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Transforming text

From: Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

Video: Transforming text

The level of control that CSS allows you to have over your text is pretty remarkable and in this movie, we're going to talk about transforming text, that is forcing the text to conform to capitalization rules for your site, regardless of how the original text was typed. This is particularly valuable in situations where you can't control the text input, say when the text is coming from a database, or when text is being updated by a third party. If you need the name of the product to always be capitalized, for example, the text-transform property allows you to specify that.

Transforming text

The level of control that CSS allows you to have over your text is pretty remarkable and in this movie, we're going to talk about transforming text, that is forcing the text to conform to capitalization rules for your site, regardless of how the original text was typed. This is particularly valuable in situations where you can't control the text input, say when the text is coming from a database, or when text is being updated by a third party. If you need the name of the product to always be capitalized, for example, the text-transform property allows you to specify that.

In addition to examining the text- transform property, we'll also take a look at the font-variant property, which allows you to choose stylized capitalization like small caps. So here I've opened our faq.htm file again. This is found in the 07_09 resources folder. Now I'm just going to scroll down a little bit and talk about what it is that we're going to be doing. Down here, all of our tour names really should be capitalized. Currently, they're not. There is a wide variety of capitalization going on there.

So we need to fix that. If I scroll down, I can see that at the bottom of each section, there is a link that returns people to the top of the page. Sometimes it's capitalized, sometimes it's not. It doesn't seem to be very consistent. Frankly, I would like for them to be all lowercase. So I'm going to new use text- transform to do that for me. Then finally, at the very bottom of the page in our footer, we have our company name right there. Frankly, I would like a more stylized treatment of that. So I might want to see what that looks like in small caps, so I could see if I wanted to treat it that way throughout my entire site.

So let's scroll back up and tackle those one at a time. Let's go ahead and tackle these guys first. So again, I'm going to go to target a rule by using my Code Navigator. I'm going to hold down the Alt key. That's Command+Option on the Mac. Click on that Rule. The one that we're looking for is not all the way at the bottom. This time, it's #mainContent #mainArticle ul.faqNav li. So I'm going to go ahead and select that. Again, remember, I can use the CSS Styles panel, or I can hand-code it if I wanted to.

I will double-click the Files panel to give myself a little bit more room. Then I'm going to make sure that is indeed the selector that I have selected. There we go. So I'm going to go down and add a property to that. I'm going to add the text- transform property, so text-transform. If you're worried about spelling and then the dash and all that, remember, you can grab that through the pulldown menu, text-transform. Now let's take a look at the options that text-transform gives us. We have capitalize, which is going to make sure that each word is capitalized.

We have uppercase, which is going to make it all caps. We have lowercase, which is going to make sure it's all lowercase. We also have none, which basically means leave it alone. We have inherit the basically says, "Hey, what's the parent object doing? Let's do that." Well, we're going to choose capitalize. So when we can click back in the Design view, we can see that each of our tour packages is now capitalized, regardless of whether it was before or not. So that's really allowing me to cover my bases on that. Now I'm going to scroll down a little bit, find one of these links Return to top.

Now if I target that with my Code Navigator, what I'm looking for is this selector right here, #mainContent #mainArticle p a.top. So that is any a tag which is an anchor, which is the link tag with the class top applied to it, found inside of a paragraph, found inside of mainArticle, found inside of mainContent. I know those can get little long. So I'm just going to click on that and with that targeted and highlighted, this time let's double-click that, so you can see where text-transform is in the CSS Rule definition dialog box.

Well, here it is right here, Text-transform. I'm going to grab that pulldown menu. This time, I'm going to say lowercase. Click OK. Now when I click in Design view, I can see that each of those is now all lowercase. Perfect. Exactly what I wanted. Now let's scroll all the way down, and take a closer look at Explore California. Once again, I'm going to go ahead and bring up my Code Navigator for that. The very bottom rule, #footer # footerBody #footerRightColumn heading 1, that's the one we want.

I'm just going to double-click that as well, because I want to show where this is in the CSS Rule definition dialog box if you are ever creating a Rule and you want to use Font-variant. Right above Text-transform is Font-variant. If I grab that pulldown menu, notice I have two options here: normal and small-caps. Normal is the default, so unless you're trying to overwrite something that's been done earlier, you're probably only going to use this if you ever just want small-caps. So I'm going to just choose small- caps, click OK, and click back into my Design environment.

Now, Dreamweaver doesn't do the best job of previewing what small-caps are going to look like. So what I want to do is do a Save All, click back on Design view and I'm going to click Live View to render this page with the WebKit rendering engine. If I scroll down to my footer now, I can see that actually looks a little bit better. You might also want to preview that in another browser, say Firefox, for example. Now when I scroll down, all the way down to the footer, I can see my small-caps there. I kind of like the way that looks, so I think I'm going to leave it like that. All right.

Excellent. Now all the tour names, return links, and the footer text is displaying following our sites specifications, regardless of how the text was entered. Whether you use the text-transform and font-variant properties to ensure proper text display or to create stylized displays that vary from the actual content, you'll find these properties an indispensable technique in controlling your site's CSS.

Show transcript

This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

135 video lessons · 88919 viewers

James Williamson
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye
      34s

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