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Transferring files to and from your web host

From: Drupal 7 Advanced Training

Video: Transferring files to and from your web host

I briefly discussed how to move Drupal files between your development computer and web host in other courses, such as Drupal 7 Essential Training. Here I'll go into a bit more detail using three different file transfer options. In that course I used a file transfer program called FileZilla. You can find it by searching for FileZilla on the web or by going directly to filezilla-project.org, I've already installed it. Once open, it shows your local computer's files here in the left side and then you connect your remote computer by entering the information up here.

Transferring files to and from your web host

I briefly discussed how to move Drupal files between your development computer and web host in other courses, such as Drupal 7 Essential Training. Here I'll go into a bit more detail using three different file transfer options. In that course I used a file transfer program called FileZilla. You can find it by searching for FileZilla on the web or by going directly to filezilla-project.org, I've already installed it. Once open, it shows your local computer's files here in the left side and then you connect your remote computer by entering the information up here.

So here's my web host, you'll notice that there are quite a lot of directories in here and it's not always clear exactly what they are. Many of them have a folder called public_ HTML and that's where you put your web files. On my particular host, it's webapps, but it's the same basic thing. If you have any problems figuring out where to put your web files, talk with your web host. From here it's quite easy to move things in and out. For example, I'll open up this lynda folder and drag in this test folder. Simply drag it in, and there it goes.

Inside that test folder it copied all of the files inside just as you'd expect. You'll notice there is a two-dot folder right here that works very much like UNIX, where you type in two dots to go up one level, and we're back up, and back up again. You can also drag and drop between these two windows to go from your local machine to your remote machine, and back again. So that's one method. If you have any problems with it, check FileZilla's documentation, or again, contact your web host. By the way, there are several file transfer programs available for free, on both Mac and Windows.

Wikipedia has a huge list of them. You can see them by going to en.wikipedia.org, and then search for ftp client, and as you can see it's an enormous list. I personally use Cyberduck on the Mac, which is free and open source. A second method to get files between your two environments is to use whatever graphical interface your web host provides. As in a previous video, I'll show you what that looks like using cPanel, which is one of the most popular of such interfaces.

You can try it out by doing a Google search for cPanel, and then clicking Try Demo. Scroll down to Domain Owner Panel and click the Demo, and you see down here this file group. You click File Manager and then go to whatever area you want to take a look at, I'll just say go, and as you can see double-clicking folders let's you get into them, you can move things in and out using the buttons up here, and so forth. We don't have to go into details, because it's quite easy to explore. Finally, you can use UNIX's command-line interface to move files.

The command you'll use is called SCP, which stands for Secure Copy. As is usual with UNIX, it's a little daunting at first. I give a brief introduction to UNIX commands in the video using UNIX's Command Line Interface, and if you want more details, watch the series UNIX for Mac OS X users. The first thing that I need to do is figure out where the file is that I want to transfer it to my web host. To do that, I'm going to go back to my Finder where I've already created a folder here called test, which has a file in it, test.txt.

Now there are few ways you can find out where this is. One would be to use the Terminal program and I could then just navigate to it. Let's say ls, cd Desktop, ls -al. Once I'm there, there's test, cd test, pwd, and we have the full path right there. A simpler way on the Mac is to simply highlight it and hit Command+I and that gives us the path right there; there's similar things on the Windows side. In any case, once you have the path of the source file, you then go back into your Terminal and you type in the command scp -r, paste in that path, put the name of the file you want to move, in this case it's a folder, test, and then put where you want it to go, tgeller@tomgeller.com:test.

Now if we look back at this whole command: scp is the sommand, -r means recursive, that means copy everything inside the folder. Here are our two arguments to it, this first one is the source, and the second one is the destination, user @ destination domain at finally where it's going to go, and then I hit Return and, of course, it asks me for my password, so that I can log in to that destination. If you mistype your password, of course, just try again. You get up to three tries before it kicks you out.

It took only a second, because it's a very small file, but there it is. We can prove that it's there, but using ssh to go to our remote computer and then take a look. So ssh to an ls -al and right there is our test folder and inside that is test.txt. To be honest, the easiest way to do one off uploads and downloads like you saw here is probably just use your web host graphical interface, such as for example, cPanel, but I personally like using the other two methods sometimes.

