Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
Illustration by John Hersey

Managing remote sites


Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training

with James Williamson

Video: Managing remote sites

There is more to working with remote servers than just uploading and downloading files from your site. Dreamweaver has a robust toolset to help you manage the relationship between the remote site and local development environment. And even for working with collaborative team members. In this movie, we'll dig a little deeper into Dreamweaver's site management capabilities. Now I've defined the 16_06 folder as my local site and I'm just going to go over to my Files panel and expand that so that we're looking at both the Local and the Remote views.
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  1. 2m 57s
    1. Welcome
      1m 8s
    2. Using the exercise files
      1m 49s
  2. 7m 50s
    1. What is Dreamweaver?
      3m 16s
    2. Learning web design
      2m 22s
    3. Current web standards
      2m 12s
  3. 43m 9s
    1. The Welcome screen
      4m 5s
    2. Windows and Mac interface differences
      2m 23s
    3. The Application toolbar
      4m 7s
    4. The Document toolbar
      4m 40s
    5. Arranging panels
      8m 19s
    6. Managing workspaces
      7m 32s
    7. The Properties Inspector
      5m 54s
    8. The Insert panel
      6m 9s
  4. 25m 45s
    1. Basic site structure
      3m 11s
    2. File naming conventions
      1m 49s
    3. Defining a new site
      4m 35s
    4. Managing sites
      4m 51s
    5. Managing files and folders
      6m 36s
    6. Working with browsers
      4m 43s
  5. 27m 21s
    1. Creating new documents
      5m 16s
    2. New document preferences
      3m 6s
    3. Setting accessibility preferences
      4m 56s
    4. Working with starter pages
      3m 46s
    5. Managing starter pages
      10m 17s
  6. 30m 2s
    1. Basic tag structure
      2m 15s
    2. Adding structure to text
      8m 20s
    3. Creating lists
      9m 59s
    4. Getting text into Dreamweaver
      5m 59s
    5. Importing Word documents
      3m 29s
  7. 1h 17m
    1. Understanding style sheets
      2m 16s
    2. The anatomy of a CSS rule
      1m 48s
    3. Setting CSS preferences
      6m 36s
    4. The CSS Styles panel
      10m 2s
    5. Controlling CSS through the Properties Inspector
      5m 14s
    6. Using the Code Navigator
      7m 21s
    7. Using CSS Enable
      6m 45s
    8. Understanding element selectors
      8m 11s
    9. Understanding class selectors
      8m 49s
    10. Understanding ID selectors
      5m 59s
    11. Understanding descendant selectors
      6m 51s
    12. Attaching external style sheets
      7m 44s
  8. 1h 47m
    1. Working with units of measurement
      7m 11s
    2. Declaring font families
      9m 39s
    3. Controlling font sizing
      9m 9s
    4. Controlling weight and style
      8m 0s
    5. Controlling line height
      8m 29s
    6. Controlling vertical spacing with margins
      12m 3s
    7. Controlling spacing with padding
      5m 39s
    8. Aligning text
      8m 26s
    9. Transforming text
      5m 36s
    10. Writing global styles
      15m 42s
    11. Writing targeted styles
      17m 37s
  9. 1h 32m
    1. Understanding image types
      5m 3s
    2. Managing assets in Dreamweaver
      12m 51s
    3. Setting image accessibility preferences
      4m 20s
    4. Setting external image editing preferences
      3m 52s
    5. Placing images on the page
      7m 37s
    6. Photoshop integration
