Premiere Elements 9 Essential Training
Illustration by Richard Downs

Controlling changes between keyframes


Premiere Elements 9 Essential Training

with Jeff Sengstack

Video: Controlling changes between keyframes

When you put clips in motion using the default settings, the motion starts and stops abruptly. The rate of change, the velocity between keyframes, is constant. There is no acceleration or deceleration. That will look better as for the motion to start and stop gradually. Well, you can fix that by using commands called Ease In and Ease Out. In addition, when you put objects in motion along a curved path. You can use something called Bezier curve handles to customize that path. Let me show you here with a few clips on this Timeline. We'll start with a rose. I set the rose up just to go from left to right.
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  1. 7m 31s
    1. Welcome
      1m 10s
    2. Understanding the workflow
      1m 19s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 44s
    4. Relinking missing media
      3m 18s
  2. 16m 52s
    1. What is Premiere Elements 9?
      6m 16s
    2. Touring the interface
      6m 28s
    3. Clarifying differences between the Mac and Windows versions
      4m 8s
  3. 44m 16s
    1. Creating a new project
      7m 18s
    2. Getting media
      2m 0s
    3. Capturing video from a cassette or a webcam
      7m 14s
    4. Downloading assets from external devices and storage media
      8m 53s
    5. Importing media from a hard drive
      3m 32s
    6. Managing media in the Project workspace
      7m 3s
    7. Using the Organizer
      8m 16s
  4. 30m 57s
    1. Using the Sceneline and the Timeline
      3m 45s
    2. Adding, rearranging, and deleting clips in the Sceneline
      6m 20s
    3. Adding and deleting clips in the Timeline
      9m 51s
    4. Adding and rearranging clips in the Timeline using modifier keys
      11m 1s
  5. 32m 8s
    1. Adjusting clip length in the Sceneline
      7m 56s
    2. Adjusting clip length in the Timeline
      8m 44s
    3. Adjusting clip length in the Preview window
      6m 4s
    4. Creating freeze frames and changing clip speed, duration, and direction
      9m 24s
  6. 25m 4s
    1. Understanding transitions
      4m 49s
    2. Applying transitions
      9m 37s
    3. Adjusting transitions
      10m 38s
  7. 41m 53s
    1. Understanding video effects
      9m 25s
    2. Applying and modifying video effects
      8m 46s
    3. Repositioning, scaling, and rotating clips with the Motion effect
      6m 50s
    4. Working with the Motion Tracker
      10m 1s
    5. Using the Effects Mask tool
      6m 51s
  8. 52m 31s
    1. Understanding animation
      7m 48s
    2. Animating video effects
      13m 52s
    3. Using the Motion effect with keyframes
      11m 43s
    4. Working with effects presets
      9m 55s
    5. Controlling changes between keyframes
      9m 13s
  9. 32m 44s
    1. Recording narrations
      3m 12s
    2. Making music soundtracks with SmartSound (Windows only)
      5m 38s
    3. Advanced audio editing with J-cuts and L-cuts
      6m 31s
    4. Applying audio effects
      11m 41s
    5. Mixing audio tracks manually and with the SmartMixer
      5m 42s
  10. 25m 38s
    1. Creating text and geometric shapes
      7m 1s
    2. Editing and formatting text and shapes
      5m 10s
    3. Using styles and templates with text and shapes
      6m 40s
    4. Animating titles
      6m 47s
  11. 25m 46s
    1. Understanding compositing
      5m 23s
    2. Creating picture-in-picture overlays
      8m 46s
    3. Making portions of clips transparent using Green Screen, Videomerge, and other techniques
      11m 37s
  12. 16m 54s
    1. Understanding Auto-Analyzer and Smart Tags
      4m 11s
    2. Using InstantMovie and themes
      6m 4s
    3. Trying out Smart Fix and Smart Trim
      6m 39s
  13. 13m 43s
    1. Understanding DVD authoring
      2m 12s
    2. Adding DVD markers to the Timeline
      4m 47s
    3. Creating DVD menus using templates
      6m 44s
  14. 20m 7s
    1. Understanding project exporting
      3m 15s
    2. Exporting to standard file types
      5m 54s
    3. Creating files for online and mobile phone use
      3m 39s
    4. Creating DVDs, Blu-ray discs, and web DVDs
      7m 19s
  15. 33s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Premiere Elements 9 Essential Training
6h 26m Beginner Nov 04, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Premiere Elements 9 Essential Training, author Jeff Sengstack breaks down the editing workflow into bite–sized pieces, covering topics from setting up a project to exporting the final video to any format. The course also covers the basics of editing and advanced features like picture-in-picture overlays and audio and visual effects. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Touring the interface
  • Creating a new project
  • Capturing video
  • Downloading assets and importing media
  • Arranging, rearranging, and deleting clips
  • Adjusting clip lengths
  • Applying video transitions
  • Working with video effects
  • Animating effects
  • Recording, editing, and mixing audio
  • Titling
  • Automating edits
  • DVD authoring
  • Saving and sharing movies
Premiere Elements Elements
Jeff Sengstack

