Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows
Video: Installing WAMP and Drupal on WindowsIf you plan to run Drupal on a computer with Microsoft Windows and you aren't already a whiz at managing Apache, MySQL and PHP on your computer, then this video is for you. If you'll be running Drupal only on Mac OS X, go to another video in this series instead, Installing MAMP. To download the WAMP Server, which is free software, go to wampserver.com. Once at the site, you might find that it's in French. If so, click on the British flag here. The WAMPServer comprises three parts: Apache, MySQL, and PHP. When you are ready, go to the bottom of the screen and click on Step One; Download the latest release of WAMPServer 2.
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Drupal is a free, open-source content management system (CMS) for a variety of platforms. It has a robust user community and easy-to-use administration features. Drupal Essential Training covers all the important aspects of installing, configuring, customizing, and maintaining a Drupal-powered website. Instructor Tom Geller explores blogs, discussion forums, member profiles, and other features while demonstrating the steps required to make Drupal perform. He also teaches fundamental concepts and skills along the way, including installation, backups, and updates; security and permissions; flexible page layouts and CSS; menu navigation; and performance monitoring and disaster recovery. He also discusses how to select and install the community-supported modules that further expand Drupal's capabilities, and gives experienced PHP programmers tips on customizing page templates. Example files accompany the course.
- Understanding the inner workings of Drupal
- Creating stories, pages, blogs, forums, and polls
- Managing users and comments
- Setting and customizing themes
- Exchanging content via RSS
- Stopping comment spam with a CAPTCHA
- Launching a site and joining the Drupal community
Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows
If you plan to run Drupal on a computer with Microsoft Windows and you aren't already a whiz at managing Apache, MySQL and PHP on your computer, then this video is for you. If you'll be running Drupal only on Mac OS X, go to another video in this series instead, Installing MAMP. To download the WAMP Server, which is free software, go to wampserver.com. Once at the site, you might find that it's in French. If so, click on the British flag here. The WAMPServer comprises three parts: Apache, MySQL, and PHP. When you are ready, go to the bottom of the screen and click on Step One; Download the latest release of WAMPServer 2.
The download page gives you some important information; most notably, it warns you not to try to install WAMPServer over an existing installation. If you have downloaded it before, don't try to install it again. Once you ready, click on the Download link. We have already downloaded WAMPServer to our desktop. To show it, minimize your Browser window. Then double click on the icon to install. As with most installers, you will be walking through a series of screens. Click on Next if you agree with what the screens says. But first, you will be warned once again not to install WAMPServer over an existing installation of WAMPServer.
In our case, we haven't installed it before, so we click Yes. This is the introduction screen. We click Next, and get the License screen. Read through it, and if you agree to accept it, change the radio button to I accept the Agreement, and then click Next. By default, WAMPServer installs at the top level of your C drive. We are fine with that, so we will click Next. You have the options of putting a Desktop icon and a Quick Launch icon on your computer. Regardless of what you enter here, an icon will be placed in your system tray; that's the main way to control WAMP.
We are not going to select either of these, so we will just click Next. Finally, we get this installation screen. Click Install to complete the process. The WAMP files will install, this will take a few minutes. Once the WAMP files have installed, you will be asked to choose your default browser. Generally speaking, you can leave it as it is, and just click on Open, however if you like, you can look through your Windows files and choose a different web browser. In our case, we are going to leave it as Explorer and click Open.
Finally, you will be asked for an Email address and the mail server. In our case, we are going to leave this as it is. However, Drupal will require this information and as you will see later, it can cause an error during the Drupal installation. In our case it doesn't matter since we are only installing on a local machine, and won't be sending email from it. Finally, you have an option to launch WAMP once its installed. We are going to leave that on and click Finish. Once WAMP has been installed, you will see an icon in your system tray. The first option is to put WAMPServer Online. Directly above that you have the option to Start, Stop, or Restart All Services. In this case we are talking about MySQL and Apache.
You can also control those services along with PHP individually. Here we see MySQL; you can look at the Version information, Start or Stop the Service, or actually enter SQL commands in the MySQL console. In PHP, you can look at the version, you can turn ON and OFF many settings, along with many Extensions. We are not going to touch these, because that's a rather advance topic. You can also change the php.ini, which controls such matters as how much memory is available to applications.
In the Apache selection, once again, you can look at the Version of Apache you are using, Start and Stop the Service itself, and look at some of the Options available for Apache, which are called Modules. Once again, we won't be looking at these in this course. You can Alias directories, so one directory actually points to another. You can change the httpd.conf file, which is again beyond the scope of this course, and look at the some of the Apache longs. The next option is to open up the www directory; this is the directory where you will actually be storing your Drupal files. We will return to it in a minute.