      5m 54s
    7. Modifying Smart Objects
      5m 51s
    8. Alternate Photoshop workflows
      8m 8s
    9. Modifying image properties
      11m 14s
    10. Styling images with CSS
      7m 11s
    11. Using background graphics
      9m 3s
    12. Positioning background graphics
      11m 6s
  10. 55m 16s
    1. Link basics
      3m 37s
    2. Setting site linking preferences
      2m 14s
    3. Creating links in Dreamweaver
      11m 1s
    4. Absolute links
      5m 8s
    5. Using named anchors
      11m 19s
    6. Linking to named anchors in external files
      2m 44s
    7. Creating an email link
      5m 24s
    8. Creating CSS-based rollovers
      13m 49s
  11. 1h 34m
    1. CSS structuring basics
      2m 56s
    2. The Box Model
      13m 21s
    3. Understanding floats
      6m 53s
    4. Clearing and containing floats
      8m 56s
    5. Using relative positioning
      4m 8s
    6. Using absolute positioning
      7m 18s
    7. Creating structure with div tags
      12m 7s
    8. Styling basic structure
      10m 34s
    9. Creating a two-column layout
      10m 37s
    10. Using Live View and CSS Inspect
      7m 51s
    11. Using Browser Lab
      9m 39s
  12. 56m 22s
    1. Reviewing table structure
      7m 41s
    2. Importing tabular data
      5m 13s
    3. Creating accessible tables
      9m 56s
    4. Using thead and tbody tags
      4m 0s
    5. Basic table styling
      8m 45s
    6. Styling table headers
      7m 52s
    7. Styling column groups
      4m 22s
    8. Creating custom table borders
      5m 1s
    9. Styling table captions
      3m 32s
  13. 1h 43m
    1. How forms work
      3m 0s
    2. Reviewing form design
      3m 2s
    3. Creating accessible forms
      7m 33s
    4. Setting form properties
      4m 6s
    5. The fieldset and legend tags
      4m 32s
    6. Inserting text fields
      5m 58s
    7. Inserting list menu items
      5m 26s
    8. Inserting checkboxes
      7m 50s
    9. Inserting radio button groups
      6m 22s
    10. Inserting text areas
      4m 12s
    11. Inserting submit buttons
      3m 37s
    12. Basic form styling
      12m 0s
    13. Form element styling
      8m 52s
    14. Styling form layout
      11m 49s
    15. Adding form interactivity
      2m 47s
    16. Using Spry validation widgets
      12m 49s
  14. 1h 23m
    1. Planning for templates
      10m 51s
    2. Creating a new template
      10m 37s
    3. Using editable attributes
      13m 43s
    4. Creating optional regions
      6m 23s
    5. Creating new pages from a template
      9m 17s
    6. Applying templates to existing pages
      6m 9s
    7. Working with nested templates
      7m 56s
    8. Working with repeating regions
      12m 58s
    9. Modifying templates
      5m 41s
  15. 40m 14s
    1. Behaviors overview
      3m 47s
    2. Hiding and showing elements
      9m 18s
    3. Spry overview
      4m 4s
    4. Using Spry widgets
      11m 36s
    5. Adding Spry effects
      3m 6s
    6. Using the Widget Browser
      8m 23s
  16. 28m 18s
    1. Inserting Flash files
      5m 4s
    2. Setting properties for Flash
      6m 27s
    3. Dreamweaver and Flash integration
      6m 6s
    4. Encoding Flash video
      6m 10s
    5. Adding Flash video
      4m 31s
  17. 45m 28s
    1. Running site-wide reports
      6m 33s
    2. Checking for broken links
      5m 41s
    3. Checking for browser compatibility
      8m 3s
    4. Adding remote servers
      8m 0s
    5. Uploading files
      7m 20s
    6. Managing remote sites
      9m 51s
  18. 34s
    1. Goodbye

