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There maybe times when you want to add a little space around an image. For example, you may need a little extra space at the bottom of a photo on which to write a caption. Or maybe, you'd like to have a frame all around a photo, or maybe you're a scrapbooker and you want some space in which you can add some text on the side of a photo. In all those cases, you want to increase the canvas size of the photo without actually changing the size of the photo itself. I'm working here in a photo that I've zoomed out on back to 50%, so that I can see some blank area around it.
Notice that this photo has a special Background layer. To add to the canvas behind this photo, I'll go up to the Image menu and I'll choose Resize, and I'll choose Canvas Size. That opens this Canvas Size dialog box. The first thing I'll do here is to check Relative, so that whatever amount of Width and Height I add to this image will be in addition to or relative to the current size of the actual photo. Then I'll go to the Width and Height fields to type in how much I want to add around this photo.
I'd like to have a half inch frame all the way around the photo. So I'm going to add 1 inch total to the Width, a half inch on each side, and 1 inch total to the Height, a half inch each on the top and bottom. Then I'll look at the Anchor diagram and I want to make sure that the center is selected here, so that my border gets added all the way around the photo. Down here in the Canvas extension color field, because I'm working with the special Background layer, I can choose the color of my border.
I can choose from the Foreground color, which happens to be Black because that's what's in my Foreground Color Box, the Background color which happens to be White, because that's what's in my Foreground Color Box, or, I could specifically choose White, Black, or Gray, or if I click the Other option, I can choose a color here in the Color Picker that opens. With the Color Picker open, I can move my mouse over the image and select a color from here. So I think I'll select this dark orange from the rainbow and you can see that that is now specified as the new foreground color.
I'll click OK, and that color appears here in the Canvas Size dialog box as the Canvas extension color. So now, I'm going to click OK. And there is my photo, it hasn't changed size, but I now have a half-inch border all the way around. So, now let's say that I just want to have a little extra space down here at the bottom of the photo to add a caption or some other text. I'm going to undo by clicking the Undo button, and I'll open the Canvas Size dialog box again by going to the Image menu and choosing Resize>Canvas Size.
This time, I'm going to leave Width set to 0, and in the Height field, I'm going to type 0.5, so that I'm adding a half inch of canvas and I want that canvas to appear only at the bottom of the image. So, I'll go to the Anchor diagram and I'm going to click the arrow at the middle and top of the diagram, and I'll make sure that Relative is still checked. I'll go down to the Canvas extension color and I'm going to change it this time to White, and then I'll click OK. And that gives me this additional half inch of canvas that I could use to add captions or other text.
So you can see that being able to add a little bit of canvas is great for making frames, for adding captions, for scrapbooking, for making collages, and anything else where you want to have a little more space to work around a photo.
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