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Creating a blank file

From: Photoshop Elements 8 for Mac Essential Training

Video: Creating a blank file

If the main thing that you do in Elements is work with your photographs, most of the time you'll be opening existing JPEG's and other files into Elements, but once in a while you may need to start a new file from scratch, and you can do that from here in the Full Edit Workspace. You'll need a new blank file from scratch, if you're creating buttons for a webpage or a logo made of graphics or text, or maybe a scrapbook page. To create a new blank file, I am going to go up to the File menu, choose New and go over to Blank File, or I could use this keyboard shortcut, Command+N. That opens the New dialog box.

Creating a blank file

If the main thing that you do in Elements is work with your photographs, most of the time you'll be opening existing JPEG's and other files into Elements, but once in a while you may need to start a new file from scratch, and you can do that from here in the Full Edit Workspace. You'll need a new blank file from scratch, if you're creating buttons for a webpage or a logo made of graphics or text, or maybe a scrapbook page. To create a new blank file, I am going to go up to the File menu, choose New and go over to Blank File, or I could use this keyboard shortcut, Command+N. That opens the New dialog box.

In the Name field, the default Untitled name is highlighted, and I can type over that with a more meaningful name. I'll call this 'mynewfile', and I don't have to type an extension because when I save this document later, the extension will be added to the file automatically depending on which format I save it in. Next, I'll specify the dimensions of the file. One way to do that is to go to the Width field and the Height field here, and type in the dimensions. But first, I want to make sure that I'm using the unit of measurement that makes the most sense for my output.

If I'm creating an image that I'm going to print, then I'll want the units of measurement here to be inches, which I can select from this menu. If I'm creating an image for the web or to be shown on a screen, I would change the unit of measurement to pixels. But I am going to leave this at inches. Then I'm going to type in the dimensions I want. In the Width field I'll type 8, and in the Height field I'll drag over the default amount and I'll type 10, to make an image that is 8x10 inches. Another way to set the image dimensions is to go up to the Preset menu here and click and choose the kind of document that I'm making.

So, let's say I'm making a printed scrap booking page, I'll click on Scrap booking and then I'll go to the Size menu where I have several common sizes for our scrapbook pages to choose from. I'll leave this set to 12x12 inches and you can see that those numbers are now filled into the width and height fields. That preset also set the Resolution field to 300 pixels/inch. And I'll talk about resolution in just a moment. But for now, I'll just mention that 300 pixels/inch is compatible with most Inkjet printers.

Now, if I were making a webpage layout, I would go up to the Preset menu and instead of Scrapbooking I would choose Web, and then I would go to the Size menu and choose a document size in pixels. Up here, our document size is for typical webpages and down here some common web graphic sizes. I am going to choose 1024 pixels wide by 768 pixels high, and that sets those numbers here in the Width and Height field, and sets the unit of measurement to pixels. It also sets the Resolution field to 72 pixels/inch.

But actually it doesn't matter what number is here, because Resolution in this field means the number of pixels that would be assigned to every inch, if the document were printed. So when I am creating an image in pixels, I don't have to worry about what's in the resolution field here. I am going to go back to the Preset menu, and this time and going to choose Default Photoshop Elements Size. That sets the Width and Height to 6 inches by 4 inches and the Resolution to 300 pixels/inch, which is a typical size for a photograph that you'll print on a Desktop printer.

Now let's talk about Resolution. I mentioned that in this dialog box resolution means the number of pixels/inch, and that is the number of pixels that would be assigned to every inch of this file, if and when the file were printed. Every file as you see it on your screen is composed of pixels, which are tiny squares of color information. When you go to print a document, you have to translate that number of pixels into inches, so that the printer knows how big to make the document. Most often, you'll be printing to an Inkjet printer on your Desktop, and as the generalization most Inkjet printers need somewhere around 300 pixels/inch to produce a print that looks good.

So, this default of 300 pixels/inch that comes with the Default Photoshop Elements Size is a safe number to put in the Resolution field when you're printing to Desktop printer. There are a couple more file characteristics to choose when I'm creating a new document from scratch. One is Color mode. Color mode is a description of the color model that the file will use. There are just three choices in the Color mode menu: Bitmap, which you're likely never to use, Grayscale and RGB Color. I recommended that in almost all cases you leave Color mode set to RGB Color, and that's true even if you're making a document that's ultimately going to be black-and-white, because RGB Color will give you more tonal information to work with than Grayscale.

And then there's the Background Contents field that determines what color the background layer of the new blank file is going to be. The choices are White, whatever color happens to be in the background color box in the toolbar, and I'll show you that by clicking this double arrow on the toolbar, so that you can see what's in the Foreground and Background fields at the moment. So, right now, if I choose Background Color, I'll get an image with a gold background. There's also the choice of Transparency as the background, but this isn't available when I'm using this particular preset because this is a preset meant for print.

