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Creating a blank file

From: Photoshop Elements 8 for Windows Essential Training

Video: Creating a blank file

If the main thing that you do in Elements is to work with the photographs then most of the time you'll be using existing files, JPEGs or other photographic files into the Editor, but once in a while you may need to start a new file from scratch. You'll need a new blank file if you're creating buttons for a webpage, for example, or if you're making a logo from graphics and text or maybe you're making a scrapbook page. Here's how to create a new blank file from scratch in Full Edit Mode of the Editor. That's done by going to the File menu, choosing New and choosing Blank File or using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+N . That opens the New dialog box.

Creating a blank file

If the main thing that you do in Elements is to work with the photographs then most of the time you'll be using existing files, JPEGs or other photographic files into the Editor, but once in a while you may need to start a new file from scratch. You'll need a new blank file if you're creating buttons for a webpage, for example, or if you're making a logo from graphics and text or maybe you're making a scrapbook page. Here's how to create a new blank file from scratch in Full Edit Mode of the Editor. That's done by going to the File menu, choosing New and choosing Blank File or using the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+N . That opens the New dialog box.

In the Name field the default name Untitled is highlighted, so I'm just going to type over that with the more meaningful name. I'll call this mynewfile. I don't have to bother typing a file extension because later, after I create and maybe work in the file I'll save it in a particular format like JPEG or PSD and the file format extension will be added automatically at that time. Next I'll set the dimensions of the file. One way to do that is to go to the Width and Height fields here. The fields to the right of Width and Height, control the unit of measurement.

If I'm creating something for print, I'll leave these set to the default of Inches. But if I were making something for the web or to be displayed on the screen, I would change that unit of measurement to pixels. By clicking on either one of these unit of measurement fields and choosing Pixels. And that sets the other field to pixels as well. I am going to go back and set that to Inches for now and then I'll go over to the Width field, and I'll type in the dimension that I want. I'm going to choose 8 inches in Width and then I'll type in 10 inches for Height.

Another quicker way to set image size is to use one of the presets that comes with Elements. To see those I'll click here on the Preset menu. Here I can choose the kind of document that I'm making. So if I'm making a printed page for a scrapbook, I'll choose Scrapbooking. That automatically sets the Dimensions to 12 inches x 12 inches and it sets the Resolution, which I'll explain in a moment, to 300, meaning 300 pixels per inch which is compatible with most inkjet printers.

What if I were making an image for the web rather than for print, I'll go back to the Preset menu and I'll choose Web and then I'll come to the Size menu which offer several different common sizes for webpage layouts here and for graphics that you might put on a website down here. Let's say I'm making a webpage layout and I wanted to fill a viewer screen that set to 1024x768 pixels. I'll choose 1024x768 from this Preset menu and that fills in the Width and Height fields here and sets the units of measurement to Pixels.

It also sets the Resolution field to 72 pixels per inch. I'm going to go back to the Preset menu and I'm going to choose the Default Photoshop Elements Size. The default is 6 inches wide by 4 inches high at 300 pixels per inch, which is one typical size for a photographic print. Now you may be wondering, what Resolution means here in this field? In this dialog box, Resolution means the number of pixels that would be assigned to every inch of a file if and when the file was printed.

Every file as you see it on your screen is composed of pixels, which are tiny squares of color information. When you go to print a document, you have to translate that number of pixels in to inches, so that the printer knows how big to make the document. Most often you'll be printing to an inkjet printer on your desktop and as a generalization inkjet printers need somewhere around 300 pixels per inch to produce a print that looks good. So this default here of 300 pixels per inch is a safe number to put in the Resolution field, when you're creating an image for print.

When you're creating an image for the web or on screen, you're safe with 72 as the Resolution, but it really doesn't matter because if you set the size of an image in pixels, resolution really isn't an issue because it refers to the number of pixels per printed inch. There are a couple of more file characteristics to choose when I'm creating a new document. One is Color Mode. Color Mode is a description of the color model that the file will use, and there are just three choices in this menu: Bitmap, which you're likely never to use, Grayscale and RGB Color.

I recommend that in almost all cases you leave Color Mode set to its default of RGB Color, even if I'm creating a document that ultimately is going to look like it's grayscaled or black-and-white. I'll use RGB Color Mode because RGB Color will give me more tonal information to work within the image than Grayscale will. Notice that there is no choice for CMYK Color Mode, which is the color mode used most often in commercial printing and graphic design. That's just not an option in Photoshop Elements, probably because this application is designed for consumers rather than for professional graphic designers.

So I'm going to choose RGB Color, the default Color Mode. The last field here is the Background Contents and that means what color the single background layer of the new blank file is going to be. It could be White, it could be Background Color, which means whatever color happens to be in the Background Color box in the toolbar at the moment, or it could be Transparent. When I'm preparing a document for print, I'll almost always want the background contents to be either White or Background Color.

If I'm making a graphic for the web or for screen, and I want that graphic to have a see-through area surrounding the graphic, I can choose Transparent. I'm going to leave Background set to White for now. Now I'm all done, setting up my new blank document so I'll click OK, and there it is, a brand new blank file ready for me to start creating content.

