Drupal 6 Essential Training
Illustration by Don Barnett

Drupal 6 Essential Training

with Tom Geller

Video: Finding and installing a new theme

Let's say you have played around with the four basic themes and two variations that were installed with Drupal, but still aren't satisfied. There are many other themes that you could find on drupal.org and themegargen.org that are free and available for download. Once you found a theme you like, you will need to download it to the themes folder in the Drupal installation on your server and on packet from it's compressed format. You will need right level access to that folder. If you don't have it already talk to your system administrator before proceeding. Once there, a few touches in Drupal web -based administration pages makes the theme available and further tweaks/ configure it to your liking. To take a look at themes we are first going to go into Administer and Themes. From this page of course you see a list of all of the themes that you have available to you that is the ones that are installed in your Drupal folder.
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 36s
    1. Welcome
      49s
    2. Using the example files
      3m 47s
  2. 28m 50s
    1. Drupal is a CMS
      7m 43s
    2. Choosing Drupal
      5m 31s
    3. Checking Drupal's requirements
      4m 26s
    4. Understanding the inner workings of Drupal
      4m 32s
    5. Meeting the Drupal community
      6m 38s
  3. 11m 26s
    1. Learning key terms in Drupal
      5m 19s
    2. Touring Drupal's interface
      6m 7s
  4. 34m 28s
    1. Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows
      9m 41s
    2. Installing MAMP
      4m 34s
    3. Setting up the database on a Mac
      2m 1s
    4. Downloading and installing Drupal on a Mac
      6m 32s
    5. Troubleshooting installation problems
      3m 49s
    6. Automating updates with cron
      7m 51s
  5. 25m 34s
    1. Setting up clean URLs
      5m 51s
    2. Backing up your Drupal site
      3m 31s
    3. Restoring your Drupal site from backup
      4m 18s
    4. Wiping your Drupal installation clean
      2m 6s
    5. Updating Drupal
      9m 48s
  6. 15m 35s
    1. Using the Administration menu
      6m 20s
    2. Setting site information
      4m 50s
    3. Setting the theme
      4m 25s
  7. 35m 6s
    1. Understanding security and permissions
      7m 2s
    2. Controlling site access with user management
      3m 39s
    3. Creating users
      7m 57s
    4. Setting user profiles
      9m 40s
    5. Creating contact forms
      6m 48s
  8. 19m 18s
    1. Creating your site's basic info pages
      7m 12s
    2. Understanding page layout
      5m 40s
    3. Creating a flexible layout with blocks
      6m 26s
  9. 15m 34s
    1. Monitoring performance
      4m 51s
    2. Recovering from disasters
      7m 37s
    3. Improving administration skills
      3m 6s
  10. 41m 1s
    1. Understanding nodes
      6m 49s
    2. Creating basic content: Stories and pages
      7m 9s
    3. Enabling other content types
      9m 22s
    4. Adding blogs
      3m 48s
    5. Adding forums
      6m 56s
    6. Adding polls
      6m 57s
  11. 34m 48s
    1. Exploring content categories
      7m 44s
    2. Exchanging content via RSS
      9m 47s
    3. Using input filters
      7m 40s
    4. Managing comments
      9m 37s
  12. 38m 5s
    1. Configuring your theme
      11m 27s
    2. Changing your theme's graphics
      4m 59s
    3. Finding and installing a new theme
      8m 56s
    4. Understanding Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
      5m 56s
    5. Deciphering CSS files
      6m 47s
  13. 22m 38s
    1. Finding modules
      6m 52s
    2. Unpacking and installing modules
      6m 29s
    3. Configuring modules
      3m 49s
    4. Implementing complex modules
      5m 28s
  14. 32m 10s
    1. Ensuring automated updates with poormanscron
      3m 10s
    2. Defining custom content types with CCK
      12m 53s
    3. Stopping spam using a CAPTCHA
      10m 43s
    4. Using a WYSIWYG text editor
      5m 24s
  15. 22m 18s
    1. Getting around with multilevel menus
      7m 26s
    2. Building custom menus
      5m 42s
    3. Creating easy-to-navigate books
      9m 10s
  16. 20m 18s
    1. Changing page templates with PHP
      8m 15s
    2. Using PHP in content
      5m 20s
    3. Implementing PHP snippets
      6m 43s
  17. 10m 14s
    1. Launching your site
      5m 51s
    2. Joining the Drupal community
      4m 23s
  18. 15s
    1. Goodbye
      15s

Start your free trial now, and begin learning software, business and creative skills—anytime, anywhere—with video instruction from recognized industry experts.

