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Styling a header

From: Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

Video: Styling a header

So far in this chapter we have changed the background and the page width as well as adding web fonts to match our site. Now we are going to work our way from the top down, starting with the header. So I have both the blog_comp.htm file found in the _source folder, as well as the index.php file from our WordPress blog folder open, am in Live view in both documents. WordPress is very big on dynamically building the page by including its constituent parts.

Styling a header

So far in this chapter we have changed the background and the page width as well as adding web fonts to match our site. Now we are going to work our way from the top down, starting with the header. So I have both the blog_comp.htm file found in the _source folder, as well as the index.php file from our WordPress blog folder open, am in Live view in both documents. WordPress is very big on dynamically building the page by including its constituent parts.

The header is one such part and typically includes any pre-HTML code, the opening HTML tag, the entire head tag, the opening body tag, and any header area prior to the content. So in this theme, it's going to be this entire section up to, and including, this border that we see here. Now, all of this code is contained in the header.php file. So to preserve our parent theme, let's copy the header.php file from the custom theme folder to or roux theme folder.

So over in the Files panel, I am going to expand the custom folder, locate header.php, press Command+C to copy that, close up custom, and let's just open up roux and then paste that in. So there's our header.php file and while we are at it, we are going to copy some images that we'll need to the roux theme folder as well, and those are located a little bit higher up in the root of the site, because we are going to be bringing in images that are used throughout the entire site.

So I am going to copy these three files starting with blog_header01 through blog_header03. I also, I'm going to need this diagonal pattern PNG, here, so I'll select that as well, and then I need the Roux Academy logo, which is located here as the ralogo.png. So I am going to just press my Command key and do a selection there. So I should have five files as 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Let's copy those with the Command+C and then I scroll down and rather than just dumping them in the roux folder here I am going to create another subfolder, right-clicking on roux, choose New Folder, and let's keep things consistent, so I'll name this _images and with that still selected, I'll press Command+V and copy in those files.

Let's tidy up our Files panel a little bit. Now, one thing I have discovered, now Dreamweaver is pretty good about reading in new files, but I found there are sometimes you really need to give it a helping hand. To show you what I mean, let me locate the header.php file here, and one way to do that is to scroll through the various files. I happen to know that it's located right at the end there, so I'll scroll all the way to the end, and if I hover over it, you can see in the tooltip and look over on the right of the tooltip, it's custom:header.php.

So this is the header.php file that's in the custom folder, that's not what we want. So let's close the index.php, and we'll reopen it. I am just going to go to File > Open Recent and choose index.php. Now we'll discover the files again, and this time let's use the Custom Filter to go right to the files we need. We are going to be needing the style sheets, so style.css;header.php, click OK, and now if I hover over header.php, and you look at the end of the tooltip, you'll see that the folder the header.php file is in is the roux theme folder, exactly what we want.

So let's go ahead and go into Live view, and now we are ready to bring in code from the comp. So we are going to switch over to the blog_comp, go to Source Code, and let's just go ahead and click right into the header area here. And what I want to do is I want to bring in the codes starting with header here, so I am going to bring in actually the entire tag, so I'll again put my cursor right after header and then choose Select Tag, and once that's selected, I'll copy it with Command+C, then move over to index.php, click on header.php, let me just go ahead and switch to Code view momentarily here, so we've got a good view of what's going on.

And I'll scroll down, and I want to replace this entire header area here. So with that selected, I'll just press Command+V. Now one thing I want to show you, if you go to Design view now or Split view and just click Refresh, you might be surprised that you don't see the new header information. That's because with Dreamweaver, while it will pick up styles if you just click Refresh, anything else such as changing the code in the header.php or footer.php as we'll do later, won't be picked up until you save that file.

So let's go ahead and I just want to click into header.php here, and I'll do a Command+S to save the file. Now if I hit Refresh, there's my new navigation. Now, you can see that the links that we have here on the code side are relative, and we're going to have to adjust those, but let's stay focused on the styles for right now. So I am going to go back over to my blog_comp.htm, switch to main.css, and let's locate all the CSS rules that have to do with the navigation. One great way to do that is to use the Inspect tool.

So I am in Live view, I click Inspect, and I am just going to go over to the navigation area, click once just to lock that down, and now let me open up CSS Styles panel, and you can see that I'm already in the Links area here, and if I scroll up, you can see that there are numerous link related styles. So let's go ahead and right-click on pageHeader ul and choose Go to Code so we can go right to that, and now I see the beginning of these styles here, and if I scroll up a little bit more, I want to make sure that I get them all, and I can see that I actually have a Nav styles section.

So let's select all of that, and I'll go up to, but not including, page-specific header styles on line 229, copy all of those files and then switch over to index.php, and you want to make sure that you go right into style.css. So I am going to go to the bottom of my page, and just make a little room here and then paste those in, and now let's hit Refresh. And, as you can see, I didn't have to save my style sheet like I did have to save the header page. Just one of those little quirks in Dreamweaver, but now we have a navigation working. But what about the logo image? Let's head back over to blog_comp.htm and inspect that, see what we can find out about in there.

So, if I scroll over to here and click down, there I see my .blogHeader, and that seems to be a background image, but that's not really the logo. The logo seems to be associated with this h1 tag here so if I click on that. Ah. Here we go, .pageHeader h1, and there is my RA logo. So let's use Go to Code for that, and there is Header Styles section, so I am going to copy that particular one.

It looks like we have got a couple of rules. Now sometimes placement is important. So I notice that these rules even though we came to them second, are above the Nav styles. So I am going to put that in the same relative position after I copy it, move back over to index.php, scroll up above the Nav styles and paste in my Header styles here, clean that up a little bit. So now if we click Refresh, we can see that a box has been made for the logo, but there is no logo.