If I'm making a graphic for the web and I'm measuring that in pixels in these fields, sometimes I will choose Transparent to make the area around the graphics see-through, so a viewer can see the webpage background behind. But I'm going to leave the Background Content set to White for now, and when I'm satisfied with all these fields I'll click the OK button and that creates a brand new blank file ready for me to start creating content.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Photoshop Elements 8 for Mac Essential Training
Photoshop Elements 8 for Mac Essential Training

81 video lessons · 7220 viewers

Jan Kabili
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 35s
    1. Welcome
      1m 18s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 17s
  2. 13m 0s
    1. Touring Elements
      7m 24s
    2. Starting from the Welcome screen
      5m 36s
  3. 16m 11s
    1. Importing photos from a camera
      8m 48s
    2. Dividing scanned photos
      3m 52s
    3. Capturing frames from video
      3m 31s
  4. 23m 13s
    1. Touring Bridge CS4
      7m 44s
    2. Opening files from Bridge into Elements
      5m 1s
    3. Rotating photos
      1m 17s
    4. Moving, deleting, and hiding photos
      4m 11s
    5. Renaming photos
      5m 0s
  5. 29m 16s
    1. Tagging photos with keywords
      6m 28s
    2. Rating and labeling photos
      5m 55s
    3. Sorting photos by filter
      6m 23s
    4. Finding photos
      4m 33s
    5. Organizing photos in Collections
      5m 57s
  6. 52m 52s
    1. Touring the Quick Fix workspace in the Editor
      8m 34s
    2. Applying Quick Fix lighting controls
      3m 33s
    3. Applying Quick Fix color controls
      6m 30s
    4. Applying Quick Fix sharpening
      3m 44s
    5. Using Quick Fix touchup tools
      7m 43s
    6. Fixing group shots in Guided Edit
      6m 25s
    7. Merging multiple exposures in Guided Edit
      7m 24s
    8. Applying the Scene Cleaner in Guided Edit
      6m 31s
    9. Running Automated Actions in Guided Edit
      2m 28s
  7. 30m 57s
    1. Touring the Full Edit workspace
      6m 5s
    2. Working with tabbed documents
      4m 28s
    3. Arranging panels
      4m 14s
    4. Using tools
      8m 15s
    5. Setting editing preferences
      3m 8s
    6. Adjusting color settings
      4m 47s
  8. 46m 0s
    1. Using Undo History
      6m 6s
    2. Zooming and navigating
      5m 38s
    3. Creating a blank file
      5m 43s
    4. Photo resizing and resolution
      8m 21s
    5. Enlarging the canvas
      3m 10s
    6. Cropping and straightening an image
      3m 12s
    7. Using the Recompose tool
      3m 23s
    8. Processing multiple files
      6m 16s
    9. Saving and formats
      4m 11s
  9. 23m 25s
    1. Understanding layers
      3m 30s
    2. Working in the Layers panel
      8m 53s
    3. Combining images with layer masks
      11m 2s
  10. 22m 24s
    1. Understanding selections
      3m 39s
    2. Manual selection tools
      7m 36s
    3. Automatic selection tools
      3m 9s
    4. Refining a selection
      3m 59s
    5. Modifying and saving selections
      4m 1s
  11. 55m 51s
    1. Using adjustment layers
      9m 21s
    2. Adding a Levels adjustment layer
      4m 49s
    3. Applying a Shadows/Highlights adjustment
      3m 24s
    4. Adding a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer
      5m 30s
    5. Adjusting with Color Curves
      4m 3s
    6. Removing a color cast
      3m 55s
    7. Correcting skin tone
      2m 10s
    8. Reducing digital noise
      3m 44s
    9. Sharpening photos
      9m 42s
    10. Working with raw photos
      9m 13s
  12. 18m 58s
    1. Using the Smart Brush tool
      5m 20s
    2. Using the Detail Smart Brush tool
      3m 30s
    3. Dodging and burning
      1m 49s
    4. Healing blemishes
      3m 51s
    5. Removing content with the Clone Stamp tool
      3m 15s
    6. Removing red-eye
      1m 13s
  13. 26m 26s
    1. Applying filters
      5m 6s
    2. Adding effects
      3m 0s
    3. Using layer styles
      3m 36s
    4. Using shapes
      8m 25s
    5. Using the Cookie Cutter tool
      2m 54s
    6. Converting color to black and white
      3m 25s
  14. 7m 35s
    1. Creating text
      4m 7s
    2. Editing text
      3m 28s
  15. 27m 26s
    1. Making a photo collage
      7m 15s
    2. Stitching a photo panorama
      3m 43s
    3. Saving for the web
      6m 40s
    4. Creating web galleries in Bridge
      6m 47s
    5. Creating a PDF slideshow
      3m 1s
  16. 4m 34s
    1. Printing photos and contact sheets
      2m 49s
    2. Sending photos by mail
      1m 45s
  17. 23s
    1. Goodbye
      23s

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