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Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

Styling a header


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Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

with Joseph Lowery

Video: Styling a header

So far in this chapter we have changed the background and the page width as well as adding web fonts to match our site. Now we are going to work our way from the top down, starting with the header. So I have both the blog_comp.htm file found in the _source folder, as well as the index.php file from our WordPress blog folder open, am in Live view in both documents. WordPress is very big on dynamically building the page by including its constituent parts.
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  1. 4m 7s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 54s
    3. A word about updates
      1m 15s
  2. 15m 28s
    1. Overview
      1m 51s
    2. Creating the database and the initial site
      3m 45s
    3. Configuring WordPress
      5m 54s
    4. Establishing a Dreamweaver site
      3m 58s
  3. 20m 18s
    1. Accessing dynamically related files
      4m 12s
    2. Filtering files
      4m 20s
    3. Following links
      4m 15s
    4. Employing Live Code
      2m 54s
    5. Enabling site-specific code hinting
      4m 37s
  4. 21m 8s
    1. Adding blog posts
      4m 55s
    2. Editing blog posts
      3m 20s
    3. Adding new pages
      2m 59s
    4. Including images
      6m 59s
    5. Adding videos to posts
      2m 55s
  5. 18m 12s
    1. Understanding WordPress structure
      3m 52s
    2. Activating a theme
      7m 21s
    3. Setting up a child theme
      6m 59s
  6. 1h 29m
    1. Updating the page structure and the background
      12m 53s
    2. Working with web fonts
      4m 3s
    3. Styling a header
      11m 48s
    4. Adding header functions
      7m 40s
    5. Setting up content columns
      10m 9s
    6. Changing the main content
      5m 17s
    7. Managing the content code
      4m 48s
    8. Customizing the sidebar
      10m 32s
    9. Styling search
      7m 8s
    10. Working with search text
      5m 49s
    11. Integrating the footer
      9m 40s
  7. 27m 18s
    1. Setting up media queries
      6m 12s
    2. Customizing for tablets
      12m 19s
    3. Building smartphone layouts
      8m 47s
  8. 23m 28s
    1. Working with categories and posts
      5m 31s
    2. Developing category-driven pages
      11m 22s
    3. Changing headers by category
      6m 35s
  9. 36m 32s
    1. Adding Spry accordion panels
      17m 44s
    2. Working with Spry form validation
      11m 56s
    3. Integrating jQuery functionality
      6m 52s
  10. 11m 7s
    1. Understanding WordPress plugins
      6m 20s
    2. Styling plugin output
      4m 47s
  11. 25m 44s
    1. Customizing the Dashboard
      6m 52s
    2. Working with WordPress functions
      8m 7s
    3. Including administration interactivity
      10m 45s
  12. 13m 10s
    1. Setting up the data in WordPress
      2m 17s
    2. Adding dynamic data from WordPress to your web pages
      10m 53s
  13. 11m 38s
    1. Modifying general settings
      4m 12s
    2. Setting up users
      3m 11s
    3. Restricting access to specific WordPress pages
      4m 15s
  14. 26m 38s
    1. Exporting and importing WordPress files
      7m 9s
    2. Backing up and restoring the database
      8m 10s
    3. Transferring files
      6m 3s
    4. Testing and fine-tuning
      5m 16s
  15. 18s
    1. Next steps
      18s

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Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts
5h 44m Intermediate May 27, 2010 Updated Oct 23, 2012

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In this course, author Joseph Lowery shows how to combine the utility of WordPress and the power of Adobe Dreamweaver to transition existing websites to the WordPress platform. The course demonstrates how to create new blog posts and pages, customize WordPress themes, and extend WordPress editable pages from within Dreamweaver. It also covers how to add Spry elements, add and customize plugins, and enhance WordPress-stored content with Dreamweaver's dynamic pages. Plus, a chapter on responsive design shows how you can adapt your layouts for tablets and mobile devices.

Topics include:
  • Using the Dynamically-Related Files feature in Dreamweaver to design WordPress pages
  • Applying WordPress themes
  • Customizing themes
  • Adding Spry widgets
  • Adding WordPress dynamic data
  • Populating the WordPress database
  • Publishing a WordPress site
Subjects:
Web CMS Blogs Web Design
Software:
Dreamweaver WordPress
Author:
Joseph Lowery

Styling a header

So far in this chapter we have changed the background and the page width as well as adding web fonts to match our site. Now we are going to work our way from the top down, starting with the header. So I have both the blog_comp.htm file found in the _source folder, as well as the index.php file from our WordPress blog folder open, am in Live view in both documents. WordPress is very big on dynamically building the page by including its constituent parts.

