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This course shows how to build an online store using Drupal Commerce, a set of modules that extend Drupal. Author Tom Geller teaches the basics of configuring a store, processing a payment, and charging for shipping and taxes, as well as creating, displaying, and categorizing products. The course also explains how to integrate a store into a Drupal site, customize a store's appearance, and increase site traffic using search engine optimization (SEO) techniques.
If you have been following the course to this point, you could actually open your store right now. You know how to create and display products. We have categorized them, and you have given customers a way to pay. But there's a lot more to running an online store than that, of course. In this jumpstart Section, I am just touching on a few topics that give you a foundation for all the rest of the things you will learn in this course. This video shows you how to apply a very simple tax to your customer's orders. But in a larger sense, it's about two features that are central to Drupal Commerce, and that you will learn more about throughout the course; line items, and rules. But let's take it back a little bit, and talk just about taxes.
We go up to Store, Configuration, and Taxes. Here we have two tabs: Tax Rates, and Tax Types. You might notice a pattern between this screen, and some of the others you've seen during this course. You might remember, setting up a content type, and a content type is a pattern for nodes. You create the nodes themselves based on a content type, because as I say, it's the template. Product display is the only content type we have used in this course, although Drupal, and Drupal Commerce as well, also comes with two others, known as basic pages, and stories.
Similar to content types, are product types. A product type is a pattern for products. So first you create the product type, and then you create the products themselves. Drupal Commerce comes with one product type built in. Now we are in taxes, and we have tax types. They are patterns that we use to create the taxes themselves. So let's go back to our site, and I will show you how that works. Drupal Commerce comes with two tax types. First there's the Sales tax, which is the way that we do things in United States, and several other countries.
Then there is VAT, which is more of a European system. The difference between the two has to do with when the tax is applied, and there are few other small differences. Now the Tax Rates tab, actually defines how much tax there is of those two types. So let's go ahead and add one. We click Add a tax rate, and I am going to call this Flat 8% tax. The display title will also be Flat 8% tax, and if you want you can add a description.
In the Rate, we actually enter this as a decimal; 8% is 8 one hundredths. You are adding 8 one hundredths of the amount of the sale, so it's dot, 0, 8; .08. And we are going to keep it as a Sales tax. This is where that tax type comes in, and Save tax rate. That's really all that you have to do, except I want to mention exactly what's happening here. When you create a tax rate, you're actually creating a rule, and if we click configure component here, you'll see a little bit about how that works.
You could set up conditions here, so for example, only apply the tax if it's within a certain state, or if it's above a certain amount, or below a certain amount. And then it takes an action. And if we edit that, you can see it's our Flat 8% tax. I will show you a bit more about how to vary your taxes according to location in the video creating tax rules. But for a simple tax, that's really all you need to do. But where does the tax show up? Drupal Commerce is set by default to display taxes American-style; during the checkout phase of the purchase. So I will walk through the process to demonstrate that.
We will also catch anything odd we might've missed while setting this up. To do that, I will close out this overlay, go back to my front page, and let's say that I want to, for the first time in this course, purchase something. I will purchase this Lip balm; add it to the cart. That shows up over here. I'll view the cart. Yep, it's 8 dollars. And then let's say I check out. Yep, there is our 8 dollars for the item. We only have one item, so there's our subtotal of 8 dollars, and then it adds the 8% tax, for $8.64.
These parts are what are known as line items. The product here is one kind of line item, and then the tax is an item that is added after all of the products are put together. Some of this behavior varies in Drupal Commerce, and the good thing about Drupal Commerce is that you can make it vary according to your individual situation. And taxation is a kind of place where you might actually end up varying the way that things appear. It's a very complex subject, and we only scratch the surface with this simple tax example. But in Drupal Commerce, all of this implementation happens using rules.
I will show you how to use rules to prevent people in your home state from paying taxes, for example, in the video understanding rules, and you can add any kind of rule you want to create any kind of tax situation that you need.
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