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In addition to trimming clips, there are a few other fun things you could do on the Timeline. You can split clips, change clip's speed, duration and direction and create freeze frames. Now we are working here in tutorial, 05-other. In this tutorial, we are working with a wide screen project as opposed to the standard definition we have used in other tutorials. This is a 16X9 aspect ratio because this video was shot with an HDV camcorder. In this tutorial, I'll explain how you can combine three editing tools to create slow motion, a freeze frame and put the action in reverse, staring with slow mode and speeding up the regular speed. But first of all, I want to explain the difference between the Time Stretch tool and the Time Stretch Menu command. You will find the Time Stretch tool here in the Timeline right at the top and the menu command is up under the Clip menu.
We will start with the Time Stretch tool. Typically, you use the Time Stretch tool only when you are sort of desperate. You have got a gap, let's say, between two clips that may be only a small amount of time. In this case, it's a little bit more than a second. You absolutely cannot move this clip to the left or this clip to the right because of, let's say, a narration or something. So you need to expand this clip to the left and use up every single frame. You can tell you have used every frame because you have a little triangle there in the upper-left hand corner. See right there, if you look at that pointer, a little triangle that says that you have used every single frame that's on this clip. There aren't any more tail frames that will allow you to expand it farther to the right.
So what you can do is you can just stretch it a little bit. If you stretch it a little bit, you will slow it down slightly, but the viewers probably won't notice it. But also, when you use the Time Stretch tool, you will also stretch the audio, which they can notice if you stretch it a lot. So since it's just a little more than second, we will drag that to the right, just like the Selection tool will drag it to the right. Now notice I can just stretch it out, it doesn't add frames. It just stretches the frames that are there and creates a slow motion effect, but if you watch this, (Waves crashing) Let's look at that versus what we had before.
(Waves crashing) That's the regular speed. If you drag it up to the right and go to slow motion, (Waves crashing) your viewers won't notice that suddenly it's going a little bit slower and you have been able to fill that gap without having to move your clips around. That's the advantage of the Time Stretch tool but the disadvantage is that you have changed the audio quality by lowering the pitch when you stretch it or raising the pitch when you shorten it, because you can also use this to shorten things up to make them fit, when you want to use every single frame. So instead of using the Time Stretch tool when you want to create slow motion, you use the Time Stretch Menu command. It seems little counterintuitive but that's what we are going to do. So to see that, I want to get rid of this clip here first. So I click back to the Selection tool by clicking on this button or pressing the V shortcut key. I click on this guy and press Delete to get rid of that.
Now I to go up to Time Stretch Menu command, but if I go there now and look, I'll go Clip and you see that it's grayed out because I haven't selected the clip. So first I select the clip. Now I go to Clip > Time Stretch. It opens up this dialog box. Notice already that the Speed is 95% because we slowed it down by stretching it. So already it shows what you have done to that clip. What I want to do in this particular case is I want to have it start at regular speed and then I want it to slow down a little bit and then I want it to stop. So here is what we are going to do. We will start-- Cancel out of this.
I'm going to go for a while, these guys are surfing and when they kind of get right next to each other right there, this is where I want it to go to slow motion. So the first thing I wanted to do is I want to cut the clip there and then from this point forward, have it go slow motion. To cut the clip, I use the Split tool, which is right there, the Split Clip tool. I just click on that and it cuts it. You will see that this clip is now selected. I want to now put this in to slow motion. So I go Clip > Time Stretch and if I want it to be slow motion, like maybe half speed. So I just highlight this and type in 50. Now you have changed it to half speed.
I want to Maintain Audio Pitch here though. This is really an amazing thing. If you click on this, it will actually keep the sound of the surf at the same relative pitch as the normal speed but it will stretch out the sound. So it will actually be as long as the now lengthened clip, because whenever you slow the speed down, you double the length of the clip. Notice how the clip is just expanded there. Now if I go from one to the next, let's see what happens. (Waves crashing) That slows down but the audio pitch stayed the same. Did you see that? Let me try that again. Here is the regular speed.
(Waves crashing) And slow motion and the audio pitch didn't change, which is a great tool when you use the Time Stretch Menu command. Now I want this to go for awhile, let's say, here and then when he wipes off there and the board comes out of the water, that's where I want the clip to end. So I'm going to split the clip there and I'm going to delete the rest of this clip. Now I have now created this thing where it goes slow motion and then stops right there. What I want to do is I want to put a freeze frame from this point forward.
So I'm going to click on this clip to select it, and go right-click and say Copy and I'll move the current time indicator to the end of this clip by pressing the Page Down key. That's a shortcut to take it to the end of the clip. I'm going to go Edit > Paste. That will put that copy that we just made here. Now the copy is that same slow motion thing, but what I want to do now is I want to just have a freeze frame and have the freeze frame be the last clip.
Here is the last clip is this wipeout and I go to the end again, it's the same wipeout because we copied the clip. But I right-click on here and I go to Frame Hold, I say Hold On, the Out Point because we want to have the frame that we are going to freeze be the same frame at the end of this previous clip. So I hold down the Out Point. Click OK and now what I have is this clip will go slow motion and then it will stop. (Waves crashing) There you have it. So we went from normal motion to slow motion to a freeze frame.
Now the piece de resistance, we can go to reverse. I'm going to take this clip again. I have already copied it, but I'll do it again just for grins. Right-Click, Copy and I go here to the end of this freeze frame by pressing the Page Down key. I go Edit > Paste. So now we have this freeze frame. I want this clip to start at the back. I'm going to reverse it. So I want to select the clip, go to Clip > Time Stretch. I'm going to reverse it this time, 50%, Maintain Audio Pitch and click OK.
So now watch what happens. We have got these clips still slow motion to the freeze frame but not coming out of the freeze frame. Let's see what happens. (Waves crashing) Pretty cool, right? You can go from regular speed, you cut the clip, you can go to slow motion, you can copy the clip, and make a freeze frame. Then you can copy the clip again and have it go in reverse and slow motion. Again, we can also cut it here and have it go back to regular speed, to go in reverse and regular.
So that's how you cut a clip. Basically, splitting a clip, put it in slow motion or high speed, maintain the audio pitch with the Time Stretch Menu command or use the Time Stretch tool to fill the little gap or actually back things up a little bit to fit the clip into a space.
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