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Discover how to build web sites, prototypes, and more in this course on Adobe Dreamweaver CS6. Author James Williamson shows designers how to take control of their site by properly naming and structuring files and folders; how to create new documents and web pages from scratch or with starter pages; and how to add content such as text, images, tables, and links. James also provides a background on the languages that power projects built in Dreamweaver—HTML and CSS—and introduces the programming features in the application, for developers who want to dig right into the code. The last chapter shows how to finesse your project with interactive content such as CSS3 transitions and Spry widgets.
Once you've created a rule visually within the CSS Styles panel, you're then presented with the CSS Rule Definition dialog box. Using this dialog, you'll enter the values for properties that you wish to set. We're going to finish the Info section's headline rule by setting the appropriate property. So I'm really just picking this up right from where we left off in the last movie. I've created a new rule. It's a compound selector, section.info h2, which is going to target any heading 2, inside of a section element with a class of info applied, so a fairly specific rule.
And that is going to be contained within the main.css. So once you've entered everything into the New CSS Rule dialog, you click OK and that's when this one comes up. This is the CSS Rule Definition dialog box. Now I know a lot of you guys out there probably prefer to hand-code your styles and there's nothing wrong with that whatsoever. But for those of you that are new to CSS or for those of you that are just looking to do something very quickly visually without having to switch over to the code, this dialog box makes a lot of sense. You'll notice that we have a list of categories over here on the left-hand side.
Those categories basically group properties together based on what they control. So the first one that we're presented with is Type and of course, we see over here on the right-hand side, all of the properties that we can set for an element in terms of its type. So one of the first things I want to do is I want to set the Font-family for this. Now I notice that this is a pulldown menu and if I click on that pulldown, I see a list of sort of default font stacks within Dreamweaver. Now if you're not familiar with what a font stack is, essentially the first font that is listed here is the font that the page is going to request from the client machine.
If that font is not found, it moves on to the next one and finally falls back to a default sort of generic family if you will, and it just says to the computer, okay, fine, just give me whatever sans serif you typically use. So it's a way of sort of protecting ourselves, in case that particular machine doesn't have a font installed. Now the issue with what we're doing here though is that we're using Web fonts. Web fonts basically allow you to use nonstandard fonts, fonts that don't have to be installed on a client machine. In this case we're going to be hosting them ourselves. So here I need to define a font stack that isn't already here inside Dreamweaver.
Well, the nice thing is I'm free to just type whatever font stack I want in. What I'm going to do is I'm just going to click right here for Font-family. I'm going to type in the word Bitter with a capital B, Georgia, Times, serif. Now as you can imagine, if you have to do that every single time you declare a font inside this dialog box, that's going to get pretty tedious. Well, one of the really nice things that we have here in CS6 is we have this little icon over here that says Add Font to Favorites and when I do that, as soon as I click that, that's going to place the stack that we just wrote within that pulldown menu.
So now every single time, and it doesn't matter whether it's this file or a file ten weeks from now, when I come back into Dreamweaver, that's going to be available to me in my font stack, which is excellent. I love that feature, and I'm really happy to see that. The next thing we're going to do is we're going to define the size of the font. Now for this font, we want the font to be 1.6ems. Now I'm free to go ahead and grab ems from this pulldown menu of units of measurement, but if you're in a hurry and you like doing things quickly, you can just do this. You can type in 1.6, no space, just type an em and hit Tab, and it's just going to tab it over.
Now be very careful when you're entering in values in this dialog box, not to hit Enter or Return, because if you do, it's likely going to go ahead and close this dialog box thinking that you're just saying, okay, you're finished with the rules. So be very careful about that. Tab is your friend here. Don't hit an Enter or a Return. Tab from one value to the next, if you continue to want to move around. Now for Line-height I'm going to grab Line-height, and move it 45px, again, I'm just going to do px right beside it. That's going to ensure that we have pixels there. And so that's all I need for my fonts. The rest of these properties I'm just not going to set.
The next thing I'm going to do is go to Background. I want these guys to have a background image behind them. Again, it's one of the really nice things about this particular dialog box. I can click on the Category and I can see kind of all of the things that are available to me, Background-color, image, whether that background image should repeat, all sorts of things. So this is really easy to work with. I'm just going to browse out and what I want to do is I want to go in the 06_03 folder because that's the one we're working with right now. I want to open up the images directory, and inside images, what I want is I'm looking for this one right here, diag_pattern.png; that's the one I want.
I'm going to click OK and then I do want that to repeat, so I'm not going to select anything on Background-repeat. The default is for it to repeat, so I don't need to actually explicitly ask for that. Finally, the last thing I'm going to do is I'm going to come over here into the Box category and in the Box category I'm going to turn Padding, which is the interior space of an element. I'm going to turn off Same for all and I'm going to do a Padding Left of .6ems, so it's going to push the edge of the text away from the edge of the Info box.
Now if you ever want to sort of preview what the style is going to look like, you can always click Apply before you click OK. As soon as I click Apply, you're going to get a nice sort of preview of what this is going to look like. Now because I don't have Live view turned on, it's not 100% exactly what it's going to look like, but it's very, very close. Now I noticed something right off the bat by doing this, I forgot to do color. So that's one of the things I like about that Apply button is when you click on that, you can sort of say, is that the way I want it to look? No, it's not. Okay, let's go fix something. So I can go right back up to the Type Category and that's where I'd find Color and I'm just going to type in the word white and hit tab and now when I hit Apply again, I can see that my headlines are white, so that's perfect.
So now I know it's exactly the way I want it and I can click OK. Now if you ever do close out of that dialog box by mistake, don't worry. You can come right back over to the CSS Styles panel, you can find the rule that you just created and double-clicking it should bring that Info box right back up again. So you can just pick up where you left off. Now I do want to point out something that carries over from the previous movie. You'll notice that if we look in our CSS Styles, this rule that we just created, section.info h2, notice its location. It's just below section.info.
The reason that it's located there is because I had clicked right on this and focused on that rule before I created a new one. So if you're focused on a rule within a style sheet, and you create a new CSS rule using this icon, it's going to place it just below the rule that you were focused on. Now if you don't see yours there, and it ended up towards the bottom of your styles, don't panic. I'm going to show you guys how to organize your styles and move them around within your CSS Styles panel, so that you don't have to resort to going ahead and doing that by hand. Now I feel like I need to point out, there are a lot of other options for creating CSS rules in Dreamweaver.
And in fact, we're going to explore exactly how to create rules via the Properties Inspector a little bit later on in this chapter. However, the ability to go ahead and create these rules visually is a very powerful option in Dreamweaver, especially for those of you that are new to CSS and maybe you're not fully comfortable yet with all the properties that are available to you when you're creating rules. I do feel like I need to point out however that this dialog box isn't appropriate for all instances, as there are properties that aren't available as options that exist within CSS, so not everything is contained within that dialog box.
For those instances, the CSS will need to be created by hand, which is really just yet another reason for making sure you become comfortable with CSS syntax.
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