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Placing images on the page


Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

with James Williamson

Video: Placing images on the page

Regardless of what you are doing, having multiple options for completing the task at hand is a good thing. When it comes to placing images on the page, you have plenty of options to choose from in Dreamweaver. In this movie, we will explore different methods for getting images onto your Web pages and discuss the pros and cons of each technique. So I have the gallery.htm file opened from the 08_05 Explorers folder. If we scroll down the page a little bit here, we can see that we have a region in here where we need to place our images on the page right beside the descriptive text.
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  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
15h 22m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training, Adobe Certified Instructor James Williamson explores the tools and techniques of Dreamweaver CS5, Adobe's web design and development software. This course covers both the ins and outs of Dreamweaver, as well as recommended best practices for crafting new web sites and files, the fundamentals of HTML and CSS, and how to ensure clean and accessible code. The course also includes how to use tools in Dreamweaver to create and style web pages, manage multiple sites, and add user interactivity with widgets and scripting. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Defining and structuring a new site
  • Creating new web documents from scratch or from templates
  • Adding and formatting text
  • Understanding style sheet basics
  • Placing and styling images
  • Creating links to internal pages and external web sites
  • Controlling page layout with CSS
  • Building and styling forms
  • Reusing web content with templates
  • Adding interactivity
  • Working with Flash and video
James Williamson

Placing images on the page

Regardless of what you are doing, having multiple options for completing the task at hand is a good thing. When it comes to placing images on the page, you have plenty of options to choose from in Dreamweaver. In this movie, we will explore different methods for getting images onto your Web pages and discuss the pros and cons of each technique. So I have the gallery.htm file opened from the 08_05 Explorers folder. If we scroll down the page a little bit here, we can see that we have a region in here where we need to place our images on the page right beside the descriptive text.

So no images on the page there yet, and as we place each of the images on the page, we are going to explore a different technique for getting those images into your Web pages. Well, the first technique we are going to use is the menu. So if you place your cursor right in front of this first sentence right here, This shot is sent in by Samara Iodice. So just go ahead and place you cursor right there. We want to go up to the menu, and we have a menu option called Insert. So go to Insert, and you want to insert Image. You will notice there that we also have a hotkey for those, and that is Ctrl+Alt+I or Command+Option+I. When we use the menu to insert an image on the page, we get a dialog box that's a little different from some of the other methods.

The nice thing about using the Insert menu is that we get a few more choices and options than some of the other methods. As we browse into our 08_05 folder, I am going to go into the _images directory, and here I can see a listing of all my images. Of course, you can choose how you want to display these. I am just going to display them as Details, so that I get a nice listing of this, and of course, you can increase the size of the dialog box if you need to. There is a folder in the _ images directory called Gallery. So I am going to browse into that, and I want to find this golden_gate.jpg.

Now, there is a thumbnail version of it and the larger version. We want to insert the larger version on the page. Now before you double-click this, just go ahead and click it once to highlight it, because I want to take a look at some of these options that we get in this dialog box that we don't get through some of the other techniques of placing images on the page. The first thing we notice is at very top, Select file name from File system or Data sources. If you were working on a dynamic Web site, say something that was PHP-based, and you were pulling images from a database, this would be a very nice way to do that, because you click on Data sources, browse through all of your databases and choose where from the database that image needed to come from.

So that's one way to do that. The other thing that this gives us is it gives us a nice ability to browse through our images. We can filter certain file types, which is very nice, and it also shows us how it's going to resolve the URL or the path to this image. So it's going to show you where from this page your browser is going to need to go to find this image. So if there is something a little bit wrong, maybe you browsed into the wrong folder that's in a different directory, it'll show up here that maybe it's not exactly what you want, which is really nice. All right! So everything looks the way I want it to look, so I am going to go ahead and click OK.

We are prompted for Alternative Text. So I am just going to type in Golden Gate Bridge and click OK, and our image is on the page. So that is the first method that I wanted to show you guys. The second method is a very similar method, but it involves not having to go all the way through the menu structure of Dreamweaver. So I'm going to scroll down and place my cursor right beside These olives were taken by Andy Ta. So place your cursor right at the beginning of that sentence, and instead of going up to the menu, we are going to go to our Insert panel.

Now I have my Insert panel docked horizontally. Some of you guys might see it over here in the panel dock. But you want to be looking at the Common Objects. So we are going to look at the Common Objects. Now the Common objects has a group of objects that deal with inserting images on the page. If I grab the pulldown menu here, I can see that I can insert Images, Image Placeholders, which allow you to place a placeholder image on the page if you don't have an image picked out for that spot yet, but if you'd want to show an object taking up that amount of space within the Layout, Placeholder images do that for you. We have all sorts of different things like Rollovers and Fireworks, HTML that we can place on the page.

Here we are just going to do Insert Image. So you can just click that icon directly, or you can grab it through the pulldown menu. Now, notice that that gives us the exact same dialog box. So using the menu or using the Insert panel, we get this sort of more detailed dialog box that we can use. Now, I am going to browse through here, and I am going to find the olives.jpg. Now it should take you into the exact same directory, but if it doesn't, remember that we are in the Gallery directory located in the _images subdirectory. So I am going to choose the olives.jpg. Click OK.

And I am just going to type in Olives for the Alternative Text, and there's my olives picture. Fantastic! Now obviously there are certainly more ways of placing images on the page. So we are going to go down, and in the next line where it says, Megan Anderson sent us this picture of a nervous shore bird. I am going to place my cursor just in front of the M for Megan. Now, I am going to go over to my Files panel and in my Files panel, I can browse my directory structure, including my images. So if I open my _images directory, and then I open up the Gallery directory, it should allow me to locate pretty easily this bird.jpg.