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This video is part of

Image for Photoshop Elements 8 for Windows Essential Training
Photoshop Elements 8 for Windows Essential Training

106 video lessons · 8500 viewers

Jan Kabili
Author

 
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  1. 10m 20s
    1. Welcome
      1m 13s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 35s
    3. Launching the Welcome screen
      3m 12s
    4. Touring Elements
      4m 20s
  2. 29m 45s
    1. Working with catalogs
      3m 16s
    2. Getting photos from your hard drive
      2m 49s
    3. Changing thumbnail display options
      4m 35s
    4. Getting photos from a camera or card
      9m 43s
    5. Getting photos from a CD/DVD or an external drive
      4m 46s
    6. Getting photos from a scanner
      4m 36s
  3. 43m 15s
    1. Touring the Organizer interface
      5m 44s
    2. Viewing photos
      5m 11s
    3. Selecting photos
      2m 58s
    4. Rotating photos
      2m 39s
    5. Renaming photos
      2m 7s
    6. Fixing photo dates
      2m 0s
    7. Hiding and deleting photos
      5m 24s
    8. Stacking photos
      8m 9s
    9. Moving files
      4m 43s
    10. Backing up catalogs
      4m 20s
  4. 52m 4s
    1. Applying keyword tags
      8m 33s
    2. Finding photos by keyword tags
      3m 41s
    3. Finding photos with the Keyword Tag Cloud
      1m 56s
    4. Applying Smart Tags
      4m 29s
    5. Automatically tagging people in photos
      7m 54s
    6. Applying star ratings
      2m 48s
    7. Organizing photos in albums
      4m 10s
    8. Organizing photos in Smart Albums
      6m 44s
    9. Finding photos with Text Search
      4m 31s
    10. Finding photos from the Find menu
      5m 10s
    11. Finding photos in the Timeline
      2m 8s
  5. 29m 18s
    1. Working with photos in Full Screen view
      11m 12s
    2. Viewing slideshows in Full Screen view
      4m 10s
    3. Comparing photos
      5m 22s
    4. Using Date View
      3m 41s
    5. Mapping photos
      4m 53s
  6. 56m 46s
    1. Applying Photo Fix options in the Organizer
      8m 22s
    2. Touring the Quick Fix workspace in the Editor
      6m 12s
    3. Applying Quick Fix controls
      11m 10s
    4. Using Quick Fix tools
      11m 2s
    5. Working in Guided Edit in the Editor
      4m 45s
    6. Fixing group shots in Guided Edit
      5m 57s
    7. Applying the Scene Cleaner in Guided Edit
      9m 18s
  7. 1h 12m
    1. Touring the Full Edit interface
      5m 5s
    2. Opening files in Full Edit
      2m 13s
    3. Working with tabbed documents
      6m 57s
    4. Using tools
      6m 11s
    5. Setting editing preferences
      4m 22s
    6. Adjusting color settings
      4m 18s
    7. Using Undo History
      5m 56s
    8. Zooming and navigating
      6m 30s
    9. Creating a blank file
      5m 58s
    10. Photo resizing and resolution
      9m 59s
    11. Using the Recompose tool
      3m 8s
    12. Enlarging the canvas
      3m 49s
    13. Saving files
      7m 47s
  8. 17m 36s
    1. Understanding layers
      3m 28s
    2. Working in the Layers panel
      4m 51s
    3. Combining images with layer masks
      9m 17s
  9. 19m 54s
    1. Understanding selections
      2m 27s
    2. Manual selection tools
      7m 6s
    3. Automatic selection tools
      6m 27s
    4. Modifying and saving selections
      3m 54s
  10. 1h 0m
    1. Cropping and straightening
      3m 49s
    2. Applying a Shadows/Highlights adjustment
      2m 54s
    3. Applying adjustment layers
      7m 53s
    4. Adding a Levels adjustment layer
      4m 12s
    5. Merging multiple exposures
      6m 33s
    6. Adding a Hue/Saturation adjustment layer
      3m 54s
    7. Adjusting with Color Curves
      3m 39s
    8. Removing a color cast
      3m 21s
    9. Correcting skin tone
      2m 34s
    10. Reducing digital noise
      4m 4s
    11. Sharpening photos
      7m 42s
    12. Working with raw photos
      9m 52s
  11. 24m 50s
    1. Using the Smart Brush tool
      7m 52s
    2. Using the Detail Smart Brush tool
      4m 26s
    3. Dodging and burning
      2m 18s
    4. Healing wrinkles and blemishes
      5m 17s
    5. Removing content with the Clone Stamp tool
      3m 41s
    6. Removing red-eye
      1m 16s
  12. 31m 3s
    1. Applying filters
      5m 8s
    2. Adding effects
      3m 16s
    3. Running automated actions
      1m 51s
    4. Using layer styles
      6m 6s
    5. Using shapes
      8m 12s
    6. Using the Cookie Cutter tool
      3m 13s
    7. Converting color to black and white
      3m 17s
  13. 9m 29s
    1. Creating text
      5m 8s
    2. Editing text
      2m 59s
    3. Warping text
      1m 22s
  14. 38m 50s
    1. Making a photo book
      8m 26s
    2. Making a photo collage
      9m 0s
    3. Creating a slideshow
      11m 25s
    4. Stitching a photo panorama
      4m 3s
    5. Preparing images for the web
      5m 56s
  15. 33m 54s
    1. Printing photos
      2m 58s
    2. Printing contact sheets and picture packages
      4m 58s
    3. Sending photos by email and Photo Mail
      5m 57s
    4. Burning photos to CD/DVD
      1m 17s
    5. Ordering prints and books
      1m 59s
    6. Signing up for Photoshop.com
      3m 15s
    7. Sharing photos online at Photoshop.com
      7m 40s
    8. Backing up and synchronizing online
      3m 40s
    9. Getting inspiration from Adobe.com
      2m 10s
  16. 26s
    1. Goodbye
      26s

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