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Many color photos will benefit from a little boost to saturation. Saturation means the intensity, or purity, of color. In this case, for example, I'd like to increase the saturation in the green trees, and the blue sky, and maybe the fellow's shirt. There are two sliders in Camera Raw that you can use for that purpose, the Saturation slider and the Vibrance slider. Most often I go with the Vibrance slider, because the Saturation slider saturates all the colors in the photo to the same degree, and that's particularly a problem when there's a person in the photo.
For example, look what happens if I take the Saturation slider and drag it to the right in this photo. That does pump up the color in the mountain and in the sky, but the fellow looks like he has a sunburn, so that's just not going to work. I'll put the Saturation slider back to zero and I'll try the Vibrance slider instead, and that's giving me more of the look that I'm after. What the Vibrance slider does is targets colors that are relatively lower in saturation to start with, rather than saturating all the colors to the same degree. Vibrance is also designed to protect the colors in skin tones from over saturation, avoiding the sunburned look that I just showed you with the Saturation slider.
By the way, if I put Vibrance back to zero, there is another use for the Saturation slider, and that is to start converting a color image to a black-and-white image here in Camera Raw in Elements. If I drag the Saturation slider all the way over to the left, that drains the color image of color. But it doesn't give you much control over the outcome. You can try to move some of the other sliders here. For example, I might try to increase the Clarity slider, maybe drag the Highlight slider over, perhaps increase the Contrast, and that will affect this black-and-white conversion.
But for the most part when I want to take a color image and make it black and white, I'll leave the Saturation slider as it is so that I have color in the photo. I'll make my basic tonal adjustments here, and then I'll click Open Image to open the photo into the Expert edit workspace, where I'll use the black-and-white conversion feature that I showed you in an earlier movie to make a black-and-white photo from a color photo with a lot more control than just reducing Saturation here in Camera Raw. So that's a look at the Vibrance and Saturation sliders in the Camera Raw workspace.
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