Start Your Free Trial Now
please wait ...
Watch the Online Video Course Drupal 6 Essential Training
6h 52m Beginner Aug 25, 2008

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Drupal is a free, open-source content management system (CMS) for a variety of platforms. It has a robust user community and easy-to-use administration features. Drupal Essential Training covers all the important aspects of installing, configuring, customizing, and maintaining a Drupal-powered website. Instructor Tom Geller explores blogs, discussion forums, member profiles, and other features while demonstrating the steps required to make Drupal perform. He also teaches fundamental concepts and skills along the way, including installation, backups, and updates; security and permissions; flexible page layouts and CSS; menu navigation; and performance monitoring and disaster recovery. He also discusses how to select and install the community-supported modules that further expand Drupal's capabilities, and gives experienced PHP programmers tips on customizing page templates. Example files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the inner workings of Drupal
  • Creating stories, pages, blogs, forums, and polls
  • Managing users and comments
  • Setting and customizing themes
  • Exchanging content via RSS
  • Stopping comment spam with a CAPTCHA
  • Launching a site and joining the Drupal community
Subject:
Web
Software:
Drupal
Author:
Tom Geller

Finding and installing a new theme

Let's say you have played around with the four basic themes and two variations that were installed with Drupal, but still aren't satisfied. There are many other themes that you could find on drupal.org and themegargen.org that are free and available for download. Once you found a theme you like, you will need to download it to the themes folder in the Drupal installation on your server and on packet from it's compressed format. You will need right level access to that folder. If you don't have it already talk to your system administrator before proceeding. Once there, a few touches in Drupal web -based administration pages makes the theme available and further tweaks/ configure it to your liking. To take a look at themes we are first going to go into Administer and Themes. From this page of course you see a list of all of the themes that you have available to you that is the ones that are installed in your Drupal folder.

You will also notice this line here: To change the appearance of your site a number of contributed themes are available. That link goes directly to the drupal.org web page, which has a list of themes. If you are logged into the site, you can filter those themes by the version of Drupal that you have and I recommend that you do that because the earlier versions of Drupal themes won't work with your current version and in fact there may even be versions after yours. For example 7.whatever while you have 6.whatever. Besides the drupal.org site, there is another sites that has many themes. It is themegargen.org. themegargen.org has one advantage which is that you could see the theme very easily simply by clicking on it. It reloads the Theme Garden site itself into that theme. Wherever you go to find your themes, I recommend you spent a lot of time going from one to the other and become familiar with the similarities and differences among them as well as what might work best for you.

Try to ignore the large graphics that you see because of course those can be changed very easily and we will tell you how to do so elsewhere in the series. Let's talk a little bit about qualities that differentiate themes. This one is a two-column theme with the side bar on the left. That's the more common format although you do sometimes find them with the column on the right as in this theme Andreas. Here is that column on the right. In three column themes, there is still some variations as to where the columns can go. We have already seen the three- column theme which has a left column and a right column but that's not always the case. For example, the Marinelli theme has both columns on the right and the main content area on the left. One other thing that differentiates themes one from the other is whether there are fixed or fluid columns. I can show you what I mean by going to a theme called lightfantastic. As we change the size of the window, we can tell that it's a fixed column theme because as we bring the window in, the right column just gets cut off and the center column eventually gets cut off as well without any change to the layout.

On the other hand a fluid column theme such as nista will change the way it looks as you move the sides of the window in and out. So that everything stays on the page, just like that. Some other features that differentiate themes or whether or not the theme is re-colorable. We have already seen that and in fact our default theme garland is re-colorable. If you go into configure garland you will see a color wheel that will let you change the color of, for example the header area and the links and so forth directly from the theme. You don't have to go and change the CSS or Cascading Style Sheets document as you do with other themes.