Controlling changes between keyframes

When you put clips in motion using the default settings, the motion starts and stops abruptly. The rate of change, the velocity between keyframes, is constant. There is no acceleration or deceleration. That will look better as for the motion to start and stop gradually. Well, you can fix that by using commands called Ease In and Ease Out. In addition, when you put objects in motion along a curved path. You can use something called Bezier curve handles to customize that path. Let me show you here with a few clips on this Timeline. We'll start with a rose. I set the rose up just to go from left to right.

If I click this, it just kind of starts abruptly and sort of stops abruptly. Now with the resolution that you might be looking at it in your monitor, and also the compression that we use, it might kind of jump around. But basically, it's just kind of boom started, instant acceleration, boom stopped, and instant stop. It's nice to smooth that out. The way you smooth that out is here in keyframes. There is the Position changing. Only one set of keyframes really. The rest of these guys are starting points with no ending points. This is only one we're talking about. That's Position and the Position changes from there to there. I can navigate using these guys from there to there.

What I want to do is I want to make that sort of gradually increase in speed as it moves from left to right, and gradually decrease in speed as it get to this keyframes. It's very simple to do that. Just right-click on the keyframe here and there is something called Temporal Interpolation and Spatial Interpolation. Spatial just in terms of how it moves through space and Temporal is how it moves through time. So time is what we're talking about here. We're talking about acceleration. That's something over time. Click on Temporal Interpolation and it's all these various options. But the easiest ones to use, the ones we'll use for this course, are Ease In and Ease Out.

So we'll Ease Out of this keyframe. You get a little hourglass saying we're going to ease out. So now when you get out of there, it won't suddenly accelerate. It's going to gradually accelerate out. It's much smoother and then it gets rolling and gets up the speed. Then it still kind of, boom, bumps into that next keyframe. Oh, I think you obviously know what the next step is. That's to Ease In. So we right-click on this keyframe, Temporal > Ease In. Now when it goes from left to right, it's a much more gradual process. Again, the view of your monitor and ours might be not smooth, just because of all of various technology issues.

But it's still, in the end, when you actually send this video some placeand share it, it'll be smooth. Gradually goes out, gets up to speed, and gradually slows down. Much nicer way to go. Well not only can you do this with movement; you can do this with scales. Let me go back to the first keyframe. I navigate to it using this little triangle. I'm going to work with Scale now. So I am going to take the Scale down a little bit like that, here we go. I'm going to go to the next keyframe over here. I want to navigate to that keyframe. I'm going to apply Scale at that location. So I'll just navigate to the keyframe by clicking up here.

Now I'm going to just scale this. down here. By adjusting Scale that will automatically add a keyframe there, make the Scale much larger now. So when we go from small to large, what's going to happen is that it's going to instantly start getting larger, instantly stop getting larger. Let's just show how that works. Just suddenly gets running and boom! and it stops getting large. But what I want to do is change that too. I can also change that because that's changing over time. Something changing over time we'll use the Temporal view. So I'm going to right-click. Say Ease Out of that keyframe over here.

Since this is not a motion, it doesn't have that extra little drop-down menu. Right-click and say Ease In. Much nicer motion now. It's going to ease out of that little motion as it grows up and that's going to slowly stop growing. Much more natural. So, you almost always want to use the Ease In and Ease Out to make your transitions a little bit smoother. One more thing. I want to show you the motion path. I am going to click on this and you can see there is the motion path. So with Motion is selected, you can see your motion path that goes from over there to over here. As I go to this keyframe in the left right there, there is that little beginning point right there, and then here is the ending point over here. If I go to that keyframe, it will pop over to that little ending point right there.

