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Drupal 6 Essential Training
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Downloading and installing Drupal on a Mac


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Drupal 6 Essential Training

with Tom Geller

Video: Downloading and installing Drupal on a Mac

It's time to reach in and get our hands dirty by actually installing the Drupal core. It's a fairly simple procedure and if you have Apache, PHP and MySQL running already you will be able to get started right away with building your site. If not, other videos in this series will show you how to get those going by using WAMP on the Windows platform or MAMP on the Mac. Our demonstration will feature Drupal 6.3, which was released in July 2008, but the basic installation procedure was the same in previous versions and we don't expect it to change substantially in Drupal 7.
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  1. 4m 38s
    1. Welcome
      50s
    2. Using the example files
      3m 48s
  2. 28m 55s
    1. Drupal is a CMS
      7m 43s
    2. Choosing Drupal
      5m 32s
    3. Checking Drupal's requirements
      4m 26s
    4. Understanding the inner workings of Drupal
      4m 35s
    5. Meeting the Drupal community
      6m 39s
  3. 11m 28s
    1. Learning key terms in Drupal
      5m 20s
    2. Touring Drupal's interface
      6m 8s
  4. 34m 35s
    1. Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows
      9m 41s
    2. Installing MAMP
      4m 34s
    3. Setting up the database on a Mac
      2m 2s
    4. Downloading and installing Drupal on a Mac
      6m 37s
    5. Troubleshooting installation problems
      3m 49s
    6. Automating updates with cron
      7m 52s
  5. 25m 37s
    1. Setting up clean URLs
      5m 52s
    2. Backing up your Drupal site
      3m 31s
    3. Restoring your Drupal site from backup
      4m 19s
    4. Wiping your Drupal installation clean
      2m 7s
    5. Updating Drupal
      9m 48s
  6. 15m 37s
    1. Using the Administration menu
      6m 21s
    2. Setting site information
      4m 50s
    3. Setting the theme
      4m 26s
  7. 35m 8s
    1. Understanding security and permissions
      7m 2s
    2. Controlling site access with user management
      3m 39s
    3. Creating users
      7m 58s
    4. Setting user profiles
      9m 40s
    5. Creating contact forms
      6m 49s
  8. 19m 19s
    1. Creating your site's basic info pages
      7m 13s
    2. Understanding page layout
      5m 40s
    3. Creating a flexible layout with blocks
      6m 26s
  9. 15m 35s
    1. Monitoring performance
      4m 52s
    2. Recovering from disasters
      7m 37s
    3. Improving administration skills
      3m 6s
  10. 41m 3s
    1. Understanding nodes
      6m 50s
    2. Creating basic content: Stories and pages
      7m 9s
    3. Enabling other content types
      9m 22s
    4. Adding blogs
      3m 49s
    5. Adding forums
      6m 56s
    6. Adding polls
      6m 57s
  11. 34m 50s
    1. Exploring content categories
      7m 45s
    2. Exchanging content via RSS
      9m 47s
    3. Using input filters
      7m 41s
    4. Managing comments
      9m 37s
  12. 38m 5s
    1. Configuring your theme
      11m 27s
    2. Changing your theme's graphics
      4m 59s
    3. Finding and installing a new theme
      8m 56s
    4. Understanding Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
      5m 56s
    5. Deciphering CSS files
      6m 47s
  13. 22m 41s
    1. Finding modules
      6m 53s
    2. Unpacking and installing modules
      6m 30s
    3. Configuring modules
      3m 50s
    4. Implementing complex modules
      5m 28s
  14. 32m 12s
    1. Ensuring automated updates with poormanscron
      3m 11s
    2. Defining custom content types with CCK
      12m 54s
    3. Stopping spam using a CAPTCHA
      10m 43s
    4. Using a WYSIWYG text editor
      5m 24s
  15. 22m 18s
    1. Getting around with multilevel menus
      7m 26s
    2. Building custom menus
      5m 42s
    3. Creating easy-to-navigate books
      9m 10s
  16. 20m 19s
    1. Changing page templates with PHP
      8m 15s
    2. Using PHP in content
      5m 20s
    3. Implementing PHP snippets
      6m 44s
  17. 10m 15s
    1. Launching your site
      5m 52s
    2. Joining the Drupal community
      4m 23s
  18. 14s
    1. Goodbye
      14s

