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Drupal's built-in data presentation tools offer several ways for web designers to clearly and attractively package their data. In Drupal 6: Online Presentation of Data, Tom Geller explains how Drupal handles data so users can set up intelligent structures and implement them with Drupal's Content Construction Kit. Tom also shows how a data-driven web site can improve its interactivity by using geographic data to connect real-world addresses to maps. Exercise files accompany the course.
Views controls aren't always obvious. So I figured it's worth taking a minute to walk through them. Along the way, we'll take a closer look at the interface and make our view just a little bit prettier. As always to get to our Views interface, we go to Administer, Site building, and Views. And then click to edit the view that we want to change. In this case, the people view. In order to decide what it is we want to change, we first should go and preview the view and see what it looks like. So we'll scroll down a bit and remember this live preview, we just click on the Preview button and that shows us what our view will look like. The first thing that I see here is that we have this Title, Tom de Nada. Obviously that's the person's name, not their Title.
We are going to change the word Title to the word Name because that's more descriptive of what it is. To do that, we scroll up and we find the field itself. Here it is. Node: Title. We click on it and we get once again all of our configuration options for that field. Scroll down so we can see all of the options and I'm going to change the Label to Name. Click on Update. Now, if we come down here and look at our preview, we see it's been changed, Name: Tom de Nada. The next thing I want to do is to remove this label Headshot. Obviously, we know it's a headshot. It's pretty self-explanatory. So I'll scroll back up, click on Headshot, and once again I get all of those configuration options below. Scroll down and you'll notice that the Label here is not given in the same way as before, with the Node: Title, it was just a type-in field. You could enter whatever you wanted.
Here you have several radio buttons and that's something to mention about Views. It's not always consistent from one option configuration to another, but it's generally appropriate. In this case, you have options of automated labels. If you wanted to do something custom as we did before, you would just click on Custom and then you could type in what you wanted. In our case, I'm just going to remove that Label, and click on Update. And we saw it change immediately. One more thing that I want to do, remember how we categorized each of these people as being either a Friend of the family, or Raised in the family, or Married, or a Pet. I'm going to add that taxonomy, that categorization, so that it shows up in each of these cases. I scroll up, and that's easy enough, we already know how to do it.
I add the field, scroll down. I find the kind of field that I want to add. And again, I could scroll through this whole thing or I can look at the groups and as it happens, there is a taxonomy group. We see our options in Taxonomy here. This gets a little complicated and I'm just going to select All terms. In other words, if someone is both a friend and married into the family, however I have defined it, I want to see them all in one place. So I'll click there, and click Add. Once again, we have an option of saying exactly how we want this to be output. I'm going to change this All terms label, so it's Relationship because again it's the relationship to family we're interested in. When this shows up in our view, it will be linked to the Term page. That Term page is automatically created by taxonomy. So if we have a node that says that someone is a friend of the family and we click on that word Friend, we then see all of the friends of the family. That is all nodes that were labeled as Friends.
There is only one change here that I want to make and that's, Limit terms by vocabulary. In our case it really doesn't matter that much because we only have one vocabulary, that Relationship to family. However, once you start working with taxonomies, you may find that you have many of them set up, and then you'll start throwing out inappropriate information. So I usually generally turn it on whenever I'm working with taxonomies. I'll scroll down and see what my options are and as you can see there is only one vocabulary, I'll check it, and say Update. Good. Now we actually see in each one of these nodes, Relationship: Raised, or Married, or whatever is appropriate. As always, I scroll up and Save after each step.
Now, let's take a quick look at some of the fiddly little icons on the Views main screen. You already have experienced with one of them. That's this little plus icon where you can add fields, or add filters, or later add relationships, or arguments, or sort criteria. This other little one next to the plus sign with the two arrows on it is the change order icon. I've used it very briefly earlier but I'm going to use it again right now. I go into Fields, and click on it, and scroll down. Here we see all of the fields that have been added to this view. I could then rearrange them by dragging on these little compass icons. I can also delete fields from the screen and this is in fact the easiest way to delete multiple fields from a view, should you decide to do that.
If you just click on these little icons here, it immediately deletes it. In our case, we want the Name to be at the top, I'm going to follow that with the Headshot. We actually don't need the Family name or Personal name, I told you, we would be removing them, and here we go because that's all covered by this Name at the top. So I'm going to remove Personal name and Family name. And the rest of this looks pretty good. Let's Update that, and take a look at our preview. And see already it looks better. Everything is in an order that's more understandable and it's much more compact. It starts with the Name, ends with the Relationship, starts with another Name, and so forth.
Moving on I want to talk about how you actually change things once they are already in the View. You've seen this already, when we click on something here like Node: Title, we can then change all of the options related to that. But sometimes the changes require a few steps and in those cases, you see this little gear icon here like you see next to Row style fields. That's actually the one I'm going to click now because I want to rearrange the way that these fields appear inside a row. I scroll down. The option in this case is whether to put multiple fields in a single line. I'm going to do that with my Date of birth, Married to, and Taxonomy. I'm going to separate each of these with a little slash like this.
I will click on Update just to see what that looks like. Incidentally, for this Separator, I put a space after it but not before it. One thing about Views that's sort of peculiar is it automatically puts a space before a Separator but that's a small point. We'll click on Update, and see how it looks and if we don't like it we could always change it. Now, it's even more compact. We have this Date of birth, followed by Married to, followed by Relationship. You might still notice a problem here with this Married to field. First of all, it looks strange to have that Label there when there is nothing next to it, and second of all the divider doesn't appear when the field is empty.
For example, Tom de Nada here isn't married to anyone, so there is no little divider between Date of birth and Married to. We'll explain why we're leaving it this way and we'll provide fixes in the video that explores Views Grid, List and Table formatting. The last little icon to look at in our Views main window is this little question mark, which you will see throughout the main window. It only appears if you've installed the Advanced Help Module as we suggested you do in the video, understanding why views are useful. As you might guess, clicking on it gives you guidance on how to use the item it sits next to.
For example, Fields, I click on it and it pops-up a little window explaining what fields are. This kind of context sensitive help is really useful. So again, if you haven't done so already, I recommend you get the Advanced Help module. You now have a pretty good sense of how Views work. The rest is really just details but there are a lot of those details. In other videos, we'll show you ways to actually display this information and make those displays look really good.
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