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Named anchors

From: Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

Video: Named anchors

So, far all of the links we've created have linked you from one page to another page in your site, or to an external page, or in the last movie we did, an email link. There's another type of link you can create that you might find useful sometimes called a "named anchor". A named anchor is a type of link that you put on your page when you want to link to a specific point on that same page. Now, you see this commonly on websites where you might have a frequently asked questions page, where you might see a long list of questions at the top, and then every single answer is listed on that page, and instead of having to scroll down to find the answer that you need, you can actually click the question, and the page will automatically scroll down for you to the proper answer.

Named anchors

So, far all of the links we've created have linked you from one page to another page in your site, or to an external page, or in the last movie we did, an email link. There's another type of link you can create that you might find useful sometimes called a "named anchor". A named anchor is a type of link that you put on your page when you want to link to a specific point on that same page. Now, you see this commonly on websites where you might have a frequently asked questions page, where you might see a long list of questions at the top, and then every single answer is listed on that page, and instead of having to scroll down to find the answer that you need, you can actually click the question, and the page will automatically scroll down for you to the proper answer.

So, named anchors are especially useful on particularly long pages where you want to provide some sort of navigation, so people can find their way around that long page. Let's take a look at how we do this. From my Files panel under ourproducts we have a file here called "teacloudteas.html", which I'll go ahead and open up. And this is just a page that lists all the different types of teas that teacloud covers. And you can see that they're sorted into Black Teas, Green Teas, and Oolong Teas. So, what I'd like to do here is add some links to the top of the page that when clicked will take people to the Black Tea section, to the Green Tea section, and to the Oolong Tea section.

But before I can link to these areas, I have to create something that I can actually link to. And what we create is our named anchor. So, let's take a look at how we do this. Basically you want to put your named anchor on the same line as the text or object that you want to link to. So, I'm going to click next to Black Teas here. And then up in my Insert bar, next to Common you'll see that we have this little Anchor icon called "Named Anchor". I'm going to go ahead and click on that. You can see that opens up the Named Anchor dialog box. And here it's asking me to give this Anchor a name.

Now, when you create an Anchor name, just follow a few simple guide lines. First of all, use simple names without spaces, or special characters, and don't use a number as the first character. Just try to keep the name as basic as possible, but name it so you'll still be able to recognize it later on. In this case, I'll just name this "blackteas", and click on OK. And you can see here that it puts a little yellow anchor icon right next to Black Teas. Now, this is and invisible object that only shows up in {italic}Dreamweaver.{plain} This will not be visible in a web browser. Now, if I go, and look at the Code that {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} has created, you can see that it has created this, "a name=black teas" id="black teas".

This is the anchor as it's written in HTML. Let's go back, and let's add another anchor next to Green Teas. I'll just click next to Green Teas, add my Anchor, and we'll call this "greenteas". Click on OK. There's my next anchor. Incidentally, you might have noticed down here in the Properties inspector when you have your anchor selected, the name appears down here. So, if you need to change or edit the name all you have to do is select the anchor, and then you can come in here and change the name if you need to. And you've got one more here, Oolong Teas.

We'll just click there again, add our Anchor, and name it. Ok, so, there are my three named anchors. So, now all I need to do is create links near the top of my page so people can click on them to go to those particular sections of my page. So, I'm going to click at the end of the first paragraph here. And I'll just type "Feel free to browse our Black, Green, and Oolong teas". And I'm just going to turn the words "Black", "Green", and "Oolong" into links. So, setting up this type of link is the same way as setting up other types of links. I'm just going to select the word that I want to turn into a link, and what I'm going to do here is use the Point to File button in my Properties Inspector, and instead of pointing to some place in my Files panel, I'm going to go over here onto the page itself and point at the proper anchor like so. And you can see here, it has now been turned into a link, and if I select inside the link, you can see that the way that you write this link is "#blackteas". So, my anchor link has now been created. Let's select "Green", and again, we can Point to File, and notice when I bring this arrow towards the bottom of my page, {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} automatically scrolls the page for me. The closer you get to the bottom the faster it's going to scroll, but if you go too far past then it will stop scrolling. So it just takes a little bit of practice, but you can get your page to scroll it at a speed that you can work with eventually.

Ok, so, we're going to point at the "Green Teas" anchor. You can see that link appears as soon I roll over that, that appears down in the Properties Inspector. I release, and there it is. And let's create one more. Of course you could easily just type it in if you know the named anchor. So, in this case I could select "Oolong", type "#oolongteas". But again, it's very important to know exactly what you named your named anchor. If you get even one letter wrong, the link won't work. Let's go ahead and save our page, and let's test this out. Let's open up our browser. There's our links. We click on "Black". You can see it scrolls right down the list of Black Teas there. Scroll back up, there's the Green Teas it was listing, you can see right there, and Oolong.