Finally, there are themes which have additional areas. One example of that is this one called ability which I am showing in the drupal.org website. The site is having, it's three columns down here. It has two additional columns up here and in fact this one has more at the bottom. You can actually have many, many layout areas in a theme and in each one of those areas you can move blocks or content. Finally you may decide to go beyond drupal.org and themegargen.org and in fact there are commercial companies that offer Drupal themes, some of them for pay.

To find them go to google.com and do a search for Drupal Themes. There you will find not only readymade themes but also service providers who will create and adapt themes for you. Okay, so we have decided that we want to get a new theme but how exactly do we get it. Well, that's actually very easy. We go to any of those places and we simply download it. I have decided that the theme I want to use is called Andreas 02. It was designed by Swedish designer Andreas Viklund who has kindly released the design for free for all users including commercial sites. And in fact many of these themes are released under the new public license or some other source license. So you are free to download and use them without paying any royalties and you are free to change them as you like.

To find them, we are going to go to drupal.org/project/themes and in this case I know it's on the first page, I am just going to search for andereas02 and there we are. Now, we get to the fun part. Downloading and actually installing the theme. You download it by simply clicking on the Download link. There are small files typically less than 200k, so it shouldn't take long to download them. Once it's on you computer, go to your Desktop. On the Mac, I am doing that by clicking on the Finder and then hiding everything else and simply double-click on the Archive.

That gives you a folder. That folder can go on one of two places on your site. You may think that new theme goes into that themes folder. But that's actually only for themes that came downloaded with Drupal. If you put it in there it won't be updated properly with Drupal 6's automatic updates. A better place to put it is in sites, default, assuming you are only running one Drupal site on your Drupal installation and in here in a folder called themes. However, the installer will lock this folder. On the Mac you can see that by this little cannot write symbol down here.

So let's go back one and unprotect that default folder for a moment. On the Mac, you will do that by going up to File and Get Info. On the PC, you will right-click and get Properties. Then go to Sharing & Permissions. You have to unlock it and enter your password and change Read only to Read & Write. We are going to be changing this back though, so remember that you did that. As a reminder, I like to leave this window open. We can then go into that default folder, create a New Folder which we will call Themes and put Andreas02 into that folder. Now just as reminder we are going to go back, take default and make it Read only again and then close that window.

All right, so we have installed the theme, but we haven't yet turned it on. So I am going to go back to my browser, close out this window and go to my site. To my case it's simply localhost. Go to Administer and Themes and there we have it. It shows up in our Themes List. I am going to make that the default. Scroll to the bottom and Save your configuration. We have a new theme that we have downloaded. As always when you switch to a new theme, the blocks that you had set up don't necessarily carry over, we do still have out Poll block here but you will notice the Navigation menu which we were used to having in the upper left-hand corner right handy is now at the bottom. So we will have to go back and do Administer and Blocks and change the blocks around however we want. We are not going to spend time doing that now, because we are eventually going to move back to the Bluemarine theme.

Now just to check this theme, I am going to look at it as an ordinary user. You might remember our user fishyjoe. His account is open in Firefox. So I will switch to Firefox by hitting Command+ Tab on the Mac and reload the page. As a last step, I am going to go back and clean this all up, because I decided I really like the Bluemarine theme and I am going to stick with it. So I switch back to my administrative interface, going to Administer and back down to Themes, change to Bluemarine. Now there is one other thing, I am actually going to throw away the files that I just downloaded.

So I click enabled to make sure that's it not enabled. If it is enabled then I throw away the file that could cause some problems, especially if for example a user has switched to that theme as their own personal choice and then found it wasn't working. I go down to the bottom and Save Configuration. Then I go back to my Finder, Hide others, open up that folder again, open up themes and I can just take this and throw it away. On the Mac that's done by dragging it to the Trash and on the PC by right-clicking and selecting Delete and then just to make sure I am going to go back and take a look at the site in fishyjoe's view by reloading the page.

Yup, it looks exactly as before. For all the difference the theme makes, it's amazingly easy to download and install themes in Drupal and you can't do much damage to your site by trying them out one after the other. So when you are developing a site, get used to installing themes and be prepared to modify those themes so that they work best for you.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Drupal 6 Essential Training .


