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Selecting application and database servers

From: Dreamweaver with PHP and MySQL

Video: Selecting application and database servers

In this video series, I'm going to describe using Dreamweaver CS5 with PHP and MySQL, but if you're new to the world of web application development, you might be wondering about what other server software is available. When you choose software for your server, the choice is driven by a number of factors. Probably the single most important factor is your existing experience and expertise, either yours personally, or your organization's. If an organization, for example, already uses ASP.NET everywhere else, they're unlikely to choose a new application server just because it has a particular feature that might be interesting.

Selecting application and database servers

In this video series, I'm going to describe using Dreamweaver CS5 with PHP and MySQL, but if you're new to the world of web application development, you might be wondering about what other server software is available. When you choose software for your server, the choice is driven by a number of factors. Probably the single most important factor is your existing experience and expertise, either yours personally, or your organization's. If an organization, for example, already uses ASP.NET everywhere else, they're unlikely to choose a new application server just because it has a particular feature that might be interesting.

Another factor is the operating system of the server itself. ASP.NET and ASP for Microsoft only work on Windows. Other application servers work on many operating systems. You might also be influenced by the available programming languages supported by a particular server. And finally, there is cost. Certain server software is free, and other packages require license fees. There are three elements of the server stack to choose: the HTTP server, which receives request and sends responses with the client or a web browser, the application server where you do most of your server programming, and the database server.

Here are the available choices for an HTTP server. There are many HTTP server products on the market, but there are two primary products that dominate the landscape. On the Windows platform, you have Internet Information Services, also known as IIS. This is a Microsoft product that's included with all copies of Windows server-based operating systems. And then the other major choice is Apache. Apache is completely free and open source, and it works with all major operating systems, including Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, and many others.

You can download Apache for free from http://www.apache.org. You don't need to register or otherwise report the usage of this software. You can also get Apache in many bundle distributions that include Apache, PHP, and MySQL. I'll describe these in a separate video. When choosing an application server, if you already know you'll be working on the Windows platform, you can look at either Active Server Pages, or ASP, or the more recent ASP.NET.

These products only work on the Windows platform, although particularly with ASP.NET, there is a distribution that's built by a third party called Mono that works on Linux. If you're working in Active Server Pages, you'll be working with the languages VBScript or JScript, and if you're working with ASP.NET, you'll most likely be working with either C# or VB.NET. ASP and ASP.NET are included with all copies of the Windows server-based operating systems.

Technically, they aren't free, because you have to pay for Windows, but they're both lower cost than other application servers that you have to pay a separate license fee for. You can also choose Java-based servers, known as Java EE or Java Enterprise Edition. These were formerly known as J2EE. Examples of Java Enterprise Edition Servers include JBoss, Tomcat, WebLogic, GlassFish, and Geronimo. All of these servers work on multiple operating systems, including Windows, Mac, and Linux, and they all require knowledge of, and use of the Java programming language, which is distinct from JavaScript, the language you use in the browser.

Some of these products are free, such as JBoss, Tomcat, and GlassFish, and others require license fees, such as WebLogic. There is also Adobe ColdFusion, which works on multiple operating systems, and works with all of the popular HTTP servers, such as Apache and IIS. When you work in ColdFusion, you'll be using its proprietary language, ColdFusion Markup Language, or CFML, a tag-based language. Adobe ColdFusion requires a separate license fee, and it's available from Adobe systems.

And finally, there is PHP. PHP works on multiple operating systems, just like ColdFusion. It has its own programming language, also called PHP. It's commonly paired with the MySQL database server, and it's completely free and open source. In this video series, I'll be working with PHP exclusively, although Dreamweaver CS5 does have very strong support for Adobe ColdFusion. Finally, there is the database server. One of the most popular database servers out there is Microsoft SQL Server.

It operates only on the Windows platform, and the enterprise edition requires license fees. There is a community edition of Microsoft SQL Server that has limited capabilities. There is also Oracle, sometimes known as the 800-pound gorilla of the database world. Oracle works on multiple operating systems, including Windows and Linux, and there are license fees involved in using it. It's also very complex to set up and maintain. So, if you're planning a small-scale web site, you probably won't be interested in this database platform.

