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Setting table widths

From: Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

Video: Setting table widths

When we first created this table we've been working in this chapter, we didn't explicitly declare any width for the table, so the browser determines the width for you by stretching out table as wide as it can, in order to accommodate the table's contents. As a result, the width of your table is going to change, based on the size of the browser window. Let me show you. If I go and preview this in {italic}Safari,{plain} and if I resize my window, notice that the table resizes too. Now sometimes you may want this functionality, but other times, you might want to specify an exact width, so the table does not change, based on the size of the browser window. For instance, in this case, if I have this browser window all the way open, this is kind of difficult to read with the description of each of these teapots stretching all the way, almost entirely across my screen. It would be much easier to read if this table were a little bit smaller and I didn't have to span the entire screen to read this description. So let's go see how we do this. Now back here in {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} I'm going to come up to the Visual Aids button. And I mentioned this in the previous movie. I'm going to turn on Table Widths. So when I select the table, I see this little width guy down here at the bottom. Now you don't need to use the table width display, but I find it helps in this sort of situation to illustrate how table widths work. You can always set your table width down here in the Property inspector. And let's actually start down here. You can see when I have my table selected, I have an option here for width. Now, if you've used {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} in the past, you might notice that the Height field has disappeared. And it's about time because the height attribute is no longer supported in HTML. The height is usually determined by the content within the table that determines how high the table is going to be. But you still can decide the width of the table.

Setting table widths

When we first created this table we've been working in this chapter, we didn't explicitly declare any width for the table, so the browser determines the width for you by stretching out table as wide as it can, in order to accommodate the table's contents. As a result, the width of your table is going to change, based on the size of the browser window. Let me show you. If I go and preview this in {italic}Safari,{plain} and if I resize my window, notice that the table resizes too. Now sometimes you may want this functionality, but other times, you might want to specify an exact width, so the table does not change, based on the size of the browser window. For instance, in this case, if I have this browser window all the way open, this is kind of difficult to read with the description of each of these teapots stretching all the way, almost entirely across my screen. It would be much easier to read if this table were a little bit smaller and I didn't have to span the entire screen to read this description. So let's go see how we do this. Now back here in {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} I'm going to come up to the Visual Aids button. And I mentioned this in the previous movie. I'm going to turn on Table Widths. So when I select the table, I see this little width guy down here at the bottom. Now you don't need to use the table width display, but I find it helps in this sort of situation to illustrate how table widths work. You can always set your table width down here in the Property inspector. And let's actually start down here. You can see when I have my table selected, I have an option here for width. Now, if you've used {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} in the past, you might notice that the Height field has disappeared. And it's about time because the height attribute is no longer supported in HTML. The height is usually determined by the content within the table that determines how high the table is going to be. But you still can decide the width of the table.

size the user's browser window is, assign a pixel-based width to it. Now I might look at this and determine that this Price column is still a little bit narrow. So I could either click in the Price column, and come down here, and set a width by typing in this field, or I can come up here and actually put my cursor on the divider between the two columns, and just drag to the left. And this is where it is sort of advantageous to have that display down the bottom in the table width area.

You can see that this actually tells me the width to which I'm dragging this. So I'll drag this over to 70 pixels, and that locks the size of that table width in. Now notice down here that it tells me that even though I dragged this to 70, and notice it still 70 in blue as I'm dragging it. But when I release, notice that it says 70 in parentheses here, but it's actually 80. And you may be wondering about this, because it actually is 80 pixels wide at this point. And the reason, if you recall in one of the previous movies, we came in here and set our table cells to have a padding of five pixels. There's a padding of five pixels of the left side, top, right, and bottom of each one of these cells. And since there's five pixels of padding on the left and right, that equals 10 additional pixels, which is why it tells us that the actual width of the cell is now 80 pixels, even though I specified 70. Okay, so that's how you create a pixel-based table that locks into a specific size.

