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Unpacking and installing modules

From: Drupal 6 Essential Training

Video: Unpacking and installing modules

While modules vary tremendously in function, dependencies and configuration options, they all get on to your server in the same way. You need to download them to a modules folder and your Drupal installation on your server, which means you will need right level access to that folder. If you do not have it already talk to your system administrative before proceeding. First let's go and take a look at some of the different stages of modules because we need to get those only that are secure and reliable. At the bottom of each module description you will notice a list of releases this one has only one, but you will also notice it has a suffix. That suffix will either be alpha, beta, def or RC.

Unpacking and installing modules

While modules vary tremendously in function, dependencies and configuration options, they all get on to your server in the same way. You need to download them to a modules folder and your Drupal installation on your server, which means you will need right level access to that folder. If you do not have it already talk to your system administrative before proceeding. First let's go and take a look at some of the different stages of modules because we need to get those only that are secure and reliable. At the bottom of each module description you will notice a list of releases this one has only one, but you will also notice it has a suffix. That suffix will either be alpha, beta, def or RC.

This one, for, example is alpha. Alpha is the stage before beta, and an alpha release means that it might be okay but we are really not sure about enough about it to release it to the general public even for testing. So, be careful with alpha releases. The second kind is beta, beta stage means that it is not quit ready for release, but the developers believe that it is secure enough to be tested by the general public. The third stage is known as dev. In this case the version is at dev. That means that it is still in its development and they do not recommend that you use on a production site. In fact it's only intended for the developers to use so that they can fix problems. Be extremely careful when using modules that are this stage.

Then we have RC. That means release candidate. It is the last stage before something becomes stable and release to the public as though it were a product. So the stage is go dev, alpha, beta, RC and then the final. Now that was gone through that, let's look at its specific Drupal module. To go to it we go to Durpal.org of course and then to Download Modules. We have decided to protect user by preventing online robots from easily collecting their email address. So even if a user types in tom@example.com, it will appear on the site and in an obfuscated way. The module we want to add is called Spamspan. I'm going to just find it quickly by searching here and we find everywhere on the site where the words Spamspan appears. I am going to click on one and eventually I found the module.

I happen to know that this one is also in the security category. Once you get to a modules home page you will notice several things. First there will be a description of the module appear. The second thing is releases, as we described, and as you scroll down further you see quite a few resources, documentation, the license that governs the module and sometimes you can even try out a demonstration. Clicking on that will go to an outside web site where the module has been installed and you see actually how it works. I do recommend looking throughout the page, especially if you have any problems with the module. Very often you will find information that will help you through it.

Once you have read all of that all you need to do is download the module. You go up to the download link that is next to the version that you want, in our case the one for 6.X. Click on Download. Usually does not take very long, they are very small files, and then go to where ever you downloaded the file. In our case it is on the desktop. I will click on the Finder and say Hide Others and there is our file. I will double click on it and it expands into a folder. The next question is where do we put this folder? The obvious place is modules but that is not actually the best place to put third party modules. That location is reserved for modules that were installed by Drupal itself. If you put them in there, then they won't be undated when Drupal does its update process.

Instead, as with themes, you go into sites and then put it in either All, if you want it to be available for all sites on a multi site installation, or for our purposes we only need to put it into default. We will open that up and we will put it into a folder called modules. I should mention that you need to call this folder modules with a lower case M, just as you needed to called the themes, with the lower case T. There is one problem though. We cannot create that module folder until we make this directory writable. It's not at the moment because Drupal has locked it in order to protect the settings file. So, we are going to go up one level. Again, see we can see the default folder there, we will select it and then we will get info on that. On the Mac you go up to File > Get Info. On the PC you would right-click and select Properties.

You may have to enter your password in order to unlock that folder. We will do that here and then change Read Only back to Read and Write. We are going to change that back to Read Only before we are done. So, I am going to leave this window as a reminder. Now we go back into default. I will create a new folder and call it module and there we will put out Spamspan module. Very good. Now again I am going to go back and change that to Read Only and close it. Now, we go back to our Drupal interface, I will hit Command+Tab to go back to our browser. We can close our Download window, close the other windows we have open and switch to our site. As with any other module you would go to Administer and Modules and scroll down.

