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So let's jump in to exploring these liquid layout rules. We are going to start by knocking out two fairly basic ones and understanding one underlying concept. We are looking at a document right now that is just six pages long. It's set up as though we were going to be print it to a iPad in vertical orientation right now. And we are probably going to want to create a horizontal version in Alternate Layout of this, which I talked about in previous video. We would like InDesign to automatically move and scale and resize some items as much as it can, in its little intelligence computer brain, so that we don't have to do so much work doing that manually to every single horizontal version of these pages as possible.
So we use liquid layout rules. To see the liquid layout rules and to interact with them, you need to go to the Page tool and select it, or just press Shift+P. Even if you open up the Liquid Layout panel from under the Window menu--remember Liquid Layout panel is hiding in Interactive. I am going to go ahead and open it right now. And if you do this a lot, you probably want to create a custom workspace for yourself with Liquid Layout as part of it. See, it's all grayed out.
You can't do anything until you come over here and select the Page tool, and now it wakes up. Let's understand the basic concept of the default liquid page rule. It's called Controlled by Master. So every document page has a rule already applied to it, and the rule is whatever has been applied to its master. If I open up the Pages panel, I can see that all these pages are based on A-Master on the master page with a prefix A. I don't have A with the Master Page B.
So if we go to the Master Page A, double- click it--remember, we are still in Page mode-- now it says the liquid page rule is off. All of the liquid page rules for the documents are off because they're based on Master. Let's try that out. Let's go to Page 2, and I'm going to do our fun little manipulation of the page size just by dragging on a corner, and you can see that it's off. There is nothing happening when I resize the page. InDesign is completely ignoring the page items. It's not scaling, moving, resizing them, nothing.
Now let's go back to the master and we will change the liquid page rule to Scale, which simply acts like it's grouping everything on each page and then scaling them en masse. So let's go back to this page and now we will once again drag the handle. You can see that it is scaling because this page is controlled by master. You might have different rules for different pages. So if I wanted, for example, this page not to be affected by any page rules at all, I could say this one should be off.
And the other pages will still be controlled by master. Now when I drag, then nothing happens here, but if I come to this page and I drag, it scaled, because it's still controlled by master. Right now we are just manipulating one page at a time, but you can see how useful this could be if we were perhaps creating an alternate layout. If I come here and I say create an alternate layout that is iPad Horizontal, please use the liquid page rule, Preserve Existing, which means that if I made overrides on these pages, as I just did, then those would be honored.
If the page depends on its master, then that would be honored. When you create an alternate layout, you could also just override everything and say, you know what, use Scale for everything. Let's take another look at Scale. Let me cancel out of there and go to a simpler document that I have created here. It's just a few items. Move you out of the way. And this was left as Guide-based, so I am going to switch it to Scale. When you have the liquid page rule called Scale governing a page, when you change its page size, via creating an alternate layout spawn from it or from up here or from the File > Document Setup or with the Page tool--we will just stay with the Page tool for now--then InDesign essentially creates a temporary group of everything on the page and scales them.
So I am going to go ahead and do that. And I'm actually going to hold down the Option or Alt key when I'm done, so that it actually stays in place when I release the mouse key. So now this is the new page size. Let's get out of the Page Size mode and take a look. I am going to choose Fit in Window. If I click on this text--take a look up here-- it says 10.5, but it is now 7.36, because this is scaled type. The paragraph styles remain whatever they were set at, and if you want to get rid of those parentheses, you could select the frame with the Selection tool and then go to the Control panel menu and choose Redefine Scaling as 100%, which is the usual fix when you have accidentally scaled something.
So now when I click inside here, the type is its actual size and so is the leading. This is what scaling does. It's probably not something you're going to want to do at the beginning of a project. It's great like for the end of a project, if you just really quickly need to get the items on a page to fit within the new page size. It might be perfectly fine for certain display ads and things like that as well. So, it's handy. Now I am going to revert this so get back to the original, and let's look at that other fairly straightforward liquid page rule.
Let's select the Page tool and choose Re-center. Re-center just does what it says: it keeps everything centered. Remember, if you have it set to off, nothing happens when you resize. It helps to play with that for a bit to remind you of what should normally happen. And then if you choose Re-center, it moves everything so they try to stay centered. It sort of breaks down if you make the page smaller--well, I guess it's trying. But it's more useful when you make things bigger, that it keep that centered. Re-centering is often a good solution if you need to create an alternate layout for a slightly different-sized tablet. If it's the same orientation, like it's portrait and you are starting with it portrait, but it's a somewhat different size, you just want to re-center everything in there.
So we have covered scaling and re-centering, which are, I think, pretty understandable, and I hope you understand the importance and significance of Controlled by Master. And now let's look at the other two liquid layout rules in upcoming videos.
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