Finally, there is MySQL, also known as my sequel. The community edition of MySQL is free. You can download it from www.mysql.com. You also see MySQL frequently included in web site plans from Internet service providers. If you rent a shared web site at one of these ISPs, you'll typically see both PHP and MySQL support included. MySQL, once again, is frequently used with PHP, and it's included in many server bundle distributions that include both PHP and Apache, and I'll talk a lot more about these server bundles and about the entire concept of multi-tier applications in a separate video.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Dreamweaver with PHP and MySQL
Dreamweaver with PHP and MySQL

61 video lessons · 36553 viewers

David Gassner
Author

 
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  1. 8m 48s
    1. Welcome
      1m 25s
    2. What you should know before watching this course
      2m 17s
    3. Using the exercise files
      1m 40s
    4. Understanding the differences between Dreamweaver CS5.5 and CS6
      3m 26s
  2. 19m 31s
    1. Understanding static vs. dynamic web pages
      4m 32s
    2. Selecting application and database servers
      6m 10s
    3. Introducing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      6m 36s
    4. Installing Apache, MySQL, and PHP
      2m 13s
  3. 39m 34s
    1. Defining a Dreamweaver site
      3m 22s
    2. Configuring a PHP testing server
      7m 48s
    3. Creating and testing a PHP-based web page
      8m 25s
    4. Adding PHP commands with the Insert panel
      3m 14s
    5. Setting and outputting simple variables
      3m 56s
    6. Testing pages with Live view and Live Code view
      2m 9s
    7. Using server-side includes
      7m 50s
    8. Navigating included pages with the Code Navigator
      2m 50s
  4. 36m 37s
    1. Using code hinting with PHP variables
      5m 31s
    2. Understanding PHP custom classes
      6m 38s
    3. Adding Zend Framework to PHP on Windows
      5m 18s
    4. Adding Zend Framework to PHP on Mac
      4m 2s
    5. Using the Site-Specific Code Hints feature
      3m 43s
    6. Using Zend Framework classes with code hints
      7m 26s
    7. Managing reusable code with the Snippets panel
      3m 59s
  5. 18m 27s
    1. Understanding relational databases
      5m 26s
    2. Creating a MySQL database in phpMyAdmin
      4m 41s
    3. Adding data in phpMyAdmin
      2m 46s
    4. Importing a completed database from a script
      5m 34s
  6. 39m 35s
    1. Defining a Dreamweaver database connection
      5m 27s
    2. Building a simple recordset
      4m 31s
    3. Building an advanced recordset
      5m 1s
    4. Displaying data with repeating regions
      6m 4s
    5. Displaying data in a dynamic table
      4m 15s
    6. Formatting dynamic data
      4m 54s
    7. Displaying the total number of records
      2m 4s
    8. Limiting records with paging controls
      4m 5s
    9. Creating conditional regions
      3m 14s
  7. 43m 12s
    1. Building a simple data entry form
      5m 27s
    2. Handling form submissions with PHP
      5m 12s
    3. Creating a customer email form
      3m 9s
    4. Validating form controls with Spry
      7m 54s
    5. Populating a list control with dynamic data
      4m 50s
    6. Working with multiple checkbox controls
      8m 5s
    7. Sending email with Zend_Mail
      8m 35s
  8. 50m 51s
    1. Using data wizards
      6m 20s
    2. Formatting dates for SQL
      5m 27s
    3. Creating a custom data entry form
      4m 50s
    4. Preparing a database table for server behaviors
      3m 3s
    5. Using the Insert Record server behavior
      5m 42s
    6. Preparing an update form
      7m 6s
    7. Using the Update Form behavior
      5m 46s
    8. Creating list page links to edit and update data
      7m 3s
    9. Using the Delete Record server behavior
      5m 34s
  9. 14m 45s
    1. Creating a login form with a PHP server behavior
      6m 29s
    2. Protecting page access with PHP server behaviors
      4m 17s
    3. Logging out with a PHP server behavior
      3m 59s
  10. 22m 50s
    1. Configuring a remote server with FTP credentials
      4m 42s
    2. Synchronizing site assets with the remote server
      5m 27s
    3. Exporting the MySQL database to a script
      3m 8s
    4. Importing the MySQL database on a remote server
      2m 24s
    5. Configuring the site for the remote database
      7m 9s
  11. 52s
    1. Final thoughts
      52s

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