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Working with nested templates

From: Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

Video: Working with nested templates

Depending upon how complex your site's layout and structure is, one template might not be enough to build your entire site. Take our tour's Detail section, for example. It has a complex structure that will be used for every tour package. Now, even though it shares many of the same assets as the rest of the site, its structure is going to make creating pages from our existing template rather time-consuming to build. As you can see, we have all these individual tour package details that would take a long time to build individually by hand.

Working with nested templates

Depending upon how complex your site's layout and structure is, one template might not be enough to build your entire site. Take our tour's Detail section, for example. It has a complex structure that will be used for every tour package. Now, even though it shares many of the same assets as the rest of the site, its structure is going to make creating pages from our existing template rather time-consuming to build. As you can see, we have all these individual tour package details that would take a long time to build individually by hand.

So in those cases, you can create what's called a nested template. Nested templates allow you to create a more specific template based off of your global template. Updating your global template would still in turn update all of your nested templates, giving you that single file update control that makes templates so attractive in the first place. In this movie, we'll take our global template and create a nested template for our Tour Details section. So I actually have the tour_detail_ backpack_reference file and this is the page that we are going to as a reference for building our nested template.

Now, the first step in building a nested template is the same as building any new page off of a template. You just go to File and choose New. We want to do new Page From Template. We're going to be using our main_ template that's in the Explore California site. And again, you want to double check and make sure Update page when template changes is checked. It's really important for this workflow. I'm going to go ahead and hit Create and there is our brand new page. And just like when we are creating new pages from our template, we'll do a little bit of copying and pasting.

Before we do that, however, we can go ahead and set the basic structure of the page. Now remember, this is going to be a template designed only to build pages within the Tours section. So we can go ahead and hardwire a lot of that structure up front so that we don't have to build it every single time we build a new page within the Tours section. So regionID is going to change to Tours and it will always be that for this particular template. I can also go up to Modify and modify my Template Properties and go ahead and set a few of these properties that are going to be specific to the Tours section.

bodyClass will remain as hasCrumbs. breadcrumb will be visible. I am going to show that. Now, here's another thing. Notice that we have Allow nested template to control this. That means if we wanted to, this nested template that we're about to build could control that template property as to whether it's visible or not. Well, all of the Tours pages are going to need the breadcrumb and the Tours sub-navigation displayed and the tours listed as current. So frankly, in this case, we don't need to allow nested templates to control this.

But if you did have a property that was going to change from page to page within any subdirectory, you could go ahead and do that and that would allow the nested template to control it. You can see it has a little value here that says pass through and that would enable those pages to control that. I am going to turn that off however. I am going to make sure breadcrumb is showing. Now, I am going to change the breadcrumb here. I am going to go to All Tours, and again, I am going to make this link go to tours.htm. And since that's in another region I will be able to add more breadcrumbs as I construct pages in my subdirectory.

Now, Page Heading is going to change, and I am going to highlight that and I am going to call this Tour Name. And for body copy goes here, I am going to type in 'Tour description goes here.' So even though the structure is the same, I like putting placeholder information there that is very specific towards that. And there is one more template property we need to change. Go up to Modify > Template Properties again. You can bring that back up anytime you want. I am going to go down to my toursSubNav and show that. And then, I am go to my toursLink and I am going to change baseLink again to current to indicate that we are in that section.

Again verify that you are not modifying tours and that the space between the two of them is left. Let me go ahead and click OK, and that's a good place to start. Okay, so everything is looking pretty good so far. And now, I am just going to go ahead and save this as a template. So I am going to go to File and instead of just saving this as a normal page, I'm going to Save as Template, and that is how we create nested templates. This is going to be a template that is based off of the main_template. Now again, we get our message about our Region ID. That's okay. And once again we get our Save as Template dialog box.

Now, as far as the name of the template, I am going to call it tour_detail and then for Description, I am going to type in Tour detail with repeating region and we are going to talk about repeating regions in just a little bit. So I am going to go ahead and hit Save. And now, you can see that we are working on a brand new template. Now, I am going to switch over to the tour_detail_backpack_reference because it has some structure that we need. If I scroll down below the sort of standard content, I can see that we have tour descriptions for the packages available for the backpack tour.

This is a repeating structure. These tour descriptions all look the same. Just their information changes. So I am going to scroll back up, click inside the first one of these, and take a closer look at the structure. Each one of these is found inside of a div with the class tourDescription. Those are all encased in a div with the id tourDescriptions plural. That is the element I want to select. So using the Tag Selector, click on the div#tourDescriptions. With that selected, go up to Edit and choose Copy.

Now, let's go back to our tour_detail.dwt. Now, we want that structure on the page, but we don't want it right beside the main content region. So what I would like you to do is click inside the Tour Description and then use the Tag Selector to select the div#mainArticle. So that is the div that surrounds all of your tour name and the body copy for the tour. The tour descriptions themselves, that repeating region, needs to go underneath that. So what I am going to do now is with that div tag selected, I am going to hit my right arrow key.

In the code that's going to place me outside of the mainArticle div tag and that's really important. We do not want paste this inside the mainArticle div tag. We want it to be a separate structure. So again, just to do that one more time, click anywhere inside the mainArticle, use the Tag Selector to select it and then hit the right arrow key. Again, this is going to place you just outside of that mainArticle div. Now, I can go to Edit, choose Paste. Now that repeating structure is on the page. Now, in this case, we really only need one of these.

So I am going to select each one of them by clicking inside of it and then clicking on the div.tourDescription, singular, and deleting it. So I am just going to click inside every single one of these guys, except for one, and delete every single one of them. So again div.tourDescription, not tourDescriptions plural, the singulars, and get rid of those. Occasionally, Dreamweaver might be going to space out on you for just a minute there, like it did with me. So just be patient and that structure should come back. Okay, again, just to verify, click inside the Big Sur Retreat, which would be last one left, and it should be inside of a div with the class of tourDescription, which should in turn be inside of a div with an ID of tourDescriptions.

So okay, we are in good shape there. Once again, go up and save the file. So our nested template is now almost ready to go. One thing that we can do to our Tour Detail template that's going to make it a little bit easier to use is add a repeating region to it. The tour package description structure that we see here includes an image, the name of the tour, the tour description and some other elements. That structure simply repeats over and over for each tour. Repeating regions help deal with commonly repeating elements, like this, by allowing you to create as many repeating items as you need when you make a new page.

Before we built any pages using our new tour detail template, we will first add a repeating region to our template and we'll do that in the next movie.

Show transcript

This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

135 video lessons · 89858 viewers

James Williamson

Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye

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