You can see there are the Oolong Teas. And clicking the Back button actually, instead of taking you to the previous page, it takes you to the previous view we were looking at when you were working with named anchors. Now, another common practice that you see when working with named anchors is to provide links that take the user back to the top of the page, because if they automatically come down here instead of forcing them to scroll all the way back to the top again, it's a nice courtesy to provide a back to the top link. We can do that again the same way, just by coming in here, and I'm going to click in the upper left hand corner of this window.

Now, it doesn't look like a curser is flashing in here anywhere, but just by clicking in there I'm placing an insertion point up near the top of my page, and now all I have to do is click my Named Anchor again, and I'm just going to call this "top", and click on OK. You can see that puts a named anchor right there called "top". And now all I have to do is go in here, and let's come in right after this "Vanilla Bean" entry here, and I'll press enter to go to the next line. And I'm just going to type "back to top". Now, to create my link, all I have to do is select it, and either point at that anchor, but let me show you a different method to use. Up here in my Insert bar, we also have this Link button here, or Hyperlink button. Click on that, you can see here, the Text says "back to top", and we have several different options here, but the only one I'm really interested in here is just the Link field.

The neat thing here is notice that all of my main anchors here are listed in this menu. So, instead of having to point to the file, or type it in, I can just select the named anchor that I want to link to, click on OK, and there's my link. Another nice thing about working with links in {italic}Dreamweaver,{plain} and this goes for all types of links, once you have your links set up I can select it, choose Copy, and now I can just paste it multiple times on my page. And not only does it paste the text, it also pastes the link. You can see here it still says "#top".

I can do it one more time down here. There it is. Let's save that, and check it out. I'll click "Oolong" for an example. Here's our back to the top link, I'll click on that, and sure enough it takes me right back to the top of the page, and it works for all of these. So, that's how you create named anchor links in {italic}Dreamweaver{plain} CS3. Again, it's very useful for especially long pages when it might be nice to provide navigation to important parts of the page.

Show transcript

This video is part of

Image for Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training
Dreamweaver CS3 Essential Training

