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Positioning the tooltip to the right or left of the cursor

From: Create a Tooltip with jQuery and Dreamweaver

Video: Positioning the tooltip to the right or left of the cursor

Now to detect the page width, let's come back to our JavaScript file. Inside of the mousemove, what we're going to do inside of here is detect first the width. So let's hit a few returns after the two variables that we've declared, and let's start by declaring another variable; var pageWidth. We're going to set this equal to dollar sign, parentheses, tick marks inside for a string literal, type body.

Positioning the tooltip to the right or left of the cursor

Now to detect the page width, let's come back to our JavaScript file. Inside of the mousemove, what we're going to do inside of here is detect first the width. So let's hit a few returns after the two variables that we've declared, and let's start by declaring another variable; var pageWidth. We're going to set this equal to dollar sign, parentheses, tick marks inside for a string literal, type body.

We're going to target the body element which is the main viewport. Outside of the parentheses .width, parentheses, then a semicolon. So now in that pageWidth variable, by querying the width of the body, we know the actual size of the browser. Let's hit a few returns. Let's add a JavaScript conditional, if, beginning and ending parentheses, beginning and ending bracket, split that open. Now inside of the parentheses, we're going to say if( e.pageX, so if the position of the mouse is greater than, let's come up here and copy the pageWidth variable.

Let's paste that inside of here; > pageWidth/2. So this will tell us that the mouse position is greater than pageWidth divided by 2 which means it's on the right-hand side of the screen. So if this is true, let's come inside of this if statement and what we're going to do is target the tooltip container. So dollar sign, parentheses, ticks marks inside for a string literal, pound sign, tooltip_container, outside of the parentheses .css, parentheses, semicolon, inside of the parentheses for css, tick marks for a string literal.

We're going to set the left property, then a comma. Then another set of parentheses. Inside here, we're going to put e.pageX. Then, we're going to subtract the tooltip width. So let's come up here to the variable we declared earlier; tooltipWidth. Let's copy that, let's paste it down here. Then we're going to add 20 to that. Then, outside of the parentheses, plus sign, two tick marks for a string literal, and then px.

So what's happening here is we're taking the X position of the mouse, we're subtracting the total width of the tooltip, and then adding in those 20 extra pixels, so we get that slight offset. And if this is not the case, which means we are on the left-hand side of the screen, let's come down here and type else, beginning and ending bracket, split those open. Let's scroll down and let's come down here and grab this statement, setting the left property to what we had before, and let's paste that into the else area.

So this statement actually positions the tooltip to the left where the extra content goes over toward the right, which is we what we had before we did this detection. So let's hit File > Save. Let's come back to index.html, File > Save All and let's preview this in a browser. Inside the browser let's hit Reload. If I come over here and roll over the regular tooltip, we see that the tooltip hangs over to the right-hand side. But, if I come over here to the right- hand side, notice that the tooltip now hangs over into the left-hand side.

So as I move my cursor to the rightmost area where we're triggering the tooltip, the tooltip won't touch the edge of the browser, it actually goes inward. Now to test this even further, I am going to condense the web browser down so that that anchor link in the center now wraps across two lines. Now if I roll over on the portion of the link on the right-hand side, the tooltip aligns to the left, and if I roll over the other side which is closest to the left, the tooltip orients to the right. So at this point, we have the horizontal detection working, and we don't have the tooltip touching either side of the browser.

In the next movie, we'll work on setting the height detection.

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Create a Tooltip with jQuery and Dreamweaver

18 video lessons · 4218 viewers

Chris Converse
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