SQLiteManager and phpMyAdmin are both used to control the MySQL database. We will be using phpMyAdmin. Finally, you can look at your home page as its being served up by WAMPServer. We will do that now. By default, WAMPServer installs this index page, which has some information about the server itself, and links to some of the tools you can use to control it. At the top of the screen, you can see the Apache version and the PHP version, along with some of the extensions that control these programs.
Below that, you also see the MySQL version. Continuing on, you see some of the tools you can use to control PHP and MySQL. Clicking on any of these brings you to that page. Finally at the bottom, if you have created any aliases in your Apache configuration, you see them here and can go directly to them. For us though, we are going to go to phpMyAdmin and set up the database that we need for Drupal. phpMyAdmin is an administrative tool that lets you control your MySQL database.
We will be using it throughout the course. To create the database that we need for Drupal, go to this Create new database area, and type in the name of the database you would like. We are going to use the name drupal and click Create. You don't need to change any other setting on this page. If the process is successful, you will see this information at the top, Database drupal has been created. Now we will switch back to our other browser window and download the Drupal Project itself. To do so, go to drupal.org. On the front page you will see links to the most recent version; in our case Drupal 6.3. By clicking on the version, we get a page of information about it and a download link. We have already downloaded Drupal to our desktop so we are going to click Cancel. However, you of course should save it wherever you would like to.
We hide our browser window, and there we see our drupal file that we have downloaded. By double clicking on it, we get a folder very much like the one you see here labeled drupal-6.3; this contains all of the file that we need to run Drupal. Our next step is to copy all of these files into our www directory. To get there, we go to our Computer, which brings us to the C drive, open that up, and go to the wamp folder. Inside the wamp folder, you will see a folder called www. Open that up, and you will see the index.php file that created that page we saw earlier. To delete it, right click on it and select Delete.
Finally, you will copy all of those files from your drupal folder over to this location. To do so, hold down Ctrl+A to select all the files. Then right click, and select Copy. Click in your www folder, right click, and select Paste. After a moment all of the files will be copied into this folder. You can now take a look at your Drupal installation through a web browser window. To do so, we will go back into our web browser and type in http://localhost, or just remove the phpMyAdmin from the URL you see here.
There we are, Drupal is now ready to go through its installation process through the Web Browser Administration Interface. To start, click on Install Drupal in English. You will be warned that you need to create a certain file; this file is called settings.php, and it's in the sites/default folder. To create it, copy the file called default.settings.php and rename it settings.php. Then return to your Drupal screen and click the try again link. Now we can point our Drupal installation at the database we created earlier. The Database name that we gave it is drupal. The Database username for WAMP is root, and you don't need a password. You may wish to change this later for security purposes, look at the WAMP documentation for more information. Click Save and continue, and Drupal does some final steps in its installation.
Now you are asked for some more information in order to personalize your site. We will put in our E-mail address, which in our case is firstname.lastname@example.org, and create the first user in Drupal. This will be the superuser that has extra privileges over all other users. Don't forget this username. You will notice the E-mail address for that user is already filled in; it assumes that you are going to use the same as the administrative email. We enter a Password; for us that's booth.
Drupal will warn you if it thinks that your password is not secure enough and give you suggestions on how to make it more secure. We can set out time zone, which Drupal will actually read from your computer and take a best guess as to what your time zone is. Then there are two things down at the bottom; Clean URLs is something we will be discussing in a separate video, and we will explain how you can change your servers so that it's possible to make clean URLs, and exactly what they are. Update notifications; I recommend that you leave on. This is something that lets Drupal check the drupal.org website and server to make sure that you have the latest versions of every thing, that's one way that you can keep your Drupal installations secure. Click Save and continue.
If you didn't enter an E-mail address in the mail server when you first installed WAMPServer, you will see this warning. But don't worry, we can fix that later. Finally, click on your new site and you will see your Drupal site up and running. You are now ready to configure it and start creating your new Drupal site.
Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Drupal 6 Essential Training .
Here are the FAQs that matched your search "" :
- Q: While following along to the installation instructions in the “Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows” chapter in the Drupal Essential Training title, an error occurs when attempting to open the local host page. Nothing appears except for an error reading “WAMPSERVER server offline.” What is causing this?
- A: There is a known problem with some versions of WAMP that include a version of PHP (5.3) that some versions of Drupal is not compatible with. See http://tomgeller.com/content/tips-running-drupal-windows-using-wamp#comment-831 for more information.
If that is not causing the issue, reference the tips at http://tomgeller.com/content/tips-running-drupal-windows-using-wamp.
If you don't see the solution at either of those links, try using another AMP stack, such as XAMPP or the Acquia stack installer. See http://tomgeller.com/content/what-hells-wrong-drupal-wamp for discussion about these.
- Q: After installing XAMPP and running Drupal for the first time, the Administration menu does not appear. What is the reason for this?