129 video lessons · 87254 viewers

Garrick Chow
Author

 
Expand all | Collapse all
  1. 1m 12s
    1. Welcome
      1m 12s
  2. 21m 0s
    1. HTML vs. XHTML
      3m 4s
    2. What is CSS?
      3m 48s
    3. What is XML?
      2m 11s
    4. What is DHTML?
      1m 9s
    5. What is JavaScript?
      1m 23s
    6. File naming conventions
      3m 22s
    7. What is an index page?
      6m 3s
  3. 46m 18s
    1. Setting up your workspace
      2m 39s
    2. The Welcome screen
      4m 11s
    3. Windows and Mac differences
      3m 18s
    4. The Insert bar
      4m 38s
    5. The Property Inspector
      1m 50s
    6. The Document toolbar
      6m 6s
    7. The Document window
      9m 11s
    8. Panels and panel groups
      6m 58s
    9. Saving workspace layouts
      2m 22s
    10. Defining a default browser
      5m 5s
  4. 24m 59s
    1. Defining a site
      9m 5s
    2. File and folder management
      3m 11s
    3. Understanding path structure
      3m 17s
    4. Adding content to a site
      6m 6s
    5. Creating a site map
      3m 20s
  5. 38m 39s
    1. Creating a new blank site
      6m 0s
    2. Creating and saving a new document
      7m 54s
    3. About DOCTYPE
      3m 59s
    4. Inserting images
      9m 26s
    5. Inserting text
      3m 35s
    6. Aligning text and images
      4m 9s
    7. Inserting meta tags
      3m 36s
  6. 45m 58s
    1. Link basics
      6m 4s
    2. Linking with Point to File
      5m 18s
    3. External links
      4m 15s
    4. Creating email links
      5m 49s
    5. Named anchors
      7m 37s
    6. Linking to a file
      7m 35s
    7. Image maps
      9m 20s
  7. 1h 8m
    1. About CSS
      4m 52s
    2. Anatomy of a style sheet
      4m 10s
    3. CSS and page properties
      10m 11s
    4. Moving an internal style sheet to an external style sheet
      6m 46s
    5. The CSS Styles panel
      3m 48s
    6. CSS selectors
      2m 37s
    7. Type selectors
      12m 13s
    8. ID selectors
      10m 21s
    9. Class selectors
      5m 42s
    10. Creating rollovers with pseudo-class selectors
      7m 22s
  8. 42m 54s
    1. CSS vs. the Font tag
      2m 42s
    2. Formatting text with the Property Inspector
      8m 41s
    3. What measurement should I use?
      3m 15s
    4. Managing white space with margins, padding, and line height
      8m 34s
    5. Using font lists
      5m 45s
    6. Aligning text
      2m 47s
    7. Creating lists
      5m 8s
    8. Creating Flash text
      6m 2s
  9. 43m 19s
    1. About tables
      1m 28s
    2. Tables in Code view
      2m 36s
    3. Creating and adding content to tables
      7m 40s
    4. Changing table borders with XHTML
      5m 46s
    5. Coloring tables with XHTML and CSS
      6m 41s
    6. Aligning table content
      6m 39s
    7. Sorting tables
      3m 6s
    8. Setting table widths
      4m 48s
    9. Creating rounded-corner tables
      4m 35s
  10. 28m 22s
    1. Dreamweaver's layout tools
      3m 8s
    2. Tracing images
      4m 58s
    3. Adding AP div tags
      7m 29s
    4. Working with Layout Tables
      6m 55s
    5. Adjusting table widths and nesting tables
      5m 52s
  11. 16m 19s
    1. What is a device?
      3m 14s
    2. Attaching a printer-friendly style sheet
      3m 5s
    3. Styling for print
      7m 41s
    4. Adobe Device Central
      2m 19s
  12. 29m 54s
    1. Rollover rules
      3m 31s
    2. Creating simple rollovers
      5m 36s
    3. Creating disjointed rollovers
      7m 12s
    4. Creating navigation bars with multiple states
      9m 21s
    5. Creating Flash buttons
      4m 14s
  13. 26m 32s
    1. Viewing the code
      6m 9s
    2. Editing in Code view
      3m 0s
    3. The Code toolbar
      5m 11s
    4. Working with Code Collapse
      4m 27s
    5. The Quick Tag Editor
      2m 20s
    6. Working with snippets
      5m 25s
  14. 32m 45s
    1. About forms
      3m 23s
    2. Adding text fields
      9m 52s
    3. Adding checkboxes and radio buttons
      5m 37s
    4. Adding lists and menus
      6m 5s
    5. Submitting form results
      3m 23s
    6. Styling form elements with CSS
      4m 25s
  15. 23m 17s
    1. Opening a new browser window
      9m 38s
    2. Creating a popup message
      2m 50s
    3. Validating text fields
      2m 42s
    4. Getting more behaviors
      7m 2s
    5. Removing extensions
      1m 5s
  16. 14m 58s
    1. External image editor preferences
      3m 18s
    2. Built-in image editing tools
      3m 11s
    3. Roundtrip editing from Dreamweaver to Fireworks or Photoshop
      4m 39s
    4. Copying and pasting
      3m 50s
  17. 34m 16s
    1. Templates in action
      5m 12s
    2. Creating a new template
      6m 36s
    3. Applying templates
      3m 36s
    4. Modifying a template
      1m 40s
    5. Adding repeating regions
      3m 28s
    6. Working with repeating regions
      3m 13s
    7. Adding optional regions
      3m 34s
    8. Creating a library item
      3m 48s
    9. Modifying a library item
      3m 9s
  18. 13m 2s
    1. Using the History panel
      4m 24s
    2. Saving History steps as commands
      3m 25s
    3. Using Find and Replace
      5m 13s
  19. 14m 44s
    1. W3C accessibility guidelines
      4m 6s
    2. Accessibility preferences
      1m 29s
    3. Inserting accessible images
      3m 2s
    4. Inserting accessible tables
      2m 53s
    5. Inserting accessible form objects
      3m 14s
  20. 26m 17s
    1. About media objects
      2m 6s
    2. Linking to audio and video files
      5m 56s
    3. Embedding audio and video files
      7m 7s
    4. Setting parameters
      4m 27s
    5. Inserting Flash content
      2m 37s
    6. Inserting Flash video
      4m 4s
  21. 28m 47s
    1. Getting site reports
      3m 35s
    2. Checking links sitewide
      3m 30s
    3. Signing up with Tripod
      6m 36s
    4. Entering remote info
      4m 13s
    5. Publishing your site
      5m 41s
    6. Updating and publishing pages
      5m 12s
  22. 44s
    1. Goodbye
      44s

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