The header is one such part and typically includes any pre-HTML code, the opening HTML tag, the entire head tag, the opening body tag, and any header area prior to the content. So in this theme, it's going to be this entire section up to, and including, this border that we see here. Now, all of this code is contained in the header.php file. So to preserve our parent theme, let's copy the header.php file from the custom theme folder to or roux theme folder.

So over in the Files panel, I am going to expand the custom folder, locate header.php, press Command+C to copy that, close up custom, and let's just open up roux and then paste that in. So there's our header.php file and while we are at it, we are going to copy some images that we'll need to the roux theme folder as well, and those are located a little bit higher up in the root of the site, because we are going to be bringing in images that are used throughout the entire site.

So I am going to copy these three files starting with blog_header01 through blog_header03. I also, I'm going to need this diagonal pattern PNG, here, so I'll select that as well, and then I need the Roux Academy logo, which is located here as the ralogo.png. So I am going to just press my Command key and do a selection there. So I should have five files as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Let's copy those with the Command+C and then I scroll down and rather than just dumping them in the roux folder here I am going to create another subfolder, right-clicking on roux, choose New Folder, and let's keep things consistent, so I'll name this _images and with that still selected, I'll press Command+V and copy in those files.

Let's tidy up our Files panel a little bit. Now, one thing I have discovered, now Dreamweaver is pretty good about reading in new files, but I found there are sometimes you really need to give it a helping hand. To show you what I mean, let me locate the header.php file here, and one way to do that is to scroll through the various files. I happen to know that it's located right at the end there, so I'll scroll all the way to the end, and if I hover over it, you can see in the tooltip and look over on the right of the tooltip, it's custom:header.php.

So this is the header.php file that's in the custom folder, that's not what we want. So let's close the index.php, and we'll reopen it. I am just going to go to File > Open Recent and choose index.php. Now we'll discover the files again, and this time let's use the Custom Filter to go right to the files we need. We are going to be needing the style sheets, so style.css;header.php, click OK, and now if I hover over header.php, and you look at the end of the tooltip, you'll see that the folder the header.php file is in is the roux theme folder, exactly what we want.

So let's go ahead and go into Live view, and now we are ready to bring in code from the comp. So we are going to switch over to the blog_comp, go to Source Code, and let's just go ahead and click right into the header area here. And what I want to do is I want to bring in the codes starting with header here, so I am going to bring in actually the entire tag, so I'll again put my cursor right after header and then choose Select Tag, and once that's selected, I'll copy it with Command+C, then move over to index.php, click on header.php, let me just go ahead and switch to Code view momentarily here, so we've got a good view of what's going on.

And I'll scroll down, and I want to replace this entire header area here. So with that selected, I'll just press Command+V. Now one thing I want to show you, if you go to Design view now or Split view and just click Refresh, you might be surprised that you don't see the new header information. That's because with Dreamweaver, while it will pick up styles if you just click Refresh, anything else such as changing the code in the header.php or footer.php as we'll do later, won't be picked up until you save that file.

So let's go ahead and I just want to click into header.php here, and I'll do a Command+S to save the file. Now if I hit Refresh, there's my new navigation. Now, you can see that the links that we have here on the code side are relative, and we're going to have to adjust those, but let's stay focused on the styles for right now. So I am going to go back over to my blog_comp.htm, switch to main.css, and let's locate all the CSS rules that have to do with the navigation. One great way to do that is to use the Inspect tool.

So I am in Live view, I click Inspect, and I am just going to go over to the navigation area, click once just to lock that down, and now let me open up CSS Styles panel, and you can see that I'm already in the Links area here, and if I scroll up, you can see that there are numerous link related styles. So let's go ahead and right-click on pageHeader ul and choose Go to Code so we can go right to that, and now I see the beginning of these styles here, and if I scroll up a little bit more, I want to make sure that I get them all, and I can see that I actually have a Nav styles section.

So let's select all of that, and I'll go up to, but not including, page-specific header styles on line 229, copy all of those files and then switch over to index.php, and you want to make sure that you go right into style.css. So I am going to go to the bottom of my page, and just make a little room here and then paste those in, and now let's hit Refresh. And, as you can see, I didn't have to save my style sheet like I did have to save the header page. Just one of those little quirks in Dreamweaver, but now we have a navigation working. But what about the logo image? Let's head back over to blog_comp.htm and inspect that, see what we can find out about in there.