When you don't see an image that's supposed to be brought in by the CSS, typically that means that the path is wrong in some way. So here's our rule right here, the background is looking for an image that's up one level which is true with the blog_comp, but it's not true with our index.php page. So let's get rid of that additional dot-dot slash that we don't need, and I'll click Refresh one more time, and there is our logo. So now the only thing that's missing is our background image that is located within the blogHeader.

So let's go back over to blog_comp, and I am going to inspect one more time, you can see we use this religiously, and there it is .blogHeader, let's go to code, locate that, and I am going to copy that rule, head back over to my page, and I am just going to put this in between the two here, the Header styles as well as the Nav styles. Let's save that page, and now click Refresh and again we have space, but no image.

So let's get rid of the unwanted path and click Refresh one more time, and there is our image. So let's reduce the Files panel over here and go to Design view, so we can get a good sense of what it is we still need to do. So it looks like there's some additional padding that's going around the outside, and we have a border that's appearing on the top here as well as a little extra margin space it looks like. So let's go ahead and figure out what the problem is there.

Sometimes the issue is not that you don't have the styles put in place yet, but you have too many styles. So let's open up our panels again. This time let's do the inspection on our index.php page. So I'll turn on inspection, and if I hover over the .blogHeader, I can see that there is some additional margin that's appearing down below it, and if I click in to lock that in, it's not the header tag, so let's keep going up. Well, there doesn't seem to be any additional margin on that outerWrapper tag. What about this one? Well, here I see I do have 10 pixels of padding here, and we want to get rid of that.

So I am going to go to this outerWrapper tag, which as you can see, when I select it in the Rules panel shows that my style.css file is selected. So I can go ahead and actually take advantage of that and put in the rule here. And I am going to set that padding to zero. Well, that tightens things up very nicely, but we still have this border issue here. So let's use Inspect one more time. I'll go in here and click on that and again let's click on the border.

Well, here is the real problem that we are finding, the header has a border bottom that we don't need, and it also has a margin bottom that we don't need. So there is no equivalent rule defined yet in my style sheet for the roux folder. So let's open that up, I'll go to Split view, and I always going to put that right after blogHeader here before the navigation. That's addressing the header tag, and we want to get rid of the border-bottom altogether. So I am going to do border-bottom: none, and we also have a margin-bottom that I want to get rid of, so margin-bottom: 0.

Let's close out the header and refresh the page. Bingo. That looks great. So stylistically we are rocking.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts
Dreamweaver and WordPress: Core Concepts

55 video lessons · 51805 viewers

Joseph Lowery
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 4m 7s
    1. Welcome
      58s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 54s
    3. A word about updates
      1m 15s
  2. 15m 28s
    1. Overview
      1m 51s
    2. Creating the database and the initial site
      3m 45s
    3. Configuring WordPress
      5m 54s
    4. Establishing a Dreamweaver site
      3m 58s
  3. 20m 18s
    1. Accessing dynamically related files
      4m 12s
    2. Filtering files
      4m 20s
    3. Following links
      4m 15s
    4. Employing Live Code
      2m 54s
    5. Enabling site-specific code hinting
      4m 37s
  4. 21m 8s
    1. Adding blog posts
      4m 55s
    2. Editing blog posts
      3m 20s
    3. Adding new pages
      2m 59s
    4. Including images
      6m 59s
    5. Adding videos to posts
      2m 55s
  5. 18m 12s
    1. Understanding WordPress structure
      3m 52s
    2. Activating a theme
      7m 21s
    3. Setting up a child theme
      6m 59s
  6. 1h 29m
    1. Updating the page structure and the background
      12m 53s
    2. Working with web fonts
      4m 3s
    3. Styling a header
      11m 48s
    4. Adding header functions
      7m 40s
    5. Setting up content columns
      10m 9s
    6. Changing the main content
      5m 17s
    7. Managing the content code
      4m 48s
    8. Customizing the sidebar
      10m 32s
    9. Styling search
      7m 8s
    10. Working with search text
      5m 49s
    11. Integrating the footer
      9m 40s
  7. 27m 18s
    1. Setting up media queries
      6m 12s
    2. Customizing for tablets
      12m 19s
    3. Building smartphone layouts
      8m 47s
  8. 23m 28s
    1. Working with categories and posts
      5m 31s
    2. Developing category-driven pages
      11m 22s
    3. Changing headers by category
      6m 35s
  9. 36m 32s
    1. Adding Spry accordion panels
      17m 44s
    2. Working with Spry form validation
      11m 56s
    3. Integrating jQuery functionality
      6m 52s
  10. 11m 7s
    1. Understanding WordPress plugins
      6m 20s
    2. Styling plugin output
      4m 47s
  11. 25m 44s
    1. Customizing the Dashboard
      6m 52s
    2. Working with WordPress functions
      8m 7s
    3. Including administration interactivity
      10m 45s
  12. 13m 10s
    1. Setting up the data in WordPress
      2m 17s
    2. Adding dynamic data from WordPress to your web pages
      10m 53s
  13. 11m 38s
    1. Modifying general settings
      4m 12s
    2. Setting up users
      3m 11s
    3. Restricting access to specific WordPress pages
      4m 15s
  14. 26m 38s
    1. Exporting and importing WordPress files
      7m 9s
    2. Backing up and restoring the database
      8m 10s
    3. Transferring files
      6m 3s
    4. Testing and fine-tuning
      5m 16s
  15. 18s
    1. Next steps
      18s

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