Expand all | Collapse all
please wait ...
Q: While following along to the installation instructions in the “Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows” chapter in the Drupal Essential Training title, an error occurs when attempting to open the local host page. Nothing appears except for an error reading “WAMPSERVER server offline.” What is causing this?
A: There is a known problem with some versions of WAMP that include a version of PHP (5.3) that some versions of Drupal is not compatible with. See http://tomgeller.com/content/tips-running-drupal-windows-using-wamp#comment-831 for more information.
If that is not causing the issue, reference the tips at http://tomgeller.com/content/tips-running-drupal-windows-using-wamp.
If you don't see the solution at either of those links, try using another AMP stack, such as XAMPP or the Acquia stack installer. See http://tomgeller.com/content/what-hells-wrong-drupal-wamp for discussion about these.
Q: After installing XAMPP and running Drupal for the first time, the Administration menu does not appear. What is the reason for this?
A: There are several possible problems. Here are some likely solutions. (These may also solve problems encountered with other AMP stacks.)
  1. Increase XAMPP's PHP allocation.
  2. Check to make sure all XAMPP's paths are correct and that permissions are correct. If the database information appears, but not Drupal's supporting files, and an included theme is being used, the supporting files will be in the /modules folder.
  3. Another solution is to not use WAMP or XAMPP. One option is to use Acquia's Drupal Stack Installer ("DAMP"), which can be found at http://www.acquia.com/downloads. However, that installs Acquia Drupal, which is a version of "normal" Drupal extended with additional modules. If  only core Drupal is desired, see the instructions at http://acquia.com/blog/kieran/try-drupal-7-alpha-your-laptop-or-desktop. (The instructions are for Drupal 7, but will work for Drupal 6 as well.)
Q: In the "Using the example files" movie, the method of importing information to the database is shown, using the backup in Chapter 10. When attempting to do this, the following error is shown: "No data was received to import. Either no file name was submitted, or the file size exceeded the maximum size permitted by your PHP configuration. See FAQ 1.16." The system is running the latest versions of Apache, PhP and MySQL, on Windows Vista. What could be causing the problem?
A: This is probably caused because your AMP stack allocates too little memory to PHP. 
 
That's especially true if you're using WAMP, which only gives PHP 2MB of memory, when it really needs at least 16MB. 
You'll see the issue if you go to the MySQL-controlling phpMyAdmin screen (probably at http://localhost/phpMyAdmin) and click "Import": The maximum file size allowed is 2,048K. That's only 2MB, and the databases for most Drupal sites are much larger than that. (The example site for Drupal Essential Training gets as big as 5MB.) The video "Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows" shows (at around 3:30) where the php.ini file is, but here are some more-complete instructions to increase that memory limit. 

  1. Click the WAMP icon in your system tray.
  2. Select "PHP". In the side menu, select "php.ini" to open a file containing PHP's configuration options.
  3. Search for the line, "upload_max_filesize = 2M".
  4. Change it to "upload_max_filesize = 32M" (or whatever you like). 
  5. Save the file and restart WAMP. (Better yet, restart your computer entirely to be sure. I'm frankly not sure whether it makes a difference.)
  6. Now go back to that "Import" screen in phpMyAdmin: You should notice that the limit has changed.
Q: I don't remember the default username and password used demonstrate Drupal.
A: The default username used in the course is "admin"; the default password is "booth".
Q: How can I change Drupal's administrative username and password?
A: If for some reason the default exercise file username (admin) and password (booth) don't work, you can change them in the database itself using phpMyAdmin. (This technique is demonstrated in a video from Chapter 8, "Recovering from disasters".)

  1. Open your Drupal database with phpMyAdmin.
  2. Go to the "users" table. Click the Browse icon.
  3. For the row where uid = 1, click the Edit icon. (Note the value under the "Name" column: That's the administrator's username.)
  4. In the "pass" row, select "MD5" under the "Function" column
  5. In the same row, enter your new password under the "Value" column.
  6. At the bottom of the screen, click the "Go" button. You should now be able to log in with that username and new password.
Q: In Windows Vista, the WAMP icon disappears from the system tray after a certain amount of time. How do I get it to reappear?
A: To make the WAMP icon reappear (so that you can access localhost, phpmyadmin, php.ini, etc.), you have to activate the "start WAMP server" icon (from start menu, desktop or wherever). The system tray icon will reappear.
Q: My .htaccess file disappeared. What caused this?
A: A few times during the Drupal Essential Training video series, the instructor says to copy a Drupal installation by selecting all the files in the folder and then "dragging and dropping" them, either to a server or another location on your local computer. This is not the best way to do so, as the hidden file ".htaccess" will not be copied. 

