Drupal 6: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
Illustration by John Hersey

Drupal 6: Creating and Editing Custom Themes

with Chris Charlton

Video: Adding a logo and shortcut icon (favicon)

One of the simplest ways to customize a Drupal site through its theme layer is to change the logos. In this video, I will be showing how to change both the logo and the favicon that usually appears at the top of a web browser. So to change the logo and favicon in Drupal, we need to visit the Global settings screen, under the Theme Administration page. To do that, we will start from the Administer screen and click on Themes. Now that we are at the Themes administration screen, we will click on the tab Configure to reach the Global settings page.
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  1. 8m 19s
    1. Welcome
      1m 3s
    2. Using the exercise files
      7m 16s
  2. 5m 17s
    1. Learning about Drupal themes
      2m 0s
    2. Building sites today with Drupal
      1m 7s
    3. Required knowledge and software
      2m 10s
  3. 22m 26s
    1. Installing Drupal 6 using Acquia
      4m 4s
    2. Configuring the appropriate modules for a Drupal site
      1m 59s
    3. Creating pages with standard node content types
      4m 36s
    4. Creating custom node content types
      6m 19s
    5. Adding RSS secondary content
      3m 11s
    6. Finalizing site navigation
      2m 17s
  4. 21m 47s
    1. Installing the Theme Developer module (aka Devel)
      6m 27s
    2. Ensuring cross-browser compatibility with conditional style sheets
      5m 3s
    3. Using Firefox extensions for site development
      6m 57s
    4. Working with Dreamweaver
      3m 20s
  5. 35m 13s
    1. Choosing a default theme
      2m 5s
    2. Touring the core themes
      5m 25s
    3. Configuring global theme features and post settings
      4m 46s
    4. Adding a logo and shortcut icon (favicon)
      4m 7s
    5. Setting the administration theme
      4m 0s
    6. Installing a new theme
      3m 47s
    7. Positioning blocks in theme regions
      5m 56s
    8. Setting user theme permissions
      5m 7s
  6. 40m 36s
    1. Using the Color module to change color schemes
      5m 0s
    2. Preparing to build a sub-theme
      7m 13s
    3. Building a sub-theme: Creating the .info file
      8m 51s
    4. Building a sub-theme: Adding custom styles (CSS)
      7m 25s
    5. Building a sub-theme: Adding custom theme regions
      12m 7s
  7. 35m 0s
    1. Exploring a theme folder
      3m 19s
    2. Setting up a theme .info file
      4m 7s
    3. Adding styles (CSS) to a theme
      7m 9s
    4. Including a style sheet for right to left readers
      1m 43s
    5. Creating a print style sheet
      3m 30s
    6. Adding JavaScript to a theme
      5m 49s
    7. Adding graphics and images to a theme
      3m 7s
    8. Understanding theme templates (tpl.php)
      3m 19s
    9. Understanding template variables
      2m 57s
  8. 30m 33s
    1. Understanding page templates
      8m 2s
    2. Creating a template to theme every page (page.tpl.php)
      6m 54s
    3. Creating a template to theme just the front page (page-front.tpl.php)
      4m 33s
    4. Creating a template to theme individual pages (page-node-nid.tpl.php)
      3m 43s
    5. Creating a template for "site offline" maintenance pages
      7m 21s
  9. 13m 20s
    1. Understanding node templates
      4m 24s
    2. Creating a template to theme every node (node.tpl.php)
      2m 16s
    3. Creating a template to theme custom node types (node-type.tpl.php)
      5m 10s
    4. Discovering node templates using the theme developer module
      1m 30s
  10. 21m 32s
    1. Understanding block templates
      3m 32s
    2. Creating a template to theme every block (block.tpl.php)
      2m 37s
    3. Creating a template to theme an individual block (block-module-delta.tpl.php)
      8m 26s
    4. Creating a template to theme all blocks from a single module (block-module.tpl.php)
      3m 41s
    5. Creating a template to theme all blocks in a certain region (block-region.tpl.php)
      3m 16s
  11. 7m 33s
    1. Exploring the comments template (comment.tpl.php)
      5m 20s
    2. Exploring other core modules and their templates (other tpl.php files)
      2m 13s
  12. 10m 5s
    1. Removing unnecessary modules
      1m 43s
    2. Optimizing site performance
      2m 17s
    3. Streamlining site files for launch
      1m 26s
    4. Troubleshooting when a white screen appears instead of Drupal
      3m 15s
    5. Touring Drupal community groups
      1m 24s
  13. 11s
    1. Goodbye
      11s

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Watch the Online Video Course Drupal 6: Creating and Editing Custom Themes
4h 12m Intermediate Dec 08, 2009

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

Drupal is widely recognized as a powerful back-end system for web sites, but Drupal 6: Creating and Editing Custom Themes shows how the application can also be used to manage the look and feel of a web site. Web architect Chris Charlton introduces the core themes that ship with Drupal. He shows how to install and administer new themes, change color schemes, and add sub-themes to existing themes. He also demonstrates how to build a custom theme from scratch; integrate HTML, CSS, and JavaScript; and apply themes to specific nodes and blocks. Exercise files are included with this course.

