Sceneline and the Timeline
      2m 22s
    2. Adding rearranging and deleting clips in the Sceneline
      4m 6s
    3. Adding and deleting clips in the Timeline
      5m 59s
    4. Arranging clips on the Timeline using modifier keys
      6m 58s
  5. 27m 27s
    1. Using the Monitor panel to trim video in the Sceneline
      6m 0s
    2. Trimming video in the Timeline
      6m 24s
    3. Trimming clips in the Preview window
      6m 46s
    4. Splitting clips and changing clip speed duration and direction
      8m 17s
  6. 22m 1s
    1. Understanding transitions
      5m 41s
    2. Applying transitions
      7m 2s
    3. Adjusting transitions
      9m 18s
  7. 37m 26s
    1. Understanding video effects
      8m 41s
    2. Using the Motion and Image Control fixed effects
      4m 46s
    3. Applying and modifying video effects
      7m 49s
    4. Using the Effects Mask tool
      7m 8s
    5. Working with motion tracking
      9m 2s
  8. 53m 57s
    1. Understanding animation
      7m 9s
    2. Animating video effects
      18m 32s
    3. Using the Motion effect with keyframes
      11m 46s
    4. Working with effects presets
      11m 37s
    5. Controlling changes between keyframes
      4m 53s
  9. 25m 32s
    1. Recording narration
      1m 51s
    2. Making music soundtracks with SmartSound
      4m 54s
    3. Applying audio effects
      10m 28s
    4. Mixing audio tracks manually and with Smart Mix
      8m 19s
  10. 18m 25s
    1. Creating text and geometric shapes
      5m 19s
    2. Applying styles to text and shapes
      8m 33s
    3. Having fun with titles
      4m 33s
  11. 23m 5s
    1. Understanding compositing
      4m 58s
    2. Creating picture-in-picture overlays
      7m 11s
    3. Making portions of clips transparent
      10m 56s
  12. 17m 49s
    1. Understanding Auto Analyzer and Smart Tags
      4m 59s
    2. Using InstantMovie and themes
      6m 17s
    3. Fixing with the Automatic Quality Enhancement feature
      6m 33s
  13. 9m 32s
    1. Understanding DVD authoring
      1m 10s
    2. Adding DVD scene markers
      4m 7s
    3. Creating DVD menus using templates
      4m 15s
  14. 4m 57s
    1. Sharing your videos from the Task panel
      4m 57s
  15. 12m 12s
    1. Shooting great video
      1m 59s
    2. Creating a story
      10m 13s
  16. 20s
    1. Goodbye
      20s

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