There are two ways to get around that problem: 
  1. When installing Drupal for the first time: Instead of copying files from the Drupal folder, move the entire folder to its target location and rename it. This is the easiest solution for those without experience with Unix. 
  2. Use the command-line interface to copy the .htaccess file.
Sorry for the error.
Q: In the video, the instructor says the current version of Drupal is 6.3, but on the drupal.org site, the latest version is 6.17. Which is the newer version of Drupal?
A: Drupal 6.17 is newer than version 6.3. For some reason, the the version numbers go 6.3, 6.4... 6.9, 6.10... 6.17. It’s counter-intuitive, but that’s the order.
Q: My WAMP phpMyadmin will not allow me to upload the exercise files. It returns this message: "No data was received to import. Either no file name was submitted, or the file size exceeded the maximum size permitted by your PHP configuration. See FAQ 1.16." There was no previous database to drop, so what do I need to do to make this work?
A: This is a common problem, caused not by Drupal, but by WAMP. WAMP only allows you to upload files of 2MB or smaller, which is much too small. The solution is detailed at http://tomgeller.com/cant-import-a-drupal-site-in-windows.
 
Share a link to this course

What are exercise files?

Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course. Save time by downloading the author's files instead of setting up your own files, and learn by following along with the instructor.

Can I take this course without the exercise files?

Yes! If you decide you would like the exercise files later, you can upgrade to a premium account any time.

Become a member Download sample files See plans and pricing

Please wait... please wait ...
Upgrade to get access to exercise files.

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Learn by watching, listening, and doing, Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along Premium memberships include access to all exercise files in the library.


Exercise files

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

For additional information on downloading and using exercise files, watch our instructional video or read the instructions in the FAQ .

This course includes free exercise files, so you can practice while you watch the course. To access all the exercise files in our library, become a Premium Member.

Join now Already a member? Log in

* Estimated file size

Are you sure you want to mark all the videos in this course as unwatched?

This will not affect your course history, your reports, or your certificates of completion for this course.


Mark all as unwatched Cancel

Congratulations

You have completed Drupal 6 Essential Training.

Return to your organization's learning portal to continue training, or close this page.


OK
Become a member to add this course to a playlist

Join today and get unlimited access to the entire library of video courses—and create as many playlists as you like.

Get started

Already a member ?

Exercise files

Learn by watching, listening, and doing! Exercise files are the same files the author uses in the course, so you can download them and follow along. Exercise files are available with all Premium memberships. Learn more

Get started

Already a Premium member?

Exercise files video

How to use exercise files.

Ask a question

Thanks for contacting us.
You’ll hear from our Customer Service team within 24 hours.

Please enter the text shown below:

The classic layout automatically defaults to the latest Flash Player.

To choose a different player, hold the cursor over your name at the top right of any lynda.com page and choose Site preferences from the dropdown menu.

Continue to classic layout Stay on new layout
Exercise files

Access exercise files from a button right under the course name.

Mark videos as unwatched

Remove icons showing you already watched videos if you want to start over.

Control your viewing experience

Make the video wide, narrow, full-screen, or pop the player out of the page into its own window.

Interactive transcripts

Click on text in the transcript to jump to that spot in the video. As the video plays, the relevant spot in the transcript will be highlighted.

Learn more, save more. Upgrade today!

Get our Annual Premium Membership at our best savings yet.

Upgrade to our Annual Premium Membership today and get even more value from your lynda.com subscription:

“In a way, I feel like you are rooting for me. Like you are really invested in my experience, and want me to get as much out of these courses as possible this is the best place to start on your journey to learning new material.”— Nadine H.

Thanks for signing up.

We’ll send you a confirmation email shortly.


Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

Keep up with news, tips, and latest courses with emails from lynda.com.

Sign up and receive emails about lynda.com and our online training library:

Here’s our privacy policy with more details about how we handle your information.

   
submit Lightbox submit clicked
Terms and conditions of use

We've updated our terms and conditions (now called terms of service).Go
Review and accept our updated terms of service.