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Drupal 6 Essential Training
6h 52m Beginner Aug 25, 2008

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Drupal is a free, open-source content management system (CMS) for a variety of platforms. It has a robust user community and easy-to-use administration features. Drupal Essential Training covers all the important aspects of installing, configuring, customizing, and maintaining a Drupal-powered website. Instructor Tom Geller explores blogs, discussion forums, member profiles, and other features while demonstrating the steps required to make Drupal perform. He also teaches fundamental concepts and skills along the way, including installation, backups, and updates; security and permissions; flexible page layouts and CSS; menu navigation; and performance monitoring and disaster recovery. He also discusses how to select and install the community-supported modules that further expand Drupal's capabilities, and gives experienced PHP programmers tips on customizing page templates. Example files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Understanding the inner workings of Drupal
  • Creating stories, pages, blogs, forums, and polls
  • Managing users and comments
  • Setting and customizing themes
  • Exchanging content via RSS
  • Stopping comment spam with a CAPTCHA
  • Launching a site and joining the Drupal community
Subjects:
Web CMS
Software:
Drupal
Author:
Tom Geller

Downloading and installing Drupal on a Mac

It's time to reach in and get our hands dirty by actually installing the Drupal core. It's a fairly simple procedure and if you have Apache, PHP and MySQL running already you will be able to get started right away with building your site. If not, other videos in this series will show you how to get those going by using WAMP on the Windows platform or MAMP on the Mac. Our demonstration will feature Drupal 6.3, which was released in July 2008, but the basic installation procedure was the same in previous versions and we don't expect it to change substantially in Drupal 7.

This video also assumes that you have already installed the database that you need into MySQL. If you haven't done so already, watch the video on installing that database. The first place that we want to go in order to get our Drupal installation package is drupal.org. The front page of drupal.org includes links to those downloads. Here we have 6.3 and they sometimes also have previous versions for those people who haven't upgraded yet. We will go to 6.3 and say Download.

Once the file has been downloaded to your computer, you can open it by uncompressing the file. On the Mac you do that by double-clicking like so. That creates a folder and if you look inside, you can see all of the different files that make up Drupal. We are going to take all of those files and drag them to where we have our document root directory. In our case that's in Macintosh HD/ Users/tomgeller/Sites, and drupal. So we will take all of these by hitting Command+A and dragging them in. Then you can close this window if you like.

So we have actually just installed Drupal, all we need to do now is configure it. To do so go to http://localhost if you are using a different port you will have to add that here but we are not and start with Install Drupal in English. During the installation process, you may get some warning messages. The ones in red mean that you can't continue further. The ones in yellow suggest that you should do this before you continue further. We are going to take care of both of these things now. The first one said that the Drupal installer requires that you create a certain file as part of the installation process and then give it certain permissions so that Drupal can read and write to it.

That file is located at dot, which means the Drupal root directory, sites/default, and the file is called settings.php. I am going to go back to my Finder and hide everything else so we can see what we are doing. Then go to that location at sites/default. Now the file itself was called settings. php and it's created by duplicating this default.settings.php. So we will make that settings.php and go back to this page and click Try Again.

Good, we got rid of that. Now we are going to take care of the other part, which suggests that we increase our PHP memory limit. I think this is a good idea because certain modules require more memory and even the core installation does not do so well in 8 Megabytes. The file that we need to change is the Applications/MAMP/conf/php5. Let's go there right now. Once again I go to the Finder, Hide Others, I am going to go to the applications folder by clicking on Applications to MAMP to conf and php5.