So, if I scroll over to here and click down, there I see my .blogHeader, and that seems to be a background image, but that's not really the logo. The logo seems to be associated with this h1 tag here so if I click on that. Ah. Here we go, .pageHeader h1, and there is my RA logo. So let's use Go to Code for that, and there is Header Styles section, so I am going to copy that particular one.

It looks like we have got a couple of rules. Now sometimes placement is important. So I notice that these rules even though we came to them second, are above the Nav styles. So I am going to put that in the same relative position after I copy it, move back over to index.php, scroll up above the Nav styles and paste in my Header styles here, clean that up a little bit. So now if we click Refresh, we can see that a box has been made for the logo, but there is no logo.

When you don't see an image that's supposed to be brought in by the CSS, typically that means that the path is wrong in some way. So here's our rule right here, the background is looking for an image that's up one level which is true with the blog_comp, but it's not true with our index.php page. So let's get rid of that additional dot-dot slash that we don't need, and I'll click Refresh one more time, and there is our logo. So now the only thing that's missing is our background image that is located within the blogHeader.

So let's go back over to blog_comp, and I am going to inspect one more time, you can see we use this religiously, and there it is .blogHeader, let's go to code, locate that, and I am going to copy that rule, head back over to my page, and I am just going to put this in between the two here, the Header styles as well as the Nav styles. Let's save that page, and now click Refresh and again we have space, but no image.

So let's get rid of the unwanted path and click Refresh one more time, and there is our image. So let's reduce the Files panel over here and go to Design view, so we can get a good sense of what it is we still need to do. So it looks like there's some additional padding that's going around the outside, and we have a border that's appearing on the top here as well as a little extra margin space it looks like. So let's go ahead and figure out what the problem is there.

Sometimes the issue is not that you don't have the styles put in place yet, but you have too many styles. So let's open up our panels again. This time let's do the inspection on our index.php page. So I'll turn on inspection, and if I hover over the .blogHeader, I can see that there is some additional margin that's appearing down below it, and if I click in to lock that in, it's not the header tag, so let's keep going up. Well, there doesn't seem to be any additional margin on that outerWrapper tag. What about this one? Well, here I see I do have 10 pixels of padding here, and we want to get rid of that.

So I am going to go to this outerWrapper tag, which as you can see, when I select it in the Rules panel shows that my style.css file is selected. So I can go ahead and actually take advantage of that and put in the rule here. And I am going to set that padding to zero. Well, that tightens things up very nicely, but we still have this border issue here. So let's use Inspect one more time. I'll go in here and click on that and again let's click on the border.

Well, here is the real problem that we are finding, the header has a border bottom that we don't need, and it also has a margin bottom that we don't need. So there is no equivalent rule defined yet in my style sheet for the roux folder. So let's open that up, I'll go to Split view, and I always going to put that right after blogHeader here before the navigation. That's addressing the header tag, and we want to get rid of the border-bottom altogether. So I am going to do border-bottom: none, and we also have a margin-bottom that I want to get rid of, so margin-bottom: 0.

Let's close out the header and refresh the page. Bingo. That looks great. So stylistically we are rocking.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts.


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Q: While trying to set up a Dreamweaver site, an error occurs that says Dreamweaver cannot resolve the dynamic files because the site definition is incorrect. What is causing this? This is using WAMP on a Windows 7 computer.
A: When setting up the site in Dreamweaver and creating a local testing server, make sure to point it to the folder in c:/wamp/www/ that is being used for the site. If using the same naming convention as shown in the videos, the server folder should be pointing to C:\wamp\www\explore_ca\ and the Web URL field should read http://localhost/explore_ca/, like the picture here:

Q: How do I set the password for WAMP Server 2?
A: The WAMP server does not include a password for MySQL when first installed. You’ll need to add a password by modifying a configuration text file and set up a password in the MySQL server.
Setting a password on the MySQL server:

  1. From the Start menu, enter CMD to open the command line interface.
  2. Switch to the bin directory of your MySQL folder, installed by WAMP. For version 5.1.36 of MySQL, for example, enter cd c:\wamp\bin\mysql\mysql5.1.36\bin
    Navigate within the WAMP folder installed on your system to find the proper path.
  3.  Enter the following: mysql -u root
  4. The command line for MySQL will open with a mysql prompt like this: mysql>
  5. Enter the following:
    SET PASSWORD for 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('yourPassword');
    - replace 'yourPassword' with the password you want to use. 
  6. Close the CMD window.
Setting the password in the phpMyAdmin config file:
After you change the MySQL password you will have to edit the config.inc.php file. Here's how:
  1. In Windows Explorer, navigate to C:\wamp\apps\phpmyadmin3.2.0.1 (version number may vary). 
  2. Open the file config.inc.php in Dreamweaver or another text editor.
  3. Locate the following line:
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = '';
  4. Enter your password between the quotes; make sure the password is the same as the one you set in the MySQL server.
  5. Save the file.
  6. From the system tray icon for WAMP, choose Restart All Services.
  7. To test, choose phpMyAdmin from the WAMP system tray icon.

