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Drupal 6: Online Presentation of Data

Altering a view's appearance through CSS


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Drupal 6: Online Presentation of Data

with Tom Geller

Video: Altering a view's appearance through CSS

We've created a new page display for this view with a path of temp, as you can see in the browser's location bar at the top. And we've set it to display as a grid, using the technique you learned in the video "Improving Grid Appearances with Lists and Table Formatting." Once we've determined which part of the CSS we want to change, the only thing left is to write that CSS. We're going to write it into that file we mentioned earlier called local.css and that's referred to in the .info file. To do that we'll open up our Text Editor and start typing. Now I'll tell you this much. For this particular use, the class that we're looking for is table.views- view-grid, and we're looking for the tbody td tags. We'll open that up. And now I'll start specifying how I want the CSS to look. I want padding of 20 pixels, a border-style that's solid, a border-color, we'll make it a little lighter than black. I'll say #666666.
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  1. 12m 56s
    1. Welcome
      1m 12s
    2. Reviewing requirements
      3m 35s
    3. Using the exercise files
      3m 11s
    4. Touring examples of data visualization
      4m 58s
  2. 27m 56s
    1. Planning data structure
      8m 26s
    2. Importing and manipulating data
      6m 40s
    3. Looking at Drupal's database
      6m 13s
    4. Deciding whether to store personal data as nodes or users
      6m 37s
  3. 1h 13m
    1. Understanding the Content Construction Kit (CCK)
      4m 57s
    2. Creating new content types with CCK
      7m 26s
    3. Hiding the Body field
      2m 46s
    4. Reflecting CCK field data in the Title field
      7m 28s
    5. Managing CCK field placement
      7m 34s
    6. Exploring CCK's other features
      8m 22s
    7. Using other CCK field types
      3m 25s
    8. Adding date information as a CCK field
      8m 43s
    9. Including images as CCK fields
      10m 23s
    10. Connecting content to existing nodes
      5m 58s
    11. Using taxonomies to categorize and group data
      5m 59s
  4. 53m 54s
    1. Understanding why views are useful
      6m 12s
    2. Using SimpleViews to create basic content views
      5m 49s
    3. Diving into the Views interface
      11m 16s
    4. Adding fields to a view
      7m 12s
    5. Understanding iconic controls in the Views interface
      7m 15s
    6. Surveying the Sort, Filter, and Field options in Views
      5m 40s
    7. Adding view displays as pages, blocks, and RSS feeds
      10m 30s
  5. 43m 34s
    1. Overriding default settings on view displays
      8m 56s
    2. Attaching more information to views
      10m 57s
    3. Improving view appearances with grid, list, and table formatting
      9m 20s
    4. Surveying other basic display settings in Views
      11m 3s
    5. Altering a view's appearance through CSS
      3m 18s
  6. 55m 8s
    1. Importing, exporting, and cloning views
      6m 9s
    2. Controlling access to views
      7m 19s
    3. Learning from built-in views
      5m 52s
    4. Creating views that aren't based on nodes
      10m 6s
    5. Extending views with arguments
      10m 17s
    6. Extending views with relationships
      7m 2s
    7. Going further with relationships
      8m 23s
  7. 46m 40s
    1. Understanding geographic data
      4m 26s
    2. Setting up the Location module
      16m 20s
    3. Entering geographic data with the Location module
      10m 10s
    4. Displaying basic maps with the GMap module
      6m 43s
    5. Integrating the GMap module with Views
      9m 1s
  8. 54m 21s
    1. Exporting data in tabular form
      11m 25s
    2. Planning with the calendar modules
      11m 31s
    3. Using the Charts module and Google Charts
      7m 11s
    4. Graphing data with Open Flash Chart
      4m 50s
    5. Making important data pop out with tag clouds
      7m 46s
    6. Putting it all together in an attractive package
      11m 38s
  9. 36s
    1. Conclusion
      36s

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Drupal 6: Online Presentation of Data
6h 8m Intermediate Jul 01, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Drupal's built-in data presentation tools offer several ways for web designers to clearly and attractively package their data. In Drupal 6: Online Presentation of Data, Tom Geller explains how Drupal handles data so users can set up intelligent structures and implement them with Drupal's Content Construction Kit. Tom also shows how a data-driven web site can improve its interactivity by using geographic data to connect real-world addresses to maps. Exercise files accompany the course.