Now the other option we have is to set a percentage-based table width, which then lets the table grow and shrink with the entire window. Now, we saw that we can do that if we just leave the width field blank, but that basically takes the table and just stretches it out, and you really have no control over how large it gets. By setting an actual percentage size, you still can control how wide that table will be, in relationship to the browser window. I'm going to select the table again, and down here, I'm going to click the main column header menu, and I'm going to choose Clear All Widths. That just clears all the code out of all table width information. Notice if I select the table again, it doesn't have the 500 pixel width setting in here again. So in here I'm going to type 75, and I'm going change this to %.

Percentage width tables can be handy if you're trying to create a fluid layout, which adjusts along with the user's browser window. It really depends on the layout, and the purpose of the table. But if your layout is flexible enough, it will display nicely on any screen resolution. And the table width markers work essentially the same way for percentage-based table widths. You can see here, it's set to percentage. Actually, it tells me the pixels at this point, but the pixel size will change, if I resize my window, as you can see there. But if I resize one of these columns again, and I'll drag this to 70 pixels again, you can see it automatically adjusts. It tells me it's 15% right there. So when you specify that the table should be a percentage, that's what you get. The rest of the cells are also set to be percentage widths.

If I save and preview this in my browser, you can see that, sure enough it stays 75% the size of my browser window. That's how we adjust table widths in {italic}Dreamweaver.{plain} It takes a little bit of playing around with to really understand how table widths work, but keep playing around with it, and you'll eventually get the hang of it.

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This video is part of

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Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

