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Sometimes you will turn your camera before taking a photo and end up with a vertical photo rather than a horizontal. These photos often come into Elements with a correct orientation, but sometimes your camera doesn't give Elements enough information so that the program knows which way to turn the photo upon import. But that's okay, because Elements comes with the powerful Rotate feature, which I would like to show you in this movie. I have selected the 02_04-rotating subfolder inside the Chapter 2 Exercise Files folder; that subfolder contains this image of puppets. Let's make that a bit bigger, so we can see it better.
And in order to rotate this file, the first thing I have to do is select it; to select a file, you just click on it, the border changes to blue, indicating that it's now ready to be rotated. So I'm going to go up to the Rotate menu, and I see that I have a Rotate button for a clockwise rotation and one for counter clockwise. Let's click the clockwise rotate button, and we get this interesting message. Basically what this is telling us, is that this particular file is a JPEG file, which is a compressed file, compressed with what we call a lossy algorithm.
In other words, pixels are actually thrown away in order to make this file smaller for storage. Rotating this file is the equivalent of opening the file, making a change to it, and re-saving the file, and every time you do that to a JPEG, you lose a few more pixels. So that's what this message is telling us. That to avoid losing pixels in this JPEG file, Elements is going to make a copy of the file and rotate that copy, leaving the original untouched. I'm going to click Yes and my photo thumbnail is now rotated.
Notice that there is this gray rectangle around this thumbnail now, and a blue icon on the top right, indicating that there is another copy of this file. If I click the arrow on the right side of this gray rectangle, the rectangle expands, and I can see the original down here still on its side, with the copy rotated above. So even if your digital camera doesn't cooperate in terms of giving you photos with correct orientation, and Elements, you can always correct that using the rotate buttons in the program.
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