One reason is because both of them, that is, UNIX commands and file transfer programs are scriptable, so you can automate such things as backups by just writing a script. Whatever transfer method you choose, get to know it really well. The more comfortable you are moving files between your development environment and the server, the more likely you are to follow good development practices.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Drupal 7 Advanced Training
Drupal 7 Advanced Training

72 video lessons · 10913 viewers

Tom Geller
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 51s
    1. Welcome
      1m 7s
    2. Planning your Drupal career
      3m 44s
  2. 25m 46s
    1. Comparing development and production environments
      6m 22s
    2. Configuring your settings.php file
      7m 10s
    3. Running multiple sites from one Drupal installation
      7m 32s
    4. Troubleshooting common issues
      4m 42s
  3. 51m 20s
    1. Understanding your Drupal site's place on the web
      2m 44s
    2. Selecting a web host
      7m 20s
    3. Using Unix's command-line interface
      8m 23s
    4. Working with your web host's access restrictions
      4m 51s
    5. Using cPanel and other graphical web host interfaces
      3m 40s
    6. Transferring files to and from your web host
      5m 49s
    7. Moving databases using phpMyAdmin
      6m 34s
    8. Moving databases using Unix commands
      6m 8s
    9. Modifying server configuration files
      5m 51s
  4. 27m 10s
    1. Learning from case studies
      3m 13s
    2. Planning your site
      4m 18s
    3. Populating your site with Devel Generate
      3m 42s
    4. Managing URL paths
      3m 20s
    5. Restricting access to downloadable files
      5m 55s
    6. Reusing site components with the Features module
      6m 42s
  5. 21m 53s
    1. Understanding and installing Drush
      5m 23s
    2. Installing Drupal using Drush
      7m 24s
    3. Building a site using Drush
      9m 6s
  6. 31m 59s
    1. Backing up with the Backup and Migrate module
      8m 17s
    2. Moderating comment spam
      6m 47s
    3. Migrating from Drupal 6
      4m 28s
    4. Migrating to Drupal 7
      12m 27s
  7. 22m 24s
    1. Letting users log in through OpenID
      5m 10s
    2. Letting users log in through Facebook, Twitter, and other services
      9m 43s
    3. Republishing posts on Facebook and Twitter
      7m 31s
  8. 1h 5m
    1. Understanding Drupal's base themes
      5m 55s
    2. Introducing base themes: Zen and subtheming
      11m 35s
    3. Introducing base themes: Fusion and extensibility
      10m 44s
    4. Introducing base themes: AdaptiveTheme and responsive design
      7m 25s
    5. Introducing base themes: Omega and mobile devices
      7m 9s
    6. Using Firebug and other theming tools
      7m 20s
    7. Modifying themes with Sweaver
      6m 59s
    8. Modifying themes with Livethemer
      8m 45s
  9. 49m 35s
    1. Understanding the Rules module
      6m 48s
    2. Demonstrating how Rules works in Drupal Commerce
      3m 53s
    3. Creating practical rules
      6m 37s
    4. Improving rules
      9m 10s
    5. Defining conditions with the Context module
      7m 51s
    6. Varying layout with the Context and Delta modules
      5m 0s
    7. Varying layout with the Panels module
      10m 16s
  10. 52m 46s
    1. Enabling social features
      9m 46s
    2. Implementing a voting system
      9m 15s
    3. Rewarding good behavior with the Userpoints module
      5m 57s
    4. Setting up Organic Groups
      6m 28s
    5. Adding content to groups
      2m 21s
    6. Seeing group activity better with views and panels
      10m 13s
    7. Making groups private
      4m 54s
    8. Letting each group have its own permissions
      3m 52s
  11. 25m 32s
    1. Understanding packaged Drupal distributions
      2m 8s
    2. Getting a head start with Acquia Drupal
      7m 28s
    3. Creating online storefronts with Drupal Commerce
      6m 53s
    4. Creating government web sites with OpenPublic
      9m 3s
  12. 1h 30m
    1. Taking the assignment
      3m 26s
    2. Planning the project
      3m 43s
    3. Preparing the infrastructure
      8m 42s
    4. Starting the design
      7m 35s
    5. Filling in the content
      7m 29s
    6. Developing the layout
      10m 27s
    7. Finishing the layout
      7m 8s
    8. Refining the CSS
      6m 32s
    9. Setting up sections for regional offices
      4m 53s
    10. Configuring regional offices
      7m 18s
    11. Connecting to social media
      5m 9s
    12. Cleaning up
      12m 32s
    13. Securing the site
      5m 56s
  13. 37s
    1. Next steps
      37s

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