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Let's take a tour of the interface of the Camera RAW workspace. The interface is dominated by this large preview of whatever photo you've opened into Camera RAW, and are working on at the moment. When a RAW file is first opened into Camera RAW, it is displayed with default settings, so it may not look terrific yet, because it hasn't been custom processed. The default settings that Camera RAW uses are for the camera brand and model with which the photo was taken, and Camera RAW will recognize most current cameras. From time to time, you'll see an update to Camera RAW, and the main reason for those updates is to include profiles of even more cameras.
Down here at the bottom of this particular image, you can see that Camera RAW does recognize the camera with which this photo was taken, and it got that information from what's called the EXIF data that the camera embeds in a photo. The most important controls in Camera RAW are in the column over on the right, in the first two tabs; this Basic tab, and the second tab, the Detail tab. We'll be looking at all of these controls in detail in the movies to come in this chapter. I do want to show you that there is an Auto button in the Basic tab.
If I click the Auto button, Camera RAW takes its best guess at how to set each of these controls for this particular photo. Sometimes I'll click Auto just to see what Camera RAW does, but for the most part, I like to go back, and click on Default here to go back to my default settings, because I think one of the great benefits of working in Camera RAW is that you get to control the processing yourself. At the top of the column on the right is a histogram. If this looks familiar, it's because it's the same sort of chart that I showed you in earlier movies about using levels in the Full Photo Edit workspace.
This histogram is a chart of the tonal values in this image, and it will change as I change the settings below. So I do keep my eye on that histogram as I am moving these controls, so that I can understand the impact that they are having on the photo. Beneath the histogram is some exposure information that comes from the digital camera. It tells me the f-stop, and the shutter speed, the ISO, and the lens length with which this photo was shot. At the top of the interface is an abbreviated toolbar. This contains some of the tools with which you are familiar from the Full Photo Edit workspace, like the Zoom tool, and the Hand tool.
With the Zoom tool selected, if I click in the image, that will zoom in for a closer look. If I hold the Alt key -- that's the Option key on the Mac -- and click, that zooms me out to see more of the image, and I can go down to the bottom of the interface, and click this menu to zoom right to a particular percentage. So when I'm sharpening, and I want to view an image at 100%, I can choose that from this menu. Then if I want to see the entire image in this document window, from that menu, I can choose Fit in View. When I am zoomed in so far that I can't see the entire image in the document window, then I'll go to the Hand tool, and click and drag with it in the document window to get to a different part of the image.
The same shortcuts apply to the Hand tool, and the Zoom tool that I showed you in the Full Photo Edit workspace. If I double-click the Zoom tool, that takes the photo to 100% view, and if I double-click the Hand tool, that takes the photo to the Fit in Screen view, where I can see the entire photo in the document window. We'll take a closer look at the White Balance tool, the Crop tool, and the Straighten tool later in this chapter. There's also a Redeye Removal tool for removing that red glow that you sometimes get from the flash on your camera.
That's just like the Redeye Removal tools that we've looked at in the Organizer, and the Editor. From here, you can access preferences for Camera RAW. I generally recommend leaving these at their defaults. And then there's a Left and Right Rotate button. Over on the top right of the interface is the Preview checkbox. I usually keep this checked, so that I get a live preview in the document window of what I'm doing with the sliders over here in the column on the right. Preview is also good for getting a before and after view in the basic column. So let's say I do something here, like take the Saturation slider, and drag it all the way to the left to remove all the color from the image.
If I want to compare the way the image looks now to the way it looked when I started in the Basic column, then I'll go up to the Preview checkbox, and uncheck it for a moment. So there's where I started, and there's where I am now. By the way, the Before view is only the Before view for this particular column. So if I were to go to be Detail column instead, and make a change there, and then uncheck Preview, that would take me back to where I started in the Detail column, not to where I started in the Basic column. I'll check Preview again, and go back to the Basic column.
If you ever want to get all your settings back to where you started when you opened an image in Camera RAW, you can do that by holding down the Alt key -- that's the Option key on a Mac -- which changes this button to a Reset button. I'll click that to reset all of the settings. There are some other buttons at the bottom of the interface, which we'll use at the end of the workflow when I show you how to output an image, and there's a Help button that you can click to get help about Camera RAW. So that's an overview of the Camera RAW interface. In the movies to come, we'll be looking at many of these features in a lot more detail.
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