This is the file that we need to edit. We opened it up in a Text Editor and I am just going to search for 8M which is the default size of the memory in php.ini, and I am going to change that to 16 Megabytes, Save and then quit out of the program and then you will have to go to MAMP and restart your servers. By restarting your servers, you are making that change take effect.

Now let's go back to our Drupal installation, we will reload this page and see if that error message goes away, I do that by hitting Command+R in most browsers. And now we are up to just entering the database information to tie Drupal to the database. If you are using MySQL you can leave this button here; if you are using pgSQL, you would change it here. Our database name is drupal, our username is root. I enter the password and if you are using a remote server or have some unusual settings such as the different port, you may have to change some Advance options, but we are not doing that so we will click Save.

When that's done, you are given a page where you should enter information about the site itself. The first thing we will want to do is change the site name. Our site is going to be about how to buy and sale real estate that's underwater and we are going to call it Underwater Reality. For the email address I am just going to enter my own email address here, tom@tomgeller.com. Then we come to the Administrator account. Personally I always like to use admin but you could use whatever you like as long as you remember the name because this is going to be the super user that is the one who has access to everything in the Drupal system.

If you forget this it can be difficult to get back into it although we will show you how to do that in the recovering from disasters video. Finally the password, Drupal 6 introduces a new interesting widget, which tells you just how strong your password is. If you were to add additional characters it would change to medium and then high. For now we are just going to leave it as it is because we are just using a development server; confirm the password, make sure that the time zone is correct. Then there are two things down at the bottom, Clean URLs is something we will be discussing in a separate video and we will explain how you can change your server so that it's possible to make Clean URLs and exactly what they are.

Update notifications, I recommend that you leave on. This is something that lets Drupal check the drupal.org website and server to make sure that you have the latest versions of everything that's one way that you can keep your Drupal installation secure. Click on Save and continue and we are done, click on your new site and you are actually logged into your site. It has the name that you created up there, you are logged in as the administrator. And from here we are going to be going on to customization followed by adding functionality and finally adding content, but at this point you have a complete site sitting and waiting to become whatever you want it to be.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Drupal 6 Essential Training.


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Q: While following along to the installation instructions in the “Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows” chapter in the Drupal Essential Training title, an error occurs when attempting to open the local host page. Nothing appears except for an error reading “WAMPSERVER server offline.” What is causing this?
A: There is a known problem with some versions of WAMP that include a version of PHP (5.3) that some versions of Drupal is not compatible with. See http://tomgeller.com/content/tips-running-drupal-windows-using-wamp#comment-831 for more information.
If that is not causing the issue, reference the tips at http://tomgeller.com/content/tips-running-drupal-windows-using-wamp.
If you don't see the solution at either of those links, try using another AMP stack, such as XAMPP or the Acquia stack installer. See http://tomgeller.com/content/what-hells-wrong-drupal-wamp for discussion about these.
Q: After installing XAMPP and running Drupal for the first time, the Administration menu does not appear. What is the reason for this?
A: There are several possible problems. Here are some likely solutions. (These may also solve problems encountered with other AMP stacks.)
  1. Increase XAMPP's PHP allocation.
  2. Check to make sure all XAMPP's paths are correct and that permissions are correct. If the database information appears, but not Drupal's supporting files, and an included theme is being used, the supporting files will be in the /modules folder.
  3. Another solution is to not use WAMP or XAMPP. One option is to use Acquia's Drupal Stack Installer ("DAMP"), which can be found at http://www.acquia.com/downloads. However, that installs Acquia Drupal, which is a version of "normal" Drupal extended with additional modules. If  only core Drupal is desired, see the instructions at http://acquia.com/blog/kieran/try-drupal-7-alpha-your-laptop-or-desktop. (The instructions are for Drupal 7, but will work for Drupal 6 as well.)
Q: In the "Using the example files" movie, the method of importing information to the database is shown, using the backup in Chapter 10. When attempting to do this, the following error is shown: "No data was received to import. Either no file name was submitted, or the file size exceeded the maximum size permitted by your PHP configuration. See FAQ 1.16." The system is running the latest versions of Apache, PhP and MySQL, on Windows Vista. What could be causing the problem?
A: This is probably caused because your AMP stack allocates too little memory to PHP. 
 