Q: After creating a template following the instructions in the Chapter 5 video “Creating a page template in Dreamweaver,” I am unable to select the template. In the video, the instructor’s page shows a heading of Template, with a dropdown menu, but my version shows only a dropdown labeled “Attributes,” and the newly created template does not appear. What is causing this issue?
A: This seems to be a bug in WordPress that occurs occasionally. Although a cause has yet to be determined, a possible workaround to get the Template option to appear is switch themes. Switching to the default theme and then back again to Explore_California should reveal the Template option.
Q: While following along with the instructions in the "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows," I encountered this error: MySQL said: "#1045 – Access denied for user ‘root’@’localhost’ (using password: NO)" What is causing this error?
A: This error occurs when trying to enter the MySQL monitor with a password for a user who has not set a password yet. In that case, removing the “-u root” part should resolve the problem.
Q: While following along to the chapter 2 movie "Using dynamically related files," I get an error message that reads: "Dynamically-related files could not be resolved because the site definition is not correct for this server." What is causing this error?
A: This is a known issue with Dreamweaver, and relates to the permalink settings in the WordPress installation. If the permalink setting is set to something other than the default, like “Month & Name,” for example, Dreamweaver is unable to resolve the dynamic files, and the described error will occur. Changing the permalink setting back to Default will clear the error.
Q: I am bit confused as to my need to use MAMP with a WordPress site in Dreamweaver. If I am going to use a separate commercial hosting site as my server, do I still need to use MAMP in my WordPress site?
A: MAMP is installed to provide an easy-to-use development server capable of handling MySQL and PHP on your local computer. It's also possible to set up MySQL and PHP servers separately, but it requires many more steps and is not as "user-friendly" as the described process. Your hosting server will have MySQL/PHP enabled on their servers for the remote live setup, but that doesn't have anything to do with developing and testing pages on your own computer.
Q: I can't find the file named commevents.php in the exercise files. I need it to set up an online database in the last chapter.
A: This is a file you create yourself when you first connect to a database. Refer to the "Adding WordPress dynamic data to pages" video in Chapter 7. commevents.php should appear in the Connections folder once you establish a connection.
Q:  In "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows", I'm getting the error "#1045 - Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost'" when testing the phpMyAdmin.

If I try and re-do the steps, I get the following error "ERROR 1044 (42000): Access denied for user ''@'localhost' to database mysql'" when I try to change the password.
A: This seems to be happening because of the combination of Windows 7 and a
new version of WampServer 2.1. Here's another approach that should work
for the new combination.

Follow these steps instead of the ones using the CMD prompt. (As a bonus, they're much easier!)
  1. Left-click on the WampServer icon tray.
  2. Choose phpMyAdmin.
  3. When the phpMyAdmin page opens in your browser, click the Privileges tab found after the Engines tab.
  4. Locate the line in the User table with "root - localhost - No..." (probably the last one).
  5. Click the Edit icon (the final item in the row).
  6. Scroll down to the Change Password section.
  7. Select Password and enter your password twice. (If you're following the exercises, enter root).
  8. Click Go in the lower-right corner.
Now follow the rest of the steps in "Setting up a MySQL password for Windows" video, starting at the 4:13 mark. This is where you use a text editor to make a change in the config.inc PHP file and restart all WampServer services when you're done.
Q:  I want to setup the practice files and site on my localhost, as described; however, I already have my current WordPress site (under development) running on my localhost. How do I run two WordPress sites on my localhost?
A:  You can easily do it by setting up another site in Dreamweaver. Just copy the WordPress files to that folder as described and establish a new database via phpMyAdmin. You can set up as many WordPress sites as you need to. The author has upwards of 80 on his system, all for different clients.
Q: This course was updated on 10/23/2012. What changed?
A: The course was thoroughly revised and uses the most current versions of both programs. We added chapters on responsive design and creating a custom administration panel in WordPress, new movies about concepts and taxonomies, and extended the Spry chapter to include jQuery, among other changes. New movies are indicated by the NEW tag next to the movie name.
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