You may have noticed that there are these groups. This one is called Core Optional. This group of modules when you first install Drupal but they are necessary for installation. You can close this group if you like by clicking on the link. Core Required those that were installed by Drupal and you can not turn off because otherwise Drupal won't run. We will close that and we have our Spamspan right here. We still more information and this is very interesting. It tell you what it depends on, what other modules have to installed. Sometimes you will download a module and it will say, depends on such and such and it will say missing or disabled. You will have to obviously get that module or turn it on before this one will work. In this case we do not have to turn down any thing else. So, we will just click Enabled, Save Configuration and it is been turned on. The next step of course is to configure which we'll do by going to Administer and By Module, but we will get into that in another video.

When you see all that modules can do you will have to resist the temptation to just grab a bunch and enable them all. I sure know I do. But I recommend you download, install and then thoroughly test only one at a time before going on to another one. That will keep your site safe, stable, and secure.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Drupal 6 Essential Training
Drupal 6 Essential Training

66 video lessons · 31304 viewers

Tom Geller
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 38s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the example files
      3m 48s
  2. 28m 55s
    1. Drupal is a CMS
      7m 43s
    2. Choosing Drupal
      5m 32s
    3. Checking Drupal's requirements
      4m 26s
    4. Understanding the inner workings of Drupal
      4m 35s
    5. Meeting the Drupal community
      6m 39s
  3. 11m 28s
    1. Learning key terms in Drupal
      5m 20s
    2. Touring Drupal's interface
      6m 8s
  4. 34m 35s
    1. Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows
      9m 41s
    2. Installing MAMP
      4m 34s
    3. Setting up the database on a Mac
      2m 2s
    4. Downloading and installing Drupal on a Mac
      6m 37s
    5. Troubleshooting installation problems
      3m 49s
    6. Automating updates with cron
      7m 52s
  5. 25m 37s
    1. Setting up clean URLs
      5m 52s
    2. Backing up your Drupal site
      3m 31s
    3. Restoring your Drupal site from backup
      4m 19s
    4. Wiping your Drupal installation clean
      2m 7s
    5. Updating Drupal
      9m 48s
  6. 15m 37s
    1. Using the Administration menu
      6m 21s
    2. Setting site information
      4m 50s
    3. Setting the theme
      4m 26s
  7. 35m 8s
    1. Understanding security and permissions
      7m 2s
    2. Controlling site access with user management
      3m 39s
    3. Creating users
      7m 58s
    4. Setting user profiles
      9m 40s
    5. Creating contact forms
      6m 49s
  8. 19m 19s
    1. Creating your site's basic info pages
      7m 13s
    2. Understanding page layout
      5m 40s
    3. Creating a flexible layout with blocks
      6m 26s
  9. 15m 35s
    1. Monitoring performance
      4m 52s
    2. Recovering from disasters
      7m 37s
    3. Improving administration skills
      3m 6s
  10. 41m 3s
    1. Understanding nodes
      6m 50s
    2. Creating basic content: Stories and pages
      7m 9s
    3. Enabling other content types
      9m 22s
    4. Adding blogs
      3m 49s
    5. Adding forums
      6m 56s
    6. Adding polls
      6m 57s
  11. 34m 50s
    1. Exploring content categories
      7m 45s
    2. Exchanging content via RSS
      9m 47s
    3. Using input filters
      7m 41s
    4. Managing comments
      9m 37s
  12. 38m 5s
    1. Configuring your theme
      11m 27s
    2. Changing your theme's graphics
      4m 59s
    3. Finding and installing a new theme
      8m 56s
    4. Understanding Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
      5m 56s
    5. Deciphering CSS files
      6m 47s
  13. 22m 41s
    1. Finding modules
      6m 53s
    2. Unpacking and installing modules
      6m 30s
    3. Configuring modules
      3m 50s
    4. Implementing complex modules
      5m 28s
  14. 32m 12s
    1. Ensuring automated updates with poormanscron
      3m 11s
    2. Defining custom content types with CCK
      12m 54s
    3. Stopping spam using a CAPTCHA
      10m 43s
    4. Using a WYSIWYG text editor
      5m 24s
  15. 22m 18s
    1. Getting around with multilevel menus
      7m 26s
    2. Building custom menus
      5m 42s
    3. Creating easy-to-navigate books
      9m 10s
  16. 20m 19s
    1. Changing page templates with PHP
      8m 15s
    2. Using PHP in content
      5m 20s
    3. Implementing PHP snippets
      6m 44s
  17. 10m 15s
    1. Launching your site
      5m 52s
    2. Joining the Drupal community
      4m 23s
  18. 14s
    1. Goodbye
      14s

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