Topics include:
  • Setting themes and theme permissions
  • Using the Color Module to change color schemes
  • Building sub-themes
  • Adding HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to themes
  • Understanding templates
  • Applying themes to pages, nodes, and blocks
Subjects:
Developer Web
Software:
Drupal
Author:
Chris Charlton

Adding a logo and shortcut icon (favicon)

One of the simplest ways to customize a Drupal site through its theme layer is to change the logos. In this video, I will be showing how to change both the logo and the favicon that usually appears at the top of a web browser. So to change the logo and favicon in Drupal, we need to visit the Global settings screen, under the Theme Administration page. To do that, we will start from the Administer screen and click on Themes. Now that we are at the Themes administration screen, we will click on the tab Configure to reach the Global settings page.

In here is where we can actually add the logo and favicon. If you are unfamiliar with what a favicon is, they are also known as shortcut icons and they appear at the very top, usually, of your browser, next to the address of the site you are viewing. We see there is a small Drupal logo used on the site, but an even smaller version of the logo used as the favicon. We are going to replace both of these graphics. So let's go down to the bottom of the Global settings page, and we see these two areas that allow us to upload a graphic file for the logo and down here, a little form that allows us to upload a favicon.

For this demonstration, I am going to be using the same graphic file for both the logo and the shortcut icon. So to change a logo, let's click Browse, and we are going to pull in the hp_logo graphic file you see here, which is actually a logo for the Hansel and Petal Flower website theme that we are going to be building throughout the rest of this course. So this is where this file comes from. So we are going to click OK and then for the shortcut icon, we are going to click Browse as well, and choose the same graphic, click OK.

Now, when we click Save Configuration, you are going to notice that the logo and the favicon have both been changed. So if you look in the top-left corner, we see that the logo is now the custom logo graphic we uploaded, and if you look real closely, the favicon has changed as well. A favicon should be designed at either 16X16 pixels, or 32X32. As you can tell, this graphic is nowhere formatted to be that size, so it doesn't look good as a favicon.

I am sure when you do your own custom logos, you can create a good one for the browser's favicon tab. So after uploading these, where does Drupal save these files? Well, let me show you. So I am going to open my Drupal folder. I am going to go into the sites folder, and then my lynda-drupal-themes folder, which is this Drupal site we are building, and in there, there is a files folder where all the files have been uploaded for our content. In here, we can see that there are two new files, logo and favicon.

These files are actually the ones we just uploaded. Drupal had renamed them to be logo.png and favicon.png. This is where Drupal is now calling these graphic files for our theme. So I am going to minimize my Drupal folder and before I go, I want to actually revert back the logo and favicon to the standard Drupal logo. So let's scroll back down in the Global settings page, and we are going to check this box that says Use the default logo and we will check the box, also, that says Use the default shortcut icon.

We will leave the values in for our custom logo and custom favicon. Those will be just fine and as long as this check box each are enabled, it will override what this path is. So let's click Save configuration and you see now both the logo and favicon have reverted back. For people who like the default theme in Drupal, changing the logo is the easiest way to customize the look of a Drupal site without adding or editing any code.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Drupal 6: Creating and Editing Custom Themes .


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Q: I'm editing the code in the file page.tpl.php as shown in the movie "Building a sub-theme: Adding custom theme regions":

<?php if ($content_top) ?>
<div id="content-top" class="clear-block">
<?php print $content_top ?>
</div>
<?php endif; ?>
 

But the browser shows the following error message: 
Parse error: syntax error, unexpected T_ENDIF in /home/u/u5522419/www/drupal/sites/all/themes/subgarland/page.tpl.php on line 80.
A: The code is incorrect. (The syntax error, by the way, displayed indicates which line of code contains the error.) The line containing the IF statement is missing the colon character ( : ). It should read:
<?php if ($content_top): ?>
Q: I have a button in Flash, but Internet Explorer is blocking it from opening up. At the top of the window, a message appears saying "Pop-up blocked. To see this pop-up or additional options click here..."
What can I do to this button so that it opens a new browser window and keep IE from thinking it's an unauthorized pop-up?
A: To get around the pop-up blocker, try using the "_self" parameter in Flash. So instead of:
navigateToURL(myURL);
use:
navigateToURL(myURL, "_self");
 
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