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Camera RAW has its own Crop, and Straighten tools. The big advantage of using these tools here in Camera RAW, as opposed to their equivalents out in the Full Photo Edit workspace, is that here the tools are not destructive of the image, so you can always come back and get the cropped away part back in the future. I am going to select the Crop tool up here in the toolbar; I will click and hold to bring up this menu. From this menu, I can choose to crop to specific aspect ratios, or I can choose to crop to an unrestrained crop boundary. I can also choose to show a crop overlay, which will help me with composition.
Now I will move into the image, and I'm going to click and drag, and that creates the crop boundary. Here you can see the rule of thirds overlay. I can use the horizontal lines here to help me line up horizon lines, and if I have particular content that I want to focus on, I can try to get those at the intersection points of the horizontal and vertical lines in the rule of thirds overlay. If I want to straighten out a horizon, I will move my mouse over a corner of this crop boundary, and when I drag, the crop overlay changes to a more detailed grid, and that will help me to line up the horizon as I rotate the crop boundary like this.
When I'm ready to crop, I will press Return or Enter on my keyboard, and there's the result. Now, I could close Camera RAW and come back next week, and decide that I really wanted to include the beach in my image. No problem. I don't have to go over and reset all of the settings that I had made in the Basic panel; I can just come up and reset the crop by clicking and holding on the Crop tool to bring up the Crop menu, and choosing Clear Crop, and my entire image is back in view. A related tool is the Straighten tool.
If I have a photo like this that has a crooked horizon line, or a crooked vertical line, then I can get the Straighten tool, and click and drag along the line, telling Camera RAW what I think should be straight, and it immediately sets up a crop bounding box that will straighten that horizon. Then if I press Enter or Return on my keyboard, I have not only got a straight horizon, but Camera RAW has automatically cropped the image too, so that saved me a step. So when you can, crop and straighten here in Camera RAW.
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