Now, notice here we are not getting any type of Thumbnail preview. We are not getting any information about resolving that path, but it does give us quick and easy access to these images. Okay. So how do we use the Files panel to place images on the page? You simply grab the image, drag it to where you want it on the page, and you let go. So you can literally drag and drop images from the Files panel. That might not be that intuitive, but it's a very quick and easy way to do this. I am just going to give it some Alternative Text of shore bird, and there is our image on the page. Cool! Now, how else can we place images on the page? Well, once again, I am going to go down to the last section here, Max Smith sends us a picture from an Orange Grove on his Taste of California tour, and I'll place my cursor right in front of the M.

Now, if you watched one of the earlier movies on the Asset panel, you have already seen this next technique. I am going to switch over to my Assets panel, and I am going to make sure I'm looking at my Favorites section of my Image Assets. Now again, I would encourage you if you haven't watched that movie yet, to go ahead and review what you can do with the Assets panel, because here I already have a folder called Gallery that I have created in my Favorites section, and placed all of those images into it. So I have already sort of filtered that view out. Okay. I'm looking for this Oranges image, and I have two options here.

I can drag and drop it on the page, or since I've already placed my cursor in front of the M for Max, I can simply select the oranges image, and then click the Insert button in the lower left-hand corner. That is going to place the image on the page exactly where my cursor was located. So I am just going to type in orange grove for the Alternative text, and now the image shows up on the page. Perfect! So we have covered four techniques. We've used the Insert menu. We've used the Insert panel. We've used the Files panel and the Assets panel.

You may have noticed that the first two techniques give us a dialog box that allows us to browse out to a specific directory, find the images, filter which ones we are looking at, and it shows us how a path is being resolved. It also allows us to choose images from a dynamic data structure, which the other two techniques, dragging from the Files panel or dragging from the Assets panel, does not give us. So you might not be utilizing each of these techniques that we've talked about here, but it's worth noting the strengths of each one of them, so that you can use the technique that best fits your current situation.

Having choices is a good thing, and thankfully Dreamweaver provides plenty of those when placing images on a page.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training .

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Q: After creating a website following the instructions in the course, the header background graphic appears correctly in all browsers except Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7.  The graphic works properly in IE 8. What can be done to make the graphics appear in IE 6 and IE 7?
A: To make the header background graphic appear, wrap the header div tag in another div tag and give it an ID like “mainHeader.” The problem stems from a bug in Internet Explorer that prevents the browser from dealing with absolutely positioned elements that are right next to relatively positioned elements.  Following the steps above should solve the problem.
Q: In the tutorial, the author links the Tool Tip to the word "More" at the bottom of the thumbnail photo field. I can't figure out how to place the <a> "More" on the thumbnail photo field.
A: In the example, there is a paragraph that wraps an <img> tag and the word "More," which is surrounded by an anchor tag (<a>). The author uses CSS to make sure the parent div tag of the thumbs floats to the left, and is only wide enough for the image. This causes the link text to break down onto another line. Then, the instructor uses CSS to align the link text to the right of the <img>. The link itself is a void JavaScript function, ( javascript();). This gives you a "dummy" link without returning you to the top of the page as the "#" dummy link tends to do.
If you were manually typing the text in, you could select the image, hit the right arrow button, and begin typing. The text should then appear on screen.
Q: In this movie, you are making changes to the HTML in order to customize the text layout on your page (i.e. h1, h2, and h3 tags as well as strong and em tags). I'm wondering why you are not using CSS to do this (i.e. font-size, font-weight). Do you typically use one method, or is it customary to do use both in a layout, and if so, what guidelines would you suggest to determine which to use when?
A: We modify the page's structure through the use of h1, h2, and other heading tags. So when we are choosing heading levels, we're not concerning ourselves with typography; we're establishing page structure. A heading is chosen to denote the level of importance for the heading, not typography.
CSS should always be used for presentation, not HTML.
Q: In the “Understanding ID selectors” movie, the author states that only one ID tag can be used per page, but then he adds two ID tags. Can you please clarify this for me?
A: You can use as many IDs per page as you wish. They just must all use a unique name. Therefore if you assign an element the ID of "header" no other element on THAT page may use the same ID.
Q: I noticed that in this course, the instructor uses this code on his CSS external sheet: @charset "UTF-8"; I was under the impression that this code wasn't necessary. The site is unclear on the matter. Is it necessary? Is it a best practice? Is it an older form of CSS?
A: The characterset attribute is added automatically by Dreamweaver, and there’s no practical reason to remove it. While it's not needed (the HTML page should indicate which encoding to use for the page) it is helpful if the CSS file is ever imported or used on a page where the characterset isn't specified. Think of it as a safety net for characterset encoding. Not necessary, but not harmful either.
Q: I need to add captions below images that I insert in pages of text. I played all the lessons in Chapter 5 (Adding Text and Structure) but none dealt with captions. I hope the author has an answer or can refer me to a source.
A: In HTML 4 and XHTML 1 (which is what Dreamweaver CS5 uses by default), there wasn't really a way to add captions below your photos. Most web authors would "fake" captions by having paragraphs of text below their images and using CSS to position and style the captions in the desired manner. Many would use a class such as .imgCaption to control the styling. To do this you would essentially position the text underneath the image through CSS (often by grouping the image and the paragraph in a div tag) and italicizing the text.

However in HTML5, there are new elements that allow us to associate images and their captions, the figure and figcaption element. Our author James Williamson just finished a course on HTML5: Syntax, Structure, and Semantics which details how to use it.

HTML5 Doctor also has a nice article on the figure and figcaption elements at
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