129 video lessons · 86901 viewers

Garrick Chow
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 12s
    1. Welcome
      1m 12s
  2. 21m 0s
    1. HTML vs. XHTML
      3m 4s
    2. What is CSS?
      3m 48s
    3. What is XML?
      2m 11s
    4. What is DHTML?
      1m 9s
    5. What is JavaScript?
      1m 23s
    6. File naming conventions
      3m 22s
    7. What is an index page?
      6m 3s
  3. 46m 18s
    1. Setting up your workspace
      2m 39s
    2. The Welcome screen
      4m 11s
    3. Windows and Mac differences
      3m 18s
    4. The Insert bar
      4m 38s
    5. The Property Inspector
      1m 50s
    6. The Document toolbar
      6m 6s
    7. The Document window
      9m 11s
    8. Panels and panel groups
      6m 58s
    9. Saving workspace layouts
      2m 22s
    10. Defining a default browser
      5m 5s
  4. 24m 59s
    1. Defining a site
      9m 5s
    2. File and folder management
      3m 11s
    3. Understanding path structure
      3m 17s
    4. Adding content to a site
      6m 6s
    5. Creating a site map
      3m 20s
  5. 38m 39s
    1. Creating a new blank site
      6m 0s
    2. Creating and saving a new document
      7m 54s
    3. About DOCTYPE
      3m 59s
    4. Inserting images
      9m 26s
    5. Inserting text
      3m 35s
    6. Aligning text and images
      4m 9s
    7. Inserting meta tags
      3m 36s
  6. 45m 58s
    1. Link basics
      6m 4s
    2. Linking with Point to File
      5m 18s
    3. External links
      4m 15s
    4. Creating email links
      5m 49s
    5. Named anchors
      7m 37s
    6. Linking to a file
      7m 35s
    7. Image maps
      9m 20s
  7. 1h 8m
    1. About CSS
      4m 52s
    2. Anatomy of a style sheet
      4m 10s
    3. CSS and page properties
      10m 11s
    4. Moving an internal style sheet to an external style sheet
      6m 46s
    5. The CSS Styles panel
      3m 48s
    6. CSS selectors
      2m 37s
    7. Type selectors
      12m 13s
    8. ID selectors
      10m 21s
    9. Class selectors
      5m 42s
    10. Creating rollovers with pseudo-class selectors
      7m 22s
  8. 42m 54s
    1. CSS vs. the Font tag
      2m 42s
    2. Formatting text with the Property Inspector
      8m 41s
    3. What measurement should I use?
      3m 15s
    4. Managing white space with margins, padding, and line height
      8m 34s
    5. Using font lists
      5m 45s
    6. Aligning text
      2m 47s
    7. Creating lists
      5m 8s
    8. Creating Flash text
      6m 2s
  9. 43m 19s
    1. About tables
      1m 28s
    2. Tables in Code view
      2m 36s
    3. Creating and adding content to tables
      7m 40s
    4. Changing table borders with XHTML
      5m 46s
    5. Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS
      6m 41s
    6. Aligning table content
      6m 39s
    7. Sorting tables
      3m 6s
    8. Setting table widths
      4m 48s
    9. Creating rounded-corner tables
      4m 35s
  10. 28m 22s
    1. Dreamweaver's layout tools
      3m 8s
    2. Tracing images
      4m 58s
    3. Adding AP div tags
      7m 29s
    4. Working with Layout Tables
      6m 55s
    5. Adjusting table widths and nesting tables
      5m 52s
  11. 16m 19s
    1. What is a device?
      3m 14s
    2. Attaching a printer-friendly style sheet
      3m 5s
    3. Styling for print
      7m 41s
    4. Adobe Device Central
      2m 19s
  12. 29m 54s
    1. Rollover rules
      3m 31s
    2. Creating simple rollovers
      5m 36s
    3. Creating disjointed rollovers
      7m 12s
    4. Creating navigation bars with multiple states
      9m 21s
    5. Creating Flash buttons
      4m 14s
  13. 26m 32s
    1. Viewing the code
      6m 9s
    2. Editing in Code view
      3m 0s
    3. The Code toolbar
      5m 11s
    4. Working with Code Collapse
      4m 27s
    5. The Quick Tag Editor
      2m 20s
    6. Working with snippets
      5m 25s
  14. 32m 45s
    1. About forms
      3m 23s
    2. Adding text fields
      9m 52s
    3. Adding checkboxes and radio buttons
      5m 37s
    4. Adding lists and menus
      6m 5s
    5. Submitting form results
      3m 23s
    6. Styling form elements with CSS
      4m 25s
  15. 23m 17s
    1. Opening a new browser window
      9m 38s
    2. Creating a popup message
      2m 50s
    3. Validating text fields
      2m 42s
    4. Getting more behaviors
      7m 2s
    5. Removing extensions
      1m 5s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. External image editor preferences
      3m 18s
    2. Built-in image editing tools
      3m 11s
    3. Roundtrip editing from Dreamweaver to Fireworks or Photoshop
      4m 39s
    4. Copying and pasting
      3m 50s
  17. 34m 16s
    1. Templates in action
      5m 12s
    2. Creating a new template
      6m 36s
    3. Applying templates
      3m 36s
    4. Modifying a template
      1m 40s
    5. Adding repeating regions
      3m 28s
    6. Working with repeating regions
      3m 13s
    7. Adding optional regions
      3m 34s
    8. Creating a library item
      3m 48s
    9. Modifying a library item
      3m 9s
  18. 13m 2s
    1. Using the History panel
      4m 24s
    2. Saving History steps as commands
      3m 25s
    3. Using Find and Replace
      5m 13s
  19. 14m 44s
    1. W3C accessibility guidelines
      4m 6s
    2. Accessibility preferences
      1m 29s
    3. Inserting accessible images
      3m 2s
    4. Inserting accessible tables
      2m 53s
    5. Inserting accessible form objects
      3m 14s
  20. 26m 17s
    1. About media objects
      2m 6s
    2. Linking to audio and video files
      5m 56s
    3. Embedding audio and video files
      7m 7s
    4. Setting parameters
      4m 27s
    5. Inserting Flash content
      2m 37s
    6. Inserting Flash video
      4m 4s
  21. 28m 47s
    1. Getting site reports
      3m 35s
    2. Checking links sitewide
      3m 30s
    3. Signing up with Tripod
      6m 36s
    4. Entering remote info
      4m 13s
    5. Publishing your site
      5m 41s
    6. Updating and publishing pages
      5m 12s
  22. 44s
    1. Goodbye
      44s

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