I want to add something in the middle. So I'm going to drag this over here like that. I'm going to change the position here inside the Monitor panel by grabbing this little target, dragging up like that. So now the motion path is going to go up and down. I want also to change the endpoints position. So I am going to navigate to them by clicking over to the left first to that one, drag that one down, navigate over to the right one, and drag that one down. So what I want you to notice in particular here is that a motion path that's not just a straight line, by default in Premiere Elements is a Curve, which is a good thing.

That's more natural. Some of products always make these things straight lines, like a triangle, boom, boom. But by default, Premiere Elements create a motion curve when you have something other than a straight line, be it diagonal or just straight across the screen. Notice that when you have this little curve, you have what are called handles on it. I'm going to click on the center keyframe by navigating to it, make that active. When you make it active, it's hard to see, but little handles appear here. When you hover your cursor over it, you get a little zero down there in the lower right-hand corner, little O. See a little O there, below the cursor? The cursor changes to a black triangle when it gets that little O.

That means you can grab the handle and adjust the shape of your curve. You can either move it up or down. If you drag it to the right or the left, you kind of change the shape on the right-hand side here. You are making the sort of a steeper slope as it goes down the right. Or a different kind of slope like that, almost straight there. You can adjust the length. Whichever keyframe you could click on here, handles will be available to the ones next to it. So since it's the center one, there is a handle down here. It's like I adjust the curve down there. Since the center is selected here, there is a handle here as well. So I can adjust the shape of your curve, which is a really cool thing.

So now it's a nice way to fine-tune how Motion works inside your project. So, let me show you what we ended up with here. Gradually leaves that one, gradually grows, and then gradually ends up like that, it follows that curve, which is only natural motion for it. Let me show you how this works when you're working with zoom, let's say, in a photograph. Here is this big photograph we've got. We're going to zoom in on that. So I'm going to pick this photograph. Select it to make it active. No keyframes yet. I am going to set a Position keyframe, so we just click on the keyframes stopwatch. Now everything is set. We'll go little bit into the clip and I want to zoom in now.

So just click on the Motion, and I can pull this in back like this. Ebventually it's going to kind of go off the page. This is one way to zoom, manual one. Even I could drag it like it or I just take the Scale and Scale up. Now I need to click and move it around to find this guy in the porch, there they are. So now, all those little machinations around them, sliding here, sliding left, sliding right, Premiere Elements is not recording that. It's just looking at the ending point. It's like okay, this is where I ended up. Okay. That's where we're going from and to. So we're going to go from this wide view and to this tight view.

Now along the way we change the Scale and we change the Position. Now if I do that just straight without having done any Ease In or Ease Out, it's just going to be abrupt. It's going to go bunk-bunk, which is the not really what we want to do. We want to Ease In and Ease Out. So I'm going to select all of these keyframes by marquee selecting them, three at once now. Then I am going to right-click, go to Temporal, we'll say Ease Out. All right, so you can select all at once, make them all Ease Out. I'm going to select the three that we go into, right-click on those guys, Temporal, and Ease In.

I noticed that there was kind of a short time between the two motions, those starts and stops. So I'm going to grab these three, slide them later into the five-second clip. So it'll take a little longer to get from point A to B, here we go. Now it's going to Ease In. Again, it's because of the process we're working really hard here. I'll just sort of manually show you, but trust me by using these little Ease In and Ease Out guys, when you finally share your clip this will be very smooth. It'll leave the wide shot gradually, and zoom in relatively steadily, and then slowdown as it gets to the end of the zoom.

Let me show you one more thing that you can do. Not only you can use the sort of Ease In an Ease Out approach when talking about motion or having objects change shape and size. You can use them with regular old effects. So I'm going to take the Effects here. I'm going to go find a preset, Fast Blur In let's say. I'll drag this preset down to underwater-wide. So what's going to happen now is we are going to zoom in on that. So it's going to go whirr, and then basically it goes from being blur to being sharp. If I look at the keyframes for that, click on this guy, Edit Effects, you see the keyframes are these two diamonds, which means there is no easing in or easing out.

But you can Ease In and Ease Out even just a visual effect like this. I am going to right-click on this guy and there we go. We can Ease Out of that keyframe and Ease In to this keyframe. When you do the Blur then, the blur will slowly start getting sharper and it'll gradually get sharper, then it kind of down settle down at the end. So you can use this whole Ease In/ Ease Out concept for things other than objects in motion. So when you use effects that you want to gradually start or gradually stop, apply Ease Out or Ease In to them.

When putting clips in motion, you can adjust the motion path using Bezier curve handles.

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