That's especially true if you're using WAMP, which only gives PHP 2MB of memory, when it really needs at least 16MB. 
You'll see the issue if you go to the MySQL-controlling phpMyAdmin screen (probably at http://localhost/phpMyAdmin) and click "Import": The maximum file size allowed is 2,048K. That's only 2MB, and the databases for most Drupal sites are much larger than that. (The example site for Drupal Essential Training gets as big as 5MB.) The video "Installing WAMP and Drupal on Windows" shows (at around 3:30) where the php.ini file is, but here are some more-complete instructions to increase that memory limit. 

  1. Click the WAMP icon in your system tray.
  2. Select "PHP". In the side menu, select "php.ini" to open a file containing PHP's configuration options.
  3. Search for the line, "upload_max_filesize = 2M".
  4. Change it to "upload_max_filesize = 32M" (or whatever you like). 
  5. Save the file and restart WAMP. (Better yet, restart your computer entirely to be sure. I'm frankly not sure whether it makes a difference.)
  6. Now go back to that "Import" screen in phpMyAdmin: You should notice that the limit has changed.
Q: I don't remember the default username and password used demonstrate Drupal.
A: The default username used in the course is "admin"; the default password is "booth".
Q: How can I change Drupal's administrative username and password?
A: If for some reason the default exercise file username (admin) and password (booth) don't work, you can change them in the database itself using phpMyAdmin. (This technique is demonstrated in a video from Chapter 8, "Recovering from disasters".)

  1. Open your Drupal database with phpMyAdmin.
  2. Go to the "users" table. Click the Browse icon.
  3. For the row where uid = 1, click the Edit icon. (Note the value under the "Name" column: That's the administrator's username.)
  4. In the "pass" row, select "MD5" under the "Function" column
  5. In the same row, enter your new password under the "Value" column.
  6. At the bottom of the screen, click the "Go" button. You should now be able to log in with that username and new password.
Q: In Windows Vista, the WAMP icon disappears from the system tray after a certain amount of time. How do I get it to reappear?
A: To make the WAMP icon reappear (so that you can access localhost, phpmyadmin, php.ini, etc.), you have to activate the "start WAMP server" icon (from start menu, desktop or wherever). The system tray icon will reappear.
Q: My .htaccess file disappeared. What caused this?
A: A few times during the Drupal Essential Training video series, the instructor says to copy a Drupal installation by selecting all the files in the folder and then "dragging and dropping" them, either to a server or another location on your local computer. This is not the best way to do so, as the hidden file ".htaccess" will not be copied. 

There are two ways to get around that problem: 
  1. When installing Drupal for the first time: Instead of copying files from the Drupal folder, move the entire folder to its target location and rename it. This is the easiest solution for those without experience with Unix. 
  2. Use the command-line interface to copy the .htaccess file.
Sorry for the error.
Q: In the video, the instructor says the current version of Drupal is 6.3, but on the drupal.org site, the latest version is 6.17. Which is the newer version of Drupal?
A: Drupal 6.17 is newer than version 6.3. For some reason, the the version numbers go 6.3, 6.4... 6.9, 6.10... 6.17. It’s counter-intuitive, but that’s the order.
Q: My WAMP phpMyadmin will not allow me to upload the exercise files. It returns this message: "No data was received to import. Either no file name was submitted, or the file size exceeded the maximum size permitted by your PHP configuration. See FAQ 1.16." There was no previous database to drop, so what do I need to do to make this work?
A: This is a common problem, caused not by Drupal, but by WAMP. WAMP only allows you to upload files of 2MB or smaller, which is much too small. The solution is detailed at http://tomgeller.com/cant-import-a-drupal-site-in-windows.
 
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