- A: There are several possible problems. Here are some likely solutions. (These may also solve problems encountered with other AMP stacks.)
- Increase XAMPP's PHP allocation.
- Check to make sure all XAMPP's paths are correct and that permissions are correct. If the database information appears, but not Drupal's supporting files, and an included theme is being used, the supporting files will be in the /modules folder.
- Another solution is to not use WAMP or XAMPP. One option is to use Acquia's Drupal Stack Installer ("DAMP"), which can be found at http://www.acquia.com/downloads. However, that installs Acquia Drupal, which is a version of "normal" Drupal extended with additional modules. If only core Drupal is desired, see the instructions at http://acquia.com/blog/kieran/try-drupal-7-alpha-your-laptop-or-desktop. (The instructions are for Drupal 7, but will work for Drupal 6 as well.)
- Q: In the "Using the example files" movie, the method of importing information to the database is shown, using the backup in Chapter 10. When attempting to do this, the following error is shown: "No data was received to import. Either no file name was submitted, or the file size exceeded the maximum size permitted by your PHP configuration. See FAQ 1.16." The system is running the latest versions of Apache, PhP and MySQL, on Windows Vista. What could be causing the problem?
- A: This is probably caused because your AMP stack allocates too little memory to PHP.
That's especially true if you're using WAMP, which only gives PHP 2MB of memory, when it really needs at least 16MB.You'll see the issue if you go to the MySQL-controlling phpMyAdmin screen (probably at http://localhost/phpMyAdmin) and click "Import": The maximum file size allowed is 2,048K. That's only 2MB, and the databases for most Drupal sites are much larger than that. (The example site for Drupal Essential Training gets as big as 5MB.) The video "Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows" shows (at around 3:30) where the php.ini file is, but here are some more-complete instructions to increase that memory limit.
- Click the WAMP icon in your system tray.
- Select "PHP". In the side menu, select "php.ini" to open a file containing PHP's configuration options.
- Search for the line, "upload_max_filesize = 2M".
- Change it to "upload_max_filesize = 32M" (or whatever you like).
- Save the file and restart WAMP. (Better yet, restart your computer entirely to be sure. I'm frankly not sure whether it makes a difference.)
- Now go back to that "Import" screen in phpMyAdmin: You should notice that the limit has changed.
- Q: I don't remember the default username and password used demonstrate Drupal.
- A: The default username used in the course is "admin"; the default password is "booth".
- Q: How can I change Drupal's administrative username and password?
- A: If for some reason the default exercise file username (admin) and password (booth) don't work, you can change them in the database itself using phpMyAdmin. (This technique is demonstrated in a video from Chapter 8, "Recovering from disasters".)
- Open your Drupal database with phpMyAdmin.
- Go to the "users" table. Click the Browse icon.
- For the row where uid = 1, click the Edit icon. (Note the value under the "Name" column: That's the administrator's username.)
- In the "pass" row, select "MD5" under the "Function" column
- In the same row, enter your new password under the "Value" column.
- At the bottom of the screen, click the "Go" button. You should now be able to log in with that username and new password.
- Q: In Windows Vista, the WAMP icon disappears from the system tray after a certain amount of time. How do I get it to reappear?
- A: To make the WAMP icon reappear (so that you can access localhost, phpmyadmin, php.ini, etc.), you have to activate the "start WAMP server" icon (from start menu, desktop or wherever). The system tray icon will reappear.
- Q: My .htaccess file disappeared. What caused this?
- A: A few times during the Drupal Essential Training video series, the instructor says to copy a Drupal installation by selecting all the files in the folder and then "dragging and dropping" them, either to a server or another location on your local computer. This is not the best way to do so, as the hidden file ".htaccess" will not be copied.
There are two ways to get around that problem:
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- When installing Drupal for the first time: Instead of copying files from the Drupal folder, move the entire folder to its target location and rename it. This is the easiest solution for those without experience with Unix.
- Use the command-line interface to copy the .htaccess file.
- Q: In the video, the instructor says the current version of Drupal is 6.3, but on the drupal.org site, the latest version is 6.17. Which is the newer version of Drupal?
- A: Drupal 6.17 is newer than version 6.3. For some reason, the the version numbers go 6.3, 6.4... 6.9, 6.10... 6.17. It’s counter-intuitive, but that’s the order.
- Q: My WAMP phpMyadmin will not allow me to upload the exercise files. It returns this message: "No data was received to import. Either no file name was submitted, or the file size exceeded the maximum size permitted by your PHP configuration. See FAQ 1.16." There was no previous database to drop, so what do I need to do to make this work?
- A: This is a common problem, caused not by Drupal, but by WAMP. WAMP only allows you to upload files of 2MB or smaller, which is much too small. The solution is detailed at http://tomgeller.com/cant-import-a-drupal-site-in-windows.
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