Topics include:
  • Importing and manipulating data in Drupal
  • Presenting date-formatted information in calendars
  • Understanding Drupal's data-query interface, "Views"
  • Improving view appearances with grid, list, and table formatting
  • Importing, exporting, and cloning views
  • Extending views with arguments and relationships
Subjects:
Web CMS Web Development
Software:
Drupal
Author:
Tom Geller

Altering a view's appearance through CSS

We've created a new page display for this view with a path of temp, as you can see in the browser's location bar at the top. And we've set it to display as a grid, using the technique you learned in the video "Improving Grid Appearances with Lists and Table Formatting." Once we've determined which part of the CSS we want to change, the only thing left is to write that CSS. We're going to write it into that file we mentioned earlier called local.css and that's referred to in the .info file. To do that we'll open up our Text Editor and start typing. Now I'll tell you this much. For this particular use, the class that we're looking for is table.views- view-grid, and we're looking for the tbody td tags. We'll open that up. And now I'll start specifying how I want the CSS to look. I want padding of 20 pixels, a border-style that's solid, a border-color, we'll make it a little lighter than black. I'll say #666666.

And a border-width of 2 pixels. Finally, remember we wanted to align it all to the top. So we'll use the vertical-align:top. And finally we close it out. We want to save that as plain text and save it as local.css. I'm going to save it to the Desktop so I can find it easily. I'll close the file, go back to my Finder and then hide everything else. The last thing to do is to put that local.css file into your notgarland folder. I just drag it in. Now when I go back, I'll close out Firebug and reload the page, crossing my fingers and hoping it works.

And indeed it does. You see that it gives us a border, extra padding and everything is aligned to the top. Exactly what we wanted. There's one additional resource I would like to point you to and that's some of the documentation that was written by Views creator, Earl Miles. He has one chapter called Using CSS with Views and you can reach at this URL. Now before we go, I'm going to clean this up again by switching back the garland theme. I know, we also won't be keeping this grid view that we've created but that's okay because it's on a page that we're going to throw away anyway. I'll go back to Administer > Site building and Themes. Scroll down disable NotGarland, enable Garland and make sure that it's the default. Scroll down and Save configuration. Just to be sure, I'm going to go back to that temp page and we see it's back to the old grid view. Now I'm going to go back into my Drupal installation and throw away that NotGarland theme. Finally, I'll edit this view to get rid of that temp page that I created. Scroll down and Save. Now when we save that it tried to go back to the page but since we've just deleted the page, it can't be seen. Don't worry about it because all of our other views are still there. If we go to people, there it is. Yeah, that was easy, wasn't it? No, I know it was awful, especially if you don't already know CSS. If that's you, lynda.com has several great video series on the subject that will get you up to speed.

You could actually continue the process we started here by editing other CSS styles but I think we've done enough for the purposes of this demonstration. I hope that it gives you an idea of how much you can style views using mostly just CSS. If you want to delve further into this topic, your best guide is the study of the CSS styles contained in the theme that you are using, as they are exposed using Firebug.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Drupal 6: Online Presentation of Data.


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Q: The exercise files for the course appear to be missing.

A: Full exercise files for this course were not provided because of the unusually large amount of images, modules, and other files that would have to be installed in specific places, in addition to the database. We hope to have a solution for future Drupal courses that installs all items in their correct places.

Q: During the course the author makes reference to being able to add data via the exercise files; however, the data is not in the exercise files.
A: During the recording of the title, some of the exercise files were removed, since the frequent updates to Drupal itself and to the modules that are needed to run the exercise files cause them to break.

The data referenced in the video consists mostly of names and addresses, which will need to be typed by hand.
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