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Watch the Online Video Course Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training
15h 22m Beginner Apr 30, 2010

Viewers: in countries Watching now:

In Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training, Adobe Certified Instructor James Williamson explores the tools and techniques of Dreamweaver CS5, Adobe's web design and development software. This course covers both the ins and outs of Dreamweaver, as well as recommended best practices for crafting new web sites and files, the fundamentals of HTML and CSS, and how to ensure clean and accessible code. The course also includes how to use tools in Dreamweaver to create and style web pages, manage multiple sites, and add user interactivity with widgets and scripting. Exercise files are included with the course.

Topics include:
  • Defining and structuring a new site
  • Creating new web documents from scratch or from templates
  • Adding and formatting text
  • Understanding style sheet basics
  • Placing and styling images
  • Creating links to internal pages and external web sites
  • Controlling page layout with CSS
  • Building and styling forms
  • Reusing web content with templates
  • Adding interactivity
  • Working with Flash and video
James Williamson

Managing remote sites

There is more to working with remote servers than just uploading and downloading files from your site. Dreamweaver has a robust toolset to help you manage the relationship between the remote site and local development environment. And even for working with collaborative team members. In this movie, we'll dig a little deeper into Dreamweaver's site management capabilities. Now I've defined the 16_06 folder as my local site and I'm just going to go over to my Files panel and expand that so that we're looking at both the Local and the Remote views.

Again, be aware that if you're on a Mac, your view is going to look a little different than me, but the panel works exactly the same way. Now one of the first things I want to talk about in site management is synchronization. So I'm going to go ahead and connect to the Remote Server and it's going to take a moment but then my Remote panel will go ahead and populate with my live online site. And I want to go right over here to this little icon that looks like a little refresh or recycle icon, but it's really synchronize. What site synchronization does is it tries to help monitor your local files and your remote files so that you're always dealing with the most current version of it.

That's especially helpful if you're in a team environment, because maybe you go on the road and you work on a page and you upload it and one of your team members back in the office doesn't know that you've just done that. If they open up a page and work on it and upload it, well, they can override the changes that you've made. So, one of the things that it can help you do is make sure that you're dealing with the most current version of your page. So notice that we have a few options here. We can either put the newer files on our local server to the remote server. We can get newer files from the remote server. So again, if you have just got back in the office and you've been gone for a week or two, you can hook up and find out which files have been added to the remote server or are newer on the remote server since you left and go ahead and pull them down.

Or you can get and put newer files. That'll compare on both sides and it'll send any newer files locally to the remote server and grab any of the newer files on the remote server and bring them to your local server. Okay, well, I'm really only interested in putting newer files to the remote, so anything maybe that I've changed here that are newer than what's on my remote site. Now whenever you do that, you're going to have some options that you want to be very careful about. One of those is this little checkbox right here, Delete remote files not on local drive. Wow, that could be extremely damaging.

You'll notice for example that part of my Explore California web site is a blog. Well, the blog isn't part of my local development environment. So, if I had that selected, I would nuke my entire blog. So you need to be very, very careful about those particular settings. Now I'm going to hit Preview and that's the beautiful thing about this. Even if you've forgotten something or you've checked that without really meaning to, right now Dreamweaver is not really doing anything other than comparing things for me. Now as soon as it's done with the comparison of my remote and my local site, I'm going to get a listing of all the files that it wants to either upload or download.

In this case, I see something odd about this list. It's going to upload a Photoshop file. I don't need that on my remote server. That's for my local environment. As a matter of fact, just below that is a Flash file. And I don't want either of those files to upload. They're usually large. I mean, I've even got a QuickTime movie. Okay, something's going on here. So, I'm going to hit Cancel and what's happening is that I have a folder here called _assets and if I open that up, I can see that I have my Photoshop files, my Flash files, my Illustrator files, those are all sort of development files that I've been working on.

I don't want to upload those to my remote server. So what I'm going to do is I'm going to use another site management tool that Dreamweaver has called cloaking. I'm going to right click that folder and I'm going to tell Dreamweaver for Cloaking to Cloak that folder. You'll notice it'll have a little slash through it. That way the items in that folder are ignored when I do any type of synchronization or mass upload of my local site to my remote server. I can protect Word documents, PDF files that I don't want to put on the public server, things like that. So once again, I'm going to select my root directory to make sure my entire site is going to be synchronized.

And I'm going to click Synchronize with "remote". Again, I'm going to do the Entire 'Explore California' Site, put newer files to remote, and I'm going to preview that. So it'll scan it again. It scans it each and every single time. All right, now I see that the Photoshop files and the QuickTime movies aren't part of my synchronization any more and that's fantastic. Well, I have a lot of new images. Maybe I was creating some assets that weren't around when I did my initial site upload. And as I scroll down, I see a few other icons here. Notice that I've got a little strikethrough mark and it says Resolve.

Well, Dreamweaver wants to know what I want to do. Notice it says the local and remote version of the file changed since the last synchronization. So if you're using synchronization as your primary means to upload and download files, Dreamweaver is going to say, hey, wait a second. Both of these files have changed. Do you want to upload or do you want to download them? Well, one of the things that I do is I can go ahead and highlight all of those issues and say you know what, don't worry about it. Let's just go ahead and mark those selected files as already synchronized. That way, I can come back to them and worry about them a little bit later on.

Also I really don't want anything except for those images. Maybe that's what I was really interested in uploading in the first place. So, I can select anything that isn't in the _images directory and I can tell Dreamweaver to go ahead and ignore those files. Now be very careful here. There's a little strikethrough, which basically says hey, at this moment, don't synchronize these. Click that and it sort of removes them from the list and just tells them to ignore it. But right beside that there is a trashcan. Notice when you hover over, it says Mark selected files for deletion. That's not the best user interface design I've ever seen, putting those two so close together. Be really careful about that.

Because if you have that selected, you're going to mark those files for deletion and Dreamweaver's going to literally throw them in the trash for you. So be really, really cautious about how you utilize that setting. Okay. So, now I'm going to put all my images up. I'm going to go ahead and click OK and Dreamweaver's going to go ahead and do that for me. Now, you can also save this log,so that later on you can see when and how your files were synchronized. If you're doing uploading activities daily or even weekly, saving that information is really helpful. Now, if you're working in a team environment or even if you just want to check your progress and the success of some of your transfers, one of the options that you have right up here in your Site panel toolbar is the FTP Log.

I'm going to go ahead and click on that and that's going to open up another panel that was in my results grouping and this is the FTP Log. It's going to go ahead and log every connection that you've made to your server. Which files were uploaded. When a successful connection was made. When the transfer or connection failed. So there's a lot of information at your fingertips. If you're managing your site and a lot of people are uploading it, it's a really good way for you tell when files are being uploaded and which files are being uploaded. There is one last site management tool I want to cover. I'm going to expand my Files panel again and I want to talk for just a moment about design notes.

When you work in a collaborative environment with other designers who are uploading and downloading files to your site, you're probably going to have one or two people who are in charge of managing traffic or making sure that the right people are working on the right thing. E-mail is a great way of doing that, but Dreamweaver also gives us a tool known as design notes. Take for example this contact page. Maybe I want to make sure that the link to the chat application is working properly. So I can right-click the contact page and I can go down and choose design notes. When I do that, I can mark this as a draft, revision, needs attention, any of that.

As a matter of fact, I can see that I've already written a note that says "Please check to make sure the chat link is working properly." Well, I can date stamp a response to that and then just underneath that, I could type in, Link is checked, everything is working fine. Now there's another option that I can select here which is Show when file is open. If somebody downloaded this file from the remote server or work on my local machine, if they open this file up, they would see this design note before they could work on the file.

It's a very nice way of sort of getting somebody's attention and letting them know that something needs to be done on this page. Now I'm going to click OK and I want to address one final point about design notes. You'll notice that when I created the design note for that particular file, there was no way for me to know that there was already a design note for that. So short of opening up those files and looking at them, how else can we tell if somebody is trying to pass a note to us? Well, in Dreamweaver we can go up and modify these columns in our Files panel to display new information including design notes. To do this, I'm just going to go right back to my Site Definition dialog box by double-clicking the site name.

Now if I go to the Advanced Settings, one of the settings I have is right here, File View Columns. I'm going to click on that and I notice that for Notes, currently they're being hidden. So I'm going to go ahead and select that and choose Edit and I'm going to show those notes. Once again, I'm going to save that and I can even Enable Column Sharing. That way if I upload a file with the design notes, the design notes are going to go with that file and other designers and developers are going to be able to see those notes. I'm going to hit Save. It's going to reconnect to the remote server and now I can see that contact has a Design Nnote both locally and remotely.

And if I want to read that design note, all I have to do is double-click on it and it's going to open that note up without having to do any type of right-clicking. So that makes it really easy to scan your site and find you any notes. If I connect to my remote server and I see some files that have notes on them, I know that those files need attention and I'm going to take a closer look at them. So it's a really nice way of working collaboratively with your team members and passing information back and forth about specific files or tasks. So, Dreamweaver's site management tools give you a surprising amount of power and control over your site and your file transfer process.

For new users, many of the options available in the Site panel can seem a little intimidating. Take some time to get to know these features and their capabilities and you'll be taking control of your site management in no time.

Find answers to the most frequently asked questions about Dreamweaver CS5 Essential Training .

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Q: After creating a website following the instructions in the course, the header background graphic appears correctly in all browsers except Internet Explorer 6 and Internet Explorer 7.  The graphic works properly in IE 8. What can be done to make the graphics appear in IE 6 and IE 7?
A: To make the header background graphic appear, wrap the header div tag in another div tag and give it an ID like “mainHeader.” The problem stems from a bug in Internet Explorer that prevents the browser from dealing with absolutely positioned elements that are right next to relatively positioned elements.  Following the steps above should solve the problem.
Q: In the tutorial, the author links the Tool Tip to the word "More" at the bottom of the thumbnail photo field. I can't figure out how to place the <a> "More" on the thumbnail photo field.
A: In the example, there is a paragraph that wraps an <img> tag and the word "More," which is surrounded by an anchor tag (<a>). The author uses CSS to make sure the parent div tag of the thumbs floats to the left, and is only wide enough for the image. This causes the link text to break down onto another line. Then, the instructor uses CSS to align the link text to the right of the <img>. The link itself is a void JavaScript function, ( javascript();). This gives you a "dummy" link without returning you to the top of the page as the "#" dummy link tends to do.
If you were manually typing the text in, you could select the image, hit the right arrow button, and begin typing. The text should then appear on screen.
Q: In this movie, you are making changes to the HTML in order to customize the text layout on your page (i.e. h1, h2, and h3 tags as well as strong and em tags). I'm wondering why you are not using CSS to do this (i.e. font-size, font-weight). Do you typically use one method, or is it customary to do use both in a layout, and if so, what guidelines would you suggest to determine which to use when?
A: We modify the page's structure through the use of h1, h2, and other heading tags. So when we are choosing heading levels, we're not concerning ourselves with typography; we're establishing page structure. A heading is chosen to denote the level of importance for the heading, not typography.
CSS should always be used for presentation, not HTML.
Q: In the “Understanding ID selectors” movie, the author states that only one ID tag can be used per page, but then he adds two ID tags. Can you please clarify this for me?
A: You can use as many IDs per page as you wish. They just must all use a unique name. Therefore if you assign an element the ID of "header" no other element on THAT page may use the same ID.
Q: I noticed that in this course, the instructor uses this code on his CSS external sheet: @charset "UTF-8"; I was under the impression that this code wasn't necessary. The W3.org site is unclear on the matter. Is it necessary? Is it a best practice? Is it an older form of CSS?
A: The characterset attribute is added automatically by Dreamweaver, and there’s no practical reason to remove it. While it's not needed (the HTML page should indicate which encoding to use for the page) it is helpful if the CSS file is ever imported or used on a page where the characterset isn't specified. Think of it as a safety net for characterset encoding. Not necessary, but not harmful either.
Q: I need to add captions below images that I insert in pages of text. I played all the lessons in Chapter 5 (Adding Text and Structure) but none dealt with captions. I hope the author has an answer or can refer me to a source.
A: In HTML 4 and XHTML 1 (which is what Dreamweaver CS5 uses by default), there wasn't really a way to add captions below your photos. Most web authors would "fake" captions by having paragraphs of text below their images and using CSS to position and style the captions in the desired manner. Many would use a class such as .imgCaption to control the styling. To do this you would essentially position the text underneath the image through CSS (often by grouping the image and the paragraph in a div tag) and italicizing the text.

However in HTML5, there are new elements that allow us to associate images and their captions, the figure and figcaption element. Our author James Williamson just finished a course on HTML5: Syntax, Structure, and Semantics which details how to use it.

HTML5 Doctor also has a nice article on the figure and figcaption elements at http://html5doctor